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Old City of Zamość

Old City of Zamość

Zamosc was founded in the 16th century by the chancellor Jan Zamoysky on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea. Modelled on Italian theories of the 'ideal city' and built by the architect Bernando Morando, a native of Padua, Zamosc is a perfect example of a late-16th-century Renaissance town. It has retained its original layout and fortifications and a large number of buildings that combine Italian and central European architectural traditions.

Vieille ville de Zamość

La ville a été fondée au XVIe siècle par le chancelier Jan Zamoysky sur la route commerciale reliant l'Europe de l'Ouest et du Nord à la mer Noire. Conçue sur le modèle des théories italiennes de la ville idéale et construite par l'architecte Bernando Morando, originaire de Padoue, Zamosc reste un parfait exemple d'une ville Renaissance de la fin du XVIe siècle qui a conservé son plan d'origine, ses fortifications et un grand nombre de bâtiments où se mêlent les traditions architecturales de l'Italie et celles de l'Europe centrale.

مدينة زاموسك القديمة

أنشأ رئيس الحكومة جان زامويسكي هذه المدينة في القرن السادس عشر على الطريق التجاري الذي يصل أوروبا الغربية والشمالية بالبحر الاسود. تبقى زاموسك، التي شُيّدت على نموذج النظريات الايطالية عن المدينة المثالية والتي بناها المهندس برناندو موراندو البادوفي، المثال الأهم لمدينة عصر النهضة في أواخر القرن السادس عشر والتي حافظت على تصميمها الأصلي وعلى تحصيناتها وعلى عددٍ كبيرٍ من الأبنية حيث تتداخل التقاليد الهندسيّة الايطاليّة مع تلك التي تعود الى اوروبا الوسطى.

source: UNESCO/ERI

扎莫希奇古城

公元16世纪,军事将领简·扎莫希奇建立了扎莫希奇古城。古城位于黑海地区连接西欧和北欧的商贸道路上。古城以意大利的“理想城市”理论为雏型,由帕多瓦当地的建筑大师波南多·莫兰多设计建造,是16世纪晚期文艺复兴城镇的完美范例。扎莫希奇古城完美地保留了16世纪末具有文艺复兴时期风格城镇的最初风貌和要塞堡垒,与此同时还保留了大量的、充分体现意大利与中欧建筑风格完美结合的建筑物。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Старая часть города Замосць

Замосць был основан в XVI в. канцлером Яном Замойским на торговом пути, связывающем Западную и Северную Европу с Черным морем. Спроектированный в соответствии с итальянскими теориями «идеального города» и построенный архитектором Бернандо Морандо, уроженцем Падуи, Замосць стал совершенным примером города эпохи Возрождения конца XVI в. Он сохранил оригинальную планировку и укрепления, а также большое количество зданий, в которых сочетаются итальянские и центрально-европейские архитектурные традиции.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ciudad vieja de Zamość

Fundada en el siglo XVI por el canciller Jan Zamoysky en un punto de la ruta comercial que unía el oeste y el norte de Europa con el Mar Negro, Zamość fue construida por el arquitecto paduano Bernardo Morando con arreglo a los principios italianos de la ciudad ideal. Zamość es un ejemplo perfecto de ciudad renacentista de finales del siglo XVI que ha conservado su trazado primigenio, sus fortificaciones y un gran número de edificios en los que se mezclan los estilos arquitectónicos tradicionales de Italia y Europa central.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ザモシチ旧市街

source: NFUAJ

Oude stad van Zamość

Zamość werd in de 16e eeuw gesticht door kanselier Jan Zamoysky, op de handelsroute die West- en Noord-Europa verbindt met de Zwarte Zee. De stad was vanaf het begin bedoeld en opgezet als een economisch centrum op basis van handel. Zamość is een perfect voorbeeld van een laat 16e-eeuwse Renaissancestad. Het ontwerp is gebaseerd op Italiaanse theorieën van de ‘ideale stad’ en gebouwd door de architect Bernando Morando, een inwoner van Padua. De Oude stad van Zamość heeft haar originele ontwerp en vestingwerken behouden, evenals een groot aantal gebouwen die Italiaanse en Midden-Europese architectonische tradities combineren.

Source: unesco.nl

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Old City of Zamosc © Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictzwa
Statement of Significance

Zamość is a unique example of a Renaissance town in Central Europe, consistently designed and built in accordance with the Italian theories of the “ideal town,” on the basis of a plan which was the result of perfect cooperation between the open-minded founder, Jan Zamoyski, and the outstanding architect, Bernardo Morando. Zamość is an outstanding example of an innovative approach to town planning, combining the functions of an urban ensemble, a residence, and a fortress in accordance with a consistently implemented Renaissance concept. The result of this is a stylistically homogeneous urban composition with a high level of architectural and landscape values. A real asset of this great construction was its creative enhancement with local artistic architectural achievements.

Located on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea, the town was conceived from the beginning as an economic centre based on trade.

The community of this town, which from the outset was planned to be multinational, had a high level of religious tolerance.

Zamość is the tangible reflection of the social and cultural ideas of the Renaissance, which were strongly accepted in Poland. This can be exemplified by the establishment of a university (Zamość Academy) by the founder and owner of the town.

Criterion (iv): Zamość is an outstanding example of a Renaissance planned town of the late 16th century, which retains its original layout and fortifications and a large number of buildings of particular interest, blending Italian and Central European architectural traditions.

Long Description

Zamość is an outstanding example of a Renaissance planned town of the late 16th century, which retains its original layout and fortifications and a large number of buildings of particular interest, blending Italian and central European architectural traditions.

The town was the personal creation of the Hetman (head of the army) Jan Zamysky, on his own lands. Located on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea, the town was conceived from the beginning as an economic centre based on trade.

Zamysky, who was educated at the University of Padua, modelled his town on the Italian trading cities. He called on an Italian architect, Bernardo Morando, a native of Padua, who had already worked in Warsaw, to design the town around two functions: trade centre and residence of the Hetman 's family. It was under construction for nine years, from 1582 to 1591.

Morando organized the space within the enceinte into two distinct sections: on the west the noble residence, and on the east the town proper, laid out around three squares. To populate it, Zamysky brought in merchants of various nationalities and displayed great religious tolerance to encourage people to settle there: they included Ruthenes (Slavs of the Orthodox Church), Turks, Armenians and Jews, among others. Moreover, he endowed the town with its own academy (1595), modelled on Italian cities.

Zamość is spoken of as a Renaissance town. However, on the one hand, Morando himself must have had Mannerist training, and on the other, in all the countries of Central Europe (Poland, Bohemia, Slovakia, Hungary, certain German regions and, in part, Austria proper), Italian Renaissance architecture had been well assimilated and adapted to local traditions since the 15th century. Consequently, Zamość was planned as a town in which the Mannerist taste mingled with certain Central European urban traditions, such as the arcaded galleries that surround the squares and create a sheltered passage in front of the shops.

However, the town designed by Morando, who died in the early 17th century, was mainly built during the Baroque period. Ideally located for trade, it was also exposed to military attack. It became a strategic military point and, after the old enceinte was reinforced, new fortifications of the Vauban type were added in the 17th century. The modern town grew for the most part outside the fortifications, which gives the old town a great degree of coherence in its plan and architecture. Having escaped the vast destruction suffered by many other Polish towns during the Second World War, Zamość is an outstanding example of Polish architecture and urbanism of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

The town of Zamosc was the personal creation of the hetman (head of the army) Jan Zamysky, on his own lands. Located on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea, the town was conceived from the beginning as an economic centre based on trade.

Zamysky, who was educated at the University of Padua, modelled his town on the Italian trading cities. He called on an Italian architect, Bernardo Morando, a native of Padua, who had already worked in Warsaw, to design the town around two functions: trade centre and residence of the hetman's family. It was under construction for nine years, from 1582 to 1591.

Morando organized the space within the enceinte into two distinct sections: on the west the noble residence, and on the east the town proper, laid out around three squares. To populate it, Zamysky brought in merchants of various nationalities and displayed great religious tolerance to encourage people to settle there: they included Ruthenes (Slavs of the Orthodox church), Turks, Armenians, Jews, and others. Moreover, he endowed the town with its own academy (1595). modelled on Italian cities.

Zamosc is spoken of as a Renaissance town. However, on the one hand, Morando himself must have had Mannerist training, and on the other, in all the countries of Central Europe (Poland, Bohemia, Slovakia, Hungary, certain German regions and, in part, Austria proper), Italian Renaissance architecture had been well assimilated and adapted to local traditions since the 15th century. Consequently, Zamosc was planned as a town in which the Mannerist taste mingled with certain Central European urban traditions, such as the arcaded galleries which surround the squares and create a sheltered passage in front of the shops.

However, the town designed by Morando, who died in the early 17th century, was mostly built during the Baroque period. Ideally located for trade, it was also exposed to military attack. It became a strategic military point and, after the old enceinte was reinforced, new fortifications of the Vauban type were added in the 17th century.

The modem town grew for the most part outside the fortifications, which gives the old town a great degree of coherence in its plan and architecture. Having escaped the vast destruction suffered by many other Polish towns during the Second World War, Zamosc is an outstanding example of Polish architecture and urbanism of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation