English Français
Help preserve sites now!

Delos

Delos

According to Greek mythology, Apollo was born on this tiny island in the Cyclades archipelago. Apollo's sanctuary attracted pilgrims from all over Greece and Delos was a prosperous trading port. The island bears traces of the succeeding civilizations in the Aegean world, from the 3rd millennium B.C. to the palaeochristian era. The archaeological site is exceptionally extensive and rich and conveys the image of a great cosmopolitan Mediterranean port.

Délos

Île minuscule de l'archipel des Cyclades, Délos aurait vu la naissance d'Apollon. Son sanctuaire attirait des pèlerins de toute la Grèce et son port joua un rôle commercial très important. L'île de Délos apporte un témoignage unique sur les civilisations qui se sont succédé dans le monde égéen du IIIe millénaire av. J.-C. jusqu'à l'époque paléochrétienne. Le site archéologique est exceptionnellement étendu et offre l'image d'un grand port cosmopolite méditerranéen.

جزيرة ديلوس

رأت هذه الجزيرة الصغيرة، الواقعة في أرخبيل السيكلاديز، ولادة الإله أبولون. واستقطب مزارها الحجاج من كافة أنحاء اليونان، ولعب مرفأها دوراً تجارياً ريادياً في غاية الأهمية. وتوفّر جزيرة ديلوس شهادةً فريدة من نوعها عن الحضارات التي تعاقبت في عالم بحر إيجة من الألف الثالث قبل الميلاد وحتى الحقبة المسيحية القديمة. ويمتد الموقع الأثري على مساحة كبيرة استثنائية، ويعطي صورة جيدة عن مرفأ كبير متوسطي ومتنوع الأعراق.

source: UNESCO/ERI

提洛岛

根据希腊神话,阿波罗就出生在基克拉迪群岛(Cyclades)的这个小岛上。阿波罗神殿吸引了来自希腊各地的朝拜者,而提洛岛在当时则是一个繁荣的贸易港口。岛上有爱琴海从公元前3000年到古基督教时代各阶段文明的遗迹。此处考古遗址格外辽阔、富饶,是一个巨大的地中海世界港口。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Остров Делос

Согласно греческой мифологии, на этом крошечном острове, входящем в архипелаг Киклады, родился Аполлон. Святилище Аполлона привлекало паломников со всей Греции, и Делос был преуспевающим торговым портом. Остров сохранил следы сменяющих друг друга цивилизаций Эгейского мира с 3-го тысячелетия до н.э. до раннехристианского периода. Археологические памятники Делоса, разнообразные и очень тесно сконцентрированные, формируют образ большого многонационального средиземноморского порта.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Delos

Según la mitología griega, Apolo nació en esta minúscula isla del archipiélago de las Cícladas. Su santuario atraía a peregrinos de toda Grecia y su puerto desempeñó un papel comercial importante. El sitio de Delos aporta un testimonio excepcional sobre las civilizaciones que se sucedieron en el mundo egeo desde el tercer milenio antes de Cristo hasta la época paleocristiana. El sitio arqueológico es sumamente vasto y restituye la imagen de un gran puerto cosmopolita mediterráneo.

source: UNESCO/ERI

デロス島

source: NFUAJ

Delos

Volgens de Griekse mythologie werd Apollo geboren op dit kleine eiland in de Cycladen archipel. Apollo’s heiligdom trok pelgrims uit heel Griekenland en Delos was een welvarende handelshaven. Het eiland draagt de sporen van de opeenvolgende beschavingen in de Egeïsche wereld, van het derde millennium voor Christus tot het paleo-christelijke tijdperk. Gedurende de Grieks-Romeins periode had Delos een aanzienlijke invloed op de ontwikkeling van architectuur en monumentale kunst. Van de 95 hectare archeologisch terrein is 25 hectare blootgelegd. Het gebied is uitzonderlijk uitgebreid en rijk en laat het beeld zien van een grote kosmopolitische mediterrane haven.

Source: unesco.nl

  • English
  • French
  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Japanese
  • Dutch
Delos © Nomination File
Long Description

The island of Delos bears unique witness to the civilizations of the Aegean world in the 3rd millennium BC. During the palaeo-Christian era, it was the seat of the bishopric of the Cyclades which ruled over the islands of Mykonos, Syros, Seriphos, Kythnos and Keos. From the 7th century BC to the pillage by Athenodoros, Delos was one of the principal Pan-Hellenic sanctuaries. The feast of the Delians, which was celebrated every four years in May until 316 BC, included gymnastic, equestrian, and musical competitions, dances, theatrical productions, and banquets. It was one of the major events in the Greek world.

Delos is a minuscule island stretching only 5 km north to south and a scant 1.3 km from east to west. It was here, that Apollo, son of Zeus and Leto, was born: like Delphi, Delos is the major sanctuary dedicated to Apollo, the Titan god par excellence, one of the most important in the Hellenic pantheon.

On the island, which had already been the site of earlier human settlements (sparse during the Neolithic age, more dense during the Mycenaean period), everything revolved around the sanctuary of Apollo, the seat of the Ionian Amphictyonia. The Naxians, the Parians, and the Athenians disputed the site, with the last-named triumphing under Pisistratus (c. 540-528 BC). They ordered the first purification of the place. In 454, the treasure of the Delian Confederacy, which replaced the Amphictyonia, was moved to Athens. In 426 a second purification decree forbade being born or dying at Delos. Pregnant women and terminally ill persons were transported to the island of Rheneia. The decision, motivated by religious reasons, was not without political considerations. In 422 BC in a move to strengthen Athenian domination, the Delians were deported en masse. Except for some short reprieves and truces, their exile lasted until 314, when Delos regained its independence in principle and again became the centre of an island confederation that was tolerated and more or less controlled by the Lagides of Egypt and later by the Macedonians. It became a very important cosmopolitan Mediterranean port ,reaching outstanding levels during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, when the average population is estimated to have been 25,000.

In 166 BC the Delians were again ousted, this time by the Roman Senate, which wished to supplant trade at Rhodes by making Delos a free port. It was a landmark decision that signalled the end of a period dominated by religious and political considerations and the beginning of a phase of economic expansion as had presaged the extent of diplomatic and commercial relations reflected in the honorific decrees of the late 3rd century BC in favour of the rich foreign benefactors of the sanctuary. The great era of maritime trade ended only in 69 BC with the sacking of the island by Athenodoros, the last of a series of disastrous events. Abandoned in the 6th century, captured successively by Byzantines (727), Slavs (769), Saracens (821), Venetians, the Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem, and the Ottoman Turks, Delos was turned into a quarry site. The columns of its temples were consumed by the lime kilns, the walls of its houses left in ruins.

Today the island's landscape consists solely of ruins unearthed systematically since 1872. On an archaeological site estimated at 95 ha, 25 ha have been excavated. The principal zones are the north-east coastal plain (Sanctuary of Apollo, Agora of the Compitaliasts, Agora of the Delians); the Sacred Lake region (Agora of Theophrastos, Agora of the Italians, the renowned Terrace of Lions, the Institution of the Poseidoniasts of Berytos (Beirut); the Mount Kynthos area (Terrace of the Sanctuaries of the Foreign Gods, Heraion); and the theatre quarter, whose poignant ruins have been overrun by vegetation.

The island of Delos is among the first important Greek sites in the Aegean world to have captured the attention of archaeologists. Delos had considerable influence on the development of architecture and monumental arts during the Graeco-Roman period; this influence was matched later by the important role it has played since the 15th century in furthering our knowledge of ancient Greek art from a widely renowned site.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC