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Venice and its Lagoon

Venice and its Lagoon

Founded in the 5th century and spread over 118 small islands, Venice became a major maritime power in the 10th century. The whole city is an extraordinary architectural masterpiece in which even the smallest building contains works by some of the world's greatest artists such as Giorgione, Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese and others.

Venise et sa lagune

La ville insulaire fondée au Ve siècle s'étend sur 118 îlots. Elle est devenue une grande puissance maritime au Xe siècle. Venise dans son ensemble est un extraordinaire chef-d'œuvre architectural car même le plus petit monument renferme des œuvres de certains des plus grands artistes du monde, tels Giorgione, Titien, le Tintoret, Véronèse et d'autres.

البندقية وبحيرتها الشاطئية

تمتدّ هذه المدينة، القائمة فوق أرخبيل، والتي تأسست في القرن الخامس، على 118 جزيرة. وقد أصبحت قوة بحرية كبيرة في القرن العاشر. وتشكل البندقية بمجملها تحفة هندسية معمارية مذهلة فحتى النصب الأصغر فيها  يحتوي على أعمال لبعض من كبار فنّاني العالم مثل دجورجوني ووتيتيان ولو تانتوريه وفيرونيز وغيرهم.

source: UNESCO/ERI



source: UNESCO/ERI

Венеция и ее лагуна

Основанная в V в. и расположенная на 118 маленьких островах, Венеция в X в. стала крупной морской державой. Весь город представляет собой выдающийся архитектурный ансамбль, где практически в каждом здании можно найти работы таких всемирно известных художников как Джорджоне, Тициан, Тинторетто, Веронезе и др.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Venecia y su Laguna

Fundada en el siglo V, esta ciudad lacustre comprende 118 islotes. En el siglo X se convirtió en una gran potencia marítima. Venecia es, en su conjunto, una obra maestra de la arquitectura y hasta los más pequeños de sus monumentos albergan obras de los más grandes artistas de todos los tiempos, como Giorgione, Tiziano, Veronés y el Tintoretto, entre otros.

source: UNESCO/ERI


source: NFUAJ

Venetië en haar lagune

Venetië werd gesticht in de 5e eeuw en gebouwd op 118 kleine eilanden, waardoor het lijkt te zweven op het water van de lagune. De stad ontwikkelde zich tot een belangrijke maritieme macht in de 10e eeuw. Heel Venetië is een buitengewoon architectonisch meesterwerk waarin zelfs het kleinste gebouw werken bevat van 's werelds grootste kunstenaars zoals Giorgione, Titiaan, Tintoretto en Veronese. De invloed van de stad op de ontwikkeling van de architectuur en monumentale kunst is aanzienlijk. Venetië is een uitzonderlijk voorbeeld van een stedelijke omgeving die zich heeft aangepast aan de specifieke eisen van haar natuurlijke omgeving.

Source: unesco.nl

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Venice and its Lagoon © Natasha Lazic
Long Description

Venice is a unique artistic achievement. The city is built on 118 small islands and seems to float on the waters of the lagoon. The influence of Venice on the development of architecture and monumental arts has been considerable. Venice possesses an incomparable series of architectural ensembles illustrating the age of its splendour. It presents a complete typology whose exemplary value goes hand-in-hand with the outstanding character of an urban setting which had to adapt to the special requirements of the site.

In this lagoon, nature and history have been so closely linked since the 5th century AD when Venetian populations, to escape barbarian raids, found refuge on the sandy islands of Torcello, Iesolo and Malamocco. These temporary settlements gradually became permanent and the initial refuge of the land-dwelling peasants and fishermen became a maritime power. The small island of Rialto was chosen as the headquarters of the new city.

In AD 1000, Venice controlled the Dalmatian coast and in 1112 a trading market was founded in the Levantine port of Sidon. The year 1204 saw Venice allied with the Crusaders to capture Constantinople. The abundant booty brought back on that occasion, including the bronzes horses of St Mark's, is only the more spectacular part of the loot from Byzantium that the Doge Enrico Dàndolo shared with his allies.

Under the Doge, a maritime empire of unequalled power extended over the entire length of the shores around the eastern Mediterranean, to the islands of the Ionian Sea and to Crete. During the entire period of the expansion of Venice, over the centuries when it was obliged to defend its trading markets against the commercial undertakings of the Arabs, the Genoese and the Ottoman Turks,as well as those of the European monarchs who were envious of its power, Venice never ceased, in the literal sense of the term, to consolidate its position in the lagoon. The marriage with the sea, that sposalizio that since 1172 was symbolized by the ring of the Doge, who had replaced the Dux (elected for the first time in 697 by an assembly of the people), was never called into question.

In this inland sea that has continuously been under threat, rises amid a tiny archipelago at the very edge of the waves one of the most extraordinary built-up areas of the Middle Ages. From Torcello to the north to Chioggia to the south, almost every small island had its own settlement, town, fishing village and artisan village (Murano). However, at the heart of the lagoon, Venice itself stood as one of the greatest capitals in the medieval world. When a group of tiny islands were consolidated and merged into one, nothing remained of the primitive topography but what became canals, such as the Giudecca Canal, St Mark's Canal and the Great Canal, and a network of small rii that are the veritable arteries of a city on water. In this unreal space, where there is no notion of the concept of terra firma, masterpieces of one of the most extraordinary architectural museums on Earth have been accumulated for over 1,000 years.