English Français
Help preserve sites now!

Historic Centre of Kraków

Historic Centre of Kraków

The historic centre of Cracow, the former capital of Poland, is situated at the foot of the Royal Wawel Castle. The 13th-century merchants' town has Europe's largest market square and numerous historical houses, palaces and churches with their magnificent interiors. Further evidence of the town's fascinating history is provided by the remnants of the 14th-century fortifications and the medieval site of Kazimierz with its ancient synagogues in the southern part of town, Jagellonian University and the Gothic cathedral where the kings of Poland were buried.

Centre historique de Kraków

Le passionnant centre historique de Cracovie, ancienne capitale de la Pologne, est situé au pied du château royal de Wawel. Cette ville de marchands qui date du XIIIe siècle comprend la plus grande place de marché d'Europe, de nombreuses maisons historiques, ainsi que des palais et églises richement décorés. Des vestiges de remparts du XIVe siècle et le site médiéval de Kazimierz au sud de la ville, avec ses synagogues anciennes, l'Université Jagellon et la cathédrale gothique où sont enterrés les rois de Pologne, témoignent du riche passé de cette ville.

وسط كراكوفيا التاريخي

يقع الوسط التاريخي المدهش في كراكوفي، التي كانت عاصمة بولندا سابقًا، عند أقدام قلعة واويل الملكية. وتتضمّن مدينة البائعين المتجوّلين التي تعود الى القرن الثالث عشر، أكبر سوق في أوروبا وعددًا كبيرًا من البيوت الأثرية، بالاضافة الى القصور والكنائس المزخرفة. أما بقايا الأسوار التي تعود الى القرن الرابع عشر وموقع كازيمييرز جنوب المدينة والذي يعود الى القرون الوسطى، اضافة الى المعابد اليهوديّة القديمة، وجامعة جاغلّون والكاتدرائية القوطية حيث يدفن ملوك بولندا، فتشهد كلّها على ماضي هذه المدينة الحافل.

source: UNESCO/ERI

克拉科夫历史中心

克拉科夫历史名城,是波兰的前首都,坐落于华威尔皇家城堡的山脚下。这个13世纪的商业城镇拥有欧洲最大的露天市场和无数内部装潢华丽的历史建筑、宫殿及教堂。克拉科夫历史名城其他迷人的遗迹包括14世纪的要塞遗址,卡齐米日的中世纪遗址及其位于城南的古老犹太教堂、加杰劳尼大学和波兰国王的安息之地——哥特式大教堂。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Исторический центр Кракова

Исторический центр Кракова, в прошлом – столицы польского государства, расположен у подножья королевского замка Вавель. В этом купеческом городе XIII в. находятся самая большая в Европе рыночная площадь и множество исторических жилых домов, дворцов и церквей с великолепными интерьерами. Дополнительным свидетельством интересной истории города являются остатки укреплений XIV в., средневековое поселение Казимеж с древними синагогами в южной части города, Ягеллонский университет и готический кафедральный собор с усыпальницей польских королей.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Centro histórico de Cracovia

El centro histórico de Cracovia, antigua capital de Polonia, se extiende al pie del castillo real de Wawel. Además del núcleo de la ciudad mercantil del siglo XIII, con la plaza del mercado más grande de Europa y sus numerosas mansiones históricas, iglesias y palacios magníficamente ornamentados en su interior, el sitio comprende otros testimonios del fascinante pasado histórico de Cracovia como los vestigios de las murallas del siglo XIV, el sitio medieval de Kazimierz –situado al sur de la ciudad– con sus antiguas sinagogas, la Universidad Jagellona y la catedral gótica, panteón de los reyes de Polonia.

source: UNESCO/ERI

クラクフ歴史地区

source: NFUAJ

Historisch centrum van Krakau

Krakau is de voormalige hoofdstad van Polen. Het historisch centrum ligt aan de voet van het Koninklijke Wawel kasteel. De 13e-eeuwse handelsstad heeft het grootste marktplein van Europa en talrijke historische huizen, paleizen en kerken met prachtige interieurs. De fascinerende geschiedenis van deze stad is ook terug te vinden in de resten van de 14e-eeuwse vestingwerken en de middeleeuwse wijk Kazimierz, met zijn oude synagogen in het zuidelijk deel van de stad. Andere getuigen van Krakaus rijke historie zijn de universiteit van Jagiellonia en de gotische kathedraal, waar de koningen van Polen werden begraven.

Source: unesco.nl

  • English
  • French
  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Japanese
  • Dutch
Cracow's Historic Centre © Silvan Rehfeld
Long Description

The urban layout of Cracow, an outstanding example of medieval architecture, is based on four core areas: the centre, around the market square; the Wawel, the hill inhabited since the Palaeolithic and the site of the imperial palace; the urban district of Kazimierz; and the Stradom quarter.

The historic centre of Cracow, the former capital of Poland, is situated at the foot of the Royal Wawel Castle. The 13th-century merchants' town has Europe's largest market square and numerous historical houses, palaces and churches with magnificent interiors. Further evidence of the town's fascinating history is provided by the remnants of the 14th-century fortifications and the medieval site of Kazimierz with its ancient synagogues in the southern part of town, the Jagellonian University, and the Gothic cathedral where the kings of Poland were buried.

Stare Miasto is the old city, characterized by the rigid grid of perfectly orthogonal streets, the layout ordered by Boloslaw the Chaste in 1257 when he decided to unify the various peoples scattered around the hill of the Wawel. All that remains now of the medieval enclosure walls is the gate and the little wall that was built in 1499 near the main city gate.

The old city is separated from the old district of Kazimierz. Until the 1880 Diet Kazimierz was an island, forming the Jewish quarter of Cracow. As in every city, Jewish culture enriched Cracow, until in the Second World War the entire Jewish community of 64,000 individuals was deported to the nearby concentration camps at Auschwitz; only 6,000 returning at the end of the war.

The university quarter is the oldest in Poland and among the oldest in Europe. Students here have included Copernicus and Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II). Within the historic centre there are many churches and monasteries. The limestone hill of the Wawel is the site of a complex that houses some of the most important buildings. These include the Royal Palace, seat of the king in the period when the boundaries of Poland extended from the Baltic to the Black Sea. Today the palace accommodates a museum that displays splendid tapestries, the Royal Treasury (unfortunately depleted in periods of difficulty), royal standards, and antique furniture. Within the Wawel is the Gothic cathedral of St Wenceslas. Its exterior illustrates the complex history of this building. The cathedral was for centuries the scene of the main events of the Polish royal families - coronations, weddings, and funerals.

In the part of the castle accessible on the Wisla, there is a small park at the base of the hill with the cave of the legendary Krak, prince and head of a Slav tribe. At the entrance to the Wawel the ancient Royal Way of monuments and remarkable historical buildings begins. Then comes the heart of the old city: the Market Square (Rynek Głowny). This is one of the largest medieval public squares in Europe, 200 m on each side. The building in the centre of the square is the Skiennice, the ancient cloth market. One side is dominated by the Gothic church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC