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Island of Gorée

Island of Gorée

The island of Gorée lies off the coast of Senegal, opposite Dakar. From the 15th to the 19th century, it was the largest slave-trading centre on the African coast. Ruled in succession by the Portuguese, Dutch, English and French, its architecture is characterized by the contrast between the grim slave-quarters and the elegant houses of the slave traders. Today it continues to serve as a reminder of human exploitation and as a sanctuary for reconciliation.

Île de Gorée

Au large des côtes du Sénégal, en face de Dakar, Gorée a été du XVe au XIXe siècle le plus grand centre de commerce d'esclaves de la côte africaine. Tour à tour sous domination portugaise, néerlandaise, anglaise et française, son architecture est caractérisée par le contraste entre les sombres quartiers des esclaves et les élégantes maisons des marchands d'esclaves. L'île de Gorée reste encore aujourd'hui un symbole de l'exploitation humaine et un sanctuaire pour la réconciliation.

جزيرة غوري

تمتد جزيرة غوري على عرض ساحل السنغال مقابل داكار، وقد شكلت من القرن الخامس عشر ولغاية القرن التاسع عشر المركز التجاري الأكبر لتجارة العبيد في الساحل الافريقي. وقد خضعت على التوالي لسيطرة البرتغال وهولندا وانكلترا وفرنسا، ما جعل هندستها تتميز بالتناقض بين أحياء العبيد المظلمة ومنازل تجار الرقيق الأنيقة. ولا تزال جزيرة غوري تجسّد حتى اليوم رمزاً للاستغلال البشري وموطناً للمصالحة.

source: UNESCO/ERI



source: UNESCO/ERI

Остров Горе

Остров Горе расположен вблизи берега Сенегала, напротив Дакара. В XV-XIX вв. он был крупнейшим центром работорговли на африканском побережье, находясь под властью сменявших друг друга португальцев, голландцев, англичан и французов. Для его архитектуры характерен контраст между мрачными кварталами для рабов и элегантными домами работорговцев. Сегодня остров продолжает служить напоминанием об эксплуатации человека и, вместе с тем, - символом примирения.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Isla de Gorea

Situada en las aguas litorales del Senegal, frente a la ciudad de Dakar, la isla de Gorea fue el centro de comercio de esclavos más importante de las costas africanas entre los siglos XV y XIX. Estuvo sucesivamente bajo la dominación de portugueses, holandeses, ingleses y franceses. La adusta arquitectura de los barrios destinados a los esclavos contrasta con la de las elegantes mansiones de los mercaderes que vivían de su tráfico. Hoy en día, Gorea es un lugar de memoria de la explotación del hombre por el hombre y un santuario para la reconciliación.

source: UNESCO/ERI


source: NFUAJ

Eiland van Gorée

Gorée is een klein eiland van 18 hectare en ligt voor de kust van Senegal tegenover Dakar. Van de 15e tot de 19e eeuw was dit het grootste centrum van de slavenhandel aan de Afrikaanse kust. Op het eiland staat een slavenhuis van waaruit meer dan 20 miljoen slaven zijn verscheept. Gorée is achtereenvolgens geregeerd door de Portugezen, de Nederlanders, de Engelsen en de Fransen. De architectuur kenmerkt zich door het contrast tussen de grimmige slavenwijken en de elegante huizen van de slavenhandelaren. Het eiland is tegenwoordig een symbool voor het uitbuiten van mensen, maar ook een plaats van verzoening met het verleden.

Source: unesco.nl

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Island of Gorée © Richard Veillon
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis
The Island of Gorée testifies to an unprecedented human experience in the history of humanity. Indeed, for the universal conscience, this “memory island” is the symbol of the slave trade with its cortege of suffering, tears and death.
The painful memories of the Atlantic slave trade are crystallized in this small island of 28 hectares lying 3.5 km off the coast from Dakar. Gorée owes its singular destiny to the extreme centrality of its geographical position between the North and the South, and to its excellent strategic position offering a safe haven for anchoring ships, hence the name “Good Rade”.  Thus, since the 15th century it has been prized by various European nations that have successively used it as a stopover or slave market.  First terminus of the “homeoducs” who drained the slaves from the hinterland, Gorée was at the centre of the rivalry between European nations for control of the slave trade.  Until the abolition of the trade in the French colonies, the Island was a warehouse consisting of over a dozen slave houses.  Amongst the tangible elements that reflect Gorée’s universal value are, notably, the Castle, a rocky plateau covered with fortifications which dominate the Island; the Relais de l’Espadon, former residence of the French governor; etc…

The Island of Gorée is now a pilgrimage destination for the African diaspora, a foyer for contact between the West and Africa, and a space for exchange and dialogue between cultures through the confrontation of ideals of reconciliation and forgiveness.

Criterion (vi): The Island of Goree is an exceptional testimony to one of the greatest tragedies in the history of human societies:  the slave trade.  The various elements of this “memory island” – fortresses, buildings, streets, squares, etc. – recount, each in its own way, the history of Gorée which, from the 15th to the 19th century, was the largest slave-trading centre of the African coast.

The insular nature of Gorée and an arsenal of legal texts contribute to the physical integrity of the site.  The Atlantic Ocean provides a natural buffer zone of nearly 4 km.

Listed as a historic site by the colonial administration in 1944, with specific safeguarding measures, Gorée has recorded no major construction since then that might adversely affect the authenticity of the site, the major components of which have remained almost intact.   Moreover, the rehabilitations and restorations have been carried out essentially in accordance with the principles of the Convention.

Protection and management requirements 
The Island of Goree was designated a historic site in 1944, with safeguarding measures in 1951 (under the colonial era). It was subsequently inscribed on the national heritage list in 1975 (Order No. 012771 of 17 November 1975) and on the World Heritage List in 1978.

In 1979, a Safeguarding Committee was created by Order, comprising all the stakeholders, to monitor compliance with the Convention (conformity of the rehabilitation works, security of the property, etc.).  An Order for the appointment of a site manager has been drafted and is currently in the process of aoption.

The replica of the "Gorée Memorial" on the Castle is an eloquent example of what should be avoided when preserving the integrity of the site and, in agreement with UNESCO, a modification of this work will be undertaken.