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Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stretching over more than 200,000 ha, this exceptionally beautiful park is home to more than 3,500 plant species, including almost as many trees (130 natural species) as in all of Europe. Many endangered animal species are also found there, including what is probably the greatest variety of salamanders in the world. Since the park is relatively untouched, it gives an idea of temperate flora before the influence of humankind.

Parc national des Great Smoky Mountains

S'étendant sur plus de 200 000 ha, ce parc d'une beauté exceptionnelle abrite plus de 3 500 espèces végétales, dont presque autant d'arbres (130 essences naturelles) que l'Europe tout entière. On y trouve aussi de nombreuses espèces animales menacées avec, probablement, la plus grande variété de salamandres au monde. Resté relativement à l'écart, il donne une idée de la flore tempérée avant l'influence de l'homme.

المنتزه الوطني لجبال غرايت سموكي العظيمة

يمتد هذا المنتزه على مساحة أكثر من مئتي ألف هكتار وهو يكتنف في حنايا جماله الاستثنائي فصائل نباتيّة وأشجار (130 عطراً طبيعيّاً) بنسبة أكثر من 3500 فصيلة مما تضمّ أوروبا مجموعةً. وفيه أيضاً العديد من الفصائل الحيوانيّة المهددة مثل السمندل. وحيث لم تطله اليد البشريّة نسبيّاً فهو يعكس الحياة الطبيعيّة المعتدلة قبل أن يؤثّر فيها الإنسان.

source: UNESCO/ERI

大烟雾山国家公园

大烟雾山国家公园占地20万公顷,园内生长有超过3500种植物,其中树木约130种,这个数目与整个欧洲的树木种类基本持平。在大烟雾山国家公园中还有许多种濒危动物,其中蝾螈的种类可能是世界上最多的。由于大烟雾山国家公园基本未受到人类破坏,所以在这里我们可以看到未受人类影响的温带植物生长情况。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Грейт-Смоки-Маунтинс

В этом исключительно живописном парке, покрывающем площадь свыше 200 тыс. га, зафиксировано более 3,5 тыс. видов растений, включая 130 видов деревьев (примерно столько же отмечено во всей Европе). Здесь обитает и множество редких и исчезающих видов зверей, а разнообразие местных саламандр можно признать наибольшим в мире. Эта хорошо сохранившаяся местность позволяет представить состояние растительности умеренного пояса до времени её освоения человеком.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Nacional de Great Smoky Mountains

Este parque de excepcional belleza abarca más de 200.000 hectáreas y alberga más de 3.500 especies de plantas vasculares. Posee tantas variedades de árboles (130 especies naturales) como toda Europa en su conjunto. También alberga numerosas especies animales en peligro de extinción y la mayor variedad de salamandras del mundo, probablemente. Al estar relativamente intacto, este parque permite hacerse una idea de cómo era la flora de la zona templada antes de que el hombre empezase a dejar su huella en la naturaleza.

source: UNESCO/ERI

グレート・スモーキー山脈国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Great Smoky Mountains

Dit uitzonderlijk mooie park – dat zich uitstrekt over meer dan 200.000 hectare – is de thuisbasis van meer dan 3.500 plantensoorten. Verder zijn er bijna net zoveel bomen als in heel Europa (130 natuurlijke soorten). Het is de habitat van veel bedreigde diersoorten en de Great Smoky Mountains kent zelfs de grootste verscheidenheid aan salamanders ter wereld. De hevige neerslag en tal van beken maken het gebied ideaal voor een breed scala aan amfibiesoorten. Omdat het park relatief onaangetast is, geeft het een goede indruk van de flora zoals die was voor de invloed van de mensheid.

Source: unesco.nl

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Great Smoky Mountains National Park © LostBob
Statement of Significance

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a major North American refuge of temperate zone flora and fauna that survived the Pleistocene glaciations. The park includes the largest remnant of the diverse Arcto-Tertiary geoflora era left in the world, and provides an indication of the appearance of late Pleistocene flora. It is large enough to allow the continuing biological evolution of this natural system, and its biological diversity exceeds that of other temperate-zone protected areas of comparable size. The park is of exceptional natural beauty with undisturbed, virgin forest including the largest block of virgin red spruce remaining on earth.

Criterion (vii): The site is of exceptional natural beauty with scenic vistas of characteristic mist-shrouded (“smoky”) mountains, vast stretches of virgin timber, and clear running streams.

Criterion (viii): Great Smoky Mountains National Park is of world importance as the outstanding example of the diverse Arcto-Tertiary geoflora era, providing an indication of what the late Pleistocene flora looked like before recent human impacts.

Criterion (ix): The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is one of the largest remaining remnants of the diverse Arcto-Tertiary geoflora era in the world. It is large enough to be a significant example of continuing biological evolution of this natural system.

Criterion (x): The Great Smoky Mountains is of the one of the most ecologically rich and diverse temperate zone protected areas in the world. There are over 1300 native vascular plant species, including 105 native tree species, plus nearly 500 species of non-vascular plants - a level of floristic diversity that rivals or exceeds other temperate zone protected areas of similar size. The park is also home to the world’s greatest diversity of salamander species (31) - an important indicator of overall ecosystem health - and is the center of diversity for lungless salamanders, with 24 species.