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Wood Buffalo National Park

Wood Buffalo National Park

Situated on the plains in the north-central region of Canada, the park (which covers 44,807 km2) is home to North America's largest population of wild bison. It is also the natural nesting place of the whooping crane. Another of the park's attractions is the world's largest inland delta, located at the mouth of the Peace and Athabasca rivers.

Parc national Wood Buffalo

Situé dans les plaines de la région centre-nord du Canada, ce parc abrite la plus grande population américaine de bisons en liberté et est aussi l'aire naturelle de nidification de la grue blanche d'Amérique. Parmi ses beautés naturelles, on peut noter le plus grand delta intérieur du monde, situé à l'embouchure des rivières la Paix et Athabasca. Le parc couvre 44 807 km2 .

منتزه وود بافالو الوطني

يقع هذا المنتزه في سهول منطقة وسط شمال كندا على مساحة 44807 كم٢ ويأوي أكبر فصيلة من الجاموس الوحشي(بيزون) الأميركي، كما يشكّل المساحة الطبيعية المؤاتية لبناء أعشاش الكركي الأبيض الأميركي. ومن المناظر الطبيعية الخلابة التي يتميّز بها هذا المنتزه، نذكر أكبر دلتا داخلية في العالم، عند مصبّ نهري السلام وأتاباسكا.

source: UNESCO/ERI

伍德布法罗国家公园

这个公园位于加拿大中北部的平原上(占地44,807平方公里),是北美数量最多的野牛的栖息地,同时也是美洲鹤的天然巢穴。公园另一个引人入胜的景点是皮斯河(Peace river)和阿萨巴斯卡河(Athabasca river)之间世界上最大的内陆三角洲。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Вуд-Баффало

В парке, площадью около 4,5 млн. га, расположенном посреди равнин в срединной части Канады, охраняется крупнейшее на континенте дикое стадо американских бизонов. Здесь также гнездятся ставшие очень редкими американские журавли. Еще одна природная достопримечательность – самая обширная в мире внутренняя речная дельта, образованная реками Атабаска и Пис-Ривер.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Nacional de Wood Buffalo

Situado en las llanuras de la región central del norte del Canadá, este parque alberga la mayor población de bisontes salvajes de América y es el área natural de anidación de la grulla blanca americana. Entre sus bellezas naturales destaca el mayor delta interior del mundo, que se halla en la desembocadura del Río de la Paz y del Atabasca. El parque tiene una superficie de 44.807 km2.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ウッド・バッファロー国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Wood Buffalo

Het nationaal park Wood Buffalo ligt op de vlaktes in de noordelijk centrale regio van Canada en omvat 44.807 vierkante meter. Een van de trekpleisters van het park is ’s werelds grootste binnenlandse delta, aan de monding van de Peace en Athabasca rivieren. Het gebied is de thuisbasis van de grootste populatie van (de bedreigde) wilde bizons van Noord-Amerika. Het nationaal park is een van de weinige plekken waar de roofdier-prooi relatie tussen wolven en bizons nog steeds bestaat. De plek vormt ook de natuurlijke broedplaats van de (bedreigde) gierende kraanvogel, die terug is dankzij zorgvuldig beheer van het kleine aantal broedparen in het park.

Source: unesco.nl

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Wood Buffalo National Park
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

Wood Buffalo National Park is an outstanding example of ongoing ecological and biological processes encompassing some of the largest undisturbed grass and sedge meadows left in North America. It sustains the world’s largest herd of wood bison, a threatened species. The park’s huge tracts of boreal forest also provide crucial habitat for a diverse range of other species, including the endangered whooping crane. The continued evolution of a large inland delta, salt plains and gypsum karst add to the park’s uniqueness.

Criterion (vii): The great concentrations of migratory wildlife are of world importance and the rare and superlative natural phenomena include a large inland delta, salt plains and gypsum karst that are equally internationally significant.

Criterion (ix): Wood Buffalo National Park is the most ecologically complete and largest example of the entire Great Plains-Boreal grassland ecosystem of North America, the only place where the predator-prey relationship between wolves and wood bison has continued, unbroken, over time.

Criterion (x): Wood Buffalo National Park contains the only breeding habitat in the world for the whooping crane, an endangered species brought back from the brink of extinction through careful management of the small number of breeding pairs in the park. The park’s size (4.5 million ha), complete ecosystems and protection are essential for in-situ conservation of the whooping crane.

Integrity

Wood Buffalo National Park straddles the boundary between the province of Alberta and the Northwest Territories, and encompasses 4.5 million hectares of forest, wetland and prairie, including the majority of the Peace-Athabasca Delta. The size of the park allows for the protection of entire ecosystems and the ecosystem features that are the basis for the park’s Outstanding Universal Value. The park’s size, remoteness, very low human population density and the absence of resource extraction activities minimize human-related stress within the property, resulting in a high level of integrity. Bovine brucellosis and tuberculosis are present within the wood bison population in and around the park. The actual and potential impact on the delta from stressors originating outside the park, such as flow regulation, water withdrawals, industrial discharge and climate change, is monitored by the park and by working in collaboration with a network of partners to monitor and manage impacts from upstream development.

Protection and management requirements

The Canada National Parks Act provides effective legal protection for the park. Under the requirements of the legislation, a park management plan was approved in June 2010 and provides direction for protecting the features of the park that are the basis for its Outstanding Universal Value, and for providing opportunities for visitors to experience and learn about the park. The park’s two largest wetlands (the Peace-Athabasca Delta and the whooping crane nesting area) have also been declared Wetlands of International Importance under the RAMSAR convention.

Park managers work with 11 Aboriginal groups for whom Wood Buffalo National Park is an area of significant cultural value to cooperatively manage the park, as each group carries out traditional harvesting and other cultural activities within the park boundaries. Endangered species and their critical habitat, including the breeding grounds of the whooping crane, are protected under provisions of Canada’s Species at Risk Act. Park staff also work with Environment Canada, international crane preservation groups and U.S. government agencies to ensure the long term viability of the park’s whooping crane flock.

Park staff closely monitors upstream development on the major rivers that flow into the park and work closely with local Aboriginal partners, other government agencies, stakeholders and industry to maintain the ecological integrity of Wood Buffalo National Park. The park management plan commits park managers to developing an Area Management Plan for the Peace-Athabasca Delta to address the challenges of managing the delta’s ecological and cultural values in cooperation with partners and stakeholders. The Peace-Athabasca Delta Ecological Monitoring Program, a multi-stakeholder group made up of Aboriginal representatives, government and non-government organizations, is a cornerstone in developing and implementing this plan.

Special attention will be given over the long term to monitoring and taking appropriate actions related to a number of factors in or near the property. Specifically, attention will focus on the actual and potential impacts of upstream development and climate change.