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Agra Fort

Agra Fort

Near the gardens of the Taj Mahal stands the important 16th-century Mughal monument known as the Red Fort of Agra. This powerful fortress of red sandstone encompasses, within its 2.5-km-long enclosure walls, the imperial city of the Mughal rulers. It comprises many fairy-tale palaces, such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal, built by Shah Jahan; audience halls, such as the Diwan-i-Khas; and two very beautiful mosques.

Fort d'Agra

À proximité immédiate des jardins du Taj Mahal, le Fort rouge d'Agra, monument significatif du XVIIe siècle moghol, est une puissante citadelle de grès rouge enserrant dans son enceinte de 2,5 km de périmètre la ville impériale, avec un grand nombre de palais féeriques, comme le palais de Jahangir ou le Khas Mahal, bâti par Shah Jahan, des salles d'audience, comme le Diwan-i-Khas, et deux très belles mosquées.

قلعة أغرا

بمحاذاة حدائق تاج محال تقع قلعة أغرا الحمراء وهي نُصب بالغ الأهمية يعود للقرن المغولي السابع عشر. وهي قلعة قوية شيّدت من الحجر الرملي الأحمر تضمّ في حرمها البالغة مساحته 2.5 كيلومتر المدينة الإمبريالية بعددها الكبير من القصور الخيالية كقصر جهانكير أو خاص محل الذي بناه شاه جهان وبصالات اجتماعاتها كالديوان الخاص، والمسجدين الرائعين.

source: UNESCO/ERI

阿格拉古堡

与泰姬花园毗邻的红色阿格拉古堡,是16世纪重要的莫卧儿王朝纪念建筑。它是由红沙石建成的坚固堡垒,围墙长2.5公里,把莫卧儿统治者的皇宫围在中间。古堡里有许多宛如童话故事一样的宫殿,如沙贾汗修建的贾汗吉尔宫或称卡斯宫,有迪凡-伊-卡斯会客厅和两座非常秀丽的清真寺。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Форт в городе Агра

Недалеко от садов мавзолея Тадж-Махал расположен важный памятник XVI в., относящийся ко времени Великих Моголов и известный как Красный форт Агры. Эта мощная крепость, построенная из красного песчаника, окружает своими стенами длиной 2,5 км столичный город могольских правителей. Здесь расположен целый ряд сказочно прекрасных сооружений, таких как дворец Джахангира и Кхас-Махал, построенный Шах-Джаханом, зал для аудиенций – Диван-и-Кхас, а также две очень красивых мечети.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Fuerte de Agra

Situado cerca de los jardines del Taj Mahal, el Fuerte Rojo de Agra es un importante monumento mogol del siglo XVII. Construida con piedra arenisca roja, esta imponente ciudadela encierra en su recinto amurallado de 2,5 km de perímetro un gran número de palacios maravillosos, como el de Jahangir o el Khas Mahal, construido por Shah Jahan, edificios para audiencias, como el Diwan-i-Khas, y dos hermosas mezquitas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

アーグラ城塞

source: NFUAJ

Fort Agra

Nabij de tuinen van de Taj Mahal staat een belangrijk 16-eeuws monument van het Mogolrijk, bekend als het Rode Fort van Agra. Deze stevig ommuurde vesting gebouwd uit rode zandsteen, omvat met zijn 2,5 kilometer lange omsluitende muren de keizerlijke stad van de Mogolse heersers. Binnen deze vesting zijn sprookjesachtige paleizen te vinden, waaronder het Jahangir Paleis en de Khas Mahal, gebouwd onder Shah Jahan’s bewind. Maar ook verschillende aula’s, waaronder de Diwan-i-Khas en twee bijzonder mooie moskeeën. Het Rode Fort en de Taj Mahal tonen een uitzonderlijk en complementair bewijs van een verdwenen Mogolbeschaving.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

The Red Fort and the Taj Mahal bear an exceptional and complementary testimony to a civilization which has disappeared, that of the Mogul Emperors. Agra's history goes back more than 2,500 years, but it was not until the reign of the Mughals that Agra became more than a provincial city. Humayun, son of the founder of the Mogul Empire, was offered jewellery and precious stones by the family of the Raja of Gwalior, one of them the famous Koh-i-Noor. The heyday of Agra came with the reign of Humayun's son, Akbar the Great. During his reign, the main part of the Agra Fort was built.

The Red Fort of Agra is a powerful fortress founded in 1565 by the Emperor Akbar (1556-1605) on the right bank of the Yamuna; it is placed today on the north-west extremity of the Shah Jahan Gardens which surround the Taj Mahal and clearly form, with them, a monumental unity.

This bastioned fortress, with walls of red sandstone rising above a moat and interrupted by graceful curves and lofty bastions, encompasses within its enclosure walls of 2.5 km, the imperial city of the Mogul rulers. Like the Delhi Fort, that of Agra is one of the most obvious symbols of the Mogul grandeur which asserted itself under Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan.

The wall has two gates, the Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate. The original and grandest entrance was through the Delhi Gate, which leads to the inner portal called the Hathi Pol or Elephant Gate. But now the entrance to the fort is only through the Amar Singh Gate.

The citadel comprises a large number of fairy-like palaces: the Khas Mahal, the Shish Mahal, the octagonal tower of Muhammam Burj, as well as reception rooms: Diwan-i-Khas, built in 1637 and the many pillared Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience), constructed in 1628, under the reign of the luxury-loving Shah Jahan (1630-55). Within the palatial complex, there are two very beautiful mosques of white marble, the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque, constructed in 1646-53 by Shah Jahan and the Nagina Masjid built under the reign of Aurangzeb (1658-1707).

Several of the buildings are made from pure marble with beautiful carvings; all of these monuments mark the apogee of an Indo-Muslim art strongly marked by influences from Persia which already manifested itself in Timurid art.

Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal, was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb in Agra Fort, from which he had a view of the building erected for his deceased wife. Shah Jahan is said to have died in the Musamman Burj, a tower with a beautiful marble balcony.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC