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Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary

Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary

Situated in the Senegal River delta, the Djoudj Sanctuary is a wetland of 16,000 ha, comprising a large lake surrounded by streams, ponds and backwaters. It forms a living but fragile sanctuary for some 1.5 million birds, such as the white pelican, the purple heron, the African spoonbill, the great egret and the cormorant.

Parc national des oiseaux du Djoudj

Dans le delta du fleuve Sénégal, le parc est une zone humide de 16 000 ha comprenant un grand lac entouré de ruisseaux, d’étangs et de bras morts, qui constituent un sanctuaire vital, mais fragile, pour un million et demi d’oiseaux tels que le pélican blanc, le héron pourpre, la spatule africaine, la grande aigrette et le cormoran.

حديقة دجودج الوطنية للطيور

تقع هذه الحديقة في دلتا نهر السنغاال، وهي عبارة عن منطقة رطبة تمتد على مساحة 16000 هكتاراً وتضم بحيرة كبيرة محاطة بالجداول والمستنقعات ومنعطفات النهر التي تشكل ملاذاً حيوياً لكن هشاً لمليون طير ونصف مثل البجع الأبيض ومالك الحزين الأرجواني وطائر أبو ملعقة الأفريقي والغوش الكبير وطيور الغاق.

source: UNESCO/ERI


朱贾国家鸟类保护区是一块占地面积约为16 000公顷的湿地,位处塞内加尔河三角洲地区。保护区内有一大型湖泊,湖泊四周分布着大大小小的溪流、池塘和水潭。这里生态环境不很稳定,但充满着生机。保护区里栖息着150多万种鸟类,有白鹈鹕、紫苍鹭、非洲篦鹭、大白鹭、鸬鹚等等。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Орнитологический резерват Джудж

Водно-болотные угодья в дельте реки Сенегал, занимающие площадь 16 тыс. га, состоят из большого озера, окруженного протоками и мелкими водоемами. Это очень важное, но уязвимое убежище для 1,5 млн. пернатых, таких как белый пеликан, рыжая и большая белая цапли, колпица и баклан.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Santuario Nacional de Aves de Djudj

Situado en el delta del río Senegal, este parque es un humedal de 16.000 hectáreas formado por un gran lago rodeado de arroyos, charcas y aguas estancadas, que constituye un santuario vital, aunque frágil, para un millón y medio de aves de diversas especies: pelícano blanco, garza púrpura, espátula africana, cormorán y garza real, entre otras.

source: UNESCO/ERI


source: NFUAJ

Nationaal vogelreservaat van Djoudj

Het nationaal vogelreservaat van Djoudj ligt in de delta van de rivier de Senegal. Het is een waterrijk natuurgebied van 16.000 hectare en bestaat uit een groot meer omgeven door beekjes en vijvers. Het vormt een levend, maar kwetsbaar gebied voor zo’n 1,5 miljoen vogels, zoals de witte pelikaan, de purperreiger, de Afrikaanse lepelaar, de grote zilverreiger en de aalscholver. Daarnaast zijn er in dit gebied dieren als de West-Afrikaanse zeekoe en verschillende soorten krokodillen te vinden. In 1962 werd de omgeving voor het eerst als natuurgebied erkend, later is het totale vogelreservaat van 16.000 hectare ingeschreven op de Werelderfgoedlijst.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

As freezing autumn winds begin to whistle into Europe from the north, a host of migratory birds are thinking of more hospitable climates to the south and start on their long annual excursion. After braving the obstacles of southern Europe, where every bush seems to hide a hunter with a shotgun, navigating the featureless Mediterranean Sea, and transversing the arid Sahara, the birds arrive at their first oasis: Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary.

Located in the delta of the Senegal River, near Senegal's border with Mauritania, Djoudj covers some 16,000 ha of river channels, backwaters, streams, ponds and a large lake (which covers about a quarter of the sanctuary). In addition, the waters also hold populations of crocodile and African manatee, and the forests and grasslands hold species typical of the Sahelian zone of Africa.

The park is in a vast basin of impermeable halomorphic soils forming saline flats in the Senegal River Delta between the main channel to the north, the Djoudj bayou and the Gorom, or bayou to the south. This delta, of which Djoudj is a small part, has been subject to flooding and to the development of dyke systems for many years, the latest in 1963. These dykes have allowed the retention of fresh water in the Djoudj basin longer than normal, which benefits the water birds. Salinity varies, from almost fresh during the winter inundations to brackish as the water levels fall.

Vegetation reflects low rainfall. The Sahelien type savannah is dominated by spiny bushes, acacias, tamarisk and Balanites aegvptiaca . During the rains, dense populations of Typha and water-lily species appear in the flooded zones. Halophytic plants cover much of the area.

The park was mainly established as the area is so important for birds, supporting 3 million waterfowl, and is one of the main West African sanctuaries for Palaearctic migrants. It is one of the first fresh water sources they reach after crossing 200 km of the Sahara. From September to April, an estimated 3 million migrants pass through, including garganey, shoveler, ruff, pintail and black-tailed godwit. Thousands of flamingo nest here regularly as well as 5,000 white pelican, white-faced tree duck, fulvus tree duck, spur-winged goose, purple heron, night heron, various egrets, spoonbill, African darter, common cormorant and Sudan bustard. Mammals include warthog and West African manatee, and several species of crocodile and gazelle have been successfully reintroduced into the area.

But this wildlife haven is threatened from many sides. Agricultural chemicals are finding their way into the once-pristine waters of the Senegal River thus disturbing delicate links in the food chain, and a dam is being built which will disturb the annual wet-dry cycles that have brought life to Djoudj. A study sponsored by the World Heritage Committee has reported on the measures required to ameliorate the effects of the dam through an inexpensive series of dikes and sluice-gates and a carefully timed release of the life-bringing waters. It is hoped that the World Heritage status of Djoudj will help convince the government of Senegal to take the necessary measures.

Historical Description

14 April 1971 by Decree No. 71-411. Nearby area (3ha) was first classified as a nature reserve by Decree No. 62-065 of 26 February 1962. Enlarged in 1975 by Decree No. 75-1222 (from 13,000ha to 16,000ha). Listed as a Ramsar site in 1980 and accepted as a World Heritage site in 1981.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation