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Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy

Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy

Nancy, the temporary residence of a king without a kingdom – Stanislas Leszczynski, later to become Duke of Lorraine – is paradoxically the oldest and most typical example of a modern capital where an enlightened monarch proved to be sensitive to the needs of the public. Built between 1752 and 1756 by a brilliant team led by the architect Héré, this was a carefully conceived project that succeeded in creating a capital that not only enhanced the sovereign's prestige but was also functional.

Places Stanislas, de la Carrière et d'Alliance à Nancy

Nancy, résidence temporaire d'un roi sans royaume devenu duc de Lorraine, Stanislas Leszczynski, est paradoxalement l'exemple le plus ancien et le plus typique d'une capitale moderne où un monarque éclairé se montre soucieux d'utilité publique. Réalisé de 1752 à 1756 par une équipe brillante sous la direction de l'architecte Héré, le projet, d'une grande cohérence, s'est concrétisé dans une parfaite réussite monumentale qui allie la recherche du prestige et de l'exaltation du souverain au souci de la fonctionnalité.

ساحات أليانس ودي لا كاريير وستانيسلاسفي مدينة نانسي

إنّ مدينة نانسي التي كانت مقرّاً مؤقتاً لملك لا مملكة له أصبح فيما بعد دوق منطقة اللورين المدعو ستانيسلاس ليكزكينسكي هي بشكل متناقض المثال الأقدم والأحدث في آن معاً لمدينة عصرية يحرص فيها عاهل حكيم على المنفعة العامة. إنّ المشروع الذي أنجزه فريق لامع برئاسة المهندس هيري بين عامي 1752 و 1756 والذي برهن عن ترابط كبير، قد حقّق نجاحاً عمرانيا باهراً جمع بين البحث عن النفوذ وتحمّس الحاكم على همّ الأداء الوظيفي.

source: UNESCO/ERI

南锡的斯坦尼斯拉斯广场、卡里埃勒广场和阿莱昂斯广场

斯坦尼斯拉斯·莱什琴斯基(Stanislas Leszczynski),一个没有自己王国的国王,后来成了洛林公爵,他临时居住过的南锡则成了一个最古老而又最典型的现代首都典范。事实表明,这里受到启蒙思想影响的君主对公众需求确实敏感。1752年至1756年期间,建筑师埃赫尔(Héré)领导的一个才华横溢的团队修建了这个城市。这是一个精心设计的工程,成功地创造了一个既能提高王国声誉,又具有实用性的首都。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Площади Плас-Станислас, Плас-де-ла-Карьер и Плас-д'Альянс в городе Нанси

Нанси, временная резиденция «короля без королевства» Станислава Лещинского, который позже стал герцогом лотарингским, является старейшим и самым типичным примером современной столицы, где просвещенный монарх проявил свое внимание к общественным нуждам. Реализованный в 1752-1756 гг. замечательной командой под началом архитектора Эре, этот тщательно разработанный проект позволил успешно отстроить столичный город, который не только обеспечивал рост престижа самого монарха, но и отличался функциональностью.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Plaza Stanislas, plaza de la Carrière y plaza de la Alliance en Nancy

Residencia temporal de Stanislas Leszczynski –ex rey de Polonia, que acabaría sus días como duque de Lorena– la ciudad de Nancy es el ejemplo más antiguo y típico de capital moderna, en la que un soberano ilustrado mostró su preocupación por las obras de utilidad pública. Ejecutado entre 1752 y 1756 por un brillante de arquitectos dirigido por Emmanuel Héré, el proyecto de remodelación urbana de Nancy destacó por el gran rigor de su diseñó y se plasmó en un conjunto monumental sumamente logrado, en el que la exaltación de la figura del soberano va unida a una gran funcionalidad.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ナンシーのスタニスラス広場、カリエール広場及びアリアンス広場

source: NFUAJ

Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière en Place d’Alliance in Nancy

Nancy was de tijdelijke residentie van een koning zonder koninkrijk, Stanislas Leszczynski, die later Hertog van Lotharingen werd. De stad is paradoxaal genoeg het oudste en meest typische voorbeeld van een moderne hoofdstad waar een verlichte vorst gevoelig bleek voor de behoeftes van het volk. Nancy werd gebouwd tussen 1752 en 1756 door een briljant team onder leiding van architect Héré. De bouw was een goed doordacht project waarbij men erin slaagde een hoofdstad te creëren die niet alleen het prestige van de vorst vergrootte, maar ook functioneel was. De drie pleinen in Nancy gelden als unieke artistieke prestatie en vormen het meesterwerk van een creatief genie.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

The three squares in Nancy represent a unique artistic achievement, a masterpiece of the creative genius. Nancy is the oldest and most typical example of a modern capital where an enlightened monarch proved to be sensitive to the needs of the public. Built between 1752 and 1756 by a brilliant team led by the architect Heré, this was a carefully conceived project that succeeded in creating a capital that not only enhanced the sovereign's prestige but was also functional. It is an outstanding example of a type of structure which illustrates a significant stage in history.

At the end of the 17th century the French, who had occupied Nancy, established a means of communication with the New Town by opening a gate in the walls, calling it the Royal Gate in honour of Louis XIV. Stanislas Leszczynski, unhappy pretender to the Polish throne and father-in-law of Louis XV, King of France, received as a recompense for his abdication the Dukedom of Lorraine for life. He 'reigned' there peacefully from 1737 to 1766. It was during the reign of Stanislas that the link between the Old Town and the New Town took a concrete form. He wished to fuse the two cities that made up his capital: the Old City and the New City (created by Charles III in 15881) by organizing their junctures around a double axis: one east - west bounded by the Portes Sainte-Catherine and Stanislas, forming the northern limit of the new city, and the other north-south, marking the junction between the quarter with the Ducal Palace and the new urban centre, with its Place Royale dedicated to Louis XV, the present Place Stanislas. The works which resulted from the urbanization of Nancy are the most beautiful creations of the patronage of this prince.

The project was carried out between 1752 and 1756 by a brilliant team under the direction of the architect Heré, composed of the ironworker Jean Lamour and the sculptors Cuibal and Cyfflé; this was a project of extreme coherence which culminated in monumental perfection. The foundation stone of the first building in the square was officially laid in March 1752 and the royal square solemnly inaugurated in November 1755.

In addition to some prestigious architecture conceived to exalt a sovereign with its triumphal arches, statues, and fountains, the project for Nancy was in the interests of the public with its three squares that give to the town hall, the courts of law, and the Palais des Fermes as well as to the administrative centre, the school of medicine, the botanical gardens, the library, the academy, the theatre, the public garden, and many cafes and billiard halls.

At the beginning a bronze statue of Louis XV in the uniform of a Roman general, the work of Guibal and Cyfflé, decorated the centre of the square. The statue, along with the allegorical figures that surrounded it, disappeared during the French Revolution and it was only in 1851 that a new statue, this time of Stanislas, was erected in its place.

The need to modernize the ramparts in the mid-16th century led to an extension of the town towards the east, and thus the creation of a new square, the Place Neuve de la Carrière. The square is closed to the north by the Palais du Gouverneur (the former Palais de l'Intendance), set in a semicircle of columns, and to the south by a triumphal arch. At the south end, opposite the Beauvau-Craon Mansion by Boffrand, Emmanuel Heré built a copy of it for the Bourse (stock exchange). Starting from these two buildings, two long rows of houses with a few rocaille decorations stretch along either side of the square as far as two identical houses.

Alliance Square (Place de l'Alliance), was originally called Saint Stanislas Square; it is characterized by a Baroque fountain by Cyfflé. Its name is symbolic of the alliance between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and France in 1756.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC