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Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

Situated on one of the islands in the Azores archipelago, this was an obligatory port of call from the 15th century until the advent of the steamship in the 19th century. The 400-year-old San Sebastião and San João Baptista fortifications are unique examples of military architecture. Damaged by an earthquake in 1980, Angra is now being restored.

Centre d'Angra do Heroismo aux Açores

Cette ville située dans une des îles de l'archipel des Açores fut un port d'escale obligatoire depuis le XVe siècle jusqu'à l'apparition des bateaux à vapeur, au XIXe siècle. Ses imposantes fortifications de San Sebastian et San Juan Baptista, bâties il y a quelque 400 ans, sont un exemple unique d'architecture militaire. Ravagée par un tremblement de terre en 1980, Angra est en cours de restauration.

مركز أنغرا دو هيروسيمو في جزر الأزور

كانت هذه المدينة الواقعة في إحدى جزر أرخبيل الأزور مرسىً اجبارياً منذ القرن الخامس عشر حتى ظهور السفن البخارية في القرن التاسع عشر، بينما تشكل حصون القديس سيباستيان والقديس يوحنا المعمدان المحيطة بها والتي تم تشييدها منذ 400 عام نموذجاً فريداً للهندسة المعمارية العسكرية. وتخضع أنغرا اليوم للترميم بعد أن دمّرتها هزة أرضية عام 1980.

source: UNESCO/ERI



source: UNESCO/ERI

Центр города Ангра-ду-Эроишму, Азорские острова

Находясь на острове Тершейра Азорского архипелага, этот город, начиная с XV в. и до появления пароходов в XIX в., служил обязательным пунктом остановки для судов, пересекавших Атлантику. Крепости Сан-Себастьян и Сан-Жуан-Батиста, имеющие возраст 400 лет, являются уникальными примерами военной архитектуры. Поврежденная землетрясением в 1980 г., Ангра теперь восстанавливается.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Centro de Angra do Heroismo en las Azores

Situada en una de las islas del archipiélago de las Azores, la ciudad de Angra do Heroismo fue un puerto de escala obligada para la travesía del Atlántico desde el siglo XV hasta que hicieron su aparición los barcos de vapor, en el siglo XIX. Los imponentes fuertes de San Sebastián y San Juan Bautista, que datan de cuatro siglos atrás, constituyen ejemplos incomparables de la arquitectura militar de la época. Deteriorada por el terremoto de 1980, Angra está siendo objeto de obras de restauración.

source: UNESCO/ERI


source: NFUAJ

Centrale zone van Angra do Heroísmo op de Azoren

Angra do Heroísmo houdt direct verband met de maritieme exploratie, die uitwisselingen tussen grote beschavingen in de wereld mogelijk maakten. Van de 15e eeuw tot de komst van het stoomschip in de 19e eeuw was de stad op het eiland Terceira een verplichte tussenstop voor schepen uit Afrika, Indië en de Amerika's . Angra raakte beschadigd door een aardbeving op 1 januari 1980. Ze behield echter haar monumentale erfgoed en het homogene stedelijke geheel, gekenmerkt door de originele inheemse architectuur. Het deel van de stad dat beschadigd is, wordt nu weer hersteld.

Source: unesco.nl

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Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores © Fr Antunes
Long Description

Like the Tower of Belém and the Monastery of the Hieronymites in Lisbon, and Goa in India, Angra do Heroismo is directly and tangibly associated with an event of a universal historic significance: the maritime exploration that allowed exchanges between the world's great civilizations. Set in the mid-Atlantic, the port of Angra, obligatory port-of-call for fleets from Africa and the Indies, is the eminent example of a creation linked to the maritime world, within the framework of the great explorations.

Within the history of the maritime explorations of the 15th and 16th centuries, which established communications between the great civilizations of Africa, Asia, America and Europe, Angra do Heroismo holds an eminent position: this port on the island of Terceira, in the Azores, served as a link for almost three centuries between Europe and the 'New World'. Vasco de Gama in 1499 and Pedro de Alvarado in 1536 set up an obligatory port-of-call for the fleets of Equatorial Africa and of the East and West Indies during their voyages back and forth from Europe. A Provedoria das Armadas e Naus da India (Office of Fleets and Vessels of the Indies) was immediately set up there.

The site, admirably chosen by the first navigators, was protected from the prevailing winds by a series of hills; the port comprises two natural basins, that of the Beacon and that of the Anchorage (Angra) from which the village took its name. An impregnable defensive system was installed immediately following its foundation with the construction of the large fortresses of São Sebastião and São Filipe (today named São João Baptista). At the same time, it was decided to set out the city based on an original layout: the characteristic chequerboard plan of new cities was altered to take into account the prevailing winds.

Angra do Heroism thus offers a perhaps unique example of the adaptation of an urban model to particular climatic conditions. It has been conjectured, and not without reason, that the choice was imposed by the navigators and their cartographers. Angra was officially raised to the status of a city on 21 August 1534; during the same year, it became the seat of the Archbishop of the Azores. This religious function contributed to the development of the monumental character of the city where the cathedral of the Santissimo Salvador, the churches of the Misericórdia and of the Santo Espérito, the convents of the Franciscans and the Jesuits, were all constructed in the Baroque style. Even following the earthquake of 1 January 1980, Angra has preserved the better part of its monumental heritage and a homogenous urban ensemble, characterized by original vernacular architecture.