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Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

Located on the watershed of the Río Plátano, the reserve is one of the few remains of a tropical rainforest in Central America and has an abundant and varied plant and wildlife. In its mountainous landscape sloping down to the Caribbean coast, over 2,000 indigenous people have preserved their traditional way of life.

Réserve de la biosphère Río Plátano

Située dans le bassin versant du Río Platano, la réserve abrite l'un des rares vestiges de la forêt tropicale humide d'Amérique centrale. Sa faune et sa flore sont abondantes et variées. Dans un paysage montagneux qui descend jusqu'à la côte des Caraïbes, plus de 2 000 indigènes ont conservé leur mode de vie traditionnel.

محمية المحيط الحيوي لريو بلاتانو

تشمل المحمية الواقعة في الحوض المنحدر لريو بلاتانو إحدى أكثر الآثار ندرةً في الغابة الاستوائية الرطبة لأميركا الوسطى.ويشهد للثروة الحيوانية والنباتية في هذه المحميّة بوفرتها وتنوعها. وقد حافظ أكثر من ألفي نسمة من السكان الأصليين على نمط حياتهم التقليدي في هذا الموقع الجبلي المنحدر حتى ساحل جزر الكاريبي.

source: UNESCO/ERI

雷奥普拉塔诺生物圈保留地

该保留地位于雷奥普拉塔诺河的分水岭处,是中美洲少数几个湿热带雨林保护区之一。保留地内有数量丰富、种类繁多的植物和野生动物。在它加勒比海岸延伸的山地上,居住有2000多名土著居民,他们仍然沿袭传统的生活方式。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Биосферный резерват Рио-Платано

Резерват, охватывающий водосборный бассейн реки Рио-Платано, включает один из немногих уцелевших в Центральной Америке массивов влажно-тропического леса, и выделяется богатой и разнообразной флорой и фауной. В этой гористой местности, понижающейся по мере приближения к побережью Карибского моря, проживают, сохраняя свой традиционный уклад, свыше 2 тыс. аборигенов.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Reserva de biosfera de Río Plátano

Ubicada en la cuenca del río Plátano, esta reserva alberga uno de los escasos vestigios de bosque lluvioso tropical de Centroamérica. Su fauna y flora son abundantes y variadas. En su territorio montañoso, que desciende en pendiente hasta la costa del Caribe, viven más de 2.000 indígenas que han conservado su modo de vida tradicional.

source: UNESCO/ERI

リオ・プラタノ生物圏保護区

source: NFUAJ

Biosfeerreservaat Río Plátano

Dit reservaat ligt op de waterscheiding van de Río Plátano. Het biosfeerreservaat is een van de weinige overblijfselen van een tropisch regenwoud in Midden-Amerika. Het gebied heeft een overvloedige en gevarieerde flora en fauna. In het bergachtige landschap, dat afloopt naar de Caribische kust, hebben meer dan 2.000 inheemse indianen hun traditionele manier van leven behouden. In het reservaat Río Plátano leven 39 soorten zoogdieren, 377 vogelsoorten en 126 reptielen en amfibieën. Bedreigde soorten die er voorkomen zijn onder meer de reuzenmiereneter, Baird’s tapir, jaguar, ocelot, poema, margay, Midden-Amerikaanse otter, zeekoe, Amerikaanse krokodil, bruine kaaiman, arend, ara en gier.

Source: unesco.nl

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© UNESCO/Marc Patry
Long Description

Situated in the Mosquita region of north-east Honduras, the site comprises a belt of approximately 15 km by 150 km which extends inland from Laguna de Ibans and Laguna de Brus on the Caribbean coast in a south-westerly direction. The coastal towns of Palacios and Brus Laguna lie approximately 5 km from the park boundaries on either side of the reserve.

The reserve protects virtually the entire watershed of the 100 km long Plátano River, as well as major portions of the Paulaya, Guampu and Sicre rivers. These three waterways and the Caribbean form the boundaries of the reserve. Topographic relief falls into two broad categories: the rugged mountainous headwaters region which encompasses almost 75% of the reserve, flanked by the Plátano River and rising to Punta Piedra, and the coastal plains. The mountainous area has remarkable rock formations (e.g. Dama Peak) and a waterfall of 500 m. The coastal area is flat or undulating with a number of lagoons such as Ibans and Cartina and grasslands subject to winter flooding. The river basin drains an area of some 130,000 ha and meanders considerably in the lowland region, marooning several oxbow lakes. Natural levees have built up along much of this stretch and are preferred terrain for small agricultural plots. The upper two-thirds of the river course are through mountainous terrain. Part of the river is subterranean below huge basalt rocks.

This is the largest surviving area of virgin tropical rainforest in Honduras and topographical diversity has resulted in a wild array of ecosystem types. The two dominant life zones are Humid Tropical Forest and Very Humid Subtropical Forest. The majority of the reserve (about 85%) lies within the tropical moist-forest zone, and 10-15% in the subtropical wet-forest zone. Mangrove ecosystems fringe the coastal lagoons of Brus (brackish) and Ibans (freshwater). Inland from the beach is a broad coastal savannah which consists of sedge prairie in the wetter areas, grasses in drier areas, and pine savannahs. Hardwood gallery forest occurs along the Plátano River and other alluvial tributaries. On land disturbed by agriculture dominates the secondary forest. The greatest portion of the watershed is blanketed by mature broadleaf forest. Important timber trees occur within the reserve. Pines and several palm species are used locally for construction, and some timber species are made into dugout canoes.

39 species of mammal, 377 species of bird and 126 reptiles and amphibians have been recorded. Threatened species include giant anteater, Baird's (Central American) tapir, jaguar, ocelot, puma, margay, jaguarondi, Central American otter, Caribbean manatee, American crocodile, brown caiman, red brocket deer, harpy eagle, scarlet macaw, green macaw, military macaw, king vulture, great curassow and crested guan. Reptiles include green turtle, loggerhead turtle and leatherback turtle.

The site of Ciudad Blanca (White City) within the protected area constitutes one of the most important archaeological sites of Mayan civilization. Archaeological remains include the Piedras Pintadas petroglyphs on the bed of the Plátano River, believed to belong to an unknown pre-Columbian culture. The reserve also contains the site where Christopher Colombus first landed in the Americas in 1492. There are some 200 sites of archaeological importance.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC