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National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers

National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers

These Haitian monuments date from the beginning of the 19th century, when Haiti proclaimed its independence. The Palace of Sans Souci, the buildings at Ramiers and, in particular, the Citadel serve as universal symbols of liberty, being the first monuments to be constructed by black slaves who had gained their freedom.

Parc national historique – Citadelle, Sans Souci, Ramiers

Ces monuments d’Haïti, le palais de Sans Souci, les bâtiments des Ramiers et tout particulièrement la Citadelle, qui remontent au début du XIXe siècle, époque où la République proclama son indépendance, sont chargés d’un symbolisme universel car ils sont les premiers à avoir été bâtis par des esclaves noirs ayant conquis leur liberté.

منتزه وطني تاريخي:القلعة، وقصر سان سوسي والمباني في رامييه

إنّ هذه النصب التاريخية في هايتي، أي قصر سان سوسي ومباني رامييه، لاسيما القلعة، العائدة للقرن التاسع عشر وهي حقبة أعلنت فيها الجمهورية استقلالها، تتّسم بقيم أخلاقية عالمية إذ أنها الأولى التي شيّدها قدامى العبيد بعدما استعادوا حريتهم.

source: UNESCO/ERI

国家历史公园:城堡、圣苏西宫、拉米尔斯堡垒

这些建筑可追溯到19世纪海地宣布独立的时期。圣苏西宫、拉米尔斯堡垒、尤其是古城堡对全世界来说都是自由的象征,因为它们是最先由获得自由的黑人奴隶修造的建筑。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный исторический парк – Цитадель Ла-Ферьер, дворец Сан-Суси и укрепления Рамьер

Эти памятники датируются началом XIX в., когда Гаити провозгласило свою независимость. Дворец Сан-Суси, здания в Рамьере и Цитадель являются символами свободы, так как это были первые сооружения, воздвигнутые получившими свободу чернокожими рабами.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Histórico Nacional – Ciudadela, Sans Souci y Ramiers

Estos monumentos datan de principios del siglo XIX, cuando Haití proclamó su independencia. El palacio de Sans Souci, los edificios de Ramiers y, en particular, la Ciudadela son símbolos universales de la libertad por ser los primeros construidos por esclavos negros que habían conquistado su emancipación.

source: UNESCO/ERI

国立歴史公園-シタデル、サン・スーシ、ラミエ

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal historisch park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers

Het nationaal historisch park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers ligt in het noorden van Haïti. Deze Haïtiaanse monumenten dateren uit het begin van de 19e eeuw, toen de onafhankelijkheid van Haïti werd uitgeroepen. Het paleis van Sans Souci, de gebouwen in Ramiers en in het bijzonder de Citadel dienen als universele symbolen van vrijheid. Het zijn namelijk de eerste monumenten gebouwd door zwarte slaven toen ze hun vrijheid hadden teruggewonnen. Op 1 januari 1804 – na 14 jaar strijd van de zwarte eilandslaven tegen de kolonisten – riep Jean-Jacques Dessallines, de belangrijkste revolutieleider, Haiti uit tot onafhankelijke Republiek.

Source: unesco.nl

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National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers
Long Description

This property is an eminent example of a type of structure illustrating the historical situation of Haiti at the dawn of its independence. These Haitian monuments date from the beginning of the 19th century, when Haiti proclaimed its independence. The Palace of Sans Souci, the buildings at Ramiers, and, in particular, the Citadel serve as universal symbols of liberty, being the first monuments to be constructed by black slaves who had gained their freedom.

Situated within the National History Park created by presidential decree in 1978, in a splendid natural setting of mountainous peaks covered with luxuriant vegetation, the Citadelle Henry, the Site des Ramiers, and the Palais San-Souci represent for the Haitians the first monuments of their independence.

On 1 January 1804, after 14 years of struggle by the island's black slaves against the colonists, Jean-Jacques Dessallines, the principal leader of the revolution, proclaimed the independent Republic of Haiti. The Emperor Dessallines immediately entrusted to Henry Christophe, one of his generals, the task of constructing an immense fortress on the Pic Laferrière, or Pic Henry, 28 km south-west of Cap Haitien.

At the death of Dessallines in 1806, the Haitian Republic was divided into two states: the southern part governed by Pétion, and the north, where Christophe proclaimed himself king in 1811. The Citadelle Henry originally conceived as the monument to the defence of liberty was maintained as a fortress by the despot and was inaugurated only in 1813.

At the same time, King Christophe (Henry I) undertook the construction of an astonishing palace surrounded by gardens, situated at the foot of the access road to the citadel near the village of Milot. The Palais Sans-Souci, mainly in a state of ruin but currently being restored, owes its bizarre beauty to an exceptional harmony with the mountainous setting, as well as its recourse to diverse and yet reputedly irreconcilable architectural models. The Baroque staircase and the classical terraces, the stepped gardens reminiscent of Potsdam and Vienna, the canals and basins freely inspired by Versailles, impart an indefinable hallucinatory quality to the creation of the megalomaniac king.

Both military installation and political statement, the Citadelle Henry, constructed at an altitude of 970 m and covering a surface area of about 1 ha, is one of the best examples of the art of military engineering of the early 19th century. The plans are the work of the Haitian Henri Barré, but it is probable that General Christophe played the preponderant role in their formulation: the projecting masses remarkably articulated to allow an integrated use of artillery capabilities; an elaborate system of water supply and cisterns; and colossal defensive walls which render this citadel impregnable. It can shelter a garrison of 2,000 men, or 5,000 if necessary.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC