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SGang Gwaay

SGang Gwaay

The village of Ninstints (Nans Dins) is located on a small island off the west coast of the Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii). Remains of houses, together with carved mortuary and memorial poles, illustrate the Haida people's art and way of life. The site commemorates the living culture of the Haida people and their relationship to the land and sea, and offers a visual key to their oral traditions.

SGang Gwaay

Le village de Ninstints (Nans Dins) est situé sur une petite île sur la côte ouest des îles de la Reine-Charlotte (Haïda Gwaii). Les vestiges de maisons ainsi que de mâts funéraires et commémoratifs sculptés fournissent des exemples de la vie et de l'art toujours vivants des Haïdas. Le site commémore la culture vivante des Haïdas, leur relation avec la terre et la mer et offre une clef visuelle des traditions orales.

أسغانغ غواي

تقع بلدة نينس تينتس (أو نانس دينس) على جزيرة صغيرة قبالة الساحل الغربي لجزر الملكة شارلوت (أو جزر هايدا غواي). وتعطي آثار البيوت والعواميد الجنائزية والتذكارية المنحوتة أمثلة عن حياة شعب الهايدا وفنّهم الخالد. ويحيي هذا الموقع الثقافة الحيّة الخاصة بهذا الشعب، وعلاقته بالأرض والبحر ويعطي صورة حيّة عن التقاليد الشفوية التي كانت سائدة في تلك الحقبة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

安东尼岛

安东尼岛上的尼斯停斯村(Ninstints)坐落在夏洛特女王群岛(the Queen Charlotte Islands)西侧的一个小岛上。村里的房屋遗迹以及图腾和死亡之柱,展示了海达人(Haida people)的艺术和生活方式。这个遗址是为了纪念海达人的生活文化以及他们同陆地和海洋的关系而设立,也为人们理解海达人口头传下来的传统提供了一个形象直观的途径。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Остров Энтони

Деревня индейского племени нинстинт (или – нанс дин) расположена на маленьком островке в западной части архипелага Королевы Шарлотты. Остатки жилых домов, вместе с резными погребальными и памятными столбами, демонстрируют искусство и образ жизни жителей острова. Объект создает представление о бытовой культуре этих людей, об их отношениях с окружающей природой, а также дает ключ к пониманию их устных традиций.

source: UNESCO/ERI

SGang Gwaay

La aldea de Ninstints está situada en una pequeña isla frente a la costa occidental del archipiélago de la Reina Carlota (Haida Gwaii). Los vestigios de viviendas y tótems esculpidos de carácter funerario y conmemorativo constituyen un testimonio del arte y el modo de vida del pueblo haida. El sitio celebra la relación de los haida con la tierra y el mar, así como su cultura aún viva, y proporciona también una clave visual de sus tradiciones orales.

source: UNESCO/ERI

スカン・グアイ

source: NFUAJ

SGang Gwaay

Het dorp Ninstints (Nans Dins) ligt op een klein eiland voor de westkust van de Koningin Charlotte Eilanden (Haida Gwaii). Het dorp werd bezet tot kort na 1880. De overblijfselen zijn uniek in de wereld, een 19e-eeuws Haida dorp waarvan de ruïnes van huizen en gedenkteken- of mortuariumpalen de kracht en de artisticiteit illustreren van de Haida samenleving. Het gebied draagt een unieke getuigenis van de verdwenen beschaving van de Haida Indianen, een stam die voornamelijk leefde van de jacht en de visserij in de archipel. De Haida cultuur werd gekenmerkt door de relatie van de indianen met land en zee en hun mondelinge tradities.

Source: unesco.nl

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SGang Gwaay © Amanda
Statement of Significance

At the village of SGang Gwaay llnagaay (Nan Sdins) the remains of large cedar long houses, together with a number of carved mortuary and memorial poles, illustrate the art and way of life of the Haida. The site commemorates the living culture of the Haida, based on fishing and hunting, their relationship with the land and sea, and offers a visual key to their oral traditions. The village was occupied until shortly after 1880. What survives is unique in the world, a 19th century Haida village where the ruins of houses and memorial or mortuary poles illustrate the power and artistry of Haida society.

Criterion (iii): SGang Gwaay llnagaay (Nan Sdins), located on SGang Gwaay (Anthony Island) in an archipelago off the west coast of British Columbia, bears unique testimony to the culture of the Haida. The art represented by the carved poles at SGang Gwaay llnagaay (Nan Sdins) is recognized to be among the finest examples of its type in the world.

Long Description

The village of Ninstints (Nans Dins) is located on a small island off the west coast of the Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii), and it bears a unique testimony to the vanished civilization of the Haida Indians, a tribe living essentially from hunting and fishing in the archipelago.

The San Christoval Mountains form the backbone of Gwaii Haanas, rising to 1,123 m at Mount de la Touche. The higher elevations of this range are dominated by mountain hemlock and alpine tundra vegetation zones. The lower elevations are mainly cedar, pine and western hemlock. The hemlock-Sitka spruce zone is on the islands of the eastern part of Gwaii Haanas, including the eastern fringe of Moresby Island. The distinct island flora and fauna have evolved over thousands of years. The species here often differ from those found on the mainland. Many common continental species are not found on the islands at all, or have evolved into unique subspecies such as the black bear and pine marten (both larger than mainland cousins), deer mouse, dusky shrew and short-tailed weasel.

An estimated 1.5 million seabirds nest along some 4,700 km of shoreline on the islands from May to late August. Approximately half of these seabirds can be found in Gwaii Haanas. Many are burrow-nesters, such as the rhinoceros auklet, ancient murrelet, tufted puffin, horned puffin, Cassin's auklet, Leach's storm petrel and fork-tailed storm petrel. Because the islands are situated along the Pacific flyway, dozens of species of migrating birds stop here in spring and autumn.

The seas around Gwaii Haanas teem with life. These waters are home to salmon, herring, halibut, rockfish, mussels, crab, starfish, sea urchin and octopus, along with numerous other species. Haida Gwaii is also on the spring migration route of the grey whales which spend their summers in feeding grounds in the Bering Sea. Killer whales (orcas), humpback and minke whales are also seen in the waters surrounding Gwaii Haanas, along with dolphins, porpoises and harbour seals.

The first traces of human occupation date back almost 2,000 years; the village was not deserted until shortly after 1880, when about 25 Indians still took up winter quarters there before leaving for summer hunting and fishing expeditions near Queen Charlotte Islands. A series of unit dwellings, cedar longhouses, still exists, of which 10 are in good condition. However, it is above all the 32 totemic and mortuary columns on the edge of the dwelling zone which contribute to the world renown of the site. These wooden columns, sculpted with stylized anthropo-zoomorphic figures, have suffered considerable erosion at the hands of nature.

More of the village has been taken by nature, consumed by age and the elements, and returned to the forest. What remains is unique in the world, a 19th-century Haida village where the ruins of ten houses and 32 memorial or mortuary poles bespeak the power and artistry of a rich and flamboyant society.

The Haida have always thrived on the wealth of both the sea and the forest. Shellfish and salmon were staple foods. Giant Western red cedars were the raw material of ocean-going canoes, vast post-and-plank houses, and great poles bearing both symbols of family history and holding inside them the bones of ancestors. The Haida lived on SGaang Gwaii for thousands of years.

Remains of houses, together with carved mortuary and memorial poles, illustrate the Haida people's art and way of life. The site commemorates the living culture of the Haida people and their relationship to the land and sea, and offers a visual key to their oral traditions. Gwaii Haanas is a protected area that contains the essence of the rugged beauty and ecological character of the Pacific coast. It is a celebration of more than 10,000 years of connection between land, sea and Haida culture.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC