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Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)

Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)

The ensemble of buildings, sports facilities and open spaces of the Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), was built from 1949 to 1952 by more than 60 architects, engineers and artists who were involved in the project. As a result, the campus constitutes a unique example of 20th-century modernism integrating urbanism, architecture, engineering, landscape design and fine arts with references to local traditions, especially to Mexico’s pre-Hispanic past. The ensemble embodies social and cultural values of universal significance and is one of the most significant icons of modernity in Latin America.

Campus central de la cité universitaire de l’Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM)

Le campus qui est constitué d’un ensemble de bâtiments, d’équipements sportifs et d’espaces ouverts dans la zone méridionale de Mexico a été construit entre 1949 et 1952. Plus de 60 architectes, ingénieurs et artistes ont travaillé au projet. Le campus est un superbe exemple du modernisme du XXe siècle, il illustre l’intégration de l’urbanisme, de l’architecture, de l’ingénierie, de l’architecture de paysage et des beaux-arts et leur association avec des références aux traditions locales, notamment le passé préhispanique du Mexique. L’ensemble incarne des valeurs sociales et culturelles de portée universelle. Reconnu dans le monde entier, ce campus est l’un des grands symboles de la modernité en Amérique latine.

حرم الجامعة الوطنية المكسيكية المستقلة (يونام)، مكسيكو

يشكل الحرم الجامعي مجموعة من المباني والمرافق الرياضية والمجالات المفتوحة في جنوب مدينة مكسيكو، وقد بني بين عامي 1949 و1952 لضمّ الكليات والمرافق الجامعية في مكان واحد، وتحسين نوعية حياة الأسرة الجامعية. عمل أكثر من ستين مهندساً معمارياً ومهندساً وفناناً على هذا المشروع. فبات حرم الجامعة الوطنية المكسيكية المستقلة (يونام) يشكل مثالاً فريداً للحداثة في القرن العشرين، من خلال دمج مجالات التخطيط المديني والهندسة المعمارية والهندسة وتصميم المشاهد الطبيعية والفنون الجميلة، في ظل إبراز التقاليد والمرجعيات المحلية، لا سيما بالعودة إلى ماضي المكسيك قبل وصول الإسبان. ويحوي الحرم قيماً اجتماعية وثقافية ذات دلالات عالمية. يمثل الحرم الجامعي محط إعجاب عالمي ويُعدّ من أبرز معالم الحداثة في أميركا اللاتينية. كما أنه يمثل أحد المشاريع النادرة عبر العالم التي جرى من خلالها تطبيق  المبادئ المقترحة من جانب حركات الحداثة في مجال الهندسة المعمارية وتخطيط المدن بهدف تحسين نوعية حياة الناس.

الشعب إلى الجامعة والجامعة للشعب رسالة اليونسكو (2007)

source: UNESCO/ERI

墨西哥国立自治大学大学城的核心校区

墨西哥国立自治大学大学城的核心校区集中了校舍、体育设施和开阔地,建于1949年至1952年,60多名建筑师、工程师和艺术家参与了这项工程。校园体现出独特的20世纪现代风格,融合了城市化、建筑、工程、景观设计和艺术,同时借鉴了当地传统,特别是前西班牙殖民统治时期的历史沿革。校园具备突出的社会和文化价值,获得广泛赞许,并跻身拉丁美洲最重要的标志性建筑之一。现代建筑和城市规划原则的最终目标是提升居民的生活质量,纵观全球,能够全面落实这些原则的建筑工程为数寥寥,墨西哥国立自治大学的大学城就是其中之一。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Центральный университетский городок Государственного автономного университета Мехико

Центральный университетский городок Государственного автономного университета Мехико (UNAM) построен в период c 1949 по 1952 гг. Восхитительный образец модернизма XX в., иллюстрирующий взаимопроникновение урбанизации, архитектуры, строительной технологии, пейзажной архитектуры и искусства их сочетании с элементами мексиканских традиций, относящихся к эпохе, предшествующей испанской колонизации. Он является воплощением общечеловеческих социальных и культурных ценностей. Всемирно известный университетский городок - это один из выдающихся символов латиноамериканского модернизма, а также один из единственных проектов в мире, в полной мере воплотивших такой принцип современной архитектуры и урбанизма как повышение уровня жизни людей.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Campus central de la Ciudad Universitaria de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Edificado entre 1949 y 1952, el campus central de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) está integrado por un conjunto de edificios, instalaciones deportivas y espacios abiertos situado en la zona sur de la capital mexicana. El proyecto de su construcción fue ejecutado por más de 60 arquitectos, ingenieros y artistas. El resultado fue la creación de un conjunto monumental ejemplar del modernismo del siglo XX que integra el urbanismo, la arquitectura, la ingeniería, el paisajismo y las bellas artes, asociando todos estos elementos con referencias a las tradiciones locales, y en particular al pasado prehispánico de México. El conjunto encarna valores sociales y culturales de trascendencia universal y ha llegado a ser uno de los símbolos más importantes de la modernidad en América Latina.

source: UNESCO/ERI

メキシコ国立自治大学(UNAM)の中央大学都市キャンパス

source: NFUAJ

Stadscampus van de centrale universiteit Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)

De campus van de centrale universiteit – een geheel van gebouwen, sportfaciliteiten en open ruimten – werd tussen 1949 en 1952 gebouwd met behulp van meer dan 60 architecten, ingenieurs en kunstenaars. Als gevolg hiervan is de campus een uniek voorbeeld van het 20e-eeuwse modernisme in postrevolutionair Mexico, dat stedenbouw, architectuur, bouwkunde, landschapsontwerp en beeldende kunst integreert. Met verwijzingen naar lokale tradities, in het bijzonder het pre-Spaanse verleden van Mexico. Het universiteitscomplex getuigt ook van modernisering in de context van universele waarden en idealen zoals toegang tot onderwijs, verbetering van levenskwaliteit en een integrale intellectuele en lichamelijke opvoeding.

Source: unesco.nl

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Alfonso Caso Auditorium. José Chávez Morado Mural “La conquista de laenergía © Coordinación deProyectos Especiales
Outstanding Universal Value

The Central University City Campus of UNAM bears testimony to the modernization of post-revolutionary Mexico in the framework of universal ideals and values related to access to education, improvement of quality of life, integral intellectual and physical education and integration between urbanism, architecture and fine arts. It is a collective work, where more than sixty architects, engineers and artists worked together to create the spaces and facilities apt to contribute to the progress of humankind through education.

The urbanism and architecture of the Central University City Campus of UNAM constitute an outstanding example of the application of the principles of 20th Century modernism merged with features stemming from pre-Hispanic Mexican tradition. The ensemble became one of the most significant icons of modern urbanism and architecture in Latin America, recognized at universal level.

Criterion (i): The Central University City Campus of UNAM constitutes a unique example in the 20th century where more than sixty professionals worked together, in the framework of a master plan, to create an urban architectural ensemble that bears testimony to social and cultural values of universal significance.

Criterion (ii): The most important trends of architectural thinking from the 20th century converge in the Central University City Campus of UNAM: modern architecture, historicist regionalism, and plastic integration; the last two of Mexican origin.

Criterion (iv): The Central University City Campus of UNAM is one of the few models around the world where the principles proposed by Modern Architecture and Urbanism were totally applied; the ultimate purpose of which was to offer man a notable improvement in the quality of life.

Since all the fundamental physical components of the original ensemble remain and no major changes have been introduced, the property satisfies the required conditions of integrity and authenticity. The campus conserves unaltered its essential physical components: urban design, buildings, open spaces, circulation system and parking areas, landscape design and works of art. . Functions have not changed over time. The existing physical components therefore express the historic, cultural and social values of the ensemble, and its authenticity of design, materials, substance, workmanship and functions.

At the national level, the Central University City Campus of UNAM was listed as a National Artistic Monument in July 2005, in the framework of the Federal Law on Archaeological, Artistic and Historic Monuments and Zones. At the local level, the UNAM Campus and the Olympic stadium are defined as heritage conservation zones in the framework of the District Programme for Urban Development (1997) of Coyoacán Delegation, one of the administrative units of Mexico City. Since the University is an autonomous organization, it has its own offices in charge of maintenance and conservation of the campus. Among them, the Governing Plan for University City (1993) rules the future growth of the University facilities, uses of land and maintenance of the campus. The Integral Plan for the University City (2005) constitutes the current management plan for the campus. The physical components are in a good state of conservation, and the process of ageing is controlled by means of plans of maintenance and preservation of both free and constructed spaces. The Office for Special Projects of UNAM developed and implements the Integral Plan for the University City (September 2005). With the aim of implementing and monitoring the Plan, the University will create the University City Management Programme (PROMACU).

Historical Description

King Philip II of Spain established the Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico in 1551, which makes it, together with San Marcos University in Lima, Peru, the first universities in the New World. In 1865, Emperor Maximilian closed the University, which was re-opened in 1910 as the Mexico National University. After the Mexican Revolution, the University reached autonomy in 1929, in order to assure cultural development and scientific education. It was then renamed with the current denomination of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).

Since its creation, the University has occupied several locations in the historic centre of Mexico City. The creation of a University City was in mind since the 1920s. In 1943, it was decided that the University would be located in the area known as Pedregal de San Ángel, next to the village of Coyoacán, located south of Mexico City. The property was then apart from the urban settlement; the name Pedregal (stony ground) refers to the type of soil and resulting landscape, product of the eruption of a volcano.

The master plan for the campus was the result of an architectural competition, in which architects Mario Pani and Enrique del Moral were awarded. Their idea was based on the urban and architectural principles of the Modern Movement, with the incorporation of components stemming from national tradition, like local materials or references to pre-Hispanic urbanism and architecture. The then developing local architectural trend of "Plastic Integration" took the incorporation of works of fine arts, especially murals, to the buildings and open spaces. For the project of the buildings, sports facilities and open spaces, the most prominent Mexican architects were invited, together with advanced students. As a result, the project for the campus involved the work, in the framework of the master plan, of some sixty architects and artists.

The works of construction started in 1949 and the official opening of the new campus took place in 1952, with courses starting in 1954. The physical conditions of the campus have not changed essentially since then; new buildings were constructed in neighbouring areas without disturbing the harmony of the original composition. At the same time, the University area includes part of the natural landscape of the Pedregal, which is protected as an ecological reserve.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation