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Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape

Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape

Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape covers three areas of a plateau of rocky boulders rising out of the semi-desert of central Azerbaijan, with an outstanding collection of more than 6,000 rock engravings bearing testimony to 40,000 years of rock art. The site also features the remains of inhabited caves, settlements and burials, all reflecting an intensive human use by the inhabitants of the area during the wet period that followed the last Ice Age, from the Upper Paleolithic to the Middle Ages. The site, which covers an area of 537 ha, is part of the larger protected Gobustan Reservation.

Paysage culturel d’art rupestre de Gobustan

Le site occupe trois zones d'un plateau rocheux qui s'élève dans la région semi-désertique du centre de l'Azerbaïdjan. Il recèle une collection remarquable de plus de 6 000 gravures qui témoignent de 40 000 ans d'art rupestre. Le site comprend également des vestiges de grottes habitées, de peuplements et de sites funéraires, qui reflètent une occupation humaine intensive des lieux durant une période humide après la dernière ère glaciaire, depuis le paléolithique supérieur jusqu'au Moyen Âge. Le site occupe un total de 537 ha et s'inscrit dans la réserve protégée de Gobustan qui est beaucoup plus grande. 

مشهد غوبستان الثقافي للفن الصخري

  يمتد الموقع على ثلاثة أمكنة مختلفة في هضبة صخرية تشرف على المنطقة شبه الصحراوية لوسط أذربيجان. ويضم مجموعة استثنائية تزيد عن 6000 نقش صخري لتشهد بذلك عن 40000 عام من الفن الصخري. وفي الموقع أيضاً آثار كهوف سكنها الإنسان وأطلال قديمة وبقايا مرافق مأتمية، تعكس وجود استيطان بشري مكثف في المكان خلال فترة رطبة لما بعد العصر الجليدي الأخير، وتمتد من العصر الحجري القديم العلوي إلى العصور الوسطى. يغطي الموقع مساحة قدرها 537 هكتارا وهو جزء من محمية غوبستان الأوسع بكثير.

source: UNESCO/ERI

戈布斯坦岩石艺术文化景观

戈布斯坦岩石艺术文化景观包括三个部分,位于阿塞拜疆中部荒漠地区横空突起的岩石高原,这里蕴藏着近6000幅精美雕刻,让人们看到了4000年前的岩石艺术。在这里还发现了居住地和墓葬的遗存,表明人类在上一个冰河时代之后的湿润时期曾经在此地大量定居,时间从旧石器时代早期一直延续到中世纪。遗产占地537公顷,是范围更大的戈布斯坦保护区的一部分。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Культурный пейзаж наскальных рисунков Кобустана

Культурный пейзаж наскальных рисунков Кобустана - это уникальная коллекции шести тысяч наскальных рисунков, свидетельствующих о четырех тысячелетиях наскального искусства. Они были найдены на трех участках скалистого плато, возвышающегося в полупыстынной местности центральной части Азербайджана. Обнаруженные здесь же некогда обитаемые пещеры, следы поселений и усыпальницы указывают на густую заселенность этой территории в период наступления жаркого и влажного климата с завершением последнего ледникового периода - между верхним палеолитом и средневековьем. Объект располагается на территории 537 гектаров и является лишь частью более обширного охраняемого заповедника Кобустан.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Paisaje cultural de arte rupestre de Gobustán

Este sitio comprende tres zonas de una meseta rocosa emplazada en la región semidesértica que ocupa el centro del Azerbaiyán. Alberga un conjunto excepcional de más de seis mil petroglifos ejecutados a lo largo de un periodo de 40.000 años de arte rupestre. También posee vestigios de poblamientos, cuevas habitadas y sitios funerarios, que constituyen una prueba de su ocupación intensiva por el ser humano en el periodo húmedo subsiguiente a la última era glaciar, desde el Paleolítico Superior hasta la Edad Media. El sitio abarca una superficie total de 537 hectáreas, que forman parte del territorio protegido, mucho más extenso, de la Reserva de Gobustán.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ゴブスタンのロック・アートと文化的景観

source: NFUAJ

Cultuurlandschap en rotskunst van Gobustan

Dit cultuurlandschap beslaat drie gebieden van rotsplateaus gelegen in de semiwoestijn in het midden van Azerbeidzjan. Er bevindt zich een uitzonderlijke collectie van meer dan 6.000 rotstekeningen die getuigen van 40.000 jaar rotskunst. In het gebied zijn ook overblijfselen te vinden van bewoonde grotten, nederzettingen en begraafplaatsen. Ze laten een intensief menselijk gebruik zien door de bewoners in de natte periode die volgde op de laatste IJstijd, die duurde van het Boven-Paleolithicum tot aan de Middeleeuwen. Het landschap heeft een oppervlakte van 537 hectare en maakt deel uit van het grotere, beschermde reservaat van Gobustan.

Source: unesco.nl

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Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape © OUR PLACE
Outstanding Universal Value

Gobustan has outstanding universal value for the quality and density of its rock art engravings, for the substantial evidence the collection of rock art images presents for hunting, fauna, flora and lifestyles in pre-historic times and for the cultural continuity between prehistoric and mediaeval times that the site reflects.

Criterion (iii): The rock engravings are an exceptional testimony to a way of life that has disappeared in the way they represent so graphically activities connected with hunting and fishing at a time when the climate and vegetation of the area were warmer and wetter than today.

The most remote and undisturbed landscapes are the Jinghirdag Moutain-Yazylytepe hill and Kichikdash Mountain. These areas need to be fully protected in order to ensure they keep their authenticity. The most visited site, Boyukdash, has more disturbances in the form of installations such as a prison and stone quarry, which should be managed as part of the Management Plan.

The knowledge of the site does not extend evenly across the whole rock art reservation. It would be desirable for a large-scale survey of the wider environment to be carried out to ensure the extent of protection needed to ensure the overall integrity of the rock art corpus.

The legal protective measures for the property are adequate. There is a need to complete the documentation, put in place active conservation measures and improve the technical competence of staff to carry out necessary urgent conservation work. 

Historical Description

Initial discoveries were made in 1939-40 and systematic explorations were conducted by I. M. Djafarsade from 1947 onwards. He recorded and analysed more than 3,500 images on 750 rocks. This early inventory was expanded by R. Djafarguly who made further discoveries and carried out excavations.

Since 1965, excavations have been carried out in more than 20 prehistoric sites and numerous Bronze Age structures have been discovered. Excavations carried out by D. Rustamov of one cave uncovered a 2 m stratigraphy covering 10,000 years. This material included a fallen engraved fragment that gave a terminus ante quem for this anthropomorphic figure - although no further details are given.

In 1966 the property was protected as a state Historical-Artistic Reservation as part of the wider Gobustan rock art reservation.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation
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