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Durmitor National Park

Durmitor National Park

This breathtaking national park was formed by glaciers and is traversed by rivers and underground streams. Along the Tara river canyon, which has the deepest gorges in Europe, the dense pine forests are interspersed with clear lakes and harbour a wide range of endemic flora.

Parc national de Durmitor

Façonné par les glaciers et découpé par les rivières et les eaux souterraines, le parc national Durmitor est d’une beauté naturelle saisissante : le long de la Tara, aux gorges les plus profondes d’Europe, les forêts denses de conifères sont parsemées de lacs aux eaux limpides et abritent une importante flore endémique.

منتزه دورميتور الوطني

يتميَّز منتزه دورميتور الوطني الذي يتألَّف من جبال جليدية وتجتازه الأنهر والمياه الجوفية، بجمالٍ طبيعي مؤثّر، فهو يقع على طول التارا في أكثر المضائق عمقًا في أوروبا، وتملأ غابات الصنوبريات الكثيفة بحيرات المياه الصافية، كما يحتوي على تشكيلة كبيرة من النباتات المستوطنة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

杜米托尔国家公园

杜米托尔国家公园美丽绝伦,它由冰川形成,地上河和地下河流经该公园。沿欧洲最深峡谷——塔拉河峡谷两侧是浓密的松林,松林中点缀着清澈的湖水,并拥有大面积的特色植物群。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Дурмитор

Этот впечатляющий ландшафт, некогда сформированный ледником, расчленен реками и подземными (карстовыми) водотоками. Вдоль каньона реки Тара, который считается самым глубоким ущельем в Европе, произрастают густые сосновые леса, которые перемежаются с чистыми озерами, и служат местообитанием для многих эндемичных растений.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Nacional de Durmitor

Configurado por la acción de los glaciares y surcado por ríos y aguas subterráneas, el Parque Nacional de Durmitor es de una belleza asombrosa. A lo largo del curso del río Tara, que posee las gargantas más profundas de Europa, se extienden tupidos bosques de coníferas con una importante flora endémica y lagos de aguas límpidas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ドゥルミトル国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Durmitor

Dit nationaal park bestaat uit het Durmitor bergplateau en de vallei gevormd door de canyon van de Tara rivier. Door zijn geografische ligging en hoogteverschillen kent het gebied zowel mediterrane als alpiene microklimaten. Het park is gevormd door gletsjers en wordt doorsneden door rivieren en ondergrondse stromen. Langs de canyon van de Tara – met de diepste kloven in Europa – worden de dichte dennenbossen afgewisseld met heldere meren. De bossen herbergen een breed scala aan inheemse flora. De Tara, haar zijrivieren en de meren bevatten een groot aantal zalmachtigen. Het gebied is de habitat van de bruine beer, wolf, gemzen, wilde zwijnen en diverse adelaars.

Source: unesco.nl

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Durmitor National Park © Mladen Jablanovic
Long Description

Durmitor National Park comprises Mount Durmitor plateau and the valley formed by the canyon of the River Tara, incorporating three major geomorphologic features: canyons, mountains and plateaux. Because of its geographical location and range in altitude, the park is under the influence of both Mediterranean and alpine microclimates, which has resulted in an exceptional range of species.

Geologically, Durmitor and Tara canyons are made up of rocky massifs of the Mesozoic era (from the Lower Triassic to the Upper Cretaceous), Tertiary and Quaternary periods. The dominant features are the limestone formations of the Middle and Upper Triassic, the Upper Jurassic and the Upper Cretaceous, especially the so-called Durmitorean flysch. The River Tara, one of the last wild rivers in Europe, has pure, clear waters, a gorge 1,300 m deep and notable floristic and faunistic diversity. The 16 glacial lakes of the Durmitor and the canyons of the Tara, Susica and Draga rivers were formed during the Quaternary period, following the sudden thaw of the snow and the formation of glaciers on the Durmitor and neighbouring mountains. The waters of the largest lake, Black Lake, feed two separate river basins: the River Tara, and underground through the Durmitor Massif, the River Komarnica or Piva. There are numerous examples of weathering processes, rock shapes and land features characteristic of karstic erosion, fluvial erosion and glacial erosion.

Vegetation zones include deciduous forest, coniferous forest and subalpine zones. The dominant species include Scots pine, Norway pine, silver fir, beech, occasional birch, mugo pine and juniper. The park supports a rich karstic flora with many rare and endemic species. There are 37 taxa endemic to the area and six specific to Durmitor. The park contains one of the last virgin black pine forests in Europe, on soils that would usually develop beech woodland.

The Tara and its tributaries, as well as the lakes, contain a large number of salmonidae. Forest fauna includes brown bear, wolf, wild boar, wild cat, chamois, various species of eagle, capercaillie, black grouse and rock partridge.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

192 as a national park (Sluzbeni list Nar. Rep. Crne Gore "No. 14/1952). Accepted as a World Heritage site in 1980.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation