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World Heritage
POLICY COMPENDIUM

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3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

C. 4) "Apply the Ecosystem Approach

(…)

18. c) Consider landscape/seascape level issues when monitoring the state of conservation of World Heritage sites (…)."

Theme:  3.2.1 - General
Source:  WHC-06/30.COM/INF.6A The World Heritage Centre's Natural Heritage Strategy

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

Paragraph 96

“Protection and management of World Heritage properties should ensure that their Outstanding Universal Value, including the conditions of integrity and/or authenticity at the time of inscription, are sustained or enhanced over time. A regular review of the general state of conservation of properties, and thus also their Outstanding Universal Value, shall be done within a framework of monitoring processes for World Heritage properties, as specified within the Operational Guidelines.”
Theme:  3.2.1 - General
Source:  OG Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention (WHC.17/01 - 12 July 2017)

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

Paragraph 173

“The World Heritage Committee requests that reports of missions to review the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties include:

a) an indication of threats or significant improvement in the conservation of the property since the last report to the World Heritage Committee;

b) any follow-up to previous decisions of the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of the property;

c) information on any threat or damage to or loss of Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and/or authenticity for which the property was inscribed on the World Heritage List.”

Theme:  3.2.1 - General
Source:  OG Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention (WHC.17/01 - 12 July 2017)

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

Paragraph 181

“In addition, the threats and/or their detrimental impacts on the integrity of the property must be those which are amenable to correction by human action. In the case of cultural properties, both natural factors and human-made factors may be threatening, while in the case of natural properties, most threats will be human-made and only very rarely a natural factor (such as an epidemic disease) will threaten the integrity of the property. In some cases, the threats and/or their detrimental impacts on the integrity of the property may be corrected by administrative or legislative action, such as the cancelling of a major public works project or the improvement of legal status.”
Theme:  3.2.1 - General
Source:  OG Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention (WHC.17/01 - 12 July 2017)

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

"States Parties and managers of individual World Heritage properties will consider undertaking site-level monitoring, mitigation and adaptation measures, where appropriate”.

Theme:  3.2.1 - General
Source:  Policy document on the impacts of climate change on World Heritage Properties (2008)

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

5. "[The World Heritage Committee] (…) underlines that reinforced monitoring is a constant cooperative process with the State Party concerned, which will always be undertaken in full consultation and with its approval."
Theme:  3.2.1 - General
Decision:  31COM 5.2

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

54. "[The World Heritage Committee] encourages States Parties to make full use of such Earth Observation technologies for the early detection of activities potentially harmful to the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of World Heritage properties, such as deforestation, mining, illegal fisheries, agricultural encroachment, etc. and to better understand trends and respond appropriately."
Theme:  3.2.1 - General
Decision:  42COM 7

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee recommends establishing key monitoring indicators to relate more directly to the Outstanding Universal Value to allow for judgment of changes in state of conservation, and adding specific indicators, periodicity and institutional responsibilities (based on Case law on decisions on Nominations).
Theme:  3.2.1 - General
See for examples Decisions:  38COM 8B.37 39COM 8B.25 39COM 8B.33 41COM 8B.26 41COM 8B.27 41COM 8B.28 41COM 8B.31 41COM 8B.33 41COM 8B.38
Case law:  Yes

3 - Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

3.2 - Monitoring

3.2.1 - General

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee encourages States Parties to monitor wildlife and populations, including key species, in order to assess the populations and trends (based on case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  3.2.1 - General
See for examples Decisions:  37COM 7B.11 38COM 7B.92 40COM 7B.69 40COM 7B.70 41COM 7A.15
Case law:  Yes
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