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World Heritage
POLICY COMPENDIUM

RESULTS

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6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders

5. "[The World Heritage Committee] decides to maintain credibility, conservation, capacity building and communication as strategic objectives in the implementation of the Convention whilst restating the different components and, recognizing the critical importance of involving indigenous, traditional and local communities in the implementation of the Convention, further decides to add ‘communities’ as a fifth strategic objective."

Theme:  6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders
Decision:  31COM 13A

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders

15. g) “[The World Heritage Committee encourages States Parties to] establish and promote horizontal cooperation and understanding among various institutions that have an impact on cultural and natural heritage, also including governmental institutions responsible for UNESCO programmes implementation on national level, economy, finance, regional development/ planning, tourism, social welfare as well as local authorities”.
Theme:  6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders
Decision:  35COM 12E

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders

40. "[The World Heritage Committee] takes note with appreciation of the Chairperson of the 41st session of the World Heritage Committee’s initiative on structured dialogue with civil society and encourages States Parties and civil society organizations to continue exploring possibilities how civil society can further contribute to enhanced conservation of heritage on the site and national level and provide relevant input to the heritage related debate at the global level."
Theme:  6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders
Decision:  41COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders

5. "[The World Heritage Committee] affirms the value of strengthening and improving dialogue between the Advisory Bodies and the States Parties."
Theme:  6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders
Decision:  42COM 5B

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders

13. "[The World Heritage Committee] welcomes the continued interest of civil society organizations in the Convention, acknowledging the important contribution that can be made to the promotion and conservation of heritage on the ground and to capacity-building."
Theme:  6.1 - Participation of local communities and other stakeholders
Decision:  42COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

15. "(...)

e) [The World Heritage Committee encourages States Parties to] involve indigenous peoples and local communities in decision making, monitoring and evaluation of the state of conservation of the properties and their Outstanding Universal Value and link the direct community benefits to protection outcomes;

f) [The World Heritage Committee encourages States Parties to] respect the rights of indigenous peoples when nominating, managing and reporting on World Heritage sites in indigenous peoples' territories."

Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
Decision:  35COM 12E

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

41. "[The World Heritage Committee] notes, in conformity with Resolution 20 GA 13 of the General Assembly of the World Heritage Convention and the Decision 39 COM 11 (Bonn, 2015) of the World Heritage Committee, the establishment of the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on World Heritage as an important reflection platform on the involvement of Indigenous Peoples in the identification, conservation and management of World Heritage properties, with a particular focus on the nomination process."
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
Decision:  41COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests States Parties to strengthen the cooperation with local communities, civil society and in particular the indigenous communities, including consideration of traditional knowledge for the management of the property (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  36COM 7B.25
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests States Parties to assess the impacts of grazing, hunting and other human traditional activities on the biodiversity in the traditional use zone and develop a policy for the sustainable use of the natural resources in the traditional use zones in the property in close cooperation with the indigenous communities using these areas (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  32COM 7B.41 36COM 7B.25 40COM 7B.79
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests to take into account the property uses by the indigenous populations, and encourages consultation and involvement in decision-making with resource-dependent communities in and around the property, to find mutually acceptable ways to resolve any potential use conflicts, while respecting any rights of use, and on the basis of an accurate assessment of impacts from resource use on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  34COM 7B.1 39COM 7A.19 40COM 7B.88
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests that any development project to count with all elements of due process to achieve Free, Prior and Informed Consent by indigenous communities having territorial rights in the affected lands (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  37COM 7B.30 39COM 7B.28
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests to protect the indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation and in initial contact from external pressures (based on Case law of decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  35COM 7B.34
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.6 - Fostering of peace and security

21. "[The World Heritage Committee] appeals to all Member States of UNESCO to cooperate in the fight against the illicit trafficking of cultural objects and illegal wildlife trade, as well as cultural heritage protection in general, including through the implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 2199 (2015), 2253 (2015) and 2347 (2017) and of the 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import and Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property."
Theme:  6.6 - Fostering of peace and security
Decision:  42COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.6 - Fostering of peace and security

2. "[The World Heritage Committee] expresses its utmost concern about the many conflicts which are affecting World Heritage properties and in particular the (…) cases where World Heritage properties are intentionally destroyed by parties involved in the conflict, and the people in charge of their protection targeted; (…) [and] seeks their support (…) for establishing property inventories and also requests the implementation of conservation measures for cultural properties threatened by armed conflict in other countries."
Theme:  6.6 - Fostering of peace and security
Decision:  37COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.6 - Fostering of peace and security

4. "[The World Heritage Committee] urges all parties associated with conflicts to refrain from any action that would cause further damage to cultural heritage and to fulfil their obligations under international law by taking all possible measures to protect such heritage, in particular the safeguarding of World Heritage properties and the sites included in the Tentative List;

5. Also urges the States Parties to adopt measures for the evacuation of World Heritage properties being used for military purposes."

Theme:  6.6 - Fostering of peace and security
Decision:  39COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.6 - Fostering of peace and security

13. "[The World Heritage Committee] launches an appeal to all Member States of UNESCO to cooperate in the fight against the illicit trafficking of cultural heritage objects (UNESCO 1970 Convention) and illegal wildlife trade, including through the implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and to pursue the implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolutions regarding cultural heritage protection in conflict areas, especially Resolution 2199 and 2347."

Theme:  6.6 - Fostering of peace and security
Decision:  41COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.6 - Fostering of peace and security

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee urges States Parties in conflict situations to safeguard damaged properties through minimal first aid interventions to prevent theft, further collapse and natural degradation, and to refrain from undertaking conservation and restoration work until the situation allows, for the development of comprehensive conservation strategies and actions that respond to international standards in full consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies (based on Case law further to Decisions concerning the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.6 - Fostering of peace and security
See for examples Decisions:  39COM 7A.36 40COM 7A.22 41COM 7A.46 41COM 7A.50
Case law:  Yes
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Case laws
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Decisions
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