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World Heritage
POLICY COMPENDIUM

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6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

21. “(…) The World Heritage Committee specifically encourages the effective and equitable involvement and participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in decision-making, monitoring and evaluation of World Heritage properties and the respect of indigenous peoples’ rights in nominating, managing and reporting on World Heritage properties in their own territories. Recognising rights and fully involving indigenous peoples and local communities, in line with international standards is at the heart of sustainable development”.

22. “(...) States parties should:

i. Develop relevant standards, guidance and operational mechanisms for indigenous peoples and local community involvement in World Heritage processes;

ii. Ensure adequate consultations, the free, prior and informed consent and equitable and effective participation of indigenous peoples where World Heritage nomination, management and policy measures affect their territories, lands, resources and ways of life;

iii. Actively promote indigenous and local initiatives to develop equitable governance arrangements, collaborative management systems and, when appropriate, redress mechanisms;

iv. Support appropriate activities contributing to the building of a sense of shared responsibility for heritage among indigenous people and local communities, by recognizing both universal and local values within management systems for World Heritage properties”.

Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
Source:  Policy for the integration of a sustainable development perspective into the processes of the World Heritage Convention (WHC-15/20.GA/INF.13)

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Paragraph 123

“Participation in the nomination process of local communities, indigenous peoples, governmental, non-governmental and private organizations and other stakeholders is essential to enable them to have a shared responsibility with the State Party in the maintenance of the property. States Parties are encouraged to prepare nominations with the widest possible participation of stakeholders and to demonstrate, as appropriate, that the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples has been obtained, through, inter alia, making the nominations publicly available in appropriate languages and public consultations and hearings”.

Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
Source:  OG Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention (WHC.17/01 - 12 July 2017)

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

15. "(...)

e) [The World Heritage Committee encourages States Parties to] involve indigenous peoples and local communities in decision making, monitoring and evaluation of the state of conservation of the properties and their Outstanding Universal Value and link the direct community benefits to protection outcomes;

f) [The World Heritage Committee encourages States Parties to] respect the rights of indigenous peoples when nominating, managing and reporting on World Heritage sites in indigenous peoples' territories."

Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
Decision:  35COM 12E

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

41. "[The World Heritage Committee] notes, in conformity with Resolution 20 GA 13 of the General Assembly of the World Heritage Convention and the Decision 39 COM 11 (Bonn, 2015) of the World Heritage Committee, the establishment of the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on World Heritage as an important reflection platform on the involvement of Indigenous Peoples in the identification, conservation and management of World Heritage properties, with a particular focus on the nomination process."
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
Decision:  41COM 7

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests States Parties to strengthen the cooperation with local communities, civil society and in particular the indigenous communities, including consideration of traditional knowledge for the management of the property (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  36COM 7B.25
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests States Parties to assess the impacts of grazing, hunting and other human traditional activities on the biodiversity in the traditional use zone and develop a policy for the sustainable use of the natural resources in the traditional use zones in the property in close cooperation with the indigenous communities using these areas (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  32COM 7B.41 36COM 7B.25 40COM 7B.79
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests to take into account the property uses by the indigenous populations, and encourages consultation and involvement in decision-making with resource-dependent communities in and around the property, to find mutually acceptable ways to resolve any potential use conflicts, while respecting any rights of use, and on the basis of an accurate assessment of impacts from resource use on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  34COM 7B.1 39COM 7A.19 40COM 7B.88
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests that any development project to count with all elements of due process to achieve Free, Prior and Informed Consent by indigenous communities having territorial rights in the affected lands (based on Case law on decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  37COM 7B.30 39COM 7B.28
Case law:  Yes

6 - Policies Regarding COMMUNITIES

6.4 - Indigenous peoples

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests to protect the indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation and in initial contact from external pressures (based on Case law of decisions on the State of Conservation).
Theme:  6.4 - Indigenous peoples
See for examples Decisions:  35COM 7B.34
Case law:  Yes
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