Protection measures against the impacts of agricultural and agro industrial projects in Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary
© Patrick Triplet
Nowadays, the Djoudj National Park is subject to discharges of agricultural effluents and proliferation of invasive plants that threaten its natural balance. This situation is notably due to the installation of rice lockers around the site following the launch of the National Rice Self-Sufficiency Program in the Senegal River Delta.
Beyond these agricultural problems, the construction of the Diama and Manantali dams has greatly disrupted the hydrological balance of the park. We have thus been able to observe a proliferation of aquatic invasive plants, a reduction in the amplitude of water levels, but also a decrease in certain colonies of birds.
The Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1981 and on the List of World Heritage in Danger from 1984-1988 and from 2000-2006.
Situated in the Senegal River delta, the Djoudj Sanctuary is a 16,000 ha wetland ecosystem comprising a large lake surrounded by streams, ponds and backwaters. It forms a living but fragile sanctuary for some 1.5 million birds of 365 species including over 120 species of Palaearctic migrants. This habitat constitutes a vital but fragile sanctuary for a million and a half birds and almost 365 species including more than 120 species of Palearctic migrants. It is essential for nesting species such as the white pelicans, the African spoonbill, the cormorant, the flamingo and the great egret, and contains large populations of crocodiles and manatees.
Due to its geographical location, the Djoudj National Park is a haven of peace for migrating Palearctic birds and Afro tropical birds. Indeed, it constitutes the first stage of migration after crossing the Sahara for these species.
Recently started development works are helping to recreate optimal ecological conditions in order to maintain the biological diversity of the property. This project mainly aims to:
Strengthen protective measures against the harmful effects of agricultural and agro-industrial projects within the Djoudj National Bird Park
Improve the resilience of neighboring communities
- Development and review of the Actions Plan with the Direction des parcs nationaux (DPN) and OMPO
- IPA will be established with OMPO
This project is made possible thanks to the financial support of
the Norwegian government.