Paris, 11 August 1998
UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL,
SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
CONVENTION CONCERNING THE PROTECTION OF THE
WORLD CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE
BUREAU OF THE WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE
UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, Room X (Fontenoy)
22-27 June 1998
REPORT OF THE RAPPORTEUR
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|Adoption of the Agenda and Timetable||
|Report of The Secretary on the Activities Undertaken since the Twenty-First Session of the World Heritage Committee||
|Methodology and Procedures for Periodic Reporting||
|State of Conservation of Properties Inscribed on the World Heritage List||
|Report on the Work of the Consultative Body of the Committee||
|Information on Tentative Lists and Examination of Cultural and Natural Properties to the World Heritage List and on the List of World Heritage in Danger||
|Requests for International Assistance||
|Provisional Agenda of the Twenty-Second Extraordinary Session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee (27-28 November 1998)||
|Provisional Agenda of the Twenty-Second Session of the World Heritage Committee (30 November-5 December 1998)||
|Adoption of the Report and Closure of the Session||
|ANNEX I||List of Participants|
|ANNEX II||Speech by the Deputy Director-General of UNESCO, Mr Adnan Badran|
|ANNEX III||Speech by the Assistant Director-General for Culture, Ms Lourdes Arizpe|
|ANNEX IV||Statement by Australia on Australian World Heritage Sites|
|ANNEX V||Statement by Ecuador the Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)|
|ANNEX VI||Statement by IUCN on Kakadu National Park (Australia)|
|ANNEX VII||Statement by the Representative of Australia on Kakadu National park (Australia)|
|ANNEX VIII||Statement by the Supervising Scientist, Department for the Environment, Australia, on Kakadu National Park (Australia)|
|ANNEX IX||Statement by Italy|
|ANNEX X||Provisional Agenda of the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee|
|ANNEX XI||Provisional Agenda of the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee|
1. OPENING SESSION
I.1 The twenty-second session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee was held at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris from 22 to 27 June 1998. The following members of the Bureau attended: Professor Francesco Francioni (Italy), Chairperson, Representatives of Benin, Ecuador, Japan, Morocco and the United States of America as Vice-Presidents and Mr Noel Fattal (Lebanon) as Rapporteur.
I.2 Representatives of the following States Parties attended as observers: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Slovak Republic, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, Tunisia, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Venezuela and Zimbabwe.
I.3 Representatives of the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and the World Conservation Union (IUCN) attended the meeting in an advisory capacity. The full list of participants is given in Annex I.
I.4 The Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, Professor Francesco Francioni (Italy) expressed his great pleasure in welcoming participants to the twenty-second session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee.
I.5 The Deputy Director-General, Mr Adnan Badran, welcomed participants on behalf of the Director-General of UNESCO. He began by noting that he had been watching the progress of the work of the Committee and its Bureau, the birth and growth of the World Heritage Centre and of UNESCO's Steering Committee on World Heritage for several years. He commented on the large increase in the number of sites on the World Heritage List with less than 200 in 1990 and now a total of 552. On behalf of the Director-General, he thanked and commended the Committee and the Bureau for their work performed in the service of World Heritage conservation. He commented that the work of States Parties had made the World Heritage Convention well known and visible. In addition, he noted that tangible results in the restoration of sites were being achieved. He did however comment that the challenges to conservation are increasing and that there are limited means to address them. He questioned whether the List should continue to grow or whether it is now time to limit growth.
I.6 The Deputy Director-General referred to the multiple economic and social challenges of globalisation which bring more market-oriented policies and less government involvement. He asked how conservation efforts could become more effective in such a context. He stated that it was necessary to monitor and assess, with the most up-to-date information networks, the progress being made in conservation of World Heritage sites. He referred to the need to strike a balance between conservation and development (including tourism) and to invite the public and other partners, to "share and care". With the growing challenges of conservation increased government participation is necessary as is the search for new partners with common goals.
I.7 Mr Badran referred to the extremely important need to ensure and develop complementarity between the Culture and Science Sectors of UNESCO and the World Heritage Centre. He referred to the Centre as the jewel in the crown of UNESCO, which should be safeguarded in terms of its identity and autonomy. With particular reference to the World Heritage Centre, Mr Badran promised to make more office space available. He announced that eight posts had been regularised in the Centre in accordance with the agreement reached in 1996 between the Director-General and the former Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, Ambassador Winkelmann. Furthermore, he reported that all vacant posts in the Centre have now been filled. Finally, on behalf of the Director-General, Mr Badran wished the Bureau success in its deliberations. (Speech attached as Annex II).
I.8 Ms Lourdes Arizpe, Assistant Director-General for Culture, took the floor and expressed the wish to see, with the closing of the twenty-fifth anniversary year of the Convention, and following the important decisions taken by the eleventh General Assembly of States Parties of the Convention, and by the twenty-ninth General Conference of UNESCO, an improvement in the functioning of the World Heritage Centre, and the implementation of the Convention itself. She evoked the main issues which came up regularly on the agenda of World Heritage meetings:
I.9 After twenty-five years of the Convention, Ms Arizpe underlined the need to engage upon an in-depth reflection on the concept of World Heritage, expressing the desire that the Convention remains one of the exemplary models of the unity and solidarity of humankind.
- The conclusions to be drawn from the financial and management audits concerning the functioning of the principal components of the Convention - in particular the World Heritage Fund and questions linked to the promotion of the Convention. Better communication should be established between the World Heritage Centre and the Sectors of Culture and Sciences leading to increased efficiency and improved conservation of the sites;
- With regard to monitoring of the state of conservation of sites, whilst working towards systematic monitoring, a 'pre-diagnostic' method should be introduced so that preventive measures may be undertaken;
- International assistance should be granted to provide more preventive action than at present;
- Given the rapidly increasing number of properties inscribed on the List, in particular cultural sites, fundamental reflection on the very notion of World Heritage should be undertaken to ensure the credibility of the List.
I.10 In acknowledging the onset of globalisation, Ms Arizpe referred to the need for individuals in all sectors of society to participate in conservation, to foster their relationship with the environment and to ensure maintenance of a feeling for the past. She commented that it is essential to understand cultural heritage as a process and that with World Heritage designation the connotations of heritage may change. She observed that World Heritage work has concentrated more on veneration than connotations. She referred to the increasing incidence and interpretation of culture as a matter of contestation. She noted that a knowledge-based debate on the safeguarding of heritage is required especially given the growing incidence of ethnically-based use of sites.
I.11 In conclusion, Ms Arizpe reflected that in implementing the World Heritage Convention the appreciation and participation by different sectors of society should be broadened. The imagination and creativity, particularly of young people, should be mobilised as part of this effort and heritage should become part of new forms of cultural production. Ms Arizpe suggested that World Heritage conservation should emphasise co-operation rather than competition to include sites
on the List. She also said that UNESCO must assist States Parties in addressing the paradox of the world's most valorised sites being the most vulnerable. Finally, Ms Arizpe informed the Bureau that she would soon be leaving UNESCO. She said that it had been an honour for her to serve the world community through her work on cultural heritage at UNESCO. (Speech attached as Annex III).
I.12 The Chairperson thanked Mr Badran and Ms Arizpe for their thoughtful words that had stressed the dynamics of the current situation in implementing the World Heritage Convention. He commented that the mission of World Heritage remained elusive. He reflected that if we are to meet the stated challenges we should try to make use of solidarity and unity to prepare a common mission. He noted that the steep increase in the number of sites inscribed in the World Heritage List was being lamented and that there is the need in the future to strive to create a more meaningful distribution of funds and resources in favour of the disadvantaged.
II. ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA AND THE TIMETABLE
II.1 Before proceeding with the adoption of the agenda, the Chairperson referred to the need for the Consultative Body to meet to adopt the Report of the Rapporteur of its last meeting held on 29 and 30 April 1998. It was agreed that the Consultative Body would meet later in the day.
II.2 The Chairperson informed the Bureau that a number of written requests to attend the meeting as observers had been received from non-governmental organisations. Following the detailed discussion that ensued it was decided that the Traditional Owners from Kakadu National Park, Australia, (from the Gundjehmi Aboriginal Corporation) could attend the meeting as observers. The representative of the Wilderness Society, Australia was also given the status of an observer.
II.3 The Delegate of Japan expressed his agreement with the decision of the Bureau but asked that the record reflect his concern that this decision should not constitute a precedent. He suggested that every time a request for observer status is made, that it be considered on the basis of relevance to the topics under discussion. He called for the successful reconciliation between efficiency and openness. The Chairperson replied to these comments by stressing that the decision of the Bureau would not constitute a binding precedent as the Rules of Procedure clearly allow the World Heritage Committee and its Bureau to decide on the participation at each meeting.
II.4 The Chairperson presented the documents relating to the adoption of the Agenda and the Timetable (WHC-98/CONF.201/1A, WHC-98/CONF.201/1B Rev. and WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.2). The Agenda and Timetable were adopted without any changes.
III. REPORT OF THE SECRETARY ON THE ACTIVITIES UNDERTAKEN SINCE THE TWENTY-FIRST SESSION OF THE WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE
III.1 Mr Bernd von Droste, Director of the World Heritage Centre, reported in his capacity as Secretary of the Committee, on the activities undertaken by the Secretariat since the twenty-first session of the Committee. He referred to Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.4 and made an audio visual presentation which highlighted the main lines of activities undertaken by the Centre in co-operation with States Parties, the advisory bodies (ICCROM, ICOMOS and IUCN), other Sectors of UNESCO and other partners.
III.2 The Director began by announcing that the Secretariat had ensured immediate follow-up to the recommendations of the Financial Audit conducted in 1997. He said that concrete actions had been taken to find solutions to all of the External Auditor's recommendations.
III.3 The Director noted that both Suriname and Togo had recently ratified the Convention bringing the total number of States Parties to 153. He reported that a total of 41 nominations (7 natural, 1 mixed and 32 cultural) would be examined by the Bureau. In commenting that the majority of these sites were from Europe and North America he expressed the continuing need to redress regional imbalances in the World Heritage List. He mentioned a number of meetings that had been organised by the Centre as part of the implementation of the Global Strategy for a representative and balanced World Heritage List. He referred in particular to the World Heritage Global Strategy Expert Meeting held in Amsterdam in March 1998, which had been kindly hosted by the Government of the Netherlands (WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.9). He also referred to the Global Strategy Meeting on the Cultural Heritage of the Caribbean, the World Heritage Convention Meeting in Martinique and the Andean Cultural Landscape Meeting held in Arequipa, Peru.
III.4 The Director of the Centre gave special mention to the International Conference for Mayors of Historic Cities of China and the European Union held in Suzhou, China in April 1998. He referred to the adoption by the mayors, of the "Suzhou Declaration" concerning preservation of historic urban districts. Mr von Droste expressed his thanks to the French and Chinese authorities who had funded and supported the meeting, to the European Union, and to the L'OREAL Group for their financial contributions.
III.5 In reviewing a number of recent regional and thematic meetings, Mr von Droste referred to his, and the Chairperson's, participation at the Intergovernmental Consultation Conference on the Draft European Landscape Convention held in Florence in April 1998. He also referred to the Workshop on the Role of Local Communities in Natural World Heritage Management held in Thailand in January 1998 and thanked the Japanese Environmental Agency for their financial support of the meeting.
III.6 The Director referred to multilateral co-operative endeavours aimed at increasing the number of States Parties in the Pacific. He made particular mention of increased collaboration with SPREP (the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme), New Zealand and Australia. For Africa, another region under-represented on the World Heritage List, he highlighted the outcome of the Expert Meeting held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire in March 1998, and informed the Bureau of the new Africa 2009 Programme which aims to provide the conditions for sustainable preservation of immovable cultural heritage in Sub-Saharan Africa.
III.7 Mr von Droste referred to an example of a national World Heritage meeting having taken place in Cape Town, South Africa in March 1998. He expressed thanks to the Nordic World Heritage Office for having provided support to this and other activities in Africa. The Director reported that the Centre had participated in the Third Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Hague Convention and would participate in the forthcoming Meeting of Governmental Experts on the draft Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. The Director also referred to the meeting held between the Advisory Bodies and the Centre in early February 1998.
III.8 The Director made reference to the large number of state of conservation reports that would be examined by the Bureau. He also reported on a Workshop on Natural Heritage held in Santa Maria, Colombia in May 1997 from which a synthesis report on the state of conservation of eighteen natural sites in eleven countries is currently being prepared. An Expert Workshop held in Uruguay in March 1998 developed indicators for measuring the state of conservation of historic cities in the region. A national meeting for the Directors of Cultural and Natural Heritage and the managers of all of Peru's World Heritage sites held in Cusco in May 1998, provides a model for other States Parties as to how to proceed at a national level to initiate the process of periodic reporting.
III.9 The Director made brief mention of the threats to the World Heritage sites of Machu Picchu (Peru), Butrinti (Albania), the Kathmandu Valley (Nepal), Donana National Park (Spain) and Anjar (Lebanon). He referred to the adoption of the Special Law for the Galapagos and to a recent meeting with the Ecuadorian Delegation at which time he and the Chairperson had offered their congratulations on this positive action to conserve the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador.
III.10 Mr von Droste showed a graph that clearly illustrated the amount of requests approved for each of the five categories of International Assistance (Preparatory Assistance, Technical Co-operation, Training, Promotional Activities and Emergency Assistance). He made particular reference to the small number of requests for Promotional Activities and to the complete spending of the Emergency Assistance budget. He showed specific details of the implementation status of each of the categories of International Assistance and gave examples of recent requests.
III.11 The Director concluded by referring to the recently conducted Expert Group Review of the World Heritage Centre Data and Information Infrastructure for which the Centre was seeking State Party financial support to implement the recommendations. He showed an example of the electronic archive of World Heritage nominations and reported that two issues of the World Heritage Review and two issues of the World Heritage Newsletter had been produced since the twenty-first session of the Committee. Finally, the Director reported on the continued successful implementation of the UNESCO Young People's World Heritage Education Project, made possible through financial support from the Rhone-Poulenc Foundation and NORAD. He made particular mention of the forthcoming publication of the World Heritage Education Kit for teachers, entitled World Heritage in Young Hands. He also mentioned a World Heritage Youth Forum to be held on the Island of Gorée in Senegal and to an initiative to organise sub-regional teacher training in World Heritage Education with a financial contribution from NORAD.
III.12 At the request of the Chairperson, the Director of the Cultural Heritage Division presented to the members of the Bureau the results of a certain number of activities undertaken at World Heritage sites during the first half of 1998. A mission organised by the World Heritage Centre following a decision adopted at the twenty-first session of the World Heritage Committee, enabled the Director to visit Aksum and Lalibela in Ethiopia, together with the Patriarch of the Orthodox Church and the Director of Heritage. The mission had the opportunity to address the programme funded by the European Union for the protection of the rock hewn churches at Lalibela and to explain to the Ethiopian authorities and the European Union Representative the demands of the World Heritage Committee in Naples. In Cambodia, the Director-General was represented at both the meeting of the Quadrilateral Committee (end March) and that of the International Co-ordination Committee, co-chaired by France and Japan. These two meetings provided the opportunity to evaluate the progress in the implementation of the projects and to formulate recommendations to strengthen the authority of the APSARA. A report prepared by the Division of Cultural Heritage on important activities undertaken on World Heritage sites from December 1997 to June 1998, was distributed as Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.13.
III.13 In Egypt, the Executive Committee meeting (16-20 May 1998) for the creation of the Nubian Museum at Aswan and the Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in Cairo, recalled the situation of the World Heritage sites at Philae and surrounding Lake Nasser, and the Historic Centre of Cairo, where the future museum will be constructed. In Luxemburg, the Ministry of Culture requested a mission on 11 June 1998 to study the questions raised by the development of the Fortress Museum at Fort Thungen and its links with the future Museum of Modern Art.
III.14 The Chairperson thanked Mr von Droste and Mr Bouchenaki for their presentations. The Delegate of Japan congratulated UNESCO for the ICC meeting on Angkor and offered his congratulations for having overcome the considerable administrative problems at the Phnom Penh Office. With reference to promotional activities he reported that an agreement between the Centre and the Osaka Junior Chamber Inc. was nearing completion and that he hoped that a World Heritage Youth Forum would be held "back to back" with the Committee session in Japan later in the year.
III.15 The Delegate of Benin thanked Mr Badran, Ms Arizpe and the Director of the Centre for their presentations. He congratulated the Centre for progress made in addressing the low numbers of sites on the World Heritage List from Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean. He asked when a synthesis of this work would be provided. The Director of the Centre replied that a synthesis of work completed to date on the Global Strategy for a representative and balanced World Heritage List would be provided to the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee.
IV. METHODOLOGY AND PROCEDURES FOR PERIODIC REPORTING
IV.1 The twenty-ninth General Conference of UNESCO requested the World Heritage Committee to « define the periodicity, form, nature and extent of the periodic reporting on the application of the World Heritage Convention and on the state of conservation of World Heritage properties and to examine and respond to these reports while respecting the principle of State sovereignty. » Subsequently, the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-first session, requested the Bureau to recommend a decision concerning the format of the periodic reporting and the handling, examination and response to these reports.
IV.2 The Secretariat introduced Working Document WHC-98/CONF.201/2 containing the format for periodic reports on the application of the World Heritage Convention, as well as attached explanatory notes, and invited the Bureau members to make comments and observations.
IV.3 The Secretariat outlined the proposed structure and content of the periodic report which would consist of two sections: Section I on the application of relevant articles of the World Heritage Convention, and Section II on the state of conservation of specific World Heritage properties located on the State Party's territory. Furthermore, it presented a possible scenario for the preparation and examination of periodic reports by region on the basis of a six-year cycle.
IV.4 In this context, the Secretariat drew particular attention to the support given by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-first session to a regional approach for the examination of the periodic reports, as already proposed in paragraph 72 of the Operational Guidelines, as a means to promote regional co-operation and to identify specific needs for World Heritage international co-operation. In this sense, the examination of the reports by the Committee would be but a part of a participatory process with, and within, the region concerned. This process would have to be designed by, and for, each region specifically and would have to include matters such as : support to States Parties in the preparation of the periodic reports, if so requested ; the exchange of information among States Parties ; the adequate review of the periodic reports ; the identification of specific needs and the preparation of a synthesis report. The result of this process, a Regional State of the World Heritage Report, would then be submitted to the World Heritage Committee for examination and response.
IV.5 With regard to the format and explanatory notes, discussions focused on the state of conservation of specific World Heritage properties, particularly on the Statement of Significance. This was considered to be the core of the state of conservation report and the basis for the management of the property. ICOMOS expressed its reservation about the State Party proposing a new or revised Statement of Significance. However, ICCROM and IUCN, as well as several delegates, observed that a re-consideration of the Statement of Significance could be appropriate as a result of new knowledge or interpretation of the values of the property, or the revision of the criteria for World Heritage listing. Specific reference was made to Australia where the systematic re-examination of the values of its World Heritage properties is being undertaken.
IV.6 Concerns were expressed about the logistic implications of the periodic reporting for the States Parties, as well as for the Secretariat and the World Heritage Committee. It was suggested that particular attention be given to this aspect when further exploring different options for the handling, review process, and the preparation and examination of a synthesis report. It was noted that a regional approach would promote collaboration and exchange of experiences among States Parties in a regional context, whereas a chronological approach would focus on those sites that were inscribed on the World Heritage List up to a given date and diminish the workload, particularly during the first reporting cycle. The Bureau noted this preference by ICOMOS which was supported by one State Party and decided there should be further reflection on this idea.
IV.7 The Bureau also drew the attention to the suggestion made at the Committee's twenty-first session to look into the relation between the allocation of international assistance and compliance with the periodic reporting requirements. Paragraph 117 of the Operational Guidelines establishes conditions for the granting of international assistance. The Committee could introduce the compliance with the periodic reporting requirements as a condition to granting international assistance under the World Heritage Fund.
IV.8 In concluding the debate, the Bureau took note with satisfaction of the work done by the World Heritage Centre. It requested the Centre to study in further detail different scenarios for the handling, review process and examination of the periodic reports. It requested the Centre to continue to refine the document in collaboration with the Advisory Bodies and on the basis of the comments and observations made by the Bureau for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-second session.
V. STATE OF CONSERVATION OF PROPERTIES INSCRIBED ON THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST
A. Reports on the state of conservation of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
V.1 The Bureau reviewed state of conservation reports on thirteen of the fifteen natural World Heritage sites inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau was informed that no new information was received with regard to the two natural World Heritage sites of the United States of America, namely the Everglades and Yellowstone National Parks, and that up-to-date information on the state of conservation of those two sites, based on reports requested from the State Party by 15 September 1998, and expected to be received by then, will be submitted to the twenty-second session of the Committee to be convened in Kyoto, Japan, during 30 November - 5 December, 1998.
V.2 Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgaria)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee, at its nineteenth session (Berlin, 1995), had requested the Bulgarian authorities to submit, in 1998, a status report on measures taken to mitigate threats to the integrity of this site. Hence, the Bureau requested the Bulgarian authorities to submit the threat mitigation status report to the Centre before 15 September 1998, and IUCN to review that report and to make recommendations to the twenty-second session of the Committee.
The Bureau suggested that the State Party consider inviting an IUCN mission to the site for verification of the results of the measures undertaken to mitigate threats to the integrity of Srebarna. It authorised the Centre to provide funds for IUCN from the monitoring allocation approved by the Committee for the European Region at its last session (December 1997), in order to enable IUCN to undertake such a mission.
V.3 Manovo-Gounda-St.Floris National Park (Central African Republic (CAR))
The Bureau recalled that the Committee, at its last session, was seriously concerned about the uncontrolled poaching by armed groups which had resulted in the death of four members of the Park staff in 1997 and the decimation of more than 80% of the Park's wildlife populations. Deteriorating security conditions had brought tourism to a halt. The Committee had welcomed the efforts of the Government of CAR to assign site management responsibilities to a private Foundation and had requested the Centre and IUCN to contact the State Party and the Foundation to prepare a detailed state of conservation report and rehabilitation plan for the site. The Bureau noted that the State Party has not responded to the Centre's letter outlining the Committee's recommendations made at its last session in December 1997.
The Bureau reiterated the Committee's request that the Centre and IUCN contact the State Party and the Foundation to prepare a detailed state of conservation report and a rehabilitation plan for the site and recommended that the Committee retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
V.4 World Heritage Sites of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
Virunga National Park
Garamba National Park
Kahuzi Biega National Park
Okapi Faunal Reserve
The Bureau recalled that the four sites under consideration were declared as World Heritage in Danger by the Committee, during the years between 1994 and 1997, when the country had been affected by war and civil strife. The Bureau after reviewing the report of the Secretariat, based on the reports received through IUCN and other international NGO partners, decided to:
V.5 Sangay National Park (Ecuador)
- reiterate the Committee's concerns for the conservation and management of the four sites and recommended that the Committee retain all four sites in the List of World Heritage in Danger; the Bureau however noted that the political situation in the country was stabilising and that the impact of the war-period on some wildlife populations, such as the rhino population in the Garamba National Park, has been less severe than previously expected;
- request the Secretariat to work with the Permanent Delegation of the State Party to UNESCO regarding the letter sent by the Centre describing the Committee's recommendations, including the fielding of a high level UNESCO mission to be headed by the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, made at its last session in Naples, by drawing attention to those recommendations during a meeting between the Permanent Delegation and the UNESCO Secretariat, scheduled for 25 June 1998, in order to obtain formal responses;
- urge the Centre and IUCN to continue co-operation with NGOs like WWF and WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) to monitor the state of conservation of the sites and ensure that the two vehicles purchased for Garamba and Kahuzi Biega National Parks, using US$ 45,000 approved by the Committee in Naples, are safely delivered to the sites as soon as possible;
- request the Chairperson of the Committee to authorise the Centre, subject to the receipt of evidence of the safe transfer and delivery of one vehicle each to Garamba and Kahuzi Biega, to use an additional US$ 45,000 for the purchase, transfer and delivery of one vehicle each for Virunga and Okapi in accordance with the recommendation made by the Committee at its last session; and
- decided to consider replenishing the emergency assistance allocation of US$ 500,000 approved by the Committee for 1998 during its last session in Naples, and which had been already exhausted, during its discussions on international assistance requests (Agenda item 8), so that additional requests submitted by the Democratic Republic of Congo for undertaking scientific studies, in co-operation with international NGOs, to evaluate the impacts of the war on selected indicator species in Kahuzi Biega National Park, could be considered for support by the Chairperson of the Committee.
The Bureau noted that at its last session, the Committee was informed that colonisation and small-scale mining activities had been stopped, a new management plan was nearing finalisation and that several conservation projects funded by WWF had begun. The Committee had also urged the Centre, in collaboration with IUCN, agreement with the State Party and possible support from WWF, to plan and organise a site visit to address the problem of the Guamote-Macas road construction project and other threats to the integrity of the site.
The Bureau learnt that IUCN has received considerable information on the site from WWF-and that a site-visit had been considered not necessary at present. The Bureau noted that the on-going construction of the Guamote-Macos road as the main issue facing this Park. The road is being built primarily for strategic purposes and there has not been an EIA despite the Committee's requests. Construction has been slow but very destructive to the environment. Although only a small section of the road is inside the World Heritage site, the remainder of the road forms the Park's southern limit. While the Bureau was concerned with IUCN's view that the completion of the construction of the road is likely to be inevitable, it agreed with the recommendations of IUCN and:
V.6 Simen National Park (Ethiopia)
- recommended that the Committee retain Sangay in the List of World Heritage in Danger;
- strongly encouraged the Government of Ecuador to improve the standards of the construction of the Guamote-Macos Road and undertake mitigation measures for sections of the road where the environment has been adversely impacted;
- requested the Government to complete the long overdue management plan, particularly with a view to reviewing the expanding presence of livestock in the Park;
- invited the Government to clarify unconfirmed reports of any oil exploration concession that may have been awarded over a part of the Park; and
- commend the Government of the Netherlands for their efforts to assist the official Ecuadorean agency responsible for the management of the Park, i.e. INEFAN, and to improve protection of the site through co-operation with Fundacion Natura, Ecuador.
The Bureau recalled that the Regional authorities in Bahir Dar, where Simen National Park is located, had expressed their disagreement with the decision of the Committee, taken at its twentieth session (Merida, 1996), to include Simen in the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau noted with satisfaction the efforts undertaken by the Department of Wildlife and National Parks of Ethiopia and the UNESCO Office in Addis Ababa to provide more information to the Bahir Dar authorities on the meaning and implications of the Committee's decision to include Simen in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Bureau encouraged the Centre to co-operate with the Ethiopian authorities and the UNESCO Office in Addis Ababa and continue to urge the Bahir Dar authorities to view the Committee's 1996 decision to include Simen in the List of World Heritage in Danger in a positive manner and organise, as quickly as possible, the Stakeholders' Workshop for which the Committee had approved a sum of US$ 30,000 in 1996. The Bureau recommended that the Committee retain Simen in the List of World Heritage in Danger and authorised the Chairperson to re-allocate US$ 30,000 from the 1998 budget for Technical Co-operation, in the event the Stakeholders' Workshop could be organised.
V.7 Mount Nimba Nature Reserve
(Guinea/Côte d' Ivoire)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee, at its last session, had requested the State Party (Guinea) and the Centre to contact the relevant mining companies, which foresee exploiting an iron-ore mine in the vicinity of the Reserve, to learn more details of their interest and willingness to set up an international foundation for the conservation of Mt. Nimba. The Bureau was informed that the Secretariat was intending to participate at a meeting, on 25 June 1998, jointly organised by the "Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique" (CNRS) and a certain number of French Foundations on the subject of the "Role of Foundations and Trusts in the Management of Cultural and Natural Heritage". Furthermore, the Bureau noted that the Centre is implementing a project using the US$ 20,000 approved by the Chairperson in 1997 to equip the Reserve's hydrological laboratory.
The Bureau requested the Secretariat to report to the twenty-second session of the Committee on the outcome of its participation at the meeting organised by the CNRS and French Foundations and on the feasibility of establishing a foundation for Mt. Nimba. It recommended that the Committee retain Mt. Nimba in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
V.8 Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve (Honduras)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee included this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1996, and requested the State Party to implement the eleven-point corrective action plan that had been endorsed by the Minister for the Environment of Honduras. The Bureau noted that the elaboration of a management plan is being carried out with a contribution of US$ 30,000 from the World Heritage Fund, as part of a large scale project for strengthening the conservation of Rio Platano financed by GTZ-KFW (Germany). Furthermore, the Bureau learnt from IUCN that a hydroelectric development project (Patuca II), is proposed for implementation near the Reserve. Terms of reference for a draft environmental impact assessment have been prepared; potential impacts of the project would include opening of new access roads, reduction in downstream water flow and quality, and the loss of scenic and bio-diversity values.
The Bureau urged IUCN and the Centre to obtain more details concerning the hydroelectric development project and to report to the twenty-second session of the Committee. It recommended that the Committee retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger pending a review of its state of conservation foreseen during 1999.
V.9 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India)
The Bureau recalled the fact that the Committee, at its last session, had noted that the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF) of India and the State Government of Assam had begun implementing a 2-3 year rehabilitation plan at a total estimated cost of US$ 2,135,000 of which US$ 235,000 had been requested by the State Party as emergency assistance from the World Heritage Fund. The Committee was satisfied with the use of the first instalment of US$ 75,000, approved by the Bureau at its twenty-first session in June 1997. This was used for the purchase of three vehicles, two boats and 55 wireless communication sets. At its last session it approved a second instalment of US$ 90,000, under emergency assistance, to cover costs of two wooden fibre boats, 400 sets of patrolling gear and construction of buildings to serve as ranger stations and provide for staff housing within the Park. The Bureau noted that the implementation of the rehabilitation plan, despite delays in construction activities caused by an earlier than normal on-set of the monsoons, was proceeding satisfactorily and conditions for the conservation and management of the site were improving.
The Bureau requested the Centre and IUCN to continue to monitor the implementation of the rehabilitation plan and submit a progress report to the twenty-second session of the Committee in November-December 1998, on the use of US$ 90,000 approved by the Committee at its last session in Naples. It recommended that the Committee retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
V. 10 Air et Ténéré Natural Reserves (Niger)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee at its twentieth (Merida, 1996) and twenty-first (Naples, 1997) sessions approved a mission to this site to: evaluate the state of conservation of the site; determine the significance of prevailing threats to the site; compare data and information on the Reserve before and after its inclusion in the List of the World Heritage in Danger (1992); prepare a long-term action plan for the protection of the site with the assistance of the IUCN field project staff; and prepare a detailed report for the twenty-second session of the Committee. Although a contract, for an amount of US$ 22,000, was established with the Ministry for Hydraulics and the Environment for the organisation of this mission during February-March 1998, the mission had to be postponed due to the lack of security clearance from the UN Resident Co-ordinator's Office in Niamey. The Bureau however learnt that the UN Resident Co-ordinator has finally granted the security clearance needed in mid-June 1998 and that the proposed mission could now proceed without any further delays.
The Bureau recommended that the Centre and IUCN co-operate to field a mission to the site and prepare a detailed state of conservation report and a long term action plan for the site, including recommendations. These recommendations should address whether or not the Committee should retain the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger, for the consideration of the twenty-second session of the Committee.
V. 11 Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee inscribed Ichkeul on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1996 and requested the Tunisian authorities to provide a programme of corrective measures to reverse the degradation of the site. It alerted them to the possibility of the deletion of Ichkeul from the World Heritage List, if rehabilitation of the site were not possible. Following discussions on a "Report on the action programme for the safeguarding of Ichkeul National Park", submitted by the "Ministère de l'environnement et de l'aménagement du territoire", which had been critically reviewed by IUCN and the Ramsar Convention Secretariat, the Committee, at its last session, urged the State Party to implement the recommendations of a Ramsar mission undertaken earlier in 1997 and submit a threat-mitigation status report to the twenty-third session of the Committee, in 1999.
The Bureau received a report from IUCN, which provided technical data to indicate that the salinity of the water in the lake may have reached excessively high proportions and that the chances for the recovery of the World Heritage values of the site may be fast receding. IUCN expressed its concern at the pace and the effectiveness of the implementation of the rehabilitation programme by the State Party.
The Bureau was informed by the Observer of Tunisia of several measures undertaken by his Government to retain freshwater in the lakes on a year-round basis and thereby reduce salinity of the lake. In particular, he spoke in detail of the repairs done to sluice gates controlling the entry of fresh water into the lake, and the
supply of fresh water from a newly constructed reservoir to the lake to strengthen the lake's conservation, as well as providing irrigation and water supply needs of people, and several economic incentives to reduce the dependence of the people on the resources of the nearby mountain which constitutes part of an area from where the waters drain into the lake. The Observer of Tunisia also pointed out that his Government was closely monitoring the number of migratory birds arriving at Ichkeul during the European winter in order to assess the extent to which Ichkeul continues to retain its value as a site of international importance for migratory birds. The Observer also disagreed with some of the data presented by IUCN to the Bureau.
The Bureau recommended that the Committee retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger and expressed its concerns regarding the feasibility of effectively rehabilitating this site. The Bureau urged the State Party to take all necessary measures to ensure rapid and effective implementation of the programme for rehabilitating Ichkeul. The Bureau recommended that the Committee allow time for the implementation of the programme and reiterated its recommendation that the State Party submit a comprehensive report on the results of the implementation of the rehabilitation programme to the twenty-third session of the Committee in 1999.
Furthermore, the Bureau requested the Centre to co-operate with the State Party to field an expert mission to the site, similar to the one organised to the Galapagos in 1995, to undertake a thorough review of the state of conservation of the site. The Bureau noted the observation made by one of its members that the original nomination of Ichkeul, submitted in 1979, lacked adequate baseline data for evaluating the outcome of the programme of rehabilitation currently underway. The Bureau therefore recommended that the expert mission establish the necessary baseline data and information, and prepare a report on the adequacy of conservation measures undertaken and propose additional measures that may be needed for the conservation of the site. It also recommended the preparation of a statement of significance on the World Heritage values of the site, which could provide a framework for an objective evaluation of the success or failure of the rehabilitation programme currently being implemented by the State Party. In the event it is determined that the rehabilitation programme has failed to restore Ichkeul's World Heritage values, steps for the eventual deletion of Ichkeul from the World Heritage List should be set in motion, as per paragraphs 89(iii) and 50(d) of the Operational Guidelines. However, the Bureau's intention in suggesting an expert mission was based on the intention to give equal consideration to the possibility for developing an improved rehabilitation programme for Ichkeul and retain its status as a World Heritage site.
V.12 The Bureau examined reports on the state of conservation of five cultural properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
V.13 Butrinti (Albania)
The Bureau welcomed the progress made in the implementation of the corrective measures at Butrinti and the start of the process that should lead to the adoption of a management plan for the site. It recommended that due attention be given to the problem of illicit traffic of archaeological objects from Butrinti as well as the unauthorised constructions in its vicinity.
The Observer of Greece repeated the interest of her country to collaborate in and provide expert advice for the preservation of Butrinti.
The Bureau requested the Secretariat to submit a progress report to the twenty-second session of the Committee.
V.14 Angkor (Cambodia)
The Bureau expressed its appreciation for the report of the Secretariat and for the continued efforts of UNESCO in mobilising international co-operation for the protection, preservation and presentation of the site of Angkor, especially through the International Co-ordinating Committee for the Safeguarding and Development of Angkor.
The Bureau, however, requested UNESCO to continue its work in the strengthening of training activities for local and national capacity-building, especially in measures prohibiting and preventing the illicit traffic of cultural property. In this regard, and alarmed by press reports on the alleged pillage of cultural property from sites of national importance, the Bureau requested the State Party to submit a report to the twenty-second session of the Committee. This report should summarise the steps taken in the preparation of a national inventory of cultural properties and on legal and regulatory measures adopted by the Government in the protection of cultural property in Angkor and in other sites on the Tentative List.
The Bureau underlined the serious need to address illicit traffic of cultural property, not only at a national level but also at an international level. To this end, the Bureau encouraged UNESCO Member States to ratify existing legal instruments for preventing illicit traffic of cultural properties, such as the UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export, and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property 1970 and the UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects 1995.
V.15 Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia)
The Secretariat informed the Bureau that the Croatian authorities had submitted a substantive report on the state of conservation of Dubrovnik requesting the Committee to delete the Old City of Dubrovnik from the List of World Heritage in Danger. ICOMOS informed the Bureau that it was greatly impressed by the restoration works undertaken in Dubrovnik and that it strongly supported the request made by Croatia.
The Bureau congratulated the Croatian authorities on the progress made in the restoration and rehabilitation of the city. With great satisfaction, the Bureau decided to recommend the Committee to delete the Old City of Dubrovnik from the List of World Heritage in Danger.
V.16 Bahla Fort (Oman)
Having taken note of the report of the Secretariat concerning the situation at the Bahla Fort, the Bureau thanked the Omani authorities for their effort in safeguarding the site. However, considering the serious deterioration of the monument, the Bureau requested the Omani authorities to continue the collaboration with the international expert and inform the Committee of the progress through the Secretariat. In this connection, it approved the continuation of co-operation on a cost-sharing basis as previously agreed, to continue rehabilitation and prepare a management plan for the site. It also recommended the early initiation of the hydro-metric survey as a matter of emergency.
V.17 Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru)
The Bureau commended the Government of Peru for its initiative to prepare a management plan for the Chan Chan Archaeological Zone. It requested the Government to submit a second report on
the progress made in this respect by 15 September 1998 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-second session. The Bureau furthermore requested the Government to inform the Committee on the impact of the El Nino phenomenon, as well as an assessment of the effectiveness of the emergency measures taken.
B. REPORTS ON THE STATE OF CONSERVATION OF PROPERTIES INSCRIBED ON THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST
V.18 Great Barrier Reef (Australia)
The Bureau, at its twenty-first extraordinary session in November 1997, requested that the Australian authorities provide specific information on the results of the financial review of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA). The Bureau noted that the Minister for the Environment of Australia has informed the Centre that the financial review of the GBRMPA has been completed, and that more detailed information on the recommendations of that review would be made available to the Centre as soon as the Government has considered those recommendations and has taken relevant decisions. (See Annex IV).
The Observer of Australia, informed the Bureau of measures taken to address other potential threats to the site which had been brought to the attention of the Centre and the Chairperson of the Committee by several Australian NGOs. In doing so, she pointed out that the expressed concerns of the NGOs in their December 1997 letter were extremely vague, with no supporting evidence and that therefore they were difficult to respond to. However, she outlined the following steps which had been taken and indicated that she had in fact previously commented on most of these issues.
- rigorous environmental conditions have been put in place on the development activities in the Hinchinbrook region. The Government of Australia considered them to be adequate to ensure the continued protection of the World Heritage values of the Reef; a regional development plan has been developed;
- a special protected area had been established to conserve dugong populations and habitats;
- there are no proposals at present to mine oil shale anywhere near the Great Barrier Reef; the construction of a pilot-plant for investigating the viability of recovery from oil shale near Gladstone has undergone an EIA, but there are no plans to proceed with a full scale production facility in the foreseeable future; any future proposals to proceed towards a commercial facility will be subjected to a comprehensive impact assessment and the Commonwealth Government has made it clear that mining will not be allowed where it could have a detrimental affect to the Great Barrier Reef. World Heritage legislation in Australia would override any such proposals from the states;
- significant conservation measures have been taken as part of the regional planning process to ensure that fisheries management in the Reef is consistent with Australia's World Heritage obligations and to protect threatened species, and
- recently, a review of the values of the Great Barrier Reef was conducted by Mr B. Lucas. The review report augments information on the values of the Reef and confirms that they are well conserved, and makes some useful recommendations for future planning. V.19 Shark Bay, Western Australia (Australia)
The Observer of Australia informed the Bureau that the granting of a petroleum exploration permit, on 29 November 1996, by the State Government of West Australia was brought to the attention of the Commonwealth Government in January 1997. In Australia decisions to issue mining exploration permits are taken at the level of the State Government. The State Government appeared to have been unaware that the area for which an exploration permit was issued was located within the World Heritage site. Following the intervention of the Commonwealth Government of Australia, the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) of the Western Australian Government has established a panel to assess the development proposal and prepare environmental strategies. The Observer of Australia assured the Bureau that no decision to allow oil exploration activities would be taken until the EPA assessment of the potential environmental impacts of such activities is completed, and no such development will take place if it threatens World Heritage values.
IUCN raised an issue in regard to the report submitted by the Australian. IUCN pointed out references to prospecting licences being issued by the Queensland Government which could have implications for the Great Barrier Reef area and by the Western Australian Government involving part of the Shark Bay World Heritage area. While IUCN noted the Australian statement that mining would not be permitted if it would have adverse effect on the World Heritage properties, and that the World Heritage Properties Conservation Act would override any State action which threatened World Heritage values, IUCN suggested the situation merited closer liaison with the Government over the issuing of property licenses, especially as IUCN understood the Queensland mining laws carried an automatic right to a mining permit following the granting of an exploration licence.
V.20 Wet Tropics of Queensland (Australia)
The Observer of Australia informed the Bureau that based on the concern that clearing may have occurred within the World Heritage property, the Commonwealth Minister for the Environment appointed a senior officer from the Wet Tropics Management Authority (WTMA) as an inspector under the World Heritage Properties Conservation Act (1983). This official would determine the nature of any vegetation clearance that may have occurred on private properties within the World Heritage area.
The investigator reported three cases of clearing, two of which were within the World Heritage area. Based on the advice of the inspector, the Minister for the Environment determined that World Heritage values were not at risk and that no further action was required in relation to these incidents.
The Bureau was satisfied to note that the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area Plan of Management would come into effect on 1 September 1998. The Plan, by removing the ability of land management agencies like Local Councils and the Queensland Department of Natural Resources to clear vegetation without scrutiny from WTMA, and by developing better co-ordination between actions of agencies, will help to prevent the any future clearings within the World Heritage area.
The Bureau noted IUCN's acknowledgement that it receives a large volume of reports and statements concerning threats to many of the thirteen World Heritage sites of Australia and that it does not have the capacity at its Headquarters in Switzerland to evaluate all of them. The Bureau welcomed the offer of the Australian Committee of IUCN, made in November 1997, to undertake annual assessments of a selected number of properties and to provide reports to the annual sessions of the Committee.
The Bureau recommended that IUCN in co-operation with its Australian Committee, establish a mechanism for assessing, in a timely manner, the continuous stream of information received by the Centre on the state of conservation of Australian natural World Heritage sites. This would ensure that up-to-date state of conservation reports on the Great Barrier Reef, Shark Bay and the Wet Tropics of Queensland are submitted to the twenty-second session of the Committee.
V.21 Iguacu National Park (Brazil)
The Bureau recalled that at its twenty-first ordinary session it requested the Brazilian authorities to close the 18km road traversing the Park that had been illegally re-opened by local people. The Committee at its last session (Naples, 1997), was informed by IUCN that the road had been temporarily closed, and that several actions had been undertaken by the Brazilian authorities to strengthen management of the Park. Nevertheless, the Committee called for the permanent closure of the road and requested the Brazilian authorities to provide information concerning the rehabilitation of the damaged areas.
The Centre informed the Bureau that: (1) on 11 January 1998, local people illegally re-gained access to the road in the Park; (2) the Brazilian National Congress had established a Task Force under its Permanent Environmental Commission to investigate the issue; (3) the Task Force visited the area on 5 March 1998 and urged that a solution to the conflict be found; (4) the National Institute for the Environment envisaged the preparation of a new management plan as soon as invaders left the area; and (5) members of the Brazilian judicial community have reiterated their call for the closure of the road. The Director of the UNESCO Office in Brazil received a letter dated 27 May 1998 from the Director of Ecosystems of the Ministry of the Environment, confirming that the road has been illegally reopened and that parts of the Park are damaged. The Ministry hopes to solve the problems through the Task Force, the revision of the Management Plan and the preparation of a comprehensive revitalisation programme.
The Bureau requested the Centre to prepare a mission to the site jointly with IUCN to review the situation and to assist the State Party to mitigate the threats to the Park. The Bureau furthermore requested the Centre to write to the Brazilian authorities to express its serious concerns with regard to the state of conservation of the site. The Bureau asked the State Party to provide by 15 September 1998: (1) a copy of the revitalisation programme and a time frame for the rehabilitation of damaged areas, and (2) a detailed report on the state of conservation of the site and actions taken with regard to the permanent closure of the road.
V.22 Dja Faunal Reserve (Cameroon)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee, at its twenty-first session, noted with concern that logging activities, carried out under commercial, as well as sustainable forestry schemes, are contributing to the growing biological isolation of the Reserve and are not welcome by the local people. An IUCN project is aiming to minimise the degree of the Reserve's isolation through the establishment of a buffer zone and a protected corridor linking Dja with adjacent forests. Moreover, logging roads facilitate access for hunters, and concessionaires have logged forests up to the boundary of the Reserve.
The Bureau, at its twenty-first extraordinary session approved US$29,900 to organise an in-situ Regional Training Workshop at Dja and the Committee, at its last session, had urged the State Party to use the Workshop as a forum for discussing with representatives of donors financing forestry operations, IUCN and others concerned, ways and means to minimise the threat of biological isolation of Dja .
The Bureau noted that the Regional Training Workshop at Dja financed from the World Heritage Fund was held from 23 to 26 March 1998 in Sangmelima, Cameroon. It was attended by sixty participants representing four countries of the region, several national and international development and conservation organisations including IUCN's Dja Project staff, and UNESCO's Division of Ecological Sciences and the World Heritage Centre. The Bureau took note of the findings of the Workshop, in particular that Cameroon has adopted a national policy for natural resources conservation; a survey carried out indicated that 80% of the local people of Dja are in favour of maintaining it as a World Heritage site and a Biosphere Reserve, and are ready to collaborate in its protection. More than six international development organisations are implementing projects in and around Dja in co-operation with various non-governmental organisations. It was noted that the overall integrity of the site is still intact, that logging around the Reserve has not impacted the World Heritage site as yet, and that the Ministry for the Environment is in the process of finalising the management plan with the assistance of IUCN and ECOFAC. A zoning plan will accompany the management plan for Dja and the Forest of Ngoila - Mintom, south of the Dja Reserve, will be designated as a protected forest. There is a need to undertake a rapid bio-diversity assessment to ascertain the current status of faunal and floral populations in Dja and in surrounding areas so as to enable a scientific evaluation of the threat of the biological isolation of Dja. In addition, the Workshop recommended the need to improve co-ordination between non-governmental organisations, ECOFAC, IUCN project staff and the Government and the need for revising legislation regulations governing hunting. It also recommended the need for the Ministry for Environment and Forestry to consult with the Ministry's "Direction de la Faune et des Aires Protégés" in granting licences for forest exploitation.
The Bureau noted that the Workshop participants were of the view that Dja did not warrant designation as a World Heritage site in Danger. IUCN, however, remains concerned that commercial hunters and logging companies show little respect for regulations and are not subject to enforcement by Government officials.
The Bureau recommended that the State Party take urgent measures to act on the recommendations of the Workshop and present to the next session of the Committee in December 1998, a statement of actions to be implemented. The Bureau invited Cameroon to give priority consideration to implementing actions that would: (a) strengthen law enforcement against poaching and improve management of hunting and trade in wildlife products, and (b) halt the issue of new licences for forest exploitation immediately adjacent to the boundaries of the World Heritage area. The Bureau requested the Centre, IUCN and the State Party to co-operate in designing and launching a rapid bio-diversity assessment to evaluate the impacts of on-going forestry operations on maintaining contiguity of habitats and gene pools in and around the Dja World Heritage site.
V.23 Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks (Canada)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee, at its twenty-first session, expressed its serious concerns with regard to potential threats to the integrity of this site due to the proposed Cheviot Mine Project, designed to exploit a large, open-pit coal mine, located 2.8 km from the Jasper National Park portion of this World Heritage area. A range of conservation organisations and Parks Canada had expressed concern regarding the negative impacts which the proposed mining project would have on the integrity of the World Heritage site. Nevertheless, the Federal
Government of Canada and the Provincial Government of Alberta had subsequently approved the project and published a full EIA in favour of the project. The conservation groups subsequently challenged the Federal-Provincial Environmental Assessment Panel's report. The judge dismissed the case based upon the fact that the Panel report is not subject to judicial review.
The Centre received a report entitled "Government of Canada Response to a request from the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for Information on the Canadian Rocky Mountains World Heritage site" and a letter from the Assistant Deputy Minister of Parks Canada. The report provided details of the Cheviot mining project, which at its closest, would be 2,8km from the boundary of Jasper National Park. The mine will involve the development of an area of 3007 ha with open pits, infrastructure and roads. The report also highlights the review and approval process and indicates key elements of the Government of Canada's response to mitigate environmental impacts, including the objective to maintain ecological integrity of Jasper National Park, and an agreement for integrated grizzly bear management.
The Bureau thanked the Canadian Government for having provided a detailed report concerning the impacts that the proposed mining project would have on the integrity of the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks and mechanisms put in place to ensure that strict mitigation measures will be applied. The Bureau invited the Canadian authorities to ensure that all possible environmental impacts on the World Heritage site are mitigated. The Bureau requested the Canadian authorities to provide a status report on the proposed mining project, including any proposed start-up date for the project, to the Centre, before 15 September 1998, for review by the Committee at its twenty-second session.
V.24 Los Katios National Park (Colombia)
The state of conservation of this Park was the subject of an extensive review submitted by a representative of Colombia's Ministry of Environment at a Regional World Heritage Workshop held in the Everglades National Park in November 1997. IUCN drew the attention of the Centre to serious threats to the integrity of this Park, caused by a breakdown of law and order in the area. The Centre contacted the Colombian authorities for confirmation of reports received by IUCN on the state of conservation of Los Katios. The Bureau noted that the Colombian authorities have provided a report on 19 June 1998 to the Centre and requested IUCN to report back on its review of this report to the twenty-second extraordinary session of the World Heritage Bureau.
V.25 Morne Trois Pitons National Park (Dominica)
IUCN and the Centre have been informed of a proposed cable car construction project through the centre of the Park. The feasibility of the project, proposed by a private individual concerned with tourism development, is questionable due to the heavy rains, high winds and steep terrain which characterise the site. The construction of major access facilities in this area is not consistent with the management plan of the Park. IUCN was advised by the Dominican authorities that they will exercise great caution when considering the feasibility of this proposal.
The Bureau requested the Centre to contact the State Party to obtain detailed information on the proposal and requested that the Centre and IUCN be kept fully informed of progress in their review of the cable construction project proposal.
V.26 Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee at its twenty-first session invited the Government of Ecuador to notify in a timely fashion, the Chairperson of the Committee of the final enactment and entering into force of the Galapagos Special Law. The Committee, although it did not include the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger, decided that if, by the opening date of the twenty-second session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee, the Government of Ecuador had not notified the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee of the enactment and entry into force of the "Special Galapagos Law", then the Galapagos Islands be inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Permanent Delegate of Ecuador to UNESCO, via his letter of 22 April 1998, transmitted a copy of the "Special Law on the Galapagos", published by the Official Registry of Ecuador as Law No. 278 on 18 March 1998, to the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee. At a meeting between the Ambassador of Ecuador, the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee and the Director of the Centre, the Chairperson took note of the official notification and commended the Government of Ecuador for its efforts. The Chairperson however, stressed the importance of ensuring effective implementation of the Special Law to protect this World Heritage site.
IUCN, in its report to the Centre on the state of conservation of Galapagos, has pointed out that the Law, if implemented, will greatly strengthen conservation in both the islands as well as in the surrounding marine reserve, which was extended from 24 to 64 km offshore. The Law addresses most of the major issues (particularly alien species and management of the marine reserve) relating to conservation and sustainable development of Galapagos and has been drafted on the basis of the outcome of an intense national debate. The main highlights of the Law and the evaluation of its effectiveness have been provided by the Charles Darwin Foundation, and include: (i) Regulations with regard to the control of introduced species, their eradication in agricultural lands, establishment of a quarantine inspection system, etc; (ii) incentives for local appreciation and participation through environmental education; (iii) building local skills and conservation institutions, in particular strengthening of the GNPS; (iv) improving inter-agency co-ordination through the work of INGALA (Instituto National de Galapagos) which has been re-established; (v) immigration and residence control measures to stabilise the rate of growth of human population size; and (vi) initiating a participatory planning process for marine resources conservation.
The Law also provides for: (a) the Establishment of the Marine Reserve as a protected area and (b) the expansion of the Reserve boundaries to 64 km around the whole archipelago within which area only tourism and artisanal fishing are permitted. The provisions of the Law concerning marine areas have provided a historic opportunity for conserving 130,000 sq. km of a very important marine ecosystem.
The Bureau commended the Government of Ecuador and all the agencies, groups, local residents and experts for reaching a consensus on this new Law. The Bureau thanked the former Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, Mr. Winkelmann and the Director of the Centre for having initiated the process through their mission to the site in June 1996.
The Bureau urged the Ecuadorian authorities to ensure the effective implementation of the Law. The Bureau invited the Ecuadorian authorities to re-nominate the Marine Reserve, deferred by the Committee in 1994, to be a part of the World Heritage site as soon as the management plan for the Marine Reserve is finalised in 1999. The Bureau recommended that the
Committee not consider Galapagos Islands for inclusion in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Delegate of Ecuador thanked the World Heritage Committee, its Bureau, IUCN and the Centre for their understanding and commitment to preserve the Galapagos Islands World Heritage site. The full text of his statement is included in Annex V.
The Bureau also expressed its sincere regrets and sympathies to the families of the two senior Ecuadorian conservationists (Jorge Anhalzer and Fabricio Valverde) who perished in a plane crash after returning from a conservation meeting of the Islands.
V.27 Arabian Oryx Sanctuary (Oman)
The Bureau recalled that it was informed of an interim plan submitted by the authorities of Oman in 1997, which foresaw a new outer boundary, and provisional boundaries for five management zones, the construction of an administrative headquarters, visitor and local service centres and other facilities. Also foreseen was the launching of pilot projects in a variety of fields, including environmental tourism, and possible allocation of financial and human resources for the development of the site as Oman's first national park. As requested by the Bureau, the authorities of Oman submitted a draft map showing the outer boundary of the Sanctuary and the provisional boundaries of the five management zones and a report on the status of the Arabian Oryx population in the Sanctuary.
The Bureau noted IUCN's comments that the management plan and map still exists only in a draft form and that IUCN will postpone its review of the plan until such time as the final version is available. The Bureau invited the State Party to inform the Centre about the finalisation of the management plan as early as possible and submit it to IUCN and the Centre for review.
V.28 Huascaran National Park (Peru)
The Bureau noted that a Canadian/Peruvian mining consortium is in the final stages of obtaining approval to develop one of the world's largest copper and zinc deposits found at Antamina , located 20km east from this Park. Mining would commence in 2001 and have a life span of 20 years. The concentrates from this mine would be transported either via an existing road through or around the Park to the coast.
The Bureau noted the Centre's consultations with INRENA (Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales), the site managers and NGOs during a recent mission to Peru, and that a meeting with two representatives of the mining company, the Permanent Delegation of Peru to UNESCO, INRENA and representatives from the Centre and UNESCO's Division of Ecological Sciences took place on 19 June 1998. The meeting reviewed the situation and the three options of road access, the Northern Road, the Central Road and the Southern Road. For the Central Route an EIA had been undertaken. Meanwhile the mining company agreed to take the so-called Southern Route, which is completely outside the Park, but however traverses the buffer zones of the World Heritage site and the Biosphere Reserve. This alternative proposal is preferred by a number of groups, including IUCN and INRENA. No EIA has been carried out for the use of the Southern Route so far. In addition, the Central Route would be used for heavy equipment to be brought to the mining area for approximately one year, until a bypass at the Southern Route has been made. IUCN underlined that all impacts, especially the temporary use of the Central Route during the one-year period, should be closely monitored.
Several Bureau members stated that the efforts made by the State Party and the mining company should be recognised; however a number of issues should be addressed, taking into account the necessity for social development of the region. The Chairperson proposed to use the situation at Huascaran as a model to establish a Study Group to reconcile environment and development and to review it as a case study which could be useful as guidance and advice to other World Heritage sites which face potential mining projects. He furthermore suggested that a mission to the site might be useful in future.
The Observer of Peru emphasised that the mining operation is important for his Government as it takes place in one of the poorest regions of Peru. The collaboration between INRENA, the private sector, IUCN, the Mountain Institute, the Centre and the State Party should be taken as a good example for the protection of the Park under the Convention.
The Bureau took note of the different options for accessing the mining area and the preference expressed by INRENA to use the Southern Road, and requested the Centre and IUCN to collaborate with the State Party to control impacts of the temporary use of the road through the Park until the Southern Route becomes available. The Bureau requested the State Party to provide a status report on the situation in time for the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau and to consider that a Representative of IUCN be part of the "Working Group" being established by INRENA on the management of the site.
Noting the number of cases coming forward from various countries where mining projects may affect World Heritage sites, the Bureau furthermore requested the Centre and IUCN and ICOMOS to collaborate with the Chairperson in the setting up of a study group to examine all issues involved with mining projects with a potential to affect World Heritage sites, in order to establish principles which would guide the Committee's future work in this regard.
V.29 Kamchatka Volcanoes (Russian Federation)
The Bureau recalled the report by IUCN at the twenty-first session of the World Heritage Committee reviewing a proposed mining project, the location of which was determined to be about 5 km outside of the Bystrinsky portion of the World Heritage area. The location of the mine will disrupt migratory wildlife that inhabit the region and impact fishery resources. IUCN has been in contact with proponents of the mine and has had a request from Canada regarding financial service support that could be provided by the Export Development Corporation (EDC). In this request it is noted that "as a critical first step in their due diligence, and in determining whether such support would be available for the project, EDC wants to be assured that it would not be contravening Article 6, paragraph 3 of the World Heritage Convention." The report of IUCN mentioned the issue of development project loans from various export credit agencies.
As requested by the Committee at its last session, the Centre had asked the State Party to provide detailed information on the proposed mining project, particularly on EIAs carried out and other pertinent information. The Centre informed the Bureau that a letter from the Deputy Minister of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation stated that at present there are no plans to carry out significant geological and operational work in areas adjacent to the World Heritage site which may result in negative ecological impacts. Should such work be carried out, all necessary arrangements will be made to observe existing laws and regulations. In addition, a letter of 18 June 1998 from the Governor of Kamchatka reiterated the Kamchatka Administration's commitment to the protection of the site and the support of the controlled development of the Aginskoe gold deposit. Furthermore, it stated that a formal environmental assessment of the project has been carried out. The final design of the project will be only made taking into account IUCN's comments. The Governor stated that the development of the gold
deposit does not put the World Heritage site at risk and that it is desirable because of the economic development needs of the region.
The Bureau noted the information provided by the Russian authorities and requested the Centre and IUCN to continue maintaining their contacts with the State Party and bring to the attention of the Committee details concerning the EIA carried out on the project. The Bureau expressed its concern to the Russian Government and the Regional Administration of Kamchatka over the potential consequences of the proposed mine, and recalled other cases of natural World Heritage sites threatened by mining proposals.
V.30 Lake Baikal (Russian Federation)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee, when it inscribed this property on the World Heritage List at its twentieth session, noted that the Special Lake Baikal Law was in its second reading in the Duma, and expressed its concern over a number of integrity issues, including pollution of the Lake. The Bureau, at its twenty-first extraordinary session, expressed its concern regarding the inadequacy of the legal basis available for the protection of the entire World Heritage site. It requested the Russian authorities to provide, before 1 May 1998, detailed information on the status of the Special Lake Baikal Law, and the legal status of forests located adjacent to the boundaries of the World Heritage site.
A letter from the Deputy Minister for Natural Resources of the Russian Federation stated that a number of laws on the national protection of the Lake existed and indicated that the Duma had adopted the Federal Law on "The Protection of the Baikal Lake" which was, however, vetoed by the President. It is currently in its third reading in the Duma, taking into account comments made by the President's intervention. IUCN informed the Bureau that in addition to the concerns over the protection of the site, the open question of reprofiling the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill at Baikalsk, which is one of the main polluters, remains and that the authorities have not come to a conclusion on this issue.
The Observer of Russia indicated that the situation at Lake Baikal is of major concern, mainly because of: (1) the status of the proposed Baikal Law; (2) continuing pollution of the Lake by the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill; (3) increasing pollution at the Selenka River; (4) lack of resources for the protected area and national park management; (5) lack of resources for monitoring and (6) other negative factors such as logging. He concluded that the site is under serious threat and that the State Party would not oppose inclusion on the List of World Heritage Danger.
The Bureau noted the report and expressed serious concerns over the threats to the integrity of Lake Baikal. It urged the State Party to inform the Centre by 15 September 1998 on the status of the Baikal Law and its adoption as well as a time-table for its implementation. It furthermore requested the State Party to consider paragraphs 82-89 "Procedure for the Inclusion of Properties in the List of World Heritage in Danger" of the Operational Guidelines and to prepare a programme for corrective measures to be brought to the attention of the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau.
V.31 Virgin Komi Forests (Russian Federation)
The Bureau at its twenty-first session expressed its serious concern about the proposed gold mining project in the World Heritage site and requested the Russian authorities to provide, before 1 May 1998, detailed information on the proposal, including any environmental impact studies that may have been carried out. In addition, the Bureau requested the Russian authorities to keep the relevant authorities in the Komi Republic fully informed of the Bureau's concerns and involve them in discussions aimed at ensuring the integrity of the World Heritage site. A letter from the Deputy Minister for Natural Resources of the Russian Federation stated that a project for the change of boundaries of the site has been submitted for ecological examination. It is also stated that the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Komi Republic "deprived the TERRA company of its rights to produce gold this year". In addition, a letter of 27 May 1998 from the Deputy Chair of the Russian State Committee for Environmental Protection, indicated that "the realisation of the gold mining project in the World Heritage site has been suspended".
The Bureau urged the State Party to provide full information on the proposal to change the borders of the site, whether a withdrawal from any mining proposals occurred, and of any potential gold mining projects by 15 September 1998. The Bureau invited the State Party to undertake all necessary measures to fully inform the authorities of the Komi Republic of the status of the site.
V.32 Donana National Park (Spain)
Information indicated that a toxic spill in southern Spain upstream from Donana has caused an ecological disaster, and will seriously affect this World Heritage site. The crisis began on 25 April 1998, when a giant holding pool of the Aznalcollar mine owned by a Canadian-Swedish company burst. The toxic spill affected the surrounding areas of the World Heritage site. The Ramsar Convention Bureau informed IUCN that whilst the main toxic flow may have been diverted away from the National Park itself, the adjoining areas, including the Regional Natural Park 'Entorno de Donana', have been badly damaged. It is also likely that the impacts of the spill may spread into the World Heritage area as the pollution becomes more widely dispersed. The Centre has contacted the State Party to obtain an official report on the spill, its impacts on the World Heritage site and mitigation measures being taken. The Bureau was informed that the Spanish Government had submitted a number of reports on the situation and actions taken to mitigate the threats and that all reports have been transmitted to IUCN for evaluation. Most reports are of a technical nature and describe, for example, the least damaging technology to remove the retained contaminated water as well as the possibility of treating and removing the polluted crust. This contamination has accumulative effects on biological organisms inhabiting the site. The removal urgently needs to be completed before the autumn rains.
The Centre informed the Bureau that on 18 June 1998 a meeting took place with the President of the Spanish "Man and the Biosphere"(MAB) Committee, the former Director of Donana National Park, the Director-General of UNESCO, the Director of the SC/ECO and staff from the World Heritage Centre. The President of the MAB Committee suggested an international conference to review actions taken and rehabilitation plans elaborated for the conservation of the site. He also presented an outline for launching a project entitled "Donana 2005". It was suggested that UNESCO is involved in the preparation of the conference and that financial support may be provided for this purpose.
The Bureau thanked the State Party for immediate actions taken to mitigate the threats and for keeping the World Heritage Centre and other UNESCO Divisions fully informed on the situation at the site. The Bureau however, expressed its serious concerns on the long-term restoration of the property and urged the State Party to undertake all possible measures to mitigate the threats. It requested the State Party to collaborate with UNESCO, IUCN and the Ramsar Convention in the preparation of an international expert conference to develop a long-term vision and prepare a
detailed report in time for the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee.
The Observer of Spain thanked the Centre for rapid actions and support and stressed the commitment of his Government to the protection of the World Heritage site, which has been illustrated by submitting five reports since April. His Government has taken note of the proposal for an international scientific conference and will continue to work closely with the World Heritage Centre and the Committee.
V.33 Canaima National Park (Venezuela)
The Bureau recalled that the Committee at its twenty-first session expressed its concern with regard to the integrity of the Canaima National Park due to considerable threats posed by a proposal to erect a series of power transmission lines across the Park. The Committee invited the Director-General to write to the President of the State Party asking his intervention to search for possible alternatives and to determine the appropriate boundaries of the World Heritage site. The Venezuelan Permanent Delegation to UNESCO, wrote a letter to the Centre on 12 March 1998, explaining the actual situation of the proposed construction of one electrical power line that would pass through a part of the National Park. The letter indicates that: (1) the Ministry for the Environment and the National Parks Institute are in the process of evaluating the Venezuelan South East Project Transmission System; (2) distinct alternatives for the location of this line have been analysed. A decision has been made for an option that will cut across a smaller percentage of the Park. Moreover, the alternatives being considered include the erection of the power transmission lines along the existing Eldorado-Santa Elena de Uairén road as proposed by IUCN, which would reduce the impact of the project on the site; (3) local population interests are being considered in accordance with the existing laws. The President of Venezuela, in his letter of 13 March 1998 to the Director-General of UNESCO, has transmitted the Environmental Impact Study on the power transmission line project, which was finalised in December 1997. He has re-affirmed the commitment of his Government to protect the World Heritage site and welcomed the possibility of a UNESCO mission to the site to evaluate the proposals of boundaries.
IUCN stressed that the power line is of major concern to indigenous people and that a number of letters were received and that the proposed mission should take up this issue, in addition to potential threats to the site. The Observer of Venezuela welcomed a mission to the site and stated that interests of local people have been taken into consideration according to existing laws.
The Bureau requested the Centre and IUCN to co-operate in sending a mission to Caracas and to Canaima National Park to review with specialists and local technicians, proposals for alternative routes for the construction of electrical transmission lines. It should also determine appropriate boundaries for the site in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee and IUCN, made at the time of inscription of the site in 1994. The Bureau recommended that a detailed report of the mission be submitted to the twenty-second session of the Committee.
V.34 Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)
The Bureau recalled that at its twenty-first session, it urged the Vietnam authorities to co-operate with the Japanese International Co-operation Agency (JICA) in designing and implementing the study on environmental management for Ha Long Bay. A draft of the scope of work for the environmental study was provided to the World Heritage Centre by the Head of the Ha Long Bay Management Department. The draft has been transmitted to IUCN for information, review and comments. The study on environmental management for Ha Long Bay is to be carried out from February 1998 to October 1999.
UNDP/Vietnam has provided the Centre with the minutes of two donor meetings concerning Ha Long Bay. In the first of those meetings held on 9 October 1997, the minutes indicate that a representative from the Japanese Embassy in Hanoi had pointed out that the environmental study is expected to run parallel to the Environmental Impact Assessment of the Cailan Port construction project.
At a second meeting held at the UNDP Resident Representative's Office, in Hanoi, on 27 February, information concerning negotiations between Vietnam and Japan for the construction of the Bai Chay Bridge, expected to link Bai Chay beach to Ha Long City across the Bai Chay Bay, had been made available. A loan agreement for engineering services for the construction of this bridge was signed by OECF, Japan and the Government of Vietnam in March 1998, and includes a feasibility study as well as an environmental impact assessment of the bridge construction project.
The Bureau requested the Centre and IUCN to maintain contact with the Vietnam authorities in order to monitor progress. The outcome of the Japan/Vietnam environmental study and the EIA of the Cailan Port construction project, as well as information on engineering services and EIAs that may be undertaken in connection with the Bai Chay Bridge construction project should be monitored and a report provided to the next session of the Committee.
V.35 Durmitor National Park (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro))The Bureau recalled that at its twenty-first session it had requested the Park management to submit a map showing the proposed modification of the Park's boundaries to excise a 40 ha. area around the village of Zabljak, which had already been approved by the Government of the Republic of Montenegro. Furthermore, the Bureau had sought clarification from the Park authorities on whether they considered that an engineering evaluation of the earthen containment structures in the flood plains of the Tara River was needed. The Bureau had expressed its concerns regarding plans for tapping the hydropower potential of the Tara River and requested more information on such plans.
By a letter dated 8 April 1998, the Durmitor National Park authorities have informed the Centre that the map showing the 40 ha area to be excised is under preparation and that documentation concerning other information requested by the Bureau had been submitted to the Federal Ministry for the Protection of the Environment. The Park authorities have pointed out that there is a global protection regime for the Tara River and its Canyon. The Centre has contacted the Permanent Delegation of the State Party in UNESCO and is awaiting the receipt of the documentation sent by the Park authorities to the Federal Ministry for the Protection of the Environment.
The Bureau requested the Centre to write to the State Party to obtain further information on the global protection regime for the Tara River and Canyon and to provide a detailed report by 15 September 1998 in time for the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee.
MIXED (CULTURAL AND NATURAL) HERITAGE
V.36 Kakadu National Park (Australia)
The Secretariat recalled that the Bureau, at its twenty-first extraordinary session in November 1997, had invited the Australian authorities to provide the World Heritage Centre with any new information concerning the proposed uranium mine at Jabiluka in Kakadu National Park. The Australian authorities were requested to provide information pertaining to their efforts to ensure that the proponents of mining in the enclave, within but outside of the boundaries of the Park, address the seventy-seven environmental conditions imposed by the Government. The Bureau was informed that the mine's proponent provide a six-monthly report to the Government on the progress which has been made in the implementation of these conditions.
The Secretariat informed the Bureau that additional information concerning the state of conservation of Kakadu National Park had been recently provided by the Australian authorities and had been made available to the Bureau as Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.12. The Secretariat mentioned a letter received from the lawyer for the Mirrar Aboriginal people who referred to the responses by the Bureau and Committee on the state of conservation of Kakadu at its twenty-first session as "entirely unsatisfactory". The Secretariat also informed the Bureau that a submission from four scientists in Australia had been received in which they criticise the quality and process of the Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed Jabulika uranium mine. The scientists state that the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) largely ignores cultural heritage and calls for a new EIS to include proper assessment of the ecological and cultural impacts of the proposed mine. Furthermore, the Secretariat and the Chairperson referred to the many letters theyhad received which expressed concern about the state of conservation of Kakadu National Park and called for the inclusion of Kakadu on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
IUCN presented a detailed statement concerning the state of conservation of Kakadu. In summary, IUCN suggested that the Resolution on Kakadu, adopted at the World Conservation Congress in 1996 and the precautionary principle be used to guide IUCN's advice to the Committee. IUCN recommended that mining activity should be deferred until the Committee is satisfied with the implementation of the seventy-seven environmental conditions and requested the necessary information and resources for IUCN to participate in a multi-disciplinary mission to the site and report to the twenty-second session of the Bureau and Committee if requested by the Bureau. IUCN's statement was distributed to the Bureau and is included in this report as Annex VI.
The Observers of Australia, responded with detailed statements which are annexed in full to this report as Annex VII and Annex VIII.
ICOMOS expressed the need to better assess the full diversity of cultural values, including spiritual values and living cultural traditions, at Kakadu and in the Jabiluka mining lease. ICOMOS also commented that at the time of inclusion in the List (in three stages, 1981, 1987 and 1992), nomination as a cultural landscape had not been possible. ICOMOS raised the possibility of Kakadu being considered in the future as a cultural landscape of potential World Heritage value.
The Delegate of Benin recalled that concern had been expressed about the state of conservation of Kakadu at the twenty-first session of the Bureau and the Committee in Naples, Italy in December 1997. He stressed the need for the Bureau and the Committee to now take action and make a closer examination of conditions at the site. He agreed with IUCN that a joint mission by ICOMOS and IUCN was needed to provide a clear report, to seek further information from the Australian authorities and the traditional owners and to prepare an analysis and recommendations as to whether or not the site should be included on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Delegate of Japan commented favourably on Australia's management of its World Heritage properties. He agreed that it would be useful to dispatch a mission to Australia to collect further information on the state of conservation of Kakadu and to prepare a report for submission to the Bureau and the Committee in Kyoto, Japan in December. The Delegate of the United States of America similarly commented on the high level of protected area management practice in Australia, and agreed that an expert analysis would be useful. He offered his country's assistance in the mission. The Delegate of Morocco also agreed that a mission was required and suggested that one or two Bureau members should also join the mission.
The Chairperson summarised the debate as having reached consensus on the need to proceed on the basis of the precautionary principle even in the absence of complete data. He noted that the Bureau had received detailed information from the Australian Observers, and that they had expressed the utmost co-operation and full acceptance of the precautionary principle of the Australian Government. He stated that there was also general agreement that the information about the state of conservation of Kakadu presented to the Committee and Bureau required greater clarity. Finally, he emphasised that the multi-faceted environmental, cultural and legal issues relating to the conservation of the site highlight the need for a fact-finding mission. The Australian Observer reiterated that the record of conservation at Kakadu was very good and that the Australian Government did not consider that the World Heritage values were threatened. She stated that, for these reasons, a mission would be welcomed.
The Bureau noted the extent and level of representation to it concerning uranium mining in the area of Kakadu National Park. Uranium mining in an area of high natural and cultural values is of sensitivity and potential concern. The Australian Observers had reported in detail on the progress to date in imposing conditions on mining such that it does not affect the World Heritage or other natural or cultural values in this area. Progress had been good, and the care taken to protect World Heritage values is adequate.
Because of the importance, complexity and sensitivity of the issue, however, the Bureau proposed that a mission to Kakadu be undertaken by a team headed by the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee with the participation of the Director of the World Heritage Centre, IUCN and ICOMOS. This mission would examine the situation further, have discussions with relevant Aboriginal groups, officials, non-governmental organisations and the mining company, and report to the Bureau and Committee sessions in November-December 1998.
V.37 Tasmanian Wilderness (Australia)
The Bureau noted that the Tasmanian Regional Forestry Agreement (RFA) signed by the Commonwealth and the Tasmanian Governments on 8 November 1997, has enabled the following:
- establishment of a significantly increased reserve system for Tasmania's Forest Estate;
- participation by the signatories in further World Heritage assessment of relevant Australia-wide themes; and
- initiation of discussions between the signatories on possibilities for further World Heritage nominations of parts of Forest Estate as "Dedicated Reserves", or additions to the present World Heritage site.
The Bureau requested the State Party to keep the Centre informed of any potential boundary extensions that may be foreseen for the Tasmanian Wilderness and to provide a timetable for the implementation of the Regional Forestry Agreement, including possible boundary extensions to the World Heritage site.
V.38 Tongariro National Park (New Zealand)IUCN informed the Bureau that the Department of Conservation in New Zealand has recently submitted a progress report on a number of management issues at Tongariro National Park, inscribed on the World Heritage List under both natural and cultural criteria. The report was distributed to the Bureau.
IUCN reported that Mount Ruapehu had erupted in 1995 and 1996 draining the volcano's crater lake and creating a build-up of ash that blocked the lake's outlet. IUCN noted that the best available scientific opinion is that, when the crater lake refills, probably within the next few years, and if nature is left to take its course, a rapid collapse of the ash dam could occur followed by a major lahar. The Park's managers are faced with the dilemma of either letting nature take its course and putting both human life and some natural values at risk or taking action to open up the outlet. The option currently being considered by the authorities is to excavate a trench through the ash at the crater outlet, an action that, on IUCN's preliminary assessment should not significantly affect the natural values for which the site is inscribed. However, IUCN indicated that any interference with the summit area has implications in terms of Tongariro's inclusion on the List as an associative cultural landscape because of the spiritual, traditional and cultural values to the Maori people, especially those who gifted the sacred volcanic peaks as a National Park in 1887. Consultation is proceeding with the two Maori tribes involved and with the Tongariro/Taupo Conservation Board on which Maori serve. One tribe has indicated its opposition to any interference with the summit whilst the other tribe has reserved its position. An Environmental Impact Assessment is awaited. ICOMOS commented on the report provided by IUCN by stating that the matter was of great concern.
The Bureau took note of the report and commended the State Party for its recognition of the cultural and natural World Heritage values of Tongariro National Park. The Bureau requested that the New Zealand authorities keep the Centre informed about the outcome of decisions concerning the management of the ash build-up at the crater outlet of Mount Ruapehu at Tongariro National Park so that the Centre in association with the Advisory Bodies can report back to the Committee and its Bureau.
V.39 Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru)
The Bureau recalled that the World Heritage Committee examined the state of conservation of Machu Picchu at earlier occasions and that it had made specific recommendations to the State Party on the basis of the recommendations of a joint ICOMOS/IUCN mission on the management, preservation and planning for the Sanctuary. These recommendations and the report of the IUCN/ICOMOS mission were transmitted to the Peruvian authorities for response.
The Secretariat stressed that Machu Picchu is a mixed World Heritage site that includes the well-known ruins of the Inca City, as well as an extremely high level of bio-diversity. It should be noted that a special programme for the preservation of the natural values of Machu Picchu is in implementation under a debt-swap agreement with Finland. The Secretariat informed the Bureau that:
Both IUCN and ICOMOS confirmed the above information and reiterated their concerns with reference to management and co-ordination issues and stressed that a master plan as well as environmental impact studies would have to be studied in detail when they become available.
- A report had been received from the National Institute for Culture, but that no substantive and complete response had been received in response to the recommendations of the IUCN/ICOMOS mission;
- No decisions had been taken by the Government of Peru with regards to the management structure for Machu Picchu;
- No master plan had been adopted but that it had been informed through a joint letter from INC and INRENA dated 16 June 1998 and a resolution of INRENA dated 19 June 1998 that an existing draft of a master plan would be revised and completed before the end of the year.
- The concession had been given for the undertaking of studies and design of the cable car system between the village of Aguas Calientes and the ruins of Machu Picchu and that the Peruvian authorities had assured that construction would not be undertaken if environmental impact studies would not confirm its feasibility within the context of a master plan for the Park.
The Bureau took note of the information provided by the Secretariat and the Advisory Bodies. It reiterated the concerns expressed by the World Heritage Committee at its twentieth and twenty-first sessions about the need for adequate management arrangements and a comprehensive master plan. It also reiterated the view of the Committee that no action should be undertaken on the implementation of the cable car system until an adequate master plan is in place.
The Bureau took note of the assurance from the Peruvian authorities that a master plan would be prepared and adopted before the end of the year and that the cable car system would be examined in the context of such a plan.
The Bureau requested the Peruvian authorities to submit by 15 September 1998 a report that should include:
On the basis of this report, the Bureau at its twenty-second extraordinary session will examine if the concerns about the state of conservation of the property persist and make the appropriate recommendations to the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-second session.
- a response to each of the recommendations made by the ICOMOS/IUCN mission,
- the progress made in establishing adequate management arrangements,
- the progress made in the preparation of the master plan for the sanctuary, including the consideration of the access to the ruins of Machu Picchu. The master plan should also address the issue of the proposed extension of the boundaries of the Sanctuary to incorporate adjacent habitat that is important to endangered species.
V.40 Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox (Colombia)The Bureau took note of the information on the fire that occurred in Mompox and the damage caused to six of its historic buildings. The Bureau noted that the Chairperson had approved emergency assistance for the restoration of the six damaged buildings, as well as technical co-operation for the purchase of fire-fighting equipment
and the training of a voluntary fire brigade. It urged the national and local authorities to take the necessary measures for fire-prevention and requested the Colombian authorities to keep the Committee informed on the measures taken in this respect as well as on the restoration works undertaken.
V.41 Islamic Cairo (Arab Republic of Egypt)
The Bureau took note of the information provided by the Secretariat and the interventions made by the Delegates of Morocco and Lebanon addressing the importance of awareness-building of those responsible for religious properties in the Arab region and their good conservation. The Moroccan Delegate proposed a new version of the recommendation concerning this property.
Consequently, the Bureau encouraged the national authorities to present a strategy and a conservation programme of Historic Cairo, to the next session of the Committee. With regard to the Al-Azhar Mosque, the Bureau considered that this sanctuary is a major monument of Arab-Islamic civilisation and insisted on the importance to ensuring the use of appropriate techniques for its preservation. The Bureau requested the authorities to present a detailed technical report on the work in progress at the Al-Azhar Mosque before 15 September 1998, for submission to the World Heritage Committee. Finally, the Bureau. requested the Secretariat to obtain the Egyptian authorities agreement to send a UNESCO mission to the various parties concerned to examine the most appropriate conservation measures for the Al-Azhar Mosque.
V.42 Churches of Lalibela (Ethiopia)
The Bureau thanked the civil and religious authorities of Ethiopia and the Delegation of the European Union for the support they have provided for the integrated preservation of the site of Lalibela. It noted the positive results of the mission organized by the World Heritage Centre which took place in February 1998, and requested that information on the implementation of the mission's recommendations be communicated to the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-second session in December 1998.
The Bureau expressed the wish that the co-operation between Ethiopia, UNESCO and the European Union be strengthened through a systematic monitoring of the projects envisaged at Lalibela.
V.43 Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims (France)In response to the report provided by the Secretariat on the construction of a media library at the square of the Reims Cathedral, the Observer of France pointed out that French legislation for the protection of monuments provides for a protective zone of five hundred meters around classified monuments. She clarified that this zone can be considered the buffer zone and that any modification or new construction in this zone has to be object of approval by the Architect des Bâtiments de France or by the Minister of Culture himself. In the case of the media library, the building permit had been blocked awaiting consideration of this matter.
The Bureau noted that an ICOMOS mission to Reims was to be undertaken during the Bureau session and that its results would not be available during its session.
The Bureau took note of the action undertaken by the Centre and ICOMOS and of the information provided by the French Observer. The Bureau thanked the French authorities for their efforts to find a solution in conformity with the Convention. The Bureau also requested the authorities concerned to undertake the elaboration of a management plan for the site and its protective zone. To this end, the Bureau requested the concerned authorities to present to the Centre a progress report on the work required by 15 September 1998 for submission to the Bureau at its twenty-second extraordinary session. It also requested ICOMOS to present the findings of its mission at that time.
V.44 Roman Monuments, Cathedral and Liebfrauen Church in Trier (Germany)The Bureau took note of the report provided by the German authorities and of the information provided by ICOMOS on the participation of its expert in a consultative meeting on the Roman amphitheatre that took place in February 1998. It was reported that the planned buildings north of the amphitheatre are now at an acceptable distance from the theatre and that their overall volume had been reduced considerably.
The Bureau expressed its satisfaction that the main requirements to protect the integrity and authenticity of the Roman amphitheatre had now been fulfilled by reaching a compromise solution between private interests on the one hand, and the interests of urbanists and archaeologists on the other. The Bureau stressed that the integration of the archaeological remains that were discovered during the recent excavations requires further attention and reiterated that an extension of the protected area to include the adjacent vineyards is highly desirable to avoid further deterioration of the site and its setting.
The Bureau requested the German authorities to submit a report with particular attention to the issues of the archaeological remains and the extension of the site by 15 April 1999 for examination by the Bureau at its twenty-third session.
V.45 Sun Temple of Konarak (India)
The Bureau requested the Secretariat to assist the State Party, if necessary, to ensure that the report on the structural stability study on the Sun Temple of Konarak is ready in time for examination by the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau.
V.46 Tchoga Zanbil (Iran)
In view of the information provided by ICCROM and the Secretariat, the Bureau requested the Government of Iran to keep the Secretariat informed on the progress of the Japanese Trust Fund project for the conservation and management of Tchoga Zanbil, especially in relation to the urgently required measurement of the moisture content of the ziggurat of Tchoga Zanbil. This information will enable a structural analysis to be made for its appropriate conservation. The Observer of Iran thanked the Japanese authorities, UNESCO and ICCROM for their efforts to identify the problems at the site and their contribution to its protection. He also expressed the willingness of his Government to co-operate.
V.47 Petra (Jordan)
After having taken note of information provided by the Secretariat, the Bureau warmly commended the Jordanian authorities effort to follow-up to the recommendation made by UNESCO in 1994. The Bureau also thanked UNESCO for the forthcoming transfer of a specialist to the UNESCO Office in Amman to provide technical co-operation on cultural heritage, mainly for Petra.
V.48 Quseir Amra (Jordan)
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau requested the Jordanian authorities to reconsider the
proposed location of the Visitors' Centre because of its excessive visibility and proximity to the monument. Furthermore, the Bureau also requested the authorities to study the possibility of diverting the present road.
V.49 Anjar (Lebanon)
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau requested the Secretariat to follow-up with the Lebanese authorities on the recommendations of the report, mainly the removal of any military presence from the vicinity of the site.
V.50 Baalbek (Lebanon)
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat and the Delegate of Lebanon, the Bureau commended the Lebanese authorities for the relocation of the construction of the planned technical school outside of the inscribed zone. Moreover, the Bureau noted that the ongoing works for the Centenary exhibition foreseen in November at the site are totally reversible. Furthermore, the restoration work of the Grand Mosque is controlled by the Directorate General of Antiquities. The Bureau also thanked the Lebanese authorities for having requested technical assistance from the World Heritage Fund for the scientific study of the state of the Bacchus temple and its preservation. The Bureau encouraged the authorities to continue the preparation of a management plan. Finally, the Bureau thanked the Resident Representative of the UNDP for his offer of co-operation to finance a project on the integration of World heritage in the regional development of the Bekaa, and requested the Centre to proceed with the formulation of a project.
V.51 Byblos (Lebanon))
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau warmly commended the Lebanese authorities for their co-operation and their decision to change the location of the new harbour. The Bureau also thanked the Technical University of Delft for its contribution and requested the authorities to begin the preparation of a management plan for the site in accordance with the recommendations of the specialist mission of the University, thus preventing other uncontrolled development taking place within the perimeter of the property, and improving its protection and enhancement.
V.52 Tyr (Lebanon))
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat and the information provided by the Delegate of Lebanon, the Bureau congratulated the Lebanese authorities for the official launch of the International Campaign of Tyre. The Bureau encouraged the Lebanese authorities to continue the Campaign in co-operation with UNESCO, and requested the Secretariat to promote it broadly. Finally, the Bureau urged the Lebanese authorities to immediately halt all works endangering the heritage of Tyre, to reinforce co-operation between the national institutions involved in the region of Tyr and to improve control mechanisms in order to prevent any additional destruction of the heritage of the region.
V.53 Historic Centre of Puebla (Mexico)
The Bureau noted that the international assistance to Puebla had been concluded and that the National Institute for Anthropology and History (INAH) in collaboration with the State Council for the Historical Centre of Puebla had prepared a conservation plan and urban and architectural ordinance for the Paseo del Rio San Francisco in Puebla. It requested the Mexican authorities to provide the Secretariat with the details of this plan for information.
The Bureau took note of the intervention of the Observer of Mexico who stated that the results of the expert meeting on Indicators for Measuring the state of conservation of Historical Cities (Colonia del Sacramento, March 1998) provided valuable elements for the identification of the different values of historical cities and would contribute to their understanding and proper planning in a case such as Puebla. He suggested that it would be opportune to further explore the practical application of the results of this meeting. He informed that the works in Puebla are now advancing satisfactorily.
V.54 Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan (Mexico)
The Bureau took note of the report submitted by the Mexican National Institute for Anthropology and History (INAH) on the actions taken for the management and conservation of Teotihuacan and thanked the Mexican authorities for the positive response given to the recommendations made by the 1997 UNESCO expert mission.
V.55 Kathmandu Valley (Nepal)
The Bureau expressed concern over the continued demolition of traditional buildings of architectural value and illegal new development within the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage site, despite the building control efforts made by His Majesty's Government of Nepal and the concerned local authorities. It requested that the Report of the Joint UNESCO/ICOMOS/Government of Nepal Mission be submitted to its members well in advance of the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau to enable a careful examination of the progress made in building control and the programme of corrective measures. On the basis of this examination, the Bureau will then formulate a conclusive recommendation to enable the Committee to decide whether or not to inscribe this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger. It will also consider actions it may wish to take in regard to the programme of corrective measures, as well as on the pending nomination submitted by the State Party to inscribe Kokhana as an additional Monument Zone of the site.
V.56 Chavin (Archeaological site) (Peru)
The Bureau took note of the information on the emergency situation at Chavin caused by the El Nino phenomenon and that the Chairperson had approved emergency assistance to take corrective measures at the site. It requested the Peruvian authorities to keep the Committee informed on the measures taken in this respect as well as on the impact of El Nino on the site. It also encouraged the authorities to plan for long-term preventive measures and the stabilization of the site in the context of a comprehensive management plan.
V.57 Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores (Portugal)The Secretariat informed the Bureau that it had not received a response from the State Party to its request to provide information on the new development proposal for a marina in the Bay of Angra. The Director of the Cultural Heritage Division of UNESCO pointed out that a mission to the site was recently carried out by an expert, the Co-ordinator of the UNEP Action Plan for the Mediterranean, at the invitation of the Mayor and Municipality of Angra do Heroismo, who are responsible for the approval of the project. The expert has transmitted a report to the Secretariat.
ICOMOS informed the Bureau that the marina project that was initiated in 1995, was now under construction, but that it had been brought to the attention of the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS only recently. ICOMOS expressed its serious concern
about the impact of the project on the World Heritage values of the Town as well as on the submarine heritage of the Bay, which is full of historic shipwrecks.
In addition to the construction of the marina, the reconstruction of the waterfront of the city is also taking place. ICOMOS expressed its concern that, as a result, many of the characteristic features of the waterfront are going to be destroyed.
The Bureau requested the Chairperson to send a letter to the Portuguese authorities expressing the serious concern of the Bureau about the new construction and requesting full information about the project by 15 September 1998. It also requested ICOMOS to undertake an assessment mission and to submit its findings to the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau.
V.58 Historic Centre of Porto (Portugal)
The Bureau was not able to examine the eventual impact of infrastructural works in the River Douro on the World Heritage values of Porto, due to the lack of response from the State Party to enquiries made by the Secretariat.
The Bureau requested the State Party to submit detailed information and an assessment of the impact of the works on the World Heritage site by 15 September 1998 for examination by the Bureau at its twenty-second extraordinary session.
The Bureau urged States Parties to respond in due time to Secretariat's requests for information which would greatly facilitate the work of the Secretariat and the Bureau.
At a later stage during the examination of the state of conservation reports, the Observer of Portugal informed the Bureau that the works at the marina in Angra do Heroismo had been interrupted until the 17th century shipwrecks have been recovered. The legislation adopted by the regional authorities specifically covered the protection of the historic site of Angra. On the Historic Centre of Porto, he informed the Bureau that there was indeed an infrastructural project but that no works were being undertaken yet and that, even so, these would not affect the values of the site. The Bureau took note of his intervention.
V.59 Burgos Cathedral (Spain)
The Bureau took note of the report presented by the Principal Director of the Culture Sector on the plans to enhance the site of the Fortress of Burgos. The Bureau expressed its satisfaction to the local authorities for the decision to re-study the project for the site of the Fortress, taking into account the authenticity of the cultural landscape and the adequate interpretation and presentation of the historical remains.
It recommended the authorities to undertake a complete and integral study (including aspects of landscaping, urbanism, architecture and archaeology) of the hill on which the Fortress is located, as it is one of the main elements of the cultural landscape of Burgos.
The Bureau requested the Spanish authorities to present a report on the plans for the hill and the Fortress by 15 September 1998 for examination by the Bureau at its twenty-second extraordinary session.
V.60 Alhambra, Generalife and Albaycin, Grenada (Spain)After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat and information provided by the Observer of Spain, the Bureau thanked the national, regional and local authorities for the efforts undertaken and the results achieved in the conclusion of the matter concerning the new construction of the Rey Chico. The Bureau also commended the UNESCO Centre of Andalucia for the success of the seminar in revitalising the Albayzin and thanked those who contributed towards its convening and successful outcome. It finally thanked the Mayor's Office, the Junta of Andalusia and the religious and economic authorities for the work undertaken in the framework of the rehabilitation of the quarter, its encouragement of tourism and development of its artisans. However, the Bureau reminded the authorities of the need to apply the Convention and the Guidelines with regard to the management plan and the unicity of the site. Consequently, the Bureau forthwith requested the Spanish national authorities to establish without delay the Spain-UNESCO Scientific Committee and to convene it as soon as possible so that the measures necessary for the appropriate management of the site be identified and programmed.
V.61 Historic Walled Town of Cuenca (Spain)
After having noted the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau commended the authorities of Cuenca as well as those of the Castilla-La Mancha for the positive attitude that they adopted in favour of the appropriate protection and management of the site. The Bureau requested that the authorities present to the Secretariat, as soon as it is ready, a special plan for Cuenca, and requested the Secretariat to provide technical assistance to the Town of Cuenca to this end. The Bureau then thanked ICOMOS-Spain for the positive role they played in this matter.
V.62 Sacred City of Kandy (Sri Lanka)
The Bureau took note of the reports from ICOMOS, the Secretariat and the Permanent Delegation of Sri Lanka. The Bureau expressed its deep concern over the terrorist bombing in the Sacred City of Kandy, and requested the Secretariat to appeal to the international community to assist the State Party to complete restoration work. Furthermore, in light of the increasing conflicts which threaten heritage sites around the world, the Bureau strongly encouraged the States Parties to the World Heritage Convention to keep abreast with new developments in the 1954 Hague Convention. The Bureau was informed that there is a diplomatic conference planned in 1999 to re-draft the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, which would protect cultural heritage at a non-international level. Finally, the Bureau requested the State Party to submit a report concerning the progress made in the restoration work undertaken, by 15 September 1998.
V.63 Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications (Sri Lanka)
Golden Temple of Dambulla (Sri Lanka)
ICOMOS will undertake a mission to these two sites, as well as to Kandy, in autumn of 1998, and will present a report at the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau.
V.64 Old City of Berne (Switzerland)
The Bureau took note of the final report on fire protection measures for the Old City of Berne and thanked the State Party for its effort in improving the fire protection measures at this World Heritage site.
V.65 Ancient City of Damascus (Syrian Arab Republic)
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau thanked the Syrian authorities for their efforts in addressing the issue of Tekiya Suleymaniah. It also requested the Syrian authorities to continue informing the Secretariat of the progress of the consolidation work. It finally requested the
Centre to continue this co-operation as requested by the authorities.
V.66 Palmyra (Syrian Arab Republic)
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau recommended that the Secretariat provide support to the Syrian authorities to elaborate the necessary management and development plans and to ensure capacity-building training courses.
V.67 Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey)
The Secretariat informed the Bureau on the European Union-funded project on the Feasibility Study for the Rehabilitation of the Areas of Balat and Fener of Fatih District, Istanbul executed by the World Heritage Centre. This study initially included the area of Zeyrek, renowned for the wooden buildings of the Ottoman period, which is part of Fatih District and one of the three districts of the historic centre of Istanbul that is protected under national law as a conservation area. The three districts contain monuments, sites or buffer zones of the World Heritage site.
It was reported that Zeyrek was excluded as a direct beneficiary of the EU-funded project focused on housing improvement of the poor inhabitants because the population had already abandoned it due to the dangerous conditions of the buildings in Zeyrek. The alarming state of conservation of the historic timber buildings of Zeyrek which are included in the inventory of monuments and sites under World Heritage protection, led to a reactive monitoring mission by ICOMOS in November 1997.
The EU-commissioned study completed in April 1998, enabled a general evaluation on the application of national cultural heritage protection laws in Fatih District. Initial conclusions indicated that part of the cause of the degradation of the historic buildings was due to the poverty of the inhabitants of these buildings compounded by the strict regulations which have led to the "freezing" of development and hence the degradation of the built environment and the eventual exodus of the inhabitants.
The Secretariat also reported that the European Parliament had already approved a budgetary appropriation of 3 million ECU for the national execution of this project. UNESCO expressed its wish to continue being involved in the operational phase of the project as a member of the scientific advisory group of the project so that the impact of this social development project in a World Heritage buffer zone could be monitored and reported to the Committee as required.
The Bureau was informed that this EU-funded project has already resulted in the establishment of a community advisory service by the Municipality of Fatih to enable dialogue between the inhabitants and the authorities on the improvement of housing and the urban environment. The Secretariat stressed the importance of this project which foresees, for the very first time, the investment of social housing funds of the Turkish Ministry of Housing into the rehabilitation of historic buildings, which has been to date, used only for the construction of new low-cost housing buildings. This could set a precedent that may lead to public and international development funds being made available to the rehabilitation of vernacular houses in other areas of Historic Istanbul and other historic cities in Turkey.
The Delegate of Lebanon questioned why the World Heritage Centre was implementing this EU-funded feasibility study, which was not specifically approved by the Committee and adds to the workload of the Centre. The Director of the Centre responded that it was within the function of the Centre as part of the UNESCO Secretariat and carried out under instructions from the Director-General who attaches the greatest importance to this "up-stream" study. The Secretariat added that this study was the first entrusted to UNESCO for implementation that tangibly demonstrates the European Commission's response to UNESCO's promotion of the cultural dimension of development and to the "Humanize the City" appeal launched by the Director-General at the Habitat II City Summit Conference in 1996.
The Observer of Greece stated that the Committee should not be involved in buffer zone areas and should be concerned only with the core World Heritage site. The Secretariat stated that in Istanbul, as in many historic cities inscribed on the World Heritage List in the 1980s, the inventory of monuments and the exact delimitation of the World Heritage protected areas are unclear, but that in any case, the entire district of Fatih is protected under national law and constitutes a buffer zone. The Secretariat further noted that this feasibility study is an example of the mobilising role of UNESCO for international co-operation activities that bridge social development and heritage preservation in accordance with Article 5 of the Convention.
The Delegate of Benin raised his concern over the World Heritage emblem being used by the Centre in letterheads and in reports of projects since this may give the impression of the Committee's involvement or commitment. He also expressed concern about the European Commission or other entities making agreements that concern World Heritage. The Secretariat responded that this EC-UNESCO project was like other extrabudgetary projects being executed by UNESCO that are financed from the Japan Funds-in-Trust, the Italian Funds-in-Trust or UNDP among other donor sources, or activities under the International Safeguarding Campaigns that are for World Heritage sites but not financed through the World Heritage Fund.
The Observer of Thailand recalled the creation of the World Heritage Centre within UNESCO and underlined that all agreements concerning World Heritage sites should be approved by the Committee or its Chairperson. If the Director-General of UNESCO assigns functions to the Centre which are outside its scope of work, this would add to its workload and it would be preferable if this type of project would be assigned to the Division of Physical Heritage.
The Chairperson recalled that a decision was made in Merida at the twentieth session of the Committee that the Centre is not to sign any contracts or agreements that commit the World Heritage Committee and that such contracts are to be signed by the Committee Chairperson. The Secretariat stated that this project agreement with the European Commission does not commit the Committee in any way (N.B. the EC-UNESCO project agreement was signed by the Director of the Bureau for External Funding Relations (BER), on behalf of the Director-General). The purpose of the state of conservation report was to inform the Bureau of the alarming state of conservation of Zeyrek which is part of the World Heritage site and to provide information on innovative international aid activities that support World Heritage preservation. The Chairperson stated that he would look into the agreement(s) and/or contract(s) related to this project and would report back to the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau, if necessary.
The Bureau took note of the report of the Secretariat on the study carried out jointly by UNESCO, the Fatih Municipality and the Institut Francais d'Etudes Anatoliennes under contract from the European Commission and supported the integrated community development approach in heritage preservation. The Bureau requested the Secretariat and the State Party to inform the Committee at its twenty-second session on the progress of the European Union project. The Bureau, furthermore, expressed its concern over the state of conservation of the historic buildings in
Zeyrek and requested the State Party to report on its conservation efforts.
V.68 Itchan Kala (Uzbekistan)
Historic Centre of Bukhara(Uzbekistan)
The Bureau took note of the report presented by ICOMOS and commended the State Party on the importance it has attached to restoration and rehabilitation projects at these two sites. The Bureau, however, expressed concern over the development projects within the two sites, and urged the State Party to give special attention to the upgrading of street surfacing and furniture in the vicinity of the major monuments, to the control over non-listed buildings in the historic centres, and in the case of Bukhara, to the clearance of blocked cisterns and channels so as to lower the water table.
V.69 Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings (Ukraine)The Bureau requested the State Party to reconsider its hotel-building policy and specific hotel projects in respect of their historical context. It requested the authorities to submit a report on this matter by 15 September 1998 for consideration by the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau.
V.70 Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (United Kingdom)
The Bureau expressed its satisfaction with the management and presentation proposals for the Stonehenge World Heritage site. It stressed, however, the need for the closure of the road passing close to the monument, foreseen when the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1986 and for the completion of a management plan with the minimum delay.
V.71 Historic Town of Zabid (Yemen)
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau invited the Yemeni authorities to prepare an overall management plan in collaboration with the Secretariat. The Bureau also requested the Secretariat to study the impact of the new sewerage project on the architecture and conservation of buildings of the city.
V.72 Old Walled City of Shibam (Yemen)
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau invited the Yemeni authorities to prepare an overall management plan in collaboration with the Centre. The Bureau also requested the Centre to study the possibility of initiating a large-scale rehabilitation programme in co-operation with potential regional and international partners.
VI. REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE CONSULTATIVE BODY OF THE COMMITTEEVI.1 The Chairperson recalled that at its twentieth session in December 1996, the Committee requested a Financial Audit of the World Heritage Fund for the year ending 31 December 1996 and a Management Review of the World Heritage Convention. Furthermore, the Committee established a Consultative Body "to take action on the proposal adopted by the Committee, to undertake a review of the way in which the World Heritage Centre has assisted the Committee in implementing the World Heritage Convention". He recalled that at its twenty-first session in December 1997, the Committee had requested that the Consultative Body examine four issues and present a report to the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee and its Bureau:
VI.2 The Consultative Body had asked Professor Francioni (Italy) to chair the Consultative Body in 1998. Members of the Consultative Body are Australia, Benin, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Malta, Mexico, United States of America and Zimbabwe. The Chairperson referred to the work of the Consultative Body as having addressed complex issues in a cost-effective way. A meeting of the Consultative Body was held at UNESCO Headquarters on 29 and 30 April 1998. At the invitation of the Chairperson, representatives of Germany and Greece also attended, as did observers from Ecuador and Hungary and the Director of the World Heritage Centre.
- Technical issues
- Communications and Promotion
- Management Review and Financial Audit
- Use of the World Heritage Emblem and Fund-Raising Guidelines.
VI.3 The Report of the Rapporteur of the meeting of the Consultative Body was adopted by the Consultative Body at its meeting on 24 June 1998 and was made available as Working Document WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr. Working Document WHC-98/CONF.201/4, an executive summary of the work of the Consultative Body prepared by the Centre at the request of the Chairperson, was withdrawn. Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.11 included copies of all of the discussion papers that had been prepared by the members of the Consultative Body prior to their meeting in April. Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.9 provided the Report of the Amsterdam Meeting (Report of the World Heritage Global Strategy Natural and Cultural Heritage Expert Meeting, 25 to 29 March 1998, Theatre Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands).
VI.4 The Chairperson requested that the Bureau examine issues 1 to 4 above and asked those delegates who had prepared the preliminary discussion papers on each of the issues to summarise the main recommendations of the Consultative Body to the Bureau.
1. Technical Issues
VI.5 The Observer of Australia began by congratulating the Chairperson for having constantly encouraged the Consultative Body in its work. She referred to the discussion paper (section A of Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.11) she had prepared on a number of technical issues that had been identified during the twenty-first session of the Committee. The Observer of Australia acknowledged the contributions made by Malta, Zimbabwe, ICOMOS and Greece (section B of Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.11).
VI.6 The Observer of Australia summarised the technical issues under discussion as: (a) the application of cultural criteria (i) and (vi), (b) the test of authenticity, (c) the imbalance of the World Heritage List, and (d) the implementation of the Global Strategy.
VI.7 Concerning the application of cultural heritage criterion (i), the Observer of Australia referred to the assessment by Mr Demicoli (Malta), that the application of the criterion needed to be more stringent in order to remove the emphasis on the monumental heritage. She then referred to the Amsterdam meeting as having concluded that a more holistic view of the World Heritage is required and that one set of criteria should be considered. The Bureau adopted the recommendation of the Consultative Body concerning the application of cultural criteria (i) and (vi) which appears as paragraph 15 of WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr:
VI.8 In addition, the Bureau adopted the following recommendations:
- With reference to a more stringent interpretation of cultural criterion (i), the Amsterdam Expert Meeting has set up a working group, chaired by Madam Bercé (France) to finalise the wording for a new set of criteria, to operationalize them, and to bring forward recommendations regarding this to the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee. It is suggested that Mr Demicoli's proposals on wording be referred to this group.
In light of the endorsement of the recommendations of the Amsterdam meeting of experts (see Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.9) by the Consultative Body, the Bureau recommends to the Committee that it endorse the outcomes of the Amsterdam meeting of experts.VI.9 The Observer of Australia then proceeded to outline the discussions of the Consultative Body on the Test of Authenticity. The Consultative Body had concluded that there should perhaps be a more stringent application of the Test of Authenticity to places where the fabric is the most important. This would rely upon the full examination by the Committee and ICOMOS. Further examination of what Authenticity means for living cultures was also considered to be required. She also referred to places, such as those referred to in the Nara Document on Authenticity, where part of the actual significance of the place derives from the process of continual rebuilding.
The Bureau asks the World Heritage Centre, in co-operation with the advisory bodies, to co-ordinate the preparation of draft revisions to the sections of the Operational Guidelines relating to the criteria, test of authenticity and conditions of integrity for submission to, and the final decision of, the twenty-second session of the Committee.
VI.10 The Observer of Greece suggested that further discussion on authenticity and up-to-date evaluation of the Venice Charter were required and offered to host a discussion on this topic in Greece. The Chairperson welcomed the Greek proposal and asked for the submission of a detailed plan. The Observer of Mexico also called for a further analysis of the concept of authenticity as it applies in different regions. ICOMOS stressed that it had made the decision in 1981 not to revise the Venice Charter and that the Nara Document on Authenticity represents a contribution to the updating of the interpretation of authenticity.
VI.11 The Delegate of Japan expressed her support for the Venice Charter. She noted that the Nara Document was designed to implement the Venice Charter to reflect the many expressions of culture and of heritage in the world. She urged ICOMOS to hold further meetings and to continue its work on the subject. In conclusion she emphasised that authenticity is a very important qualifying factor to judge the values of sites. ICCROM added support to these statements, and those of ICOMOS. He also referred to integrity as an important tool in the management of sites. It should be assessed at the time of inscription and then used as the fundamental basis by which to assess the integrity of a site over time.
VI.12 The recommendation of the Consultative Body concerning the Test of Authenticity which appears as paragraph 21 of WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr. was adopted by the Bureau.
21.The Consultative Body concluded by asking that the text on criteria, including integrity and authenticity, prepared as a result of the Amsterdam expert meeting be referred to the Bureau. The Delegate of Australia noted that the final contribution should refer to the papers submitted by Malta, Zimbabwe and Greece.VI.13 The Observer of Australia reported that the Consultative Body had discussed the balance of the World Heritage List and the implementation of the Global Strategy in detail. The main issue of discussion had been how to move faster in the implementation of the Global Strategy whilst maintaining the rights of States Parties. The Consultative Body had been encouraged by news of the results of the Global Strategy now emerging from Africa and the Pacific. The recommendations of the Consultative Body concerning the balance of the List and the Global Strategy which appear as paragraph 35 of WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr. were adopted by the Bureau.
35. Noting that it had, in general, endorsed the outcomes of the Amsterdam meeting of experts, the Consultative Body referred them to the Bureau.
The Consultative Body recommended that:in particular, in line with the discussions at the meeting of experts, that further work be undertaken on breaking down the cultural themes outlined at the 1994 Global Strategy Experts Meeting into sub-themes that would assist identification of those types places that are over- or under-represented on the World Heritage List. This work should recognise the inseparability of natural and cultural heritage when considering ways of improving the balance and representativeness of the World Heritage List, the sovereign rights of the States Parties be fully respected and reference is made to Paragraph 6 (vii) of the Operational Guidelines the World Heritage Centre prepare a prioritised action plan to ensure an acceleration in the implementation of the Global Strategy. The action plan should include reference to (i) methods for communicating the objectives and regional and thematic approach of the Global Strategy to all States Parties, (ii) objectives to be set in relation to regions and sub-themes currently underrepresented in the World Heritage List, and (iii) ways of channelling and increasing resources available to States Parties to ensure the sustainable conservation of World Heritage properties in the long term. The preparation of an action plan, which should be submitted to the 22nd session of the World Heritage Committee, is in line with Paragraph 43 of the report of the 1997 Management Review.VI.14 In summary, VI.15 IUCN supported this approach for the advisory bodies to work with the World Heritage Centre in preparing the prioritised action plan for the Global Strategy. IUCN welcomed the recognition by the Consultative Body of the inseparability of natural and cultural heritage and noted the increased co-operation between IUCN and ICOMOS as being a positive move towards The Bureau asks the World Heritage Centre to prepare, in close co-operation with the Advisory Bodies, a prioritised action plan for the future implementation of the Global Strategy for a representative and balanced World Heritage List, to be submitted for the approval of the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee.
recognition of the nature-culture continuum that is at the heart of the World Heritage Convention.
VI.16 The Observer of the United Kingdom stated that the technical issues under discussion were crucial to the future of the Convention and congratulated the Consultative Body for their extremely good work. He also mentioned that it might be useful in the future if States Parties who are fully represented on the World Heritage List voluntarily slow down the pace of their nominations and provide assistance to those States Parties whose heritage is currently not well represented.
2. Communications and Promotion
VI.17 The Chairperson invited the Delegate of Canada to present the discussion paper on Communications and Promotion (item C of Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.11).
VI.18 The Delegate of Canada thanked the Mexican Delegation for their co-operation in preparing the discussion paper. She outlined the objectives of the paper as:
- to focus on communication and promotion activities as they relate to the objectives of the Convention,
- to examine the potential of a cost-recovery policy for World Heritage information products and, in view of that,
- to consider the future allocation of funds for promotion activities and conservation work.
VI.19 The Delegate of Canada recalled that these points had been examined by the Auditor General, and recommended that the Committee guide the Centre:
VI.20 She stated that these issues were intimately linked with matters related to corporate funding but in so far as they are related to the use of the emblem and fund-raising, they need to be addressed in conjunction with the paper presented by the United States and Japan. The Delegate of Canada pointed out that the Convention does not foresee any promotional activity other than the publication of the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, the latter for the specific purpose of raising funds to support efforts for their conservation. It was also recalled that the discussion paper did not consider information management at the World Heritage Centre which was considered under the Management and Financial Review. The Delegate of Canada then reiterated the three recommendations proposed and adopted by the Consultative Body. They were subsequently adopted by the Bureau.
- to develop adequate policies for quality control of information and publication products to protect the interests of States Parties,
- to ensure that its presentation and information activities are in harmony with activities undertaken by States Parties,
- to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and impacts of its information and education activities.
- Recommendation I
The World Heritage Committee should adopt a set of principles and guidelines for the future governance of the communications and promotion activities. While any individual, organization or enterprise is free to publish or produce products associated with World Heritage, any authorization to do so in formal association with UNESCO and use of the emblem is the prerogative of the World Heritage Committee and UNESCO and will therefore adhere to the following principles and guidelines. These would apply to States Parties, the World Heritage Centre, the UNESCO Publishing Office and the UNESCO Office of Public Information.
- States Parties retain full control over the content of texts and images related to World Heritage Sites situated on their territories
- Quality of content takes precedence over the quantity of products
- Communications and promotion products respect the values and objectives of the Convention
- Priority is given to products of educational, cultural, scientific or artistic value
- Authorized products do not exploit or endanger World Heritage sites
- Revenues flowing from communications and promotion activities benefit World Heritage Sites or the World Heritage Fund in agreement with the relevant States Parties
- Standard texts and images are updated regularly by States Parties and then disseminated by the World Heritage Centre on demand without further approval from States Parties
- Texts and images for World Heritage communications and promotional products are reviewed and approved in writing by States Parties, with respect to World Heritage Sites situated on their territories, before authorization is granted to use the emblem
- The choice of external partners to sponsor communications and promotional products follows annex 5 of the UNESCO Internal Guidelines and requires the States Parties' approval; doubtful cases are referred to the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee
The World Heritage Committee should review and approve a strategic plan for communications and promotion activity, including target markets, anticipated reach, cost implications (including potential for cost recovery) and performance measures. Performance against this plan should be reviewed annually and adjustments made as required. The Committee should evaluate periodically the cost-effectiveness and impacts of its information and education activities.
VI.21 With regard to Recommendation II, the Delegate of Canada recalled that the World Heritage Centre, had proposed a strategic plan during the 20th Session of the Committee held in Merida, Mexico and stated the need for the Committee to examine and adopt a strategy to guide the Secretariat. She noted that Recommendation III, regarding the business case for the A Business Case for the quarterly World Heritage Review should be tabled for the consideration of the World Heritage Committee, since it has never received formal approval. The Business Case should include information on circulation, readership, quality, sustainability, cost (financial and staff time), policy on corporate sponsorship and options.
World Heritage Review, was particularly important since the Committee had never formally approved the launch of this publication. She stressed that what was requested was a business case as opposed to a business plan, as the latter connotes a tacit approval by the Committee of the Review's continuation.
VI.22 The Director of the World Heritage Centre reminded the Bureau that the World Heritage emblem was not protected in most countries and encouraged the States Parties to take the necessary measures to protect the use of the emblem in their country and the income flowing from its use. The Director also recalled that the Committee had discussed in previous sessions, the use of the UNESCO emblem in association with the World Heritage emblem as a means of protection since the use of the former is already protected. He however noted that tighter regulations for the use of the World Heritage emblem might lead to it no longer being used, with preference being given to the use of the UNESCO emblem alone. The Chairperson stated that that there was no legal obligation for the two emblems to be used together.
VI.23 The Observer of Australia stated that despite the practical difficulties inherent in the adoption of a policy requiring the clearance of texts and images by the States Parties concerned, this was necessary to avoid problems arising in the use of photos that ignore, for example, the sensitivities of indigenous peoples. The Delegate of Germany supported the need for quality control by citing the example of the Spanish-language publication with the World Heritage emblem that contains errors and is sold at the UNESCO bookshop. The Delegate of Lebanon recalled paragraph 36 of the Consultative Body Report (WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr.) concerning cost-recovery and proposed that the Bureau focus on the quality of the products issued using the World Heritage emblem.
VI.24 The Delegate of Japan referred to the Italian Touring Club project which led the Centre to seek co-operation from the Japanese authorities to clear a text in Italian. Stating that this was not possible due to the language barrier, he pointed out that this case illustrates the need to entrust the responsibility of quality control to the Secretariat and called for flexibility. He also emphasised the popularity of World Heritage publications and other products in Japan noting that these were produced in Japanese and it would be difficult to expect the partners to have the texts translated into English or French for clearance by the States Parties concerned. The Chairperson responded by asking all States Parties to co-operate and endeavour to work together to find solutions and not to accept the dissemination of erroneous information about World Heritage sites.
VI.25 The Delegate of Benin asked for clarification regarding the term "rentabilité" used in Recommendation II in the French version, questioning how impact from education and information activities can be measured in financial terms. The Chairperson commented that this was due to a translation problem and it was decided that the word would be replaced by "analyse côut efficacité" in French.
VI.26 The Chairperson asked the Bureau for approval of the following decisions submitted in writing by the United States of America and suggested that Japan add a proposal regarding the notion of flexibility if they so wished. The decisions below were approved by the Bureau.
3. Management Review and Financial Audit
- The Bureau endorses the principles and guidelines as enumerated in paragraph 52 of the Consultative Body Report (WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr.) and recommends their adoption by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-second session.
- The Bureau instructs the Centre to prepare a strategic plan as referred to in the Consultative Body Report (paragraph 52 of WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr.) for the future work on World Heritage communications and promotion activities for adoption by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-second session. The plan should contain provisions for periodic review. The Bureau recommends that the Committee periodically evaluate the cost-effectiveness and impacts of its information and education activities.
- The Bureau asks the Centre to prepare a business case as stated in the Consultative Body Report (paragraph 52 of WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr.) for the World Heritage Review for submission to the twenty-second session of the World Heritage Committee.
VI.27 The Chairperson recalled that the Consultative Body had examined the recommendations of the Management Review and Financial Audit with reference to a discussion paper prepared by France and Italy (Section D of Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.11). In presenting the conclusions of the Consultative Body, the Delegates of France and Italy drew the Bureau's particular attention to the recommendations concerning the Management Review in Paragraphs 78 to 90, and the Financial Audit in Paragraph 110 of the Report of the Rapporteur of the Consultative Body (Working Document WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr.). The Delegate of the United States of America requested that paragraph 112 of the Report of the Rapporteur (WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr.) entitled "Background" be removed, since it is a quotation from a background report and not a record of the discussion of the Consultative Body. Her request was not agreed to.
VI.28 During the discussion on this subject, the Chairperson emphasised the need to clarify and reduce the ambiguity concerning the different roles and the institutional context of the Committee, the World Heritage Centre and of the different Sectors of UNESCO. The Director of the Centre responded by informing the Bureau that the Director-General of UNESCO was committed to ensuring that the Secretariat to the World Heritage Committee be both efficient and effective.
VI.29 On the subject of staffing of the Centre, and with specific reference to Paragraph 90 of the Report of the Rapporteur of the Consultative Body (Working Document WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr), the Observer of the United Kingdom asked that States Parties to the Convention be alerted to vacancies in the Centre so that they could help the Centre in a constructive fashion, for example, by seconding suitably qualified staff. The Director of the Centre replied by informing the Bureau that all vacant posts in the Centre had been filled and all have post descriptions. He reassured the Bureau that all vacancies in the Centre were announced according to the procedures established by UNESCO's Bureau of Personnel.
VI.30 The Bureau adopted the following recommendations:
1. The Bureau, Having taken note of paragraphs 79 to 89 of the "Report on the work of the Consultative Body of the Committee", adopted the following decision:
That a detailed document be prepared by the Director-General of UNESCO and made available to the Committee members before the end of October 1998. The report should specify:
- the tasks and functions of the World Heritage Centre as Secretariat to the Convention;
- the modalities for intervention and co-operation with other specialised sectors of UNESCO in the field of World Heritage;
- the modalities for co-ordination of the other sectors with the World Heritage Centre.
The document will be submitted to the twenty-second session of the Committee, which will then formulate its recommendation to the General Assembly of the States Parties.2. The Bureau, Taking into account paragraph 90 of the Report of the Consultative Body, has recommended that:
UNESCO and the World Heritage Centre:
- ensure that all the permanent posts of the Centre are clearly identified with a corresponding job description and qualifications required for employment, following a rigorous application of the Classification Standard. This document must be approved and made public.
- fill all the permanent posts.
3. The Bureau, Taking into account paragraphs 91 to 109 of the Report of the Consultative Body, has adopted the following:
Shares the view that ambiguities exist in the way in which decisions are adopted and applied on the use of the funds related to the programmes and projects relevant to the 1972 Convention;
Reaffirms that this concern should form the subject of an urgent and scrupulous examination;
Recommends to the Director-General to clearly specify (in the report requested in Recommendation 1 above):
VI.31 Following the adoption of these recommendations, the Observer of Australia referred back to the opening session of the Bureau, at which time the Deputy Director-General of UNESCO had mentioned that the Director of the Centre might be retiring. She commented that, in general, the work of the Centre was excellent and, in the spirit of the Convention, brought together the protection of natural and cultural heritage. She expressed her hope that any review of the future of the Centre should not lead to a dilution or an absorption of the Centre by any other Sector of UNESCO as this would diminish the servicing of the Committee and the important linkages between the protection of natural and cultural values. She commented that it was important for States Parties to know about the replacement of the present excellent Director. These comments were endorsed by the Delegate of Lebanon.
- the way in which decisions are adopted and applied on the use of the funds related to the implementation of the World Heritage Convention;
- the tasks and functions of the World Heritage Centre with respect to the use of funds as Secretariat to the Convention.
VI.32 The Chairperson stated that he would, if requested, take up this question with the Director-General of UNESCO. He agreed that this was a delicate time and that it was important to stress the unicity of World Heritage.
VI.33 The Director of the Centre responded to the remarks of the Observer of Australia by attributing the success of the World Heritage Centre to his colleagues, who he then thanked for all their work. He assured the Bureau that the Director-General had prolonged his contract until next year and that he continued to be available to serve the Committee.
VI.34 The Delegate of the United States of America remarked that whilst the Culture Sector of UNESCO does a superb job of providing the Secretariat to UNESCO's Conventions for the protection of cultural heritage, the United States of America sees that the World Heritage Convention is qualitatively different as it is affirmative rather than prescriptive. Furthermore it addresses the rapidly emerging unity of the cultural and natural heritage. He expressed the view that the World Heritage Convention is one of the finest international conventions and that it has significantly contributed to the continued existence of the natural environment in a healthy state. He referred to the Centre as being innovative and successful as a central point in the implementation of the Convention.
VI.35 The Representative of IUCN commented on personnel changes in IUCN's support to the Convention, and said that as from August 1998, Dr Jim Thorsell was taking voluntary severance from his full-time professional role in the IUCN Secretariat but that his expert contribution to World Heritage would continue on a part-time contractual basis. IUCN's World Heritage input will be co-ordinated through David Sheppard as the Head of its Programme on Protected Areas.
4. Use of the World Heritage Emblem and Fund-Raising Guidelines
VI.36 The Chairperson invited the Delegations of Japan and the United States of America to present the discussion paper on the use of the World Heritage Emblem and Fund-raising (items E and F of the Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.11).
VI.37 The Delegate of Japan presented an overview of the paper on the use of the emblem outlining its three major points:
VI.38 The Delegate of Japan then gave a presentation of the fund-raising guidelines outlining the three major chapters as follows:
- Guidelines for the use of the Emblem
- Guiding principles for authorisation of the use of the Emblem
- Authorisation procedure for the use of the Emblem
From the financial perspective, the Centre's use of alternative mechanisms, such as regionalization through the possible creation of local or regional "satellite"
- Proposed procedures for authorisation - defining the current framework of the Convention in which fund-raising was not foreseen, recommending that the UNESCO internal Fund-raising Guidelines be adapted to World Heritage needs.
- Procedures for External Funding and Fund-raising under the "Guidelines" - recommending to use articles 4 and 5 of the UNESCO internal document to select potential partners and recommending that a request form, to be filled in by the potential partner, be devised as well as an explanatory booklet destined for potential partners to give them information on the procedure and other formalities.
- Issues suggested to the Consultative Body: a suggestion was made during the meeting of the Consultative Body to delete the a portion of paragraph (8) of the issues suggested to the Consultative Body as follows:
heritage site offices, delegation of implementation projects to UNESCO field offices, and contracting out, as well as more straightforward private and public partnerships, are sources of external funding support that need to be evaluated, aside from the issues of policy and their cost-effectiveness. VI.39 The Delegate of Japan concluded by requesting the Bureau to support the discussion paper and authorise the Guidelines to be amended before the twenty-second extra-ordinary session of the Bureau in Kyoto as stated in paragraph 138 of the Consultative Body Report of the Rapporteur (WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr.).Annex
VI.40 The Delegate of the United States of America noted that it was not necessary to add anything to the Japanese presentation. The Delegate also invited the members of the Bureau to forward proposals for amendments to the Guidelines on the use of the emblem and fund-raising before they are finalised for the next Bureau meeting. The Observer of the United Kingdom asked whether the Guidelines would inform States Parties about the procedures to protect the World Heritage Emblem in their own countries.
VI.41 The Chairperson proposed that a second recommendation be drafted asking the United States of America and Canada, who have already taken measures to protect the Emblem, to supply a legislative text as an Information Document for the Bureau at its twenty-second extraordinary session. The Bureau adopted the following recommendation:
VI.42 Finally, the recommendation of the Consultative Body concerning the use of the emblem and fund raising which appears as paragraph 138 of WHC-98/CONF.201/4Corr. was adopted by the Bureau. The Bureau asked the United States of America and Canada, who have already taken measures to protect the Emblem, to supply a legislative text as an information document for the Bureau at its twenty-second extra-ordinary session. 138 Whilst the guidelines concerning the use of the emblem, quality control and Fund Raising were endorsed in-principle, the Delegates of Japan and the United States of America proposed to amend them, in co-operation with the Centre, to reflect the decisions reached in the discussions. The amended guidelines will be prepared for the twenty-second extraordinary session of the World Heritage Bureau prior to submission to the Committee.
- INFORMATION ON TENTATIVE LISTS AND EXAMINATION OF CULTURAL AND NATURAL PROPERTIES TO THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST AND ON THE LIST OF WORLD HERITAGE IN DANGER
VII.1 The Secretariat informed the Bureau that one natural property was withdrawn by the States Party: The Palace Cave (No.878) from Uruguay.
VII.2 The Bureau examined four new natural nominations and one mixed property received for review by IUCN. IUCN informed the Bureau that for climatic reasons access to three nominated sites in the Russian Federation (Bashkirian Ural (No. 879), Vodlozero National Park (No. 767), Golden Mountains of Altai (No. 768 Rev.)) was not possible prior to the Bureau session. The Bureau noted that these properties would be presented to the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau in November 1998.
VII.3 Upon completion of the agenda item on nominations, the Delegate of Italy expressed her concern with regard to the evaluation document presented by IUCN (The full statement is attached as Annex IX). She stated that out of the eight nominations submitted to IUCN, only three evaluations were transmitted to the Bureau members prior to the meeting. The Delegates of Morocco and the United States supported the statement. In response, the Representative of IUCN indicated that nine dossiers had been transmitted to IUCN, of which six had been concluded at the time of the Bureau meeting and that for three sites climatic conditions have led to a delay in the field missions. The Chairperson concluded that ways and means should be sought to complete the evaluation document for timely transmission to the Bureau members.
A. Property which the Bureau recommended for inscription on the World Heritage List
Property New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands Id. N° 877 State Party New Zealand Criteria N (ii)(iv)
The site consists of five island groups (the Snares, Bounty Islands, Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, and Campbell Island) in the Southern Ocean south-east of New Zealand. The islands, lying between the Antarctic and Sub-tropical Convergences, and the seas have a high level of productivity, bio-diversity, wildlife population densities, and endemism among birds, plants and invertebrates. The bird and plant life, especially endemic albatrosses, cormorants, land birds and "megaherbs" are unique to these islands and are clearly of outstanding universal value under criterion (iv). Under criterion (ii) the islands display a pattern of immigration of species, diversifications and emergent endemism. Several evolutionary processes such as the development of loss of flight in both birds and invertebrates offer particularly good opportunities for research into the dynamics of island ecology. Human impacts are confined to the effects of introduced species at Auckland and Campbell islands but their ongoing eradication is leading to a recovery of native vegetation allowing evolutionary processes to continue.
The Bureau recommended that the Committee inscribe the New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands nomination under criteria (ii) and (iv). The Bureau commended the State Party for submitting a model nomination but at the same time expressed its concern over the integrity of the marine area and the conservation of the
marine resources. The Bureau noted the need for co-operation with the Secretariat of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) in elaborating strategies for strengthening the protection of the marine environment (especially regarding fishery by-catch). It recalled that the Committee at its twenty-first session had encouraged the Australian authorities to consider for the future a re-nomination of Macquarie Island with the Sub-Antarctic Islands of New Zealand as one single Sub-Antarctic site. It invited both States Parties to continue to liaise on this possibility.
B. Properties for which the nomination was referred back to the State Party
Property The Ravines of the Slovak Paradis and
Dobsinska Ice Cave
Id. N° 858 State Party Slovak Republic Criteria
The Bureau noted that the Ravines of the Slovak Paradis and the Dobsinska Ice Cave are part of an extensive karst plateau with numerous deep ravines, waterfalls, surface karst phenomena and caves containing speleothems and ice. The natural values of the Ravines of the Slovak Paradis and the Dobsinska Ice Cave are considered to be of national and regional significance. The current nomination thus does not meet World Heritage criteria.
The Bureau decided to refer the nomination back to the State Party and asked the Slovak authorities to consider incorporating the Dobsinska Ice Cave portion into the nearby site of the Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst, already recognised as a World Heritage site, shared by the Slovak Republic and Hungary.
The Observer of the Slovak Republic agreed that criterion (iv) is not met, and stressed a positive justification of The Ravines of the Slovak Paradise and Dobsinska Ice Cave, as considered by the experts' evaluation report. At the same time, he submitted to the Bureau a favourable recommendation given by the former long-standing Vice-President of the International Union of Speleology. The Observer also stated that the proposed recommendations are not entirely corresponding to the experts' appraisal.
Property East Rennel Id. N° 854 State Party Solomon Islands Criteria N (ii)
East Rennell is part of Rennell Island, the southernmost of the Solomon Islands group. Rennell, the largest raised coral atoll in the world, is 86km long and 15 km wide and covers an area of 87,500ha. A major feature is Lake Tegano which was the former lagoon on the atoll and is the largest lake in the insular Pacific (15,500ha). Rennell is mostly covered with dense forest with a canopy averaging 20m in height.
East Rennell is of outstanding universal value under natural criterion (ii), demonstrating significant on-going ecological and biological processes and is an important site for the science of island bio-geography. These processes relate to the role of East Rennell as a stepping-stone in the migration and evolution of species in the western Pacific and for speciation processes underway, especially with respect to the avifauna. Combined with the strong climatic effects of frequent cyclones, the site is a true natural laboratory for scientific study. IUCN informed the Bureau that the protection and the management of the site are based on customary land tenure and community consensus and objectives and practices do not yet exist in written form. However, a draft national World Heritage Protection Bill exists and the national Government could take steps to introduce it for adoption and implementation. At the site level the local Management and Conservation Committee (MCC) has started a consultative process intended to produce written management principles and practices.
The Bureau took note of the draft national World Heritage Protection Bill and that customary ownership patterns are in place. Several Bureau members stated that well-established contractual or traditional protection and adequate management regimes have been acceptable for cultural sites (Operational Guidelines 24 (ii)b including cultural landscape categories), but that these do not apply to natural heritage. A number of delegates emphasised that the recent Global Strategy Meeting in Amsterdam (March 1998), which was presented to the Bureau as Information Document WHC-98/Conf.201/INF.9, suggested changes to harmonise the Operational Guidelines on this topic.
The Bureau noted that the East Rennell nomination breaks new ground in terms of nominating a natural site under customary land ownership. The site meets natural criterion (ii), but does not meet the current Conditions of Integrity for natural heritage. The Bureau invited the State Party to also consider cultural values of the site for a possible nomination under the cultural landscape categories (para. 39 of the Operational Guidelines). The Bureau decided to refer the nomination back to the State Party and requested it to submit a report on the process of the local Management and Conservation Committee (MCC) to prepare a resources management plan for the site and for further information on actions on the proposed national World Heritage Protection Bill in time for the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau.
Property for which the nomination was referred back to the State Party
Property The Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park Id. N° 842 State Party Italy Criteria C (iii)(iv)
The Bureau noted that the site is characterised by mountains, valleys and coast with a succession of cliffs, promontories, valleys and beaches. Karst features include over 400 caves in the limestone mountains and caves and natural arches along the coast. The site is heavily populated and environmentally modified. The natural values of the National Park of Cilento are considered to be of national and regional significance but are not of outstanding universal value.
Concerning cultural values, the Bureau decided that this nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting further information on the draft management plan and a revised delineation of the area proposed for inscription, to include the Certosa di Padula and Teggiano. In the event of this information being supplied and found acceptable, ICOMOS recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (iii): During the prehistoric period, and again in the Middle Ages, the Cilento region served as a key route for cultural, political, and commercial communications in an exceptional manner, utilizing the crests of the mountain chains running east-west and
ICOMOS reported that the additional information requested had been received during the present meeting and that insufficient time had been available to study it. ICOMOS would therefore present a report at the extraordinary session of the Bureau in November. thereby creating a cultural landscape of outstanding significance and quality.
Criterion (iv): In two key episodes in the development of human societies in the Mediterranean region, the Cilento area provided the only viable means of communication between the Adriatic and the Tyrrhenian Seas, in the central Mediterranean region, and this is vividly illustrated by the relict cultural landscape of today.
VII.4 The Bureau took note of the letter sent by the Czech Republic informing that the State Party has withdrawn the nomination of The Honorary Holy Trinity Column and the Complex of Baroque Fountains in the Historic Core of the City of Olomouc.
A. Properties which the Bureau recommended for inscription on the World Heritage List
Property Flemish Béguinages Id. N° 855 State Party Belgium Criteria C (ii)(iii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii), (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): The Flemish béguinages demonstrate outstanding physical characteristics of urban and rural planning and a combination of religious and traditional architecture in styles specific to the Flemish cultural region. Criterion (iii): The béguinages bear exceptional witness to the cultural tradition of independent religious women in north-western Europe in the Middle Ages. Criterion (iv): The béguinages constitute an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble associated with a religious movement characteristic of the Middle Ages associating both secular and conventual values.
Property The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault) Id. N° 856 State Party Belgium Criteria C (iii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (iii): The boat-lifts of the Canal du Centre bear remarkable testimony to the hydraulic engineering developments of 19th-century Europe.
Criterion (iv): These boat-lifts represent the apogee of the application of engineering technology to the construction of canals.
Property Choirokoitia Id. N° 848 State Party Cyprus Criteria C (iii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (iii): Choirokhoitia is an exceptionally well preserved archaeological site that has provided, and will continue to provide, scientific data of great importance relating to the spread of civilisation from Asia to the Mediterranean world.
Criterion (iv): Both the excavated remains and the untouched part of Choirokhoitia demonstrate clearly the origins of proto-urban settlement in the Mediterranean region and beyond.
Property The Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz Id. N° 860 State Party Czech Republic Criteria N (ii)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): The ensemble at Kromeríz, and in particular the Pleasure Garden, played a significant role in the development of Baroque garden and palace design in central Europe.
Criterion (iv): The Gardens and Castle at Kromeríz are an exceptionally complete and well preserved example of a princely residence and its associated landscape of the 17th and 18th centuries.
Property The Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France Id. N° 868 State Party France Criteria C (ii)(iv)(vi)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii), (iv), and (vi):
Criterion (ii): The Pilgrimage Route of Santiago de Compostela played a key role in religious and cultural exchange and development during the later Middle Ages, and this is admirably illustrated by the carefully selected monuments on the routes followed by pilgrims in France.
Criterion (iv): The spiritual and physical needs of pilgrims travelling to Santiago de Compostela were met by the development of a number of specialised types of edifice, many of which originated or were further developed on the French sections.
Criterion (vi): The Pilgrimage Route of Santiago de Compostela bears exceptional witness to the power and influence of Christian faith among people of all classes and countries in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Property The Historic Site of Lyon Id. N° 872 State Party France Criteria C (ii)(iv)(vi)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): Lyon bears exceptional testimony to the continuity of urban settlement over more than two millennia on
a site of great commercial and strategic significance, where cultural traditions from many parts of Europe have come together to create a coherent and vigorous continuing community.The Observer of Finland stated that although Lyon undoubtedly possesses architectural values, it lacks a coherent and homogeneous urban structure. He therefore questioned the outstanding universal value of the site.
Criterion (iv): By virtue of the special way in which it has developed spatially, Lyon illustrates in an exceptional way the progress and evolution of architectural design and town planning over many centuries.
Property The Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia Id. N° 825 State Party Italy Criteria C (iii)(iv)(vi)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (iii), (iv), and (vi):
Criterion (iii): Aquileia was one of the largest and most wealthy cities of the Early Roman Empire.
Criterion (iv): By virtue of the fact that most of ancient Aquileia survives intact and unexcavated, it is the most complete example of an Early Roman city in the Mediterranean world.
Criterion (vi): The Patriarchal Basilican Complex in Aquileia played a decisive role in the spread of Christianity into central Europe in the early Middle Ages.
Property Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara Id. N° 870 State Party Japan Criteria C (ii)(iii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the property on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii), (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): The historic monuments of ancient Nara bear exceptional witness to the evolution of Japanese architecture and art as a result of cultural links with China and Korea which were to have a profound influence on future developments.
Criterion (iii): The Nara Palace archaeological site bears exceptional testimony to the high level of culture of Japan at a critical period in its history.
Criterion (iv): The 8th century Nara Period was a crucial one in Japanese history and culture, when it took a significantly new direction, and this is reflected in the historic monuments of Nara.
Property The Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grande Id. N° 560rev State Party Mexico Criteria C (iii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (iii): Paquimé Casas Grandes bears eloquent and abundant testimony to an important element in the cultural evolution of North America, and in particular to prehispanic commercial and cultural links.
Criterion (iv): The extensive remains of the archaeological site of Paquimé Casas Grandes provide exceptional evidence of the development of adobe architecture in North America, and in particular of the blending of this with the more advanced techniques of Mesoamerica.
Property Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal
(D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station)
Id. N° 867 State Party The Netherlands Criteria C (i)(ii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (i), (ii), and (iv):
Criterion (i): The advent of steam as a source of energy provided the Dutch engineers with a powerful tool in their millennial task of water management, and the Wouda installation is the largest of its type ever built.
Criterion (ii): The Wouda Pumping Station represents the apogee of Dutch hydraulic engineering, which has provided the models and set the standards for the whole world for centuries.
Criterion (iv): The Wouda pumping installations bear exceptional witness to the power of steam in controlling the forces of nature, especially as applied to water handling by Dutch engineers.
Property National Monument of the Côa River Valley Archaeological sites Id. N° 866 State Party Portugal Criteria C (i)(iii)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List, subject to the State Party agreeing to the proposed renaming of the nominated property, on the basis of criteria (i) and (iii):
Criterion (i): The Upper Palaeolithic rock-art of the Côa valley is an outstanding example of the sudden flowering of creative genius at the dawn of human cultural development.The Observer of Portugal agreed that the site should be renamed: "Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley". The Observer of Australia stated that she had visited the Côa Valley and had been very impressed by the efforts made by the State Party in the protection and management of the site. The Bureau congratulated the State Party on its actions in respect of this important cultural property.
Criterion (iii): The Côa Valley rock art throws light on the social, economic, and spiritual life on the life of the early ancestor of humankind in a wholly exceptional manner.
The Observer of Portugal also mentioned that the Instituto Portugues de Arqueologia and the Portuguese National Commission for UNESCO are planning to organise an International Symposium on Conservation and Management of World Heritage Rock Art Sites in early spring 1999.
Property Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula Id. N° 874 State Party Spain Criteria C (iii)
The Bureau took note of the additional information provided by ICOMOS, notably that the comparative study on the rock art sites had been completed and the site in question, one of the most renowned, was very favourably evaluated. The Bureau considered that an inscription of a part of the property rather than the ensemble would have a negative impact on its qualities and recommended that the Committee inscribe it on the basis of criterion (iii).
Criterion (iii): The corpus of late prehistoric mural paintings in the Mediterranean basin of eastern Spain is the largest group of rock-art sites anywhere in Europe and provides an exceptional picture of human life in a seminal period of human cultural evolution.
Property The University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares Id. N° 876 State Party Spain Criteria C (iii)
The Bureau recommended to the Committee the inscription of this property on the basis of criteria (ii), (iv) and (vi), recalling in particular that one of the giants of world literature, Miguel de Cervantes, author of the immortal Don Quixote, was born in Alcala de Henares.
Criterion (ii): Alcalá de Henares was the first city to be designed and built solely as the seat of a university, and was to serve as the model for other centres of learning in Europe and the Americas.
Criterion (iv): The concept of the ideal city, the City of God (Civitas Dei), was first given material expression in Alcalá de Henares, from where it was widely diffused throughout the world.
Criterion (vi): The contribution of Alcalá de Henares to the intellectual development of humankind finds expression in its materialization of the Civitas Dei, in the advances in linguistics that took place there, not least in the definition of the Spanish language, and through the work of its great son, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and his masterpiece, Don Quixote.
Property The Naval Port of Karlskrona Id. N° 871 State Party Sweden Criteria C (ii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended the Committee to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): Karlskrona is an exceptionally well preserved example of a European planned naval town, which incorporates elements derived from earlier establishments in other countries and which was in its turn to serve as the model for subsequent towns with similar functions.
Criterion (iv): Naval bases played an important role in the centuries during which naval power was a determining factor in European Realpolitik, and Karlskrona is the best preserved and most complete of those that survive.
B. Property which the Bureau did not recommend for inscription
Property The Medieval Town of Provins Id. N° 873 State Party France Criteria
The Bureau recommended the Committee not to inscribe the site on the World Heritage List.
The Bureau noted that the site is not of outstanding universal value, but it does, however, possess European significance.
C. Properties for which the nominations were referred back to the State Party
Property La Grand-Place, Brussels Id. N° 857 State Party Belgium Criteria C (ii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended that the nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting the redefinition of the buffer zone as proposed by ICOMOS. In the event of the revised buffer zone being submitted by 1 October 1998 and positively evaluated by ICOMOS, the Bureau recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): The Grand-Place is an outstanding example of the eclectic and highly successful blending of architectural and artistic styles that characterizes the culture and society of the Low Countries.
Criterion (iv): Through the nature and quality of its architecture and of its outstanding quality as a public open space, the Grand-Place illustrates in an exceptional way the evolution and achievements of a highly successful mercantile city of northern Europe at the height of its prosperity.
Property The imperial capital of Tiwanaku Id. N° 567rev State Party Bolivia Criteria C (ii)(iii)
The Bureau decided to refer the nomination back to the State Party to enable it to provide additional information relating to the protection and management of the site. If this information would be provided before 1 October 1998, ICOMOS would be able to present a revised evaluation and recommendation to the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau.
Property El Fuerte de Samaipata Id. N° 883 State Party Bolivia Criteria C (ii)(iii)
The Bureau decided to refer the nomination back to the State Party, requesting a redefinition of the buffer zone by 1 October 1998 as proposed in the ICOMOS evaluation. In the event of this modification being implemented and positively evaluated by ICOMOS, the Bureau recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iii):
Criterion (ii): The sculptured rock at Samaipata is the dominant ceremonial feature of an urban settlement that represents the apogee of this form of prehispanic religious and political centre.The Observer of Bolivia informed the Bureau that an extension of the protected area has been undertaken and will be confirmed in due time with the submission of the relevant documentation.
Criterion (iii): Samaipata bears outstanding witness to the existence in this Andean region of a culture with highly developed religious traditions, illustrated dramatically in the form of immense rock sculptures
Property The Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing Id. N° 880 State Party China Criteria C (i)(ii)(iii)
The Bureau recommended that the nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting information on the extension of the buffer zone proposed by ICOMOS, to be provided by 1 October 1998. In the event that the information is provided and judged satisfactory, the Bureau recommended the inscription of the property on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (i), (ii), (iii).
Criterion (i): The Summer Palace in Beijing is an outstanding expression of the creative art of Chinese landscape garden design, incorporating the works of humankind and nature in a harmonious whole.
Criterion (ii): The Summer Palace epitomises the philosophy and practice of Chinese garden design, which played a key role in the development of this cultural form throughout the east.
Criterion (iii): The imperial Chinese garden, illustrated by the Summer Palace, is a potent symbol of one of the major world civilisations.
Property The Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing Id. N° 881 State Party China Criteria C (i)(ii)(iii)
The Bureau recommended that the nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting information on the extension of the buffer zone proposed by ICOMOS, to be provided by 1 October 1998. In the event that the information is provided and judged satisfactory, the Bureau recommended the inscription of the property on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (i), (ii), (iii).
Criterion (i): The Temple of Heaven is a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design which simply and graphically illustrates a cosmogony of great importance for the evolution of one of the world's great civilisations.
Criterion (ii): The symbolic layout and design of the Temple of Heaven had a profound influence on architecture and planning in the Far East over many centuries.
Criterion (iii): For more than two thousand years China was ruled by a series of feudal dynasties, the legitimacy of which is symbolised by the design and layout of the Temple of Heaven.
Property Holasovicé Historical Village Reservation Id. N° 861 State Party Czech Republic Criteria
The Bureau recommended that the nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting additional information on the authenticity and current usage of the site by 1 October 1998.
Property The Historic Centre of Urbino Id. N° 828 State Party Italy Criteria C (ii)(iv)
The Bureau recommended that this nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting: (a) information on any urban plan(s) that may be in force; (b) further information on conservation and restoration projects since the end of World War II, and (c) a redefinition of the buffer zone, as proposed by ICOMOS. In the event of this information being made available by 1 October 1998 and found acceptable under the terms of the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, the Bureau recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): During its short cultural pre-eminence, Urbino attracted some of the most outstanding humanist scholars and artists of the Renaissance, who created there an exceptional urban complex of remarkable homogeneity, the influence of which carried far into the rest of Europe.
Criterion (iv): Urbino represents a pinnacle of Renaissance art and architecture, harmoniously adapted to its physical site and to its medieval precursor in an exceptional manner.
ICOMOS reported that the additional information requested had been received during the present meeting and that insufficient time had been available to study it. ICOMOS would therefore present a report at the extraordinary session of the Bureau in November.
Property Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) Id. N° 850 State Party Lebanon Criteria
The Bureau noted that the Qadisha Valley and the remnant Cedar Forest on the western flank of Mount Lebanon form a cultural landscape of outstanding universal value. Several Bureau members noted the need for a management and conservation plan for the site.
The Bureau decided that further consideration of this nomination be referred to await the submission of an overall management and conservation plan for the monastic sites and monuments of the Qadisha Valley and for the Cedar Forest (including the establishment of a commission to coordinate the activities of the different owners and agencies involved and the definition of an effective buffer zone). The Bureau furthermore noted that a comparative study of early Christian monastic settlements in the Near East would be useful.
Property The Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan Id. N° 862 State Party Mexico Criteria C (ii)(iv)
The Bureau decided to refer this nomination back to the State Party for adjustment of the buffer zone as proposed by ICOMOS. In the event of a new delimitation being received by 1 October 1998, the Bureau recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): The urban layout and architecture of Tlacotalpan represent a fusion of Spanish and Caribbean traditions of exceptional importance and quality.
Criterion (iv): Tlacotalpan is a Spanish colonial river port on the Gulf coast of Mexico which has preserved its original urban fabric to an exceptional degree. Its outstanding character lies in its townscape of wide streets, modest houses in an exuberant variety of styles and colours, and many mature trees in public and private open spaces.
Property The Early Medieval Architectural Complex and Town of Panauti Id. N° 869 State Party Nepal Criteria
The Bureau recommended that the nomination be referred back to the State Party, and that the documentation requested in the letter of 21 July 1997 from the World Heritage Centre be provided by 1 October 1998: information on the gazetting of the Monument Zone to protect the core area of Panauti under the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, the legal document defining the buffer zone as a Conservation Area under the Municipalities Act, and the site management plan.
Property Historical Part of the City of Oviedo (Extension of the Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias) Id. N° 312bis State Party Spain Criteria
The Bureau took note of the evaluation of this property by ICOMOS and of its recommendation. Following interventions by members of the Bureau, it was decided to refer back this nomination to the State Party and requested that it be revised and renamed "The Churches of Oviedo and of the Kingdom of the Asturias". This property would include the Camara Santa, the San Julian de los Prados Basilica as well as the Foncalada. The Observer of Spain thanked the Bureau and ICOMOS for their recommendation and insisted on the importance, as a public building, of the Foncalada, church and hydraulic structure dating from the Middle Ages.
Property Truva/Troia/Troy Id. N° 849 State Party Turkey Criteria C (ii)(iii)(vi)
The Bureau recommended that the nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting precise cartographic information regarding the area proposed for inscription and that proposed as a buffer zone. It was also decided to consider the possibility of applying criteria (i) as pointed out by the Observer of Greece. In the event of this information being provided by 1 October 1998 and found acceptable, the Bureau recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii), (iii), and (vi) and possibly (i):
The archaeological site of Troy is of immense significance in the understanding of the development of European civilisation at a critical stage in its early development. It is, moreover, of exceptional cultural importance because of the profound influence of Homer's Iliad on the creative arts over more than two millennia.The Observer of Germany wished to know what measures were being taken by the Turkish authorities to protect the site now that the surrounding area had lost its status as a military zone.
Property L'viv - The Ensemble of the Historic Centre Id. N° 865 State Party Ukraine Criteria C (ii)(v)
The Bureau recommended that the nomination be referred back to the State Party, requesting confirmation that the conservation programme had been approved and that the redundant mast and antenna were to be removed, and also that the modifications to the area proposed for inscription by ICOMOS had been accepted. In the event of this information being received by 1 October 1998, the Bureau recommended that this property be inscribed on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (v):
Criterion (ii): In its urban fabric and its architecture, L'viv is an outstanding example of the fusion of the architectural and artistic traditions of Eastern Europe with those of Italy and Germany.
Criterion (v): The political and commercial role of L'viv attracted to it a number of ethnic groups with different cultural and religious traditions, who established separate yet interdependent communities within the city, evidence for which is still discernible in the modern townscape.
- Nominations to be considered by the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau
Property Classical Weimar Id. N° 846 State Party Germany Criteria
ICOMOS had recommended that this property should not be inscribed on the World Heritage List.
The State Party requested in writing the Chairperson to postpone the discussion on this site until the extraordinary session of the Bureau in November 1998.
Property Cultural Stratification in the Historic Centre of the City of Pecs Id. N° 853 State Party Hungary Criteria
ICOMOS had recommended that this property should not be inscribed on the World Heritage List.
The State Party requested in writing the Chairperson to postpone the discussion on this site until the extraordinary session of the Bureau in November 1998.
Property Gdansk : The Main Town, the Motlava Side Channel, and the Vistula Mouth Fortress Id. N° 882 State Party Poland Criteria
ICOMOS had recommended that this property should not be inscribed on the World Heritage List.
The State Party requested in writing the Chairperson to postpone the discussion on this site until the extraordinary session of the Bureau in November 1998.
Property The Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco Id. N° 875 State Party Spain Criteria
ICOMOS had recommended that this property should not be inscribed on the World Heritage List.
VIII. REQUESTS FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE
VIII.1 The Bureau examined eight requests for international assistance presented in working Documents WHC-98/CONF.201/6Rev., WHC-98/CONF.201/6Rev.Add. and WHC-98/CONF.201/6Rev.Add.1, and made the following decisions.
Dominica (Technical Co-operation for the Morne Trois Pitons National Park inscription ceremony and Regional Conference on the World Heritage Convention)
The Bureau approved US$ 30,000 for the organization of this regional conference.
United Republic of Tanzania (Technical Co-operation for a Natural Heritage Workshop for "Kilimanjaro Stakeholders")
The Bureau approved US$ 30,000, subject to the Tanzanian authorities providing information concerning other organizations contributing to the activity and confirming the exact dates of the Workshop.
Bulgaria (Technical Co-operation for the purchase of dehumidifying equipment for the Boyana Church)
The Bureau approved up to US$ 25,000 for this request on the condition that the UNESCO Purchasing Unit assist the State Party in purchasing the necessary equipment. ICOMOS underlined the alarming situation at the Boyana Church site and the fact that no conservation work could proceed without the initial installation of the environment controlling equipment. ICOMOS reiterated its support for this international assistance request.
Colombia (Technical Co-operation for the conservation of the National Archaeological Park of Tierradentro)
The Bureau approved US$ 30,000 for the structural conservation of the burial chambers at this site. ICOMOS reiterated its support for this activity, considering the alarming state of conservation of this World Heritage site.
Syrian Arab Republic (Technical Co-operation for the restoration and conservation of the Roman Baths in the south of the Ancient City of Bosra)
The Bureau approved US$ 30,000 for the restoration and conservation of the Roman Baths within the Ancient City of Bosra.
Turkey (Technical Co-operation for the "House of Fatih Inhabitants" within the Historic Centre of Istanbul)
The Chairperson noted that the request did not clearly show whether the State Party had submitted this request or not, noting that the Municipality of Fatih of Istanbul had prepared and submitted this project. In the same sense, the Observer of Argentina stated that international assistance requests, as well as proposals for nominations, should only be submitted by the competent national authorities representing States Parties to the World Heritage Convention. The Secretariat informed the Bureau that the request was prepared by the Municipality of Fatih (being the site management authority) and was submitted by the Turkish National Commission as well as the Permanent Delegation of Turkey to UNESCO, both official representatives of the Government of Turkey to UNESCO (under cover letters dated 25 May 1998 and 27 May 1998, respectively).
The Chairperson informed the Bureau that several delegates had questioned where the districts of Zeyrek, Fener and Balat were located within the Historic Centre of Istanbul site. He questioned the validity of approving international assistance requests for areas outside of the core zones of World Heritage sites. The Delegate of Japan noted that many sites inscribed on the World Heritage List in the early years of the Convention lacked adequate documentation, particularly maps delineating the protected area and buffer zones. She questioned whether international assistance should be refused for this reason.
The Secretariat and ICOMOS confirmed that Zeyrek is located within the core zone, while Fener and Balat are located within the buffer zone of this World Heritage site, all three being in the Fatih District, as stated in the Working Documents WHC-98/CONF.201/3B (on state of conservation) and WHC-98/CONF.201/6Rev (on international assistance). ICOMOS and ICCROM reiterated their strong and full support for this request, underlining the crucial need to protect the urban historic fabric and buffer zones composing the essential setting of World Heritage monuments and buildings. Both advisory bodies stressed the need to promote the active participation of the local inhabitants in maintaining the integrity of urban conservation areas, which require not only the preservation of historic monuments but also of vernacular buildings of architectural value. ICCROM emphasized the importance of this project to strengthen the local management capacity. The Delegate of Japan supported this view, stating the need for the inhabitants' involvement to preserve the historic urban fabric.
The Delegate of Lebanon suggested that this request be approved on the condition that the Chairperson be authorized to clear the questions raised by the Bureau concerning the location of the districts of Zeyrek, Fener and Balat. The Chairperson stated that he did not feel competent to study cadastral maps.
The Delegate of Lebanon, furthermore, requested clarification between this activity and the UNESCO International Safeguarding Campaign of the Historic Centre of Istanbul. The Director of the Division of Cultural Heritage, being responsible for the implementation of this Campaign, informed the Bureau that the Division had so far mobilized funds for the conservation of historic monuments and buildings within this site, such as Hagia Sophia and its mosaics.
The Delegate of Italy stated that she wished to view further detailed information of the project budget breakdown and that the Bureau should not consider this request until such information was provided. The Observer of France confirmed the financial contribution by the Government of France for this project, as indicated in the Document WHC-98/CONF.201/6Rev., specifying that the Ministry of Equipment had make this commitment. The Secretariat noted that the detailed breakdown of the total budget of US$ 170,920 was indicated in the afore-mentioned Document, including the details of the US$ 30,000 requested from the World Heritage Fund.
The Chairperson stated that he did not wish to have an international assistance request approved by the Bureau during his Chairmanship without thorough examination of all necessary details. Furthermore, he underlined the need to be careful in providing international assistance from the World Heritage Fund for the preservation of World Heritage sites within the context of social development projects. The Observer of Finland expressed his agreement with the Chairperson, supporting the view that new usage of the World Heritage Fund should not be created. The Director of the World Heritage Centre stated that there was ample cartographic and socio-economic information on the site in the study undertaken in the European Commission/ UNESCO/Fatih project, and that protection of the architectural fabric of historic urban centres could not be separated from the social development of the inhabitants.
Finally, the Bureau postponed the approval of this request for US$ 30,000 to its twenty-second extraordinary session. The Bureau requested that maps clearly indicating the core and buffer zone of the Historic Centre of Istanbul as well as further detailed budget breakdown information be submitted to the Bureau for its examination.
Cambodia (Emergency Assistance for the restoration of the steps of the West Moat of Angkor Wat)
In view of the fact that the Emergency Assistance Reserve of the World Heritage Fund for 1998 was exhausted at the time this request was submitted, the Bureau approved US$ 28,595 under the Technical Co-operation budget for carrying out the hydrological and topographical studies. The Bureau recommended that the State Party requests further funding under the 1999 World Heritage Fund budget after the completion of these studies.
Sri Lanka (Emergency Assistance for the Sacred City of Kandy)
In view of the fact that the Emergency Assistance Reserve of the World Heritage Fund for 1998 was exhausted at the time this request was considered, the Bureau approved US$ 25,000 out of the Technical Co-operation budget, to carry out the initial emergency measures for Dalada Maligawa, including a provision for an ICOMOS or ICCROM expert mission. The Bureau recommended the State Party to request further funding under the 1999 World Heritage Fund budget.
VIII.2 The Bureau recalled the discussions on the state of conservation of the four properties of the Democratic Republic of the Congo inscribed on the List of World Heritage sites in Danger (see Para V.4, page 10). It noted that some requests submitted by this State Party for undertaking research studies could not be considered as the Emergency Assistance budget set aside by the Committee for 1998 was exhausted. Those requests submitted by the Democratic Republic of the Congo cannot be considered under Technical Co-operation because it had not yet settled its dues to the World Heritage Fund. Given the fact that the State Party under consideration is recovering from a war situation, the Bureau authorized the Chairperson to consider the approval of projects which genuinely require Emergency Assistance from un-earmarked funds of other budget lines, such as Technical Co-operation, on a case-by-case basis, and upon recommendation by the Director of the World Heritage Centre.
VIII.3 ICOMOS reminded the Bureau of the difficulties it faced in receiving requests for international assistance for its evaluation only a few days before the Bureau considered such requests. The Bureau expressed its appreciation for the efforts made by the advisory bodies in swiftly evaluating such requests.
IX. PROVISIONAL AGENDA OF THE TWENTY-SECOND EXTRAORDINARY SESSION OF THE BUREAU OF THE WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE (Kyoto, Japan, 27-28 November 1998)
IX.1 The Chairperson presented Working Document WHC-98/CONF.201/7, the Provisional Agenda of the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau to be held in Kyoto, Japan, 27-28 November 1998. The Provisional Agenda was adopted without modification and is attached as Annex X. The Observer of the United Kingdom noted that there should be a possibility to discuss the results of the Global Strategy Expert Meeting held in Amsterdam in March 1998.
X. PROVISIONAL AGENDA OF THE TWENTY-SECOND SESSION OF THE WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE (Kyoto, Japan, 30 November - 5 December 1998)
X.1 The Chairperson presented Working Document WHC-98/CONF.201/8, the Provisional Agenda of the twenty-second session of the Committee to be held in Kyoto, Japan, 30 November - 5 December 1998. The Rapporteur noted that the agenda item “Requests for International Assistance” should come after the discussions on Agenda item “Examination of the World Heritage Fund and approval of the budget for 1999, and presentation of a provisional budget for 2000”. The Provisional Agenda was adopted with this amendment and is attached as Annex XI. The Delegate of Benin asked if the results and follow-up to the Amsterdam Meeting could be made available to the Consultative Body prior to the next Bureau and Committee sessions. The Bureau noted that the results of the Amsterdam Meeting shall also be discussed under the Agenda item “Revision of the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention”.
XI. OTHER BUSINESS
XI.1 The Observer of Canada suggested that the Bureau might wish to pay tribute to Dr. Jukka Jokilehto who represented ICCROM at numerous Bureau and Committee sessions and who will leave the organisation after 27 years of service. Dr. Jokilehto thanked the Bureau and expressed the wish for future collaboration on World Heritage preservation.
XI.2 The Chairperson also expressed the Bureau's thanks to Dr. Jim Thorsell. The Representative of IUCN informed the Bureau that Dr. Thorsell will continue to work on a part-time contract basis and that he will be present at the forthcoming Committee session.
XI.3 The Representative of ICCROM informed the Bureau of a new programme that has been developed in co-operation with the World Heritage Centre and ICCROM for the conservation of immovable cultural heritage in Sub-Saharan Africa, which was distributed as Information Document WHC-98/CONF.201/INF.10. He highlighted in particular the need for increased professional capacity in the region and improved conservation conditions of World Heritage sites. The programme, which is a follow-up to the “Training Strategy for Cultural Heritage” adopted by the twentieth session of the World Heritage Committee, can be seen as part of a long-term strategy for increasing the representation of African sites on the World Heritage List.
XI.4 The Observer of Mexico informed the Bureau that, in the framework of the discussions in the Consultative Body on Communication and Promotion prepared by Canada and Mexico, the National Institute for Anthropology and History was preparing a series of radio features on the cultural heritage of Africa. He furthermore stressed the need to organise a second meeting on Indicators for measuring the state of conservation of historical cities in Latin America, to further develop specific issues of urban preservation.
XII. ADOPTION OF THE REPORT AND CLOSURE OF THE SESSION
XII.1 The Bureau adopted its report with the amendments and clarifications noted during the debate. The Chairperson thanked the Bureau members and the representatives of the advisory bodies for their participation and congratulated the Bureau for the work achieved. He expressed his personal satisfaction that the Bureau was able to recommend the removal of one site from the List of World Heritage in Danger and that the inscription of the Galapagos Islands on the Danger List was avoided due to the actions taken by the State Party. He also expressed high recognition for the excellent work of the Secretariat and of the interpreters.
XII.2 The Delegate of Morocco thanked the Chairperson and the Rapporteur of the Bureau for their accomplishments during the Bureau session. He expressed his sincere thanks to the Director of the World Heritage Centre and his staff, as well as to all Bureau members and observers for their contributions. The Delegate of Japan thanked the Chairperson for his efficient chairmanship and reiterated the invitation of his Government to host the forthcoming Bureau and Committee sessions in November/December 1998 in Kyoto, Japan.
XII.3 The Director of the Centre thanked the Chairperson and the Bureau members for the guidance given to the Secretariat. The Chairperson then declared the twenty-second session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee closed.