State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (398) Housing (208) Illegal activities (161) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (112) Ground transport infrastructure (106) Land conversion (100) Management activities (99) Legal framework (91) Mining (79) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (63) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (60) Water infrastructure (57) Civil unrest (56) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (55) War (54) Human resources (54) Financial resources (50) Deliberate destruction of heritage (44) Oil and gas (36) Water (rain/water table) (35) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (34) Surface water pollution (31) Governance (31) Marine transport infrastructure (28) Interpretative and visitation facilities (27) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (26) Solid waste (25) Flooding (24) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (22) Commercial development (19) Major linear utilities (19) Storms (19) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (17) Fire (widlfires) (16) Forestry /wood production (15) Renewable energy facilities (14) Crop production (14) Earthquake (13) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (12) Other climate change impacts (12) Non-renewable energy facilities (11) Water (extraction) (11) High impact research / monitoring activities (11) Ground water pollution (10) Invasive / alien freshwater species (9) Industrial areas (8) Underground transport infrastructure (8) Commercial hunting (8) Drought (8) Air transport infrastructure (7) Localised utilities (7) Air pollution (7) Changes to oceanic waters (7) Subsistence hunting (6) Wind (6) Invasive / alien marine species (6) Quarrying (5) Avalanche/ landslide (5) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (4) Temperature change (4) Translocated species (4) Input of excess energy (3) Pollution of marine waters (3) Relative humidity (3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (3) Society's valuing of heritage (3) Micro-organisms (2) Desertification (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).