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State of Conservation (SOC)

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72
Reports
72
Properties
41
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1994 Illegal activities, War, Yes
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1994 Management activities, No
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1994 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
archaeological park and ruins of quiriguaArchaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua guatemala Guatemala 1994 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Water (rain/water table), Wind, No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1994 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 1994
Other Threats: Capture operation of the monk seal
No
boyana churchBoyana Church bulgaria Bulgaria 1994 Management activities, No
bryggenBryggen norway Norway 1994 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risk of uncontrolled property development
No
burgos cathedralBurgos Cathedral spain Spain 1994 Governance, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration works
No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1994 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
city of vallettaCity of Valletta malta Malta 1994 Air pollution, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity,
Other Threats: Highly crumbly basic building material
No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 1994 Invasive/alien terrestrial species,
Other Threats: Fire
No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1994 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1994 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
goreme national park and the rock sites of cappadociaGöreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia turkey Turkey 1994
Other Threats: Deterioration of the rock and the mural paintings
No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, No
hanseatic city of lubeckHanseatic City of Lübeck germany Germany 1994 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 1994 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
No
historic centre of cordobaHistoric Centre of Cordoba spain Spain 1994 Pests, No
historic centre of florenceHistoric Centre of Florence italy Italy 1994 Terrorism, No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 1994 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to improve the environment of the convent; Notorious state of degradation
No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 1994 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1994 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for an inventory of the park's natural and cultural resources
No
imperial palaces of the ming and qing dynasties in beijing and shenyangImperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang china China 1994 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 1994 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Storms,
Other Threats: Precarious state of conservation of the stone
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1994 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, War, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 1994 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1994 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1994 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 1994 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Water (extraction) ,
Other Threats: Decline in the population of Siberian cranes
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 1994 Financial resources, Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of fire /lightning protection; Deformation and deterioration of the structures
No
kremlin and red square, moscowKremlin and Red Square, Moscow russian federation Russian Federation 1994
Other Threats: Erection project of a monument on the Red Square
No
mana pools national park, sapi and chewore safari areasMana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1994 Illegal activities, Oil and gas, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1994 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
mausoleum of the first qin emperorMausoleum of the First Qin Emperor china China 1994
Other Threats: earthen architecture conservation problems
No
medieval city of rhodesMedieval City of Rhodes greece Greece 1994 Legal framework,
Other Threats: Need for safeguarding and enhancement measures
No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 1994 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, Storms,
Other Threats: Worrying state of conservation of some temples; Fragility of the structures (cracks, etc.)
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
mogao cavesMogao Caves china China 1994
Other Threats: Deterioration of the mural paintings in the caves due to salt migration; Some built features have nothing to do with the site and should be destroyed (concrete tower, modern blockhouse, ...)
No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
1994 Water infrastructure, No
mount athosMount Athos greece Greece 1994 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: chemical pollution
No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1994 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1994 Crop production, No
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1994 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
old town of ávila with its extra-muros churchesOld Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches spain Spain 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, No
peking man site at zhoukoudianPeking Man Site at Zhoukoudian china China 1994 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable archaeological strata and cave roof
No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 1994 Commercial development, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Conservation of antiquities
No
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1994 Illegal activities, War, Yes
quseir amraQuseir Amra jordan Jordan 1994 Illegal activities, Management activities, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Cracks in the surface of the vaults
No
redwood national and state parksRedwood National and State Parks united states of america United States of America 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, No
rila monasteryRila Monastery bulgaria Bulgaria 1994 Management systems/ management plan, No
rio abiseo national parkRío Abiseo National Park peru Peru 1994 Forestry /wood production,
Other Threats: Fire; Lack of regular vigilance and inspection; Deterioration of the archaeological remains
No
rock-hewn churches of ivanovoRock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo bulgaria Bulgaria 1994 No
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 1994 Storms,
Other Threats: Dilapidated state of conservation
Yes
røros mining town and the circumferenceRøros Mining Town and the Circumference norway Norway 1994 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risk of uncontrolled property development
No
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1994 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
serra da capivara national parkSerra da Capivara National Park brazil Brazil 1994 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
shark bay, western australiaShark Bay, Western Australia australia Australia 1994 Management systems/ management plan, No
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1994 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Localised utilities, Major linear utilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Temperature, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: serious weathering of many stone blocks
No
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1994 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
taos puebloTaos Pueblo united states of america United States of America 1994 Air transport infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1994 Forestry /wood production, No
te wahipounamu – south west new zealandTe Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand new zealand New Zealand 1994 Forestry /wood production, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
the great wallThe Great Wall china China 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 1994 Desertification, Financial resources, Legal framework, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: Vulnerability of the mosques
Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1994 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, No
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1994 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual degradation
Yes
willandra lakes regionWillandra Lakes Region australia Australia 1994 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Problems with landowners resident in the site and aboriginal concerns
No
xanthos-letoonXanthos-Letoon turkey Turkey 1994 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ħal saflieni hypogeumĦal Saflieni Hypogeum malta Malta 1994 Management activities, Micro-organisms, Radiation/light, Relative humidity, Solid waste, Temperature, Water (rain/water table), No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.