State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1501) Housing (711) Illegal activities (589) Ground transport infrastructure (448) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (414) Management activities (315) Financial resources (288) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (284) Land conversion (270) Legal framework (266) Mining (241) Human resources (214) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (184) Water infrastructure (184) Civil unrest (173) Water (rain/water table) (169) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (163) Deliberate destruction of heritage (148) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (128) Surface water pollution (103) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (99) Interpretative and visitation facilities (98) Solid waste (97) Oil and gas (86) War (86) Commercial development (85) Forestry /wood production (82) Storms (77) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (76) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (75) Marine transport infrastructure (74) Earthquake (74) Crop production (73) Major linear utilities (62) Flooding (61) Relative humidity (57) Governance (53) Air pollution (46) Fire (widlfires) (46) Water (extraction) (44) Invasive / alien freshwater species (36) Localised utilities (33) Wind (32) Input of excess energy (31) High impact research / monitoring activities (29) Industrial areas (28) Society's valuing of heritage (28) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (27) Avalanche/ landslide (26) Air transport infrastructure (25) Renewable energy facilities (25) Subsistence hunting (25) Underground transport infrastructure (22) Commercial hunting (22) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (20) Ground water pollution (19) Quarrying (18) Other climate change impacts (18) Temperature (14) Drought (14) Invasive / alien marine species (14) Pollution of marine waters (13) Micro-organisms (13) Temperature change (12) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (10) Desertification (10) Volcanic eruption (9) Translocated species (8) Non-renewable energy facilities (5) Radiation/light (3) Terrorism (3) Changes to oceanic waters (3) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Pests (2) Military training (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).