State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Argentina Australia Bangladesh Belarus Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovenia Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(292) Illegal activities(119) Ground transport infrastructure(102) Housing(101) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(77) Management activities(74) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(70) Financial resources(65) Legal framework(63) Water infrastructure(57) Water (rain/water table)(54) Mining(52) Land conversion(51) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(31) Surface water pollution(31) Human resources(30) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(29) Storms(29) Civil unrest(26) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(25) Forestry /wood production(24) Relative humidity(24) Solid waste(23) War(21) Air pollution(20) Localised utilities(19) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(19) Commercial development(17) Crop production(16) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(16) Oil and gas(16) Earthquake(16) Water (extraction) (15) Flooding(14) Deliberate destruction of heritage(13) Marine transport infrastructure(12) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(12) Interpretative and visitation facilities(11) Major linear utilities(10) Wind(9) Industrial areas(8) Input of excess energy(8) Subsistence hunting(7) Temperature(7) Avalanche/ landslide(7) Fire (widlfires)(6) Governance(6) Air transport infrastructure(5) Micro-organisms(5) Invasive / alien marine species(5) Renewable energy facilities(4) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(4) Desertification(4) Invasive / alien freshwater species(4) Pollution of marine waters(3) Quarrying(3) Radiation/light(3) Pests(2) Society's valuing of heritage(2) Terrorism(2) Volcanic eruption(2) High impact research / monitoring activities(2) Ground water pollution(1) Commercial hunting(1) Subsistence wild plant collection(1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(1) Military training(1) Other climate change impacts(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).