State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (268) Housing (137) Illegal activities (106) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (74) Land conversion (67) Management activities (67) Ground transport infrastructure (65) Legal framework (57) Mining (50) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (42) War (42) Civil unrest (37) Water infrastructure (35) Human resources (35) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (34) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (32) Financial resources (30) Deliberate destruction of heritage (29) Oil and gas (27) Water (rain/water table) (25) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (24) Interpretative and visitation facilities (19) Governance (18) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (17) Surface water pollution (16) Marine transport infrastructure (15) Solid waste (15) Flooding (15) Commercial development (14) Major linear utilities (14) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (13) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (12) Fire (widlfires) (12) Storms (10) Renewable energy facilities (9) Crop production (9) Non-renewable energy facilities (8) Forestry /wood production (8) Water (extraction) (8) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (8) Underground transport infrastructure (7) Localised utilities (7) High impact research / monitoring activities (7) Industrial areas (6) Pollution of marine waters (5) Commercial hunting (5) Subsistence hunting (5) Quarrying (5) Wind (5) Earthquake (5) Invasive / alien freshwater species (5) Air transport infrastructure (4) Ground water pollution (4) Drought (4) Other climate change impacts (4) Air pollution (3) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (3) Avalanche/ landslide (3) Invasive / alien marine species (3) Input of excess energy (2) Micro-organisms (2) Relative humidity (2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (2) Changes to oceanic waters (2) Temperature change (2) Translocated species (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Society's valuing of heritage (1) Desertification (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).