State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Gabon Georgia Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(207) Housing(106) Illegal activities(81) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(58) Ground transport infrastructure(52) Management activities(50) Land conversion(49) Legal framework(47) Mining(38) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(36) War(30) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(28) Water infrastructure(27) Human resources(27) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(26) Civil unrest(26) Financial resources(25) Oil and gas(23) Deliberate destruction of heritage(22) Water (rain/water table)(18) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(17) Governance(15) Marine transport infrastructure(14) Interpretative and visitation facilities(13) Surface water pollution(13) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(12) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(11) Solid waste(11) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(11) Commercial development(10) Flooding(10) Major linear utilities(9) Storms(9) Fire (widlfires)(9) Renewable energy facilities(7) Water (extraction) (7) Localised utilities(6) Non-renewable energy facilities(6) Crop production(6) Forestry /wood production(6) High impact research / monitoring activities(6) Industrial areas(5) Underground transport infrastructure(5) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(5) Earthquake(5) Invasive / alien freshwater species(5) Pollution of marine waters(4) Commercial hunting(4) Wind(4) Drought(4) Other climate change impacts(4) Air transport infrastructure(3) Air pollution(3) Ground water pollution(3) Subsistence hunting(3) Quarrying(3) Invasive / alien marine species(3) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(2) Changes to oceanic waters(2) Temperature change(2) Avalanche/ landslide(2) Translocated species(2) Input of excess energy(1) Micro-organisms(1) Relative humidity(1) Society's valuing of heritage(1) Desertification(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).