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State of Conservation (SOC)

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148
Reports
147
Properties
82
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
aapravasi ghatAapravasi Ghat mauritius Mauritius 2012 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, No
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2012 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2012 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Forestry /wood production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poverty
Yes
aksumAksum ethiopia Ethiopia 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Structural instability of Stele 3
No
alto douro wine regionAlto Douro Wine Region portugal Portugal 2012 Water infrastructure, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2012 Desertification, Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2012 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2012 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological areas of pompei, herculaneum and torre annunziataArchaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata italy Italy 2012 Storms,
Other Threats: collapse of walls
No
archaeological site of carthageArchaeological Site of Carthage tunisia Tunisia 2012 Governance, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2012 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of panamá viejo and historic district of panamáArchaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá panama Panama 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the property;
No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2012 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2012 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2012 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bam and its cultural landscapeBam and its Cultural Landscape iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2012 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2012 Housing, Invasive / alien marine species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Oil and gas, Yes
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
cathedral, alcázar and archivo de indias in sevilleCathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville spain Spain 2012 Housing, No
centennial hall in wrocławCentennial Hall in Wrocław poland Poland 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Management activities,
Other Threats: impact on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property of the rebuilt Pavilion
No
central highlands of sri lankaCentral Highlands of Sri Lanka sri lanka Sri Lanka 2012 Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
cerrado protected areas: chapada dos veadeiros and emas national parksCerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks brazil Brazil 2012 Legal framework, No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2012 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices
Yes
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2012 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Instability and risk of collapse of the Cerro Rico; Deficiencies in conservation: special attention required for the restoration and upgrading of structures with residential use and the archaeological industrial heritage
No
cliff of bandiagara (land of the dogons)Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) mali Mali 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, War, No
coiba national park and its special zone of marine protectionCoiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection panama Panama 2012 Financial resources, Human resources, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Marine transport infrastructure, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2012 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
cornwall and west devon mining landscapeCornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2012 Commercial development, Mining, Solid waste, No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2012 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structureb) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the propertd) Absence of detailed and technical information on the state of conservation of the property since 2007;
Yes
cultural and historic ensemble of the solovetsky islandsCultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of monitoring
No
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2012 Civil unrest, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintingse) Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions).
Yes
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2012 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Solid waste, Surface water pollution, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2012 Commercial hunting, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
dong phayayen-khao yai forest complexDong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex thailand Thailand 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Forest fragmentationNeed for ecological corridors
No
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2012 Commercial hunting, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Mining, No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2012 Ground water pollution, Housing, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
Yes
ferrara, city of the renaissance, and its po deltaFerrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta italy Italy 2012 Earthquake, No
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2012 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Flooding, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration and destruction of the fabric of the property by environmental factors, lack of a maintenance programme, polluted water;
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2012 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2012 Civil unrest, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management activities, War, Yes
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2012 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, Oil and gas, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2012 Marine transport infrastructure, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, Pollution of marine waters, Temperature change, No
gulf of porto: calanche of piana, gulf of girolata, scandola reserveGulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve france France 2012 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, No
henderson islandHenderson Island united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2012 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas)
No
historic bridgetown and its garrisonHistoric Bridgetown and its Garrison barbados Barbados 2012 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic centre of bruggeHistoric Centre of Brugge belgium Belgium 2012 Housing,
Other Threats: Gradual erosion of the attributes that convey the Outstanding Universal Value and consequently threaten the integrity of the property with regards to its overall coherence and originality.
No
historic centre of pragueHistoric Centre of Prague czech republic Czech Republic 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of saint petersburg and related groups of monumentsHistoric Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of monuments in general and fortifications in particular, weak protection and maintenance measures;
No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2012 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2012 Avalanche/ landslide, Flooding, Governance, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical centre of the city of yaroslavlHistorical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Housing, Management activities, No
historical monuments at makli, thattaHistorical Monuments at Makli, Thatta pakistan Pakistan 2012 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tomb
No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2012 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; b) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given; d) Very little conservation work carried out
Yes
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2012 Financial resources, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
iguazu national parkIguazu National Park argentina Argentina 2012 Financial resources, Governance, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 2012 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2012 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, War,
Other Threats: Villages in the ecologicalcorridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
Yes
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 2012 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
lake turkana national parksLake Turkana National Parks kenya Kenya 2012 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2012 Financial resources, Housing, Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, Solid waste, Water infrastructure, No
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2012 Commercial development, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2012 Civil unrest, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2012 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
No
madriu-perafita-claror valleyMadriu-Perafita-Claror Valley andorra Andorra 2012 Management systems/ management plan, No
mahabodhi temple complex at bodh gayaMahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya india India 2012 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses,
Other Threats: Loss of character of the cultural landscape directly associated with the property and its outstanding universal value
No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2012 Civil unrest, Crop production, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2012 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
mantua and sabbionetaMantua and Sabbioneta italy Italy 2012 Earthquake, No
mapungubwe cultural landscapeMapungubwe Cultural Landscape south africa South Africa 2012 Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2012 Air transport infrastructure, High impact research / monitoring activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
No
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2012 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
Yes
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2012 Commercial development, Housing, Underground transport infrastructure, No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2012 Civil unrest, High impact research / monitoring activities, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
Yes
mont-saint-michel and its bayMont-Saint-Michel and its Bay france France 2012 Earthquake, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Renewable energy facilities, Storms, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
2012 Air pollution, Drought, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
mount athosMount Athos greece Greece 2012 Earthquake, Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2012 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
national history park – citadel, sans souci, ramiersNational History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers haiti Haiti 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2012 Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
natural system of wrangel island reserveNatural System of Wrangel Island Reserve russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Management systems/ management plan, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2012 Crop production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2012 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2012 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of salamancaOld City of Salamanca spain Spain 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2012 Housing, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods
No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2012 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 2012 Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, War,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2012 Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
palace of westminster and westminster abbey including saint margaret’s churchPalace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
phoenix islands protected areaPhoenix Islands Protected Area kiribati Kiribati 2012 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2012 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pitons management areaPitons Management Area saint lucia Saint Lucia 2012 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
port, fortresses and group of monuments, cartagenaPort, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena colombia Colombia 2012 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
portovenere, cinque terre, and the islands (palmaria, tino and tinetto)Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) italy Italy 2012 Avalanche/ landslide, Flooding, No
pre-hispanic city of teotihuacanPre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan mexico Mexico 2012 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
provins, town of medieval fairsProvins, Town of Medieval Fairs france France 2012 Legal framework, No
pyrenees - mont perduPyrénées - Mont Perdu france,spain France
Spain
2012 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
rainforests of the atsinananaRainforests of the Atsinanana madagascar Madagascar 2012 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Subsistence hunting, Yes
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2012 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2012 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
rock-hewn churches, lalibelaRock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela ethiopia Ethiopia 2012 Earthquake, Housing, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), No
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2012 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Fire; Major deterioration of almost 50% of the earthen structural components
No
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2012 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Governance, Illegal activities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric
Yes
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2012 Financial resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Other climate change impacts, No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 2012 Air pollution, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, Other climate change impacts, No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2012 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
saloum deltaSaloum Delta senegal Senegal 2012 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, No
samarkand – crossroad of culturesSamarkand – Crossroad of Cultures uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Conservation of urban fabric
No
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2012 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2012 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Reduction of elephant population
No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2012 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
shiretokoShiretoko japan Japan 2012 Management systems/ management plan, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
Yes
stone town of zanzibarStone Town of Zanzibar tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2012 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Environmental pressures in relation with the Malindi port projectc) Natural disasters and lack of risk-preparedness
No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2012 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Water infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 2012 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Mining, No
three parallel rivers of yunnan protected areasThree Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas china China 2012 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: signage
No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2012 Civil unrest, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, War,
Other Threats: Inappropriate design and scale of new Ahmed Baba Cultural Centre in the vicinity of the Sankoré Mosque; lack of detailed drawings supplied to the Committee
No
tomb of askiaTomb of Askia mali Mali 2012 Illegal activities, War, No
tombs of buganda kings at kasubiTombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi uganda Uganda 2012 Management activities, Yes
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2012 Air transport infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2012 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
vat phou and associated ancient settlements within the champasak cultural landscapeVat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
villa adriana (tivoli)Villa Adriana (Tivoli) italy Italy 2012 Housing, Solid waste, No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2012 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, War, Yes
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2012 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.