State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(303) Housing(158) Illegal activities(122) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(86) Ground transport infrastructure(76) Management activities(74) Land conversion(71) Legal framework(70) Mining(58) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(49) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(44) Water infrastructure(42) Financial resources(41) Human resources(40) Civil unrest(39) War(39) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(38) Deliberate destruction of heritage(35) Oil and gas(32) Water (rain/water table)(27) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(24) Governance(23) Marine transport infrastructure(22) Surface water pollution(20) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(20) Interpretative and visitation facilities(19) Solid waste(18) Flooding(17) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(15) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(14) Commercial development(13) Major linear utilities(13) Storms(12) Earthquake(12) Fire (widlfires)(11) Forestry /wood production(10) Renewable energy facilities(9) Crop production(9) Water (extraction) (9) High impact research / monitoring activities(9) Non-renewable energy facilities(8) Invasive / alien freshwater species(8) Industrial areas(7) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(7) Drought(7) Other climate change impacts(7) Underground transport infrastructure(6) Localised utilities(6) Air pollution(6) Commercial hunting(6) Air transport infrastructure(5) Pollution of marine waters(5) Wind(5) Ground water pollution(4) Subsistence hunting(4) Avalanche/ landslide(4) Invasive / alien marine species(4) Quarrying(3) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(3) Society's valuing of heritage(3) Temperature change(3) Translocated species(3) Input of excess energy(2) Relative humidity(2) Changes to oceanic waters(2) Desertification(2) Micro-organisms(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).