State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(411) Housing(222) Illegal activities(164) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(107) Ground transport infrastructure(104) Management activities(99) Land conversion(94) Legal framework(89) Mining(75) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(72) Financial resources(59) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(57) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(57) Human resources(56) Water infrastructure(53) Civil unrest(52) Deliberate destruction of heritage(48) War(44) Oil and gas(41) Water (rain/water table)(36) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(34) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(29) Marine transport infrastructure(29) Governance(29) Interpretative and visitation facilities(27) Surface water pollution(26) Solid waste(23) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(23) Flooding(21) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(17) Storms(17) Earthquake(17) Commercial development(16) Major linear utilities(16) Crop production(15) Fire (widlfires)(15) High impact research / monitoring activities(12) Water (extraction) (11) Invasive / alien freshwater species(11) Industrial areas(10) Underground transport infrastructure(10) Renewable energy facilities(10) Forestry /wood production(10) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(10) Pollution of marine waters(9) Drought(9) Localised utilities(8) Non-renewable energy facilities(8) Other climate change impacts(8) Air transport infrastructure(7) Commercial hunting(7) Wind(7) Air pollution(6) Society's valuing of heritage(6) Ground water pollution(5) Subsistence hunting(5) Relative humidity(5) Avalanche/ landslide(5) Invasive / alien marine species(5) Translocated species(5) Quarrying(4) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(4) Changes to oceanic waters(4) Temperature change(4) Input of excess energy(3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(3) Micro-organisms(2) Desertification(2) Volcanic eruption(1) Hyper-abundant species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).