State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czechia Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (618) Housing (320) Illegal activities (245) Ground transport infrastructure (164) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (164) Land conversion (149) Management activities (149) Legal framework (138) Mining (117) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (109) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (86) Water infrastructure (85) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (84) Civil unrest (84) Financial resources (83) Human resources (83) War (75) Deliberate destruction of heritage (67) Oil and gas (55) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (52) Water (rain/water table) (50) Governance (50) Interpretative and visitation facilities (45) Surface water pollution (45) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (43) Marine transport infrastructure (43) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (39) Solid waste (36) Flooding (32) Storms (28) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (27) Commercial development (25) Major linear utilities (25) Fire (widlfires) (23) Earthquake (22) Underground transport infrastructure (21) Renewable energy facilities (21) Crop production (21) Forestry /wood production (20) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (17) Other climate change impacts (17) High impact research / monitoring activities (17) Water (extraction) (16) Invasive / alien freshwater species (16) Industrial areas (15) Ground water pollution (13) Air transport infrastructure (12) Localised utilities (12) Non-renewable energy facilities (12) Drought (12) Commercial hunting (11) Wind (10) Society's valuing of heritage (10) Changes to oceanic waters (10) Air pollution (9) Invasive / alien marine species (9) Subsistence hunting (8) Quarrying (8) Relative humidity (7) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (7) Translocated species (7) Pollution of marine waters (6) Avalanche/ landslide (6) Temperature change (5) Input of excess energy (4) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (4) Micro-organisms (3) Desertification (3) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Volcanic eruption (1) Hyper-abundant species (1) Low impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).