State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(506) Housing(277) Illegal activities(198) Ground transport infrastructure(127) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(126) Management activities(119) Land conversion(114) Legal framework(107) Mining(93) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(90) Financial resources(74) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(71) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(68) Water infrastructure(67) Civil unrest(65) Human resources(65) Deliberate destruction of heritage(62) War(49) Oil and gas(47) Water (rain/water table)(43) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(39) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(37) Marine transport infrastructure(36) Governance(36) Surface water pollution(32) Interpretative and visitation facilities(31) Solid waste(31) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(29) Flooding(25) Earthquake(21) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(20) Storms(19) Fire (widlfires)(19) Crop production(18) Commercial development(17) Major linear utilities(17) Water (extraction) (15) High impact research / monitoring activities(15) Forestry /wood production(14) Renewable energy facilities(13) Underground transport infrastructure(12) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(12) Invasive / alien freshwater species(12) Industrial areas(11) Drought(11) Air pollution(10) Pollution of marine waters(10) Commercial hunting(10) Wind(10) Other climate change impacts(9) Localised utilities(8) Non-renewable energy facilities(8) Society's valuing of heritage(8) Air transport infrastructure(7) Relative humidity(7) Invasive / alien marine species(7) Ground water pollution(6) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(6) Temperature change(6) Avalanche/ landslide(6) Translocated species(6) Input of excess energy(5) Subsistence hunting(5) Quarrying(5) Changes to oceanic waters(4) Micro-organisms(3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(3) Desertification(2) Volcanic eruption(1) Hyper-abundant species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).