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State of Conservation (SOC)

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331
Properties
121
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Statistics by properties (by regions and categories)
Year Property SOC Regions Categories
EUR-NA APA LAC ARB AFR Cultural Natural Mixed
2006
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
135
98%
17%
136 38
28%
5%
33
24%
4%
14
10%
2%
20
14%
2%
30
22%
4%
85
62%
10%
45
33%
6%
5
4%
1%
2007
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
165
122%
20%
165 50
37%
6%
41
30%
5%
22
16%
3%
22
16%
3%
30
22%
4%
107
79%
13%
54
40%
7%
4
3%
0%
2008
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
158
96%
19%
158 57
35%
7%
33
20%
4%
25
15%
3%
17
10%
2%
26
16%
3%
101
61%
12%
53
32%
6%
4
2%
0%
2009
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
178
113%
20%
178 64
41%
7%
38
24%
4%
26
16%
3%
19
12%
2%
31
20%
4%
122
77%
14%
52
33%
6%
4
3%
0%
2010
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
149
84%
17%
149 47
26%
5%
28
16%
3%
27
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
31
17%
3%
92
52%
10%
51
29%
6%
6
3%
1%
2011
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
172
115%
19%
172 50
34%
5%
41
28%
5%
31
21%
3%
20
13%
2%
30
20%
3%
118
79%
13%
51
34%
6%
3
2%
0%
2012
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
147
85%
16%
148 45
26%
5%
26
15%
3%
25
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
35
20%
4%
89
52%
10%
52
30%
6%
6
3%
1%
2013
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
169
115%
18%
169 46
31%
5%
31
21%
3%
30
20%
3%
27
18%
3%
35
24%
4%
116
79%
12%
50
34%
5%
3
2%
0%
2014
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
150
89%
15%
150 31
18%
3%
30
18%
3%
26
15%
3%
21
12%
2%
42
25%
4%
90
53%
9%
54
32%
6%
6
4%
1%
2015
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
85
57%
8%
85 18
12%
2%
17
11%
2%
12
8%
1%
17
11%
2%
21
14%
2%
58
39%
6%
24
16%
2%
3
2%
0%
Threats*
Threats Group of Threats SOC reports Properties
Commercial development Buildings and Development 41 15
Housing Buildings and Development 544 143
Industrial areas Buildings and Development 16 6
Interpretative and visitation facilities Buildings and Development 64 28
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Buildings and Development 156 60
Air transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 17 7
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 81 31
Ground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 245 75
Marine transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 53 15
Underground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 20 8
Localised utilities Services Infrastructures 13 10
Major linear utilities Services Infrastructures 36 11
Non-renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 12 5
Renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 19 9
Water infrastructure Services Infrastructures 119 29
Air pollution Pollution 17 7
Ground water pollution Pollution 14 5
Input of excess energy Pollution 13 3
Pollution of marine waters Pollution 14 6
Solid waste Pollution 64 21
Surface water pollution Pollution 54 13
Aquaculture Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Commercial hunting Biological resource use/modification 16 5
Commercial wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Crop production Biological resource use/modification 49 15
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Biological resource use/modification 38 16
Forestry /wood production Biological resource use/modification 37 10
Land conversion Biological resource use/modification 202 43
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Biological resource use/modification 122 26
Subsistence hunting Biological resource use/modification 12 5
Subsistence wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 1 1
Mining Physical resource extraction 160 37
Oil and gas Physical resource extraction 69 21
Quarrying Physical resource extraction 10 6
Water (extraction) Physical resource extraction 25 8
Dust Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Micro-organisms Local conditions affecting physical fabric 8 2
Pests Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Radiation/light Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Relative humidity Local conditions affecting physical fabric 18 10
Temperature Local conditions affecting physical fabric 5 3
Water (rain/water table) Local conditions affecting physical fabric 86 22
Wind Local conditions affecting physical fabric 22 7
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Social/cultural uses of heritage 28 10
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Social/cultural uses of heritage 144 43
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Social/cultural uses of heritage 259 84
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Social/cultural uses of heritage 12 3
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses Social/cultural uses of heritage 3 2
Society's valuing of heritage Social/cultural uses of heritage 14 4
Civil unrest Other human activities 126 18
Deliberate destruction of heritage Other human activities 119 31
Illegal activities Other human activities 377 82
Military training Other human activities 1 1
Terrorism Other human activities 0 0
War Other human activities 85 18
Changes to oceanic waters Climate change and severe weather events 4 3
Desertification Climate change and severe weather events 4 1
Drought Climate change and severe weather events 16 4
Flooding Climate change and severe weather events 50 15
Other climate change impacts Climate change and severe weather events 12 7
Storms Climate change and severe weather events 27 8
Temperature change Climate change and severe weather events 11 4
Avalanche/ landslide Sudden ecological or geological events 11 2
Earthquake Sudden ecological or geological events 39 14
Erosion and siltation/ deposition Sudden ecological or geological events 75 19
Fire (widlfires) Sudden ecological or geological events 33 9
Tsunami/tidal wave Sudden ecological or geological events 1 1
Volcanic eruption Sudden ecological or geological events 1 1
Hyper-abundant species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 1 1
Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 23 7
Invasive / alien marine species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 7 3
Invasive/alien terrestrial species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 54 19
Modified genetic material Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 0 0
Translocated species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 10 2
Financial resources Management and institutional factors 145 43
Governance Management and institutional factors 56 16
High impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 23 7
Human resources Management and institutional factors 136 47
Legal framework Management and institutional factors 174 66
Low impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 0 0
Management activities Management and institutional factors 210 65
Management systems/ management plan Management and institutional factors 950 238
Threats by year (SOC reports)*
Threats* Year
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Buildings and Development
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Commercial development 5 4 6 5 1 3 3 5 5 4
Housing 47 60 58 71 55 64 52 54 52 31
Industrial areas 1 1 0 2 1 3 2 3 2 1
Interpretative and visitation facilities 5 7 6 9 4 8 6 6 7 6
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 9 16 13 22 18 23 13 15 21 6
Transportation Infrastructure
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Air transport infrastructure 2 2 1 4 0 2 2 2 1 1
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 6 7 10 15 8 14 4 7 4 6
Ground transport infrastructure 21 28 28 28 23 28 24 26 26 13
Marine transport infrastructure 1 2 6 7 7 7 8 7 7 1
Underground transport infrastructure 0 1 2 3 2 4 1 3 2 2
Services Infrastructures
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Localised utilities 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 4 2 1
Major linear utilities 3 4 3 4 1 3 4 4 5 5
Non-renewable energy facilities 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 3 3 2
Renewable energy facilities 1 1 2 0 3 1 2 3 4 2
Water infrastructure 9 13 12 10 14 11 15 13 14 8
Pollution
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Air pollution 3 1 2 1 4 0 3 0 3 0
Ground water pollution 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1
Input of excess energy 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 0 1
Pollution of marine waters 1 2 0 0 1 4 1 2 2 1
Solid waste 7 10 7 5 8 5 7 6 5 4
Surface water pollution 5 4 7 3 6 6 7 6 7 3
Biological resource use/modification
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Aquaculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commercial hunting 1 1 0 3 3 1 2 2 2 1
Commercial wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crop production 10 11 3 4 3 6 3 2 4 3
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 4 4 5 4 3 3 3 6 5 1
Forestry /wood production 6 4 5 6 4 0 4 3 3 2
Land conversion 14 17 17 22 20 23 22 23 26 18
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 10 11 12 15 11 13 16 16 12 6
Subsistence hunting 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 1 2
Subsistence wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Physical resource extraction
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Mining 14 12 13 16 18 17 20 18 20 12
Oil and gas 3 3 6 6 6 9 9 11 12 4
Quarrying 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 2
Water (extraction) 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 5 1
Local conditions affecting physical fabric
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Dust 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micro-organisms 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0 1
Pests 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Radiation/light 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relative humidity 2 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 1 1
Temperature 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Water (rain/water table) 9 10 8 9 7 9 9 11 7 7
Wind 4 3 1 3 3 2 1 2 2 1
Social/cultural uses of heritage
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 2 3 3
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 16 21 13 17 14 19 12 13 13 6
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 30 36 24 27 19 21 28 23 35 16
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0
Society's valuing of heritage 1 1 1 3 2 3 2 0 1 0
Other human activities
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Civil unrest 12 13 13 12 13 13 13 13 13 11
Deliberate destruction of heritage 8 10 14 18 14 13 13 12 10 7
Illegal activities 34 41 35 44 34 42 41 37 44 25
Military training 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Terrorism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
War 5 7 6 6 5 5 9 15 15 12
Climate change and severe weather events
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Changes to oceanic waters 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 0
Desertification 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Drought 2 2 1 0 2 2 3 1 3 0
Flooding 6 5 5 4 4 4 7 6 4 5
Other climate change impacts 0 0 0 3 1 1 3 2 2 0
Storms 2 1 2 2 2 5 3 4 5 1
Temperature change 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 1 1 0
Sudden ecological or geological events
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Avalanche/ landslide 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 0 1
Earthquake 4 5 4 5 4 5 7 2 3 0
Erosion and siltation/ deposition 7 9 3 10 5 10 7 9 8 7
Fire (widlfires) 3 3 2 3 4 4 2 6 3 3
Tsunami/tidal wave 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Volcanic eruption 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Hyper-abundant species 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Invasive / alien freshwater species 3 3 2 3 1 3 3 1 4 0
Invasive / alien marine species 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1 0
Invasive/alien terrestrial species 7 5 7 5 6 3 8 6 6 1
Modified genetic material 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Translocated species 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 0
Management and institutional factors
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Financial resources 15 18 17 16 15 18 16 10 15 5
Governance 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 8 3
High impact research / monitoring activities 1 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 2 1
Human resources 15 18 11 19 9 16 13 13 14 8
Legal framework 17 12 15 13 18 19 23 24 23 10
Low impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Management activities 13 16 20 25 20 25 24 23 27 17
Management systems/ management plan 84 99 96 104 95 108 96 106 101 61


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.