State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Benin Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Honduras India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lithuania Madagascar Mali Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Nepal Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Senegal Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(94) Housing(35) Illegal activities(31) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(27) Human resources(25) Ground transport infrastructure(23) Financial resources(21) Legal framework(21) Land conversion(18) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(15) Management activities(15) Civil unrest(11) Commercial development(10) Mining(10) Water (rain/water table)(9) Interpretative and visitation facilities(8) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(8) Deliberate destruction of heritage(8) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(7) Water infrastructure(6) Forestry /wood production(6) Surface water pollution(5) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(5) Oil and gas(5) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(5) Underground transport infrastructure(4) Major linear utilities(4) Subsistence hunting(4) Avalanche/ landslide(4) Invasive / alien freshwater species(4) Industrial areas(3) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(3) Marine transport infrastructure(3) Commercial hunting(3) Relative humidity(3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(3) Flooding(3) Storms(3) Earthquake(3) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(3) Governance(3) Air transport infrastructure(2) Air pollution(2) Input of excess energy(2) Solid waste(2) Quarrying(2) Society's valuing of heritage(2) War(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Localised utilities(1) Renewable energy facilities(1) Crop production(1) Water (extraction) (1) Wind(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Desertification(1) Drought(1) Other climate change impacts(1) Volcanic eruption(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).