State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Australia Bangladesh Belarus Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Ethiopia Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Nepal New Zealand Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Slovakia Spain Sri Lanka Tanzania, United Republic of Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(66) Ground transport infrastructure(30) Illegal activities(27) Housing(21) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(19) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(19) Land conversion(15) Mining(15) Financial resources(14) Management activities(14) Human resources(10) Interpretative and visitation facilities(8) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(7) Water infrastructure(7) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(7) Oil and gas(6) Water (rain/water table)(6) Civil unrest(6) Legal framework(6) Marine transport infrastructure(5) Major linear utilities(5) Surface water pollution(5) Forestry /wood production(5) Deliberate destruction of heritage(5) Earthquake(5) Commercial development(4) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(4) Crop production(3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(3) Water (extraction) (3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(3) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(3) Fire (widlfires)(3) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(3) Renewable energy facilities(2) Air pollution(2) Solid waste(2) Quarrying(2) Relative humidity(2) Society's valuing of heritage(2) War(2) Other climate change impacts(2) Invasive / alien freshwater species(2) High impact research / monitoring activities(2) Industrial areas(1) Air transport infrastructure(1) Input of excess energy(1) Commercial hunting(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(1) Desertification(1) Storms(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Volcanic eruption(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).