State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Australia Bangladesh Belarus Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Italy Kenya Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Nepal New Zealand Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Slovakia Spain Sri Lanka Tanzania, United Republic of Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(57) Ground transport infrastructure(24) Illegal activities(24) Housing(17) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(17) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(16) Land conversion(14) Mining(13) Financial resources(12) Management activities(9) Water infrastructure(7) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(7) Human resources(7) Interpretative and visitation facilities(6) Oil and gas(6) Marine transport infrastructure(5) Major linear utilities(5) Surface water pollution(5) Forestry /wood production(5) Water (rain/water table)(5) Civil unrest(5) Deliberate destruction of heritage(5) Legal framework(5) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(4) Commercial development(3) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(3) Crop production(3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(3) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(3) Renewable energy facilities(2) Air pollution(2) Quarrying(2) Water (extraction) (2) Relative humidity(2) Society's valuing of heritage(2) War(2) Earthquake(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Invasive / alien freshwater species(2) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(2) High impact research / monitoring activities(2) Industrial areas(1) Air transport infrastructure(1) Input of excess energy(1) Solid waste(1) Commercial hunting(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Other climate change impacts(1) Storms(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Volcanic eruption(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).