State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Australia Belarus Benin Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Germany Ghana Guatemala Guinea Honduras India Italy Jordan Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lithuania Mali Mexico Montenegro Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Oman Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Russian Federation Senegal Slovenia Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(59) Housing(18) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(18) Illegal activities(15) Ground transport infrastructure(14) Mining(11) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(11) Management activities(11) Storms(9) Financial resources(8) Legal framework(8) Land conversion(7) Water infrastructure(6) Surface water pollution(6) Forestry /wood production(6) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(5) Solid waste(5) Water (rain/water table)(5) Interpretative and visitation facilities(4) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(4) Marine transport infrastructure(4) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(4) Oil and gas(4) Civil unrest(4) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(4) Human resources(4) Major linear utilities(2) Air pollution(2) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(2) Relative humidity(2) Wind(2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(2) War(2) Flooding(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Volcanic eruption(2) High impact research / monitoring activities(2) Industrial areas(1) Localised utilities(1) Renewable energy facilities(1) Ground water pollution(1) Input of excess energy(1) Commercial hunting(1) Crop production(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Water (extraction) (1) Society's valuing of heritage(1) Deliberate destruction of heritage(1) Military training(1) Other climate change impacts(1) Earthquake(1) Invasive / alien freshwater species(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(1) Governance(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).