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State of Conservation (SOC)

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2398
Reports
441
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131
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Statistics by properties (by regions and categories)
Year Property SOC Regions Categories
EUR-NA APA LAC ARB AFR Cultural Natural Mixed
1998
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
127
126%
23%
127 35
35%
6%
33
33%
6%
24
24%
4%
17
17%
3%
18
18%
3%
71
70%
13%
46
46%
8%
10
10%
2%
1999
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
110
87%
19%
110 23
18%
4%
34
27%
6%
23
18%
4%
12
9%
2%
18
14%
3%
55
43%
9%
47
37%
8%
8
6%
1%
2000
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
112
102%
18%
112 34
31%
5%
32
29%
5%
17
15%
3%
9
8%
1%
20
18%
3%
54
49%
9%
53
48%
8%
5
5%
1%
2001
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
124
111%
18%
123 37
33%
5%
32
29%
5%
19
17%
3%
18
16%
3%
18
16%
3%
57
51%
8%
60
54%
9%
7
6%
1%
2002
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
90
73%
12%
89 34
27%
5%
25
20%
3%
10
8%
1%
10
8%
1%
11
9%
2%
46
37%
6%
38
31%
5%
6
5%
1%
2003
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
142
158%
19%
137 41
46%
6%
34
38%
5%
28
31%
4%
15
17%
2%
24
27%
3%
94
104%
13%
44
49%
6%
4
4%
1%
2004
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
159
112%
21%
157 52
37%
7%
38
27%
5%
26
18%
3%
19
13%
3%
24
17%
3%
103
73%
14%
51
36%
7%
5
4%
1%
2005
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
138
87%
18%
136 47
30%
6%
34
21%
4%
16
10%
2%
16
10%
2%
25
16%
3%
89
56%
11%
44
28%
6%
5
3%
1%
2006
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
135
98%
17%
134 38
28%
5%
33
24%
4%
14
10%
2%
20
14%
2%
30
22%
4%
85
62%
10%
45
33%
6%
5
4%
1%
2007
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
165
122%
20%
161 50
37%
6%
41
30%
5%
22
16%
3%
22
16%
3%
30
22%
4%
107
79%
13%
54
40%
7%
4
3%
0%
2008
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
158
96%
19%
158 57
35%
7%
33
20%
4%
25
15%
3%
17
10%
2%
26
16%
3%
101
61%
12%
53
32%
6%
4
2%
0%
2009
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
178
113%
20%
176 64
41%
7%
38
24%
4%
26
16%
3%
19
12%
2%
31
20%
4%
122
77%
14%
52
33%
6%
4
3%
0%
2010
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
149
84%
17%
146 47
26%
5%
28
16%
3%
27
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
31
17%
3%
92
52%
10%
51
29%
6%
6
3%
1%
2011
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
172
115%
19%
169 50
34%
5%
41
28%
5%
31
21%
3%
20
13%
2%
30
20%
3%
118
79%
13%
51
34%
6%
3
2%
0%
2012
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
147
85%
16%
147 45
26%
5%
26
15%
3%
25
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
35
20%
4%
89
52%
10%
52
30%
6%
6
3%
1%
2013
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
169
115%
18%
166 46
31%
5%
31
21%
3%
30
20%
3%
27
18%
3%
35
24%
4%
116
79%
12%
50
34%
5%
3
2%
0%
2014
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
150
89%
15%
150 31
18%
3%
30
18%
3%
26
15%
3%
21
12%
2%
42
25%
4%
90
53%
9%
54
32%
6%
6
4%
1%
Threats*
Threats Group of Threats SOC reports Properties
Commercial development Buildings and Development 76 31
Housing Buildings and Development 724 176
Industrial areas Buildings and Development 25 10
Interpretative and visitation facilities Buildings and Development 106 47
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Buildings and Development 196 71
Air transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 23 9
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 117 45
Ground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 414 111
Marine transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 80 25
Underground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 27 12
Localised utilities Services Infrastructures 22 14
Major linear utilities Services Infrastructures 62 22
Non-renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 10 5
Renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 29 11
Water infrastructure Services Infrastructures 160 37
Air pollution Pollution 32 13
Ground water pollution Pollution 20 9
Input of excess energy Pollution 25 9
Pollution of marine waters Pollution 16 6
Solid waste Pollution 92 30
Surface water pollution Pollution 89 21
Aquaculture Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Commercial hunting Biological resource use/modification 26 8
Commercial wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Crop production Biological resource use/modification 64 16
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Biological resource use/modification 72 27
Forestry /wood production Biological resource use/modification 70 19
Land conversion Biological resource use/modification 275 59
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Biological resource use/modification 166 35
Subsistence hunting Biological resource use/modification 22 9
Subsistence wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Mining Physical resource extraction 238 50
Oil and gas Physical resource extraction 99 31
Quarrying Physical resource extraction 18 8
Water (extraction) Physical resource extraction 37 12
Dust Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Micro-organisms Local conditions affecting physical fabric 9 3
Pests Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Radiation/light Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Relative humidity Local conditions affecting physical fabric 39 17
Temperature Local conditions affecting physical fabric 8 5
Water (rain/water table) Local conditions affecting physical fabric 136 46
Wind Local conditions affecting physical fabric 29 12
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Social/cultural uses of heritage 31 10
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Social/cultural uses of heritage 249 58
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Social/cultural uses of heritage 405 121
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Social/cultural uses of heritage 12 4
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses Social/cultural uses of heritage 20 6
Society's valuing of heritage Social/cultural uses of heritage 28 11
Civil unrest Other human activities 177 22
Deliberate destruction of heritage Other human activities 159 47
Illegal activities Other human activities 566 106
Military training Other human activities 2 2
Terrorism Other human activities 1 1
War Other human activities 97 19
Changes to oceanic waters Climate change and severe weather events 4 3
Desertification Climate change and severe weather events 7 1
Drought Climate change and severe weather events 18 5
Flooding Climate change and severe weather events 60 21
Other climate change impacts Climate change and severe weather events 20 8
Storms Climate change and severe weather events 65 28
Temperature change Climate change and severe weather events 14 7
Avalanche/ landslide Sudden ecological or geological events 21 6
Earthquake Sudden ecological or geological events 63 25
Erosion and siltation/ deposition Sudden ecological or geological events 102 30
Fire (widlfires) Sudden ecological or geological events 51 14
Tsunami/tidal wave Sudden ecological or geological events 3 2
Volcanic eruption Sudden ecological or geological events 9 4
Hyper-abundant species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 1 1
Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 38 9
Invasive / alien marine species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 13 4
Invasive/alien terrestrial species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 77 23
Modified genetic material Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 0 0
Translocated species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 10 2
Financial resources Management and institutional factors 251 83
Governance Management and institutional factors 63 19
High impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 35 16
Human resources Management and institutional factors 214 77
Legal framework Management and institutional factors 257 100
Low impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 0 0
Management activities Management and institutional factors 303 88
Management systems/ management plan Management and institutional factors 1470 320
Threats by year (SOC reports)*
Threats* Year
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Buildings and Development
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Commercial development 4 1 2 4 4 10 9 5 5 4 6 5 1 3 3 5 5
Housing 21 21 23 21 17 35 47 37 45 58 58 69 54 61 52 53 52
Industrial areas 1 2 1 1 2 3 0 0 1 1 0 2 1 3 2 3 2
Interpretative and visitation facilities 6 1 4 8 4 9 8 8 5 7 6 9 4 8 6 6 7
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 8 6 5 7 3 8 7 3 9 16 13 22 18 23 13 14 21
Transportation Infrastructure
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air transport infrastructure 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 0 2 2 2 1
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 5 7 6 4 1 3 10 8 6 7 10 15 8 12 4 7 4
Ground transport infrastructure 20 22 26 30 17 23 32 16 21 28 28 28 21 26 24 26 26
Marine transport infrastructure 5 3 3 5 3 3 5 1 1 2 6 7 7 7 8 7 7
Underground transport infrastructure 0 0 1 0 0 4 3 1 0 1 2 3 2 4 1 3 2
Services Infrastructures
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Localised utilities 2 4 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 4 2
Major linear utilities 3 4 3 5 3 4 6 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 4 4 5
Non-renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 3 3
Renewable energy facilities 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 0 3 1 2 3 4
Water infrastructure 6 5 4 7 4 6 7 10 9 13 12 10 14 11 15 13 14
Pollution
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air pollution 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 0 3 0 3
Ground water pollution 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1
Input of excess energy 1 1 1 1 1 2 5 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 0
Pollution of marine waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 4 1 2 2
Solid waste 7 1 3 2 1 2 8 8 7 10 7 5 8 5 7 6 5
Surface water pollution 6 5 7 5 3 5 4 3 5 4 7 3 6 6 7 6 7
Biological resource use/modification
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Aquaculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commercial hunting 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 3 3 1 2 2 2
Commercial wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crop production 1 1 2 3 1 1 2 7 10 11 3 4 3 6 3 2 4
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 2 4 5 3 4 5 8 4 4 4 5 4 3 3 3 6 5
Forestry /wood production 6 5 6 5 1 6 2 4 6 4 5 6 4 0 4 3 3
Land conversion 7 9 13 15 9 18 11 9 14 17 17 22 20 23 22 23 26
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 4 5 6 7 5 7 10 6 10 11 12 15 11 13 16 16 12
Subsistence hunting 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 1
Subsistence wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Physical resource extraction
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Mining 11 9 14 15 10 10 9 12 14 12 13 16 18 17 20 18 20
Oil and gas 4 4 3 6 4 5 5 3 3 3 6 6 6 9 9 11 12
Quarrying 0 1 2 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 2
Water (extraction) 1 1 2 3 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 5
Local conditions affecting physical fabric
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Dust 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micro-organisms 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0
Pests 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Radiation/light 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relative humidity 5 2 3 2 2 3 4 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 1
Temperature 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Water (rain/water table) 9 4 5 6 4 9 15 5 9 10 8 9 7 9 9 11 7
Wind 2 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 4 3 1 3 3 2 1 2 2
Social/cultural uses of heritage
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 2 3
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 11 12 16 19 10 15 13 15 16 21 13 17 14 19 12 13 13
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 18 17 17 19 20 27 29 21 28 34 24 25 19 21 28 23 35
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 2 2 2 3 3 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
Society's valuing of heritage 1 1 1 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 1 3 2 3 2 0 1
Other human activities
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Civil unrest 4 6 6 6 3 11 15 11 12 13 13 12 13 13 13 13 13
Deliberate destruction of heritage 2 3 4 5 4 8 12 9 8 10 14 18 14 13 13 12 10
Illegal activities 15 20 28 27 19 31 44 30 34 41 35 44 34 42 41 37 44
Military training 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Terrorism 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
War 2 2 2 2 2 2 6 6 5 7 6 6 5 5 9 15 15
Climate change and severe weather events
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes to oceanic waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1
Desertification 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Drought 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 2 2 3 1 3
Flooding 3 1 2 0 1 3 2 3 6 5 5 4 4 4 7 6 4
Other climate change impacts 1 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 3 2 2
Storms 10 11 11 1 1 3 2 0 2 1 2 2 2 5 3 4 5
Temperature change 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 1 1
Sudden ecological or geological events
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Avalanche/ landslide 0 0 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 0
Earthquake 1 4 3 5 1 3 4 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 6 2 3
Erosion and siltation/ deposition 5 3 4 3 2 3 7 7 7 9 3 10 5 10 7 9 8
Fire (widlfires) 2 3 4 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 4 4 2 6 3
Tsunami/tidal wave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Volcanic eruption 2 2 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Hyper-abundant species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive / alien freshwater species 1 1 2 2 1 4 2 2 3 3 2 3 1 3 3 1 4
Invasive / alien marine species 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1
Invasive/alien terrestrial species 1 3 4 3 2 5 2 4 7 5 7 5 6 3 8 6 6
Modified genetic material 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Translocated species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Management and institutional factors
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Financial resources 8 12 11 14 10 21 24 11 15 18 17 16 15 18 16 10 15
Governance 1 0 0 0 1 3 3 2 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 8
High impact research / monitoring activities 2 2 0 2 1 0 4 2 1 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 2
Human resources 4 5 4 10 6 25 21 11 15 18 11 19 9 16 13 13 14
Legal framework 10 6 6 6 6 21 26 15 15 12 15 13 18 19 23 23 23
Low impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Management activities 16 18 12 13 12 15 13 11 13 16 20 25 20 25 24 23 27
Management systems/ management plan 67 68 58 66 54 94 98 82 82 95 96 104 95 108 96 106 101


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.