State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1100) Housing (468) Illegal activities (430) Ground transport infrastructure (345) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (321) Financial resources (223) Management activities (223) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (222) Legal framework (193) Land conversion (183) Mining (170) Human resources (157) Water (rain/water table) (135) Water infrastructure (134) Civil unrest (123) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (108) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (108) Deliberate destruction of heritage (92) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (87) Surface water pollution (79) Commercial development (73) Solid waste (72) Interpretative and visitation facilities (71) Forestry /wood production (68) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (67) Storms (63) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (62) War (60) Oil and gas (58) Crop production (57) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (56) Earthquake (53) Major linear utilities (50) Relative humidity (50) Marine transport infrastructure (44) Flooding (42) Air pollution (38) Water (extraction) (33) Fire (widlfires) (33) Localised utilities (30) Input of excess energy (26) Invasive / alien freshwater species (26) Governance (26) Wind (23) Subsistence hunting (21) Avalanche/ landslide (21) Industrial areas (20) Renewable energy facilities (19) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (19) Society's valuing of heritage (18) High impact research / monitoring activities (18) Air transport infrastructure (17) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (17) Quarrying (16) Commercial hunting (13) Underground transport infrastructure (12) Ground water pollution (12) Temperature (12) Invasive / alien marine species (10) Pollution of marine waters (9) Micro-organisms (9) Desertification (9) Other climate change impacts (8) Volcanic eruption (8) Drought (7) Temperature change (5) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (4) Radiation/light (3) Terrorism (3) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Translocated species (3) Pests (2) Military training (2) Non-renewable energy facilities (1) Subsistence wild plant collection (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).