State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Cuba Czechia Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Guinea Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (99) Housing (60) Illegal activities (41) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (36) Ground transport infrastructure (28) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (21) Financial resources (18) Human resources (18) Land conversion (17) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (16) Management activities (16) Water infrastructure (13) Civil unrest (13) Mining (12) Legal framework (12) Crop production (11) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (11) Solid waste (10) Water (rain/water table) (10) Deliberate destruction of heritage (10) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (9) Interpretative and visitation facilities (7) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (7) War (7) Flooding (5) Earthquake (5) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (5) Commercial development (4) Major linear utilities (4) Surface water pollution (4) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (4) Forestry /wood production (4) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (4) Oil and gas (3) Relative humidity (3) Wind (3) Fire (widlfires) (3) Invasive / alien freshwater species (3) Governance (3) Air transport infrastructure (2) Marine transport infrastructure (2) Pollution of marine waters (2) Subsistence hunting (2) Water (extraction) (2) Temperature (2) Drought (2) Industrial areas (1) Underground transport infrastructure (1) Localised utilities (1) Renewable energy facilities (1) Air pollution (1) Ground water pollution (1) Input of excess energy (1) Commercial hunting (1) Quarrying (1) Micro-organisms (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Society's valuing of heritage (1) Desertification (1) Storms (1) Temperature change (1) Avalanche/ landslide (1) Translocated species (1) High impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).