State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1002) Housing (411) Illegal activities (393) Ground transport infrastructure (317) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (295) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (209) Financial resources (206) Management activities (201) Legal framework (178) Land conversion (166) Mining (157) Human resources (146) Water (rain/water table) (127) Water infrastructure (122) Civil unrest (109) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (96) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (95) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (77) Deliberate destruction of heritage (76) Surface water pollution (72) Commercial development (67) Interpretative and visitation facilities (65) Solid waste (65) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (64) Forestry /wood production (63) Storms (61) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (57) War (55) Crop production (54) Oil and gas (52) Earthquake (49) Major linear utilities (47) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (47) Relative humidity (46) Marine transport infrastructure (38) Flooding (37) Air pollution (36) Water (extraction) (31) Fire (widlfires) (31) Localised utilities (29) Invasive / alien freshwater species (24) Input of excess energy (23) Wind (22) Subsistence hunting (21) Governance (21) Industrial areas (20) Avalanche/ landslide (20) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (19) Renewable energy facilities (17) Society's valuing of heritage (17) Air transport infrastructure (16) Quarrying (15) High impact research / monitoring activities (15) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (14) Commercial hunting (13) Temperature (12) Underground transport infrastructure (10) Ground water pollution (10) Invasive / alien marine species (10) Pollution of marine waters (9) Desertification (9) Micro-organisms (8) Other climate change impacts (8) Volcanic eruption (8) Drought (6) Temperature change (5) Radiation/light (3) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (3) Terrorism (3) Pests (2) Military training (2) Tsunami/tidal wave (2) Translocated species (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).