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State of Conservation (SOC)

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1253
Reports
348
Properties
111
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2004 Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2003 Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Risk of collapse
No
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 1992 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
acropolis, athensAcropolis, Athens greece Greece 2004 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
acropolis, athensAcropolis, Athens greece Greece 2003 Housing, No
acropolis, athensAcropolis, Athens greece Greece 2002 Housing, No
acropolis, athensAcropolis, Athens greece Greece 2001 Housing, No
agra forttaj mahalfatehpur sikriAgra Fort
Taj Mahal
Fatehpur Sikri
india India 2004 Commercial development, Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Worrying state of conservation of Agra Fort
No
agra forttaj mahalfatehpur sikriAgra Fort
Taj Mahal
Fatehpur Sikri
india India 2003 Commercial development, Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
agra forttaj mahalfatehpur sikriAgra Fort
Taj Mahal
Fatehpur Sikri
india India 1997 Air pollution, No
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2004 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2003 Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2002 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2001 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2000 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1999 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1998 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1997 Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1996 Illegal activities, War, Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1995 Illegal activities, War, Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1994 Illegal activities, War, Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1993 War, Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 1992 War, No
ajanta cavesellora cavesAjanta Caves
Ellora Caves
india India 2002 Management activities,
Other Threats: Fragile mural paintings
No
ajanta cavesellora cavesAjanta Caves
Ellora Caves
india India 2001 Management activities,
Other Threats: Fragile mural paintings
No
aksumAksum ethiopia Ethiopia 1998 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
aksumAksum ethiopia Ethiopia 1996 Management systems/ management plan, No
aldabra atollAldabra Atoll seychelles Seychelles 1986 Air transport infrastructure, Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
alhambra, generalife and albayzin, granadaAlhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada spain Spain 1999 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: State of dilapidation of the Puerta Elvira area
No
alhambra, generalife and albayzin, granadaAlhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada spain Spain 1997 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
amiens cathedralAmiens Cathedral france France 2000 Housing, No
amphitheatre of el jemAmphitheatre of El Jem tunisia Tunisia 1992 Commercial development, Housing, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2003 Desertification, Governance, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2002 Desertification, Governance, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
ancient building complex in the wudang mountainsAncient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains china China 2004 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient building complex in the wudang mountainsAncient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains china China 2003 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
ancient building complex in the wudang mountainsAncient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains china China 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1997 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1996 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1993 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1992 Management activities, No
ancient city of sigiriyaAncient City of Sigiriya sri lanka Sri Lanka 2001 Air transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 1998 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, No
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2003 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2002 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2001 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2000 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1999 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1998 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1997 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1996 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1995 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1994 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 1993 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
antigua guatemalaAntigua Guatemala guatemala Guatemala 2004 Commercial development, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
antigua guatemalaAntigua Guatemala guatemala Guatemala 2003 Commercial development, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
antigua guatemalaAntigua Guatemala guatemala Guatemala 2001 Commercial development, No
antigua guatemalaAntigua Guatemala guatemala Guatemala 1993 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Numerous ruins in the city that in danger of collapse in the event of an earthquake
No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2004 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2000 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1999 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1998 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1997 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1996 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1995 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological park and ruins of quiriguaArchaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua guatemala Guatemala 1998 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Storms, Water (rain/water table), Wind, No
archaeological park and ruins of quiriguaArchaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua guatemala Guatemala 1994 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Water (rain/water table), Wind, No
archaeological ruins at moenjodaroArchaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro pakistan Pakistan 1997 Flooding, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Deterioration of the bricks due to salt crystallization and hydration
No
archaeological ruins at moenjodaroArchaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro pakistan Pakistan 1991 Flooding, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Deterioration of the bricks due to salt crystallization and hydration
No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Micro-organisms, Relative humidity, Temperature, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Uncontrolled growth of plants and trees
No
archaeological site of delphiArchaeological Site of Delphi greece Greece 1993 Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities,
Other Threats: Need to strengthen the protection of the site
No
archaeological site of delphiArchaeological Site of Delphi greece Greece 1992 Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Need to strengthen the protection of the site
No
archaeological site of leptis magnaArchaeological Site of Leptis Magna libya Libya 1990 Flooding, No
archaeological sites of bat, al-khutm and al-aynArchaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn oman Oman 1996 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Several repairs or preventive measures needed
No
asante traditional buildingsAsante Traditional Buildings ghana Ghana 1999 Financial resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
asante traditional buildingsAsante Traditional Buildings ghana Ghana 1997 Financial resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2004 Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance
Yes
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2004 Management systems/ management plan, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2003 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2000 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 1999 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Issue of the transfer of seven original paintings from the Auschwitz-Birkenau state museum to Mrs. Dina Babbitt, author of the paintings in 1944.
No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 1996 Commercial development, Localised utilities, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 1993 Commercial development,
Other Threats: Threat to the integrity of the property (not specified - supermarket project?)
No
australian fossil mammal sites (riversleigh / naracoorte)Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte) australia Australia 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Illegal activities, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
baalbekBaalbek lebanon Lebanon 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2004 High impact research / monitoring activities, Management activities, Water (rain/water table), Wind, No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2004 Commercial development, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2003 Commercial development, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2002 Commercial development, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2001 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2000 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1999 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1998 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1997 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1996 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1995 Management activities,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1994 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1993 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1988
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2002 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2001 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 1994
Other Threats: Capture operation of the monk seal
No
baroque churches of the philippinesBaroque Churches of the Philippines philippines Philippines 2000 Housing, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table), No
baroque churches of the philippinesBaroque Churches of the Philippines philippines Philippines 1998 Housing, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table), No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2004 Air pollution, Forestry /wood production, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Temperature change, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Fencing along the international border
No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2003 Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2001 Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2000 Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
1999 Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
1998 Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
1997 Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
borobudur temple compoundsBorobudur Temple Compounds indonesia Indonesia 2004 Commercial development, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
borobudur temple compoundsBorobudur Temple Compounds indonesia Indonesia 2003 Commercial development, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
borobudur temple compoundsprambanan temple compoundsBorobudur Temple Compounds
Prambanan Temple Compounds
indonesia Indonesia 1995
Other Threats: No specific threat identified
No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2004 Management systems/ management plan, No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2003 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2001 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2000 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 1993 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, No
bru na boinne - archaeological ensemble of the bend of the boyneBrú na Bóinne - Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne ireland Ireland 2004 Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
bru na boinne - archaeological ensemble of the bend of the boyneBrú na Bóinne - Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne ireland Ireland 2003 Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
budapest, including the banks of the danube, the buda castle quarter and andrássy avenueBudapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue hungary Hungary 1992 Housing, No
burgos cathedralBurgos Cathedral spain Spain 1998 Governance, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration works
No
burgos cathedralBurgos Cathedral spain Spain 1994 Governance, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration works
No
burgos cathedralBurgos Cathedral spain Spain 1993 Governance, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration works
No
butrintButrint albania Albania 2004 Housing, Illegal activities, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Lack of adequate protection and conservation of the site; b) Serious deterioration of materials resulting in an important loss of cultural significance
Yes
butrintButrint albania Albania 2003 Financial resources, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
Yes
butrintButrint albania Albania 2002 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
Yes
butrintButrint albania Albania 2001 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
Yes
butrintButrint albania Albania 2000 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
Yes
butrintButrint albania Albania 1999 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
Yes
butrintButrint albania Albania 1998 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
Yes
butrintButrint albania Albania 1997 Financial resources,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
No
butrintButrint albania Albania 1996 Financial resources,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
No
bwindi impenetrable national parkBwindi Impenetrable National Park uganda Uganda 2000 Civil unrest, Human resources, No
bwindi impenetrable national parkBwindi Impenetrable National Park uganda Uganda 1999 Civil unrest, Human resources, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2003 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2002 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2000 Management systems/ management plan, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 1999 Management systems/ management plan, No
canadian rocky mountain parksCanadian Rocky Mountain Parks canada Canada 1998 Forestry /wood production, Mining, Oil and gas, No
canadian rocky mountain parksCanadian Rocky Mountain Parks canada Canada 1997 Forestry /wood production, Mining, Oil and gas, No
canadian rocky mountain parksCanadian Rocky Mountain Parks canada Canada 1996 Mining, No
canadian rocky mountain parksCanadian Rocky Mountain Parks canada Canada 1995 Mining, No
canadian rocky mountain parksCanadian Rocky Mountain Parks canada Canada 1990 Management systems/ management plan, No
canaima national parkCanaima National Park venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2001 Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Conflicts between the Pemons communities and the National Guard
No
canaima national parkCanaima National Park venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1999 Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Conflicts between the Pemons communities and the National Guard
No
canaima national parkCanaima National Park venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1998 Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
canaima national parkCanaima National Park venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1997 Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
canal du midiCanal du Midi france France 1997 Solid waste, No
cathedral of notre-dame, former abbey of saint-remi and palace of tau, reimsCathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Rémi and Palace of Tau, Reims france France 1998 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
caves of aggtelek karst and slovak karstCaves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst hungary,slovakia Hungary
Slovakia
2002 Mining, No
caves of aggtelek karst and slovak karstCaves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst hungary,slovakia Hungary
Slovakia
2001 Mining, No
central zone of the town of angra do heroismo in the azoresCentral Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores portugal Portugal 1999 Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
central zone of the town of angra do heroismo in the azoresCentral Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores portugal Portugal 1998 Marine transport infrastructure, No
chaco cultureChaco Culture united states of america United States of America 1992
Other Threats: Threat not indicated
No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2004 Crop production, Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Increase in salt contamination of the mud-brick
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2003 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2002 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2000 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1999 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1998 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1997 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1996 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1995 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1994 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 1993 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2004 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Micro-organisms, Water (rain/water table), No
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2003 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2002 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2001 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 1999 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 1998 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 1993 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Major linear utilities, No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 1998 Ground water pollution, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Increase in the natural rate of mortality of the rhinoceros
No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 1993 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 1991 Water (extraction) , No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 1990 Water (extraction) , No
churches and convents of goaChurches and Convents of Goa india India 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
churches of chiloeChurches of Chiloé chile Chile 2004 Storms, Water (rain/water table), No
churches of chiloeChurches of Chiloé chile Chile 2003 Wind, No
churches of chiloeChurches of Chiloé chile Chile 2002 Wind, No
city of bathCity of Bath united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1992 Management systems/ management plan, No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Deliberate neglect of historic properties
No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 2003 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 1999 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 1998 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 1996 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 1993 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of graz – historic centre and schloss eggenbergCity of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg austria Austria 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, No
city of luxembourg: its old quarters and fortificationsCity of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications luxembourg Luxembourg 2002 High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, No
city of luxembourg: its old quarters and fortificationsCity of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications luxembourg Luxembourg 2001 High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, No
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 1996 Human resources, Management activities, Mining, Surface water pollution, No
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 1995 Human resources, Management activities, Mining, Surface water pollution, No
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 1993 Human resources, Management activities, Surface water pollution, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 1999 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Volcanic eruption, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 1998 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Volcanic eruption, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 1993 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 1990 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, No
city of vallettaCity of Valletta malta Malta 1994 Air pollution, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity,
Other Threats: Highly crumbly basic building material
No
city of vallettaCity of Valletta malta Malta 1991 Air pollution, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity,
Other Threats: Highly crumbly basic building material
No
city of vicenza and the palladian villas of the venetoCity of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto italy Italy 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
classical gardens of suzhouClassical Gardens of Suzhou china China 2004 Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
classical weimarClassical Weimar germany Germany 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, No
classical weimarClassical Weimar germany Germany 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, No
classical weimarClassical Weimar germany Germany 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, No
cliff of bandiagara (land of the dogons)Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) mali Mali 2003 Drought, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Severe famine facing Bandiagara and massive selling of cultural objects
No
cliff of bandiagara (land of the dogons)Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) mali Mali 1998
Other Threats: Need to improve the conservation of both natural and cultural heritage
No
cocos island national parkCocos Island National Park costa rica Costa Rica 2002 Financial resources, Illegal activities, No
collegiate church, castle and old town of quedlinburgCollegiate Church, Castle and Old Town of Quedlinburg germany Germany 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
collegiate church, castle and old town of quedlinburgCollegiate Church, Castle and Old Town of Quedlinburg germany Germany 1997 Management systems/ management plan, No
cologne cathedralCologne Cathedral germany Germany 2004 Housing, No
cologne cathedralCologne Cathedral germany Germany 2003 Housing, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2004 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2003 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2002 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2001 High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2000 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Storms,
Other Threats: Collapse of buildings due to lack of maintenance
No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 1998 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Storms,
Other Threats: Collapse of buildings due to lack of maintenance
No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 1993 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2004 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Fire
Yes
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2003 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2000 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 1999 Illegal activities, No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration and enhancement of the monumental architecture of Hué
No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 2000 Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 1997 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 1996 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 1995 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 1994 Invasive/alien terrestrial species,
Other Threats: Fire
No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2004 Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property
No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2003 Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property
No
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2004 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Consolidation of the cliffs and niches; b) Lack of a long-term on-site monitoring system
Yes
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2004 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deteriorating state of conservation
No
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2003 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Several elements of the World Heritage site in a serious condition; Fire
No
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2002 Management systems/ management plan, No
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2000 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for a restoration programme
No
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2004 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major linear utilities, Oil and gas, Storms, No
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2003 Oil and gas, No
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2002 Oil and gas, No
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2001 Oil and gas, No
danube deltaDanube Delta romania Romania 2000 Ground water pollution, Mining, No
danube deltaDanube Delta romania Romania 1993 Legal framework, No
danube deltaDanube Delta romania Romania 1992 Legal framework, No
delosDelos greece Greece 1992 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources,
Other Threats: Adverse meteorological conditions
No
dinosaur provincial parkDinosaur Provincial Park canada Canada 1992 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
dinosaur provincial parkDinosaur Provincial Park canada Canada 1991 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2003 Commercial hunting, Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2001 Commercial hunting, Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2000 Commercial hunting, Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Mining, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 1999 Commercial hunting, Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 1998 Commercial hunting, Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 1997 Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2004 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Water (rain/water table), Yes
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2003 Human resources, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2001 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Yes
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2000 Invasive / alien freshwater species, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1992 Financial resources, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1991
Other Threats: Training course on wetland management
No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1988 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, Yes
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1987 Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, Yes
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1986 Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, Yes
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1985 Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, Yes
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1984 Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1983 Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 1982 Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Pollution of marine waters, No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Mining, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (extraction) ,
Other Threats: Decline of the Iberian lynx and Imperial eagle populations
No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Mining, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (extraction) ,
Other Threats: Decline of the Iberian lynx and Imperial eagle populations
No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2000 Mining, Surface water pollution, No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 1999 Mining, Surface water pollution, No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 1998 Mining, Surface water pollution, No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1998 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Earthen containment structures
No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1997 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Earthen containment structures
No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1996 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Fire
No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1995
Other Threats: Fire
No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1993 Localised utilities, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1992 Localised utilities, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1991 Localised utilities, Surface water pollution, No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1985 Water infrastructure, No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 1984 Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, No
earliest 16th-century monasteries on the slopes of popocatepetlEarliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl mexico Mexico 2000 Earthquake, No
earliest 16th-century monasteries on the slopes of popocatepetlEarliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl mexico Mexico 1999 Earthquake, No
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2004 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2003 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2004 Ground water pollution, Housing, Management activities, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Concerns about numbers of boaters in Florida Bay and their impacts on bottomland wilderness, including especially propeller scars from boat groundings.
Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2003 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2002 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2001 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2000 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1999 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1998 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1997 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1996 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1995 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1994 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1993 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1992 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 1989 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, No
fasil ghebbi, gondar regionFasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region ethiopia Ethiopia 1996
Other Threats: No threat to the property
No
ferto / neusiedlersee cultural landscapeFertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape austria,hungary Austria
Hungary
2004 Management systems/ management plan, No
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2004 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Need for consolidation and conservation measures of the hydraulic work
Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2003 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Industrial areas, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Water infrastructure, Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Water infrastructure, No
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Water infrastructure, No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2004 Avalanche/ landslide, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Partial loss of the original fabric
No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2003 Avalanche/ landslide, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Weakening of the foundations by the vegetation
No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2000 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community,
Other Threats: More attention to be paid to stone conservation
No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 1993 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community,
Other Threats: More attention to be paid to stone conservation
No
forts and castles, volta, greater accra, central and western regionsForts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions ghana Ghana 1998 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Financial resources, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: Salt-laden atmosphere
No
fraser islandFraser Island australia Australia 2001 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risk to humans posed by the dingo population
No
frontiers of the roman empireFrontiers of the Roman Empire germany,united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland Germany
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1993 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Mining, No
frontiers of the roman empireFrontiers of the Roman Empire germany,united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland Germany
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1992 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Mining, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2004 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework,
Other Threats: a) Weaknesses in quarantine measures; b) Passage of international and national marine traffic
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2003 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2002 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2001 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2000 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1999 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1998 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1997 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1996 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1995 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1994 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1992 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1990 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1986 Management systems/ management plan, No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 1985
Other Threats: Fire
No
garajonay national parkGarajonay National Park spain Spain 1991 Ground transport infrastructure, No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2003 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2002 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2000 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1999 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1998 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1997 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1996 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1992 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1991 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1990 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1989 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1987 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1986 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1985 Illegal activities, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1984 Illegal activities, No
garden kingdom of dessau-worlitzGarden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz germany Germany 2004 Flooding, Marine transport infrastructure, No
garden kingdom of dessau-worlitzGarden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz germany Germany 2003 Flooding, Marine transport infrastructure, Surface water pollution, No
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2003 Commercial development, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2002 Commercial development, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2001 Commercial development, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
gondwana rainforests of australiaGondwana Rainforests of Australia australia Australia 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, No
goreme national park and the rock sites of cappadociaGöreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia turkey Turkey 1992 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
goreme national park and the rock sites of cappadociaGöreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia turkey Turkey 1988 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
gough and inaccessible islandsGough and Inaccessible Islands united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2000 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
gough and inaccessible islandsGough and Inaccessible Islands united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1999 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2004 Commercial development, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Marine transport infrastructure, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining,
Other Threats: Need for more effective catchment management in lands adjacent to the Park
No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 1997 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 1986 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 1985 Ground transport infrastructure, No
great smoky mountains national parkGreat Smoky Mountains National Park united states of america United States of America 2002 Air pollution, No
great smoky mountains national parkGreat Smoky Mountains National Park united states of america United States of America 2001 Air pollution, No
great zimbabwe national monumentGreat Zimbabwe National Monument zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1996
Other Threats: Collapse of walls
No
greater blue mountains areaGreater Blue Mountains Area australia Australia 2004 Mining, Surface water pollution, No
greater blue mountains areaGreater Blue Mountains Area australia Australia 2001 Mining, Surface water pollution, No
gros morne national parkGros Morne National Park canada Canada 2001 Forestry /wood production, No
gros morne national parkGros Morne National Park canada Canada 2000 Forestry /wood production, No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2004 Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2001 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2000 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 1999 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
gunung mulu national parkGunung Mulu National Park malaysia Malaysia 2002 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of inclusion of indigenous peoples and their claims in the decision to extend the Park
No
gunung mulu national parkGunung Mulu National Park malaysia Malaysia 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of inclusion of indigenous peoples and their claims in the decision to extend the Park
No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2004 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2003 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Rapid economic development
No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Rapid economic development
No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Rapid economic development
No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Risks linked to addressing environmental impacts of individual projects to the neglect of monitoring cumulative impacts of the overall development of Ha Long City and other areas surrounding the World Heritage area
No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 1999 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Marine transport infrastructure, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Marine transport infrastructure, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 1997 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Marine transport infrastructure, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 1996 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Marine transport infrastructure, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 1995 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Marine transport infrastructure, No
hanseatic city of lubeckHanseatic City of Lübeck germany Germany 2004 Housing, No
hanseatic city of lubeckHanseatic City of Lübeck germany Germany 2003 Commercial development, No
hanseatic city of lubeckHanseatic City of Lübeck germany Germany 2002 Commercial development, No
hanseatic city of lubeckHanseatic City of Lübeck germany Germany 2001 Commercial development, No
hanseatic city of lubeckHanseatic City of Lübeck germany Germany 1993 Deliberate destruction of heritage,
Other Threats: Discovery of mural paintings - need for restoration
No
hawaii volcanoes national parkHawaii Volcanoes National Park united states of america United States of America 1990 Management systems/ management plan, No
heard and mcdonald islandsHeard and McDonald Islands australia Australia 1999 Management systems/ management plan, No
heard and mcdonald islandsHeard and McDonald Islands australia Australia 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
henderson islandHenderson Island united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2004 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
henderson islandHenderson Island united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2003 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
henderson islandHenderson Island united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
hierapolis-pamukkaleHierapolis-Pamukkale turkey Turkey 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Discolouring of the limestone cliffs
No
hierapolis-pamukkaleHierapolis-Pamukkale turkey Turkey 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Discolouring of the limestone cliffs
No
hierapolis-pamukkaleHierapolis-Pamukkale turkey Turkey 1991 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
hierapolis-pamukkaleHierapolis-Pamukkale turkey Turkey 1990 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: Continued degradation of the civil architecture
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2003 Earthquake, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2000 Earthquake, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 1999 Earthquake, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 1998 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 1994 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 1993 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 1992 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2004 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2002 Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2001 Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2000 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1999 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1998 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1997 Management activities, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1995 Management activities, No
historic centre (old town) of tallinnHistoric Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn estonia Estonia 1999 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre (old town) of tallinnHistoric Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn estonia Estonia 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of florenceHistoric Centre of Florence italy Italy 1998 Major linear utilities, No
historic centre of florenceHistoric Centre of Florence italy Italy 1994 Terrorism, No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 2004 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 2003 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 1998 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to improve the environment of the convent; Notorious state of degradation; Fire
No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 1994 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to improve the environment of the convent; Notorious state of degradation
No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 1993 Management activities,
Other Threats: Need to improve the environment of the convent
No
historic centre of mexico city and xochimilcoHistoric Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco mexico Mexico 2004 Civil unrest, Governance, Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of a unique and severely degraded cultural landscape
No
historic centre of mexico city and xochimilcoHistoric Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco mexico Mexico 2003 Civil unrest, Governance, Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of a unique and severely degraded cultural landscape
No
historic centre of naplesHistoric Centre of Naples italy Italy 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
historic centre of oportoHistoric Centre of Oporto portugal Portugal 1998 Water infrastructure, No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 2004 Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 2003 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fire in December 2002
No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 2000 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 1999 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 1994 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 1993 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
historic centre of rigaHistoric Centre of Riga latvia Latvia 2004 Housing, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic centre of rigaHistoric Centre of Riga latvia Latvia 2003 Housing, No
historic centre of rome, the properties of the holy see in that city enjoying extraterritorial rights and san paolo fuori le muraHistoric Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura holy see,italy Holy See
Italy
1993 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Terrorism, No
historic centre of rome, the properties of the holy see in that city enjoying extraterritorial rights and san paolo fuori le muraHistoric Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura holy see,italy Holy See
Italy
1992 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, No
historic centre of saint petersburg and related groups of monumentsHistoric Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments russian federation Russian Federation 1993 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Steady deterioration of the city's pysical environment; Large-scale rehabilitation project for the Hermitage
No
historic centre of salvador de bahiaHistoric Centre of Salvador de Bahia brazil Brazil 1993 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of shakhrisyabzHistoric Centre of Shakhrisyabz uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2004 Earthquake, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extensive cracks and leaning walls
No
historic centre of shakhrisyabzHistoric Centre of Shakhrisyabz uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2003 Earthquake, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extensive cracks and leaning walls
No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2004 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2003 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2004 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2003 Housing, No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2000 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of the town of goiásHistoric Centre of the Town of Goiás brazil Brazil 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Water (rain/water table), No
historic centre of the town of goiásHistoric Centre of the Town of Goiás brazil Brazil 2003 Flooding, No
historic centre of the town of goiásHistoric Centre of the Town of Goiás brazil Brazil 2002 Flooding, No
historic centre of the town of olindaHistoric Centre of the Town of Olinda brazil Brazil 1993 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of the town of olindaHistoric Centre of the Town of Olinda brazil Brazil 1987 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of viennaHistoric Centre of Vienna austria Austria 2004 Housing, No
historic centre of viennaHistoric Centre of Vienna austria Austria 2003 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of viennaHistoric Centre of Vienna austria Austria 2002 Housing, No
historic city of meknesHistoric City of Meknes morocco Morocco 2000 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Water (rain/water table), No
historic city of sucreHistoric City of Sucre bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 1993 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 2004 Housing, Human resources, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Risk of fire
No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 2003 Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 2002 Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 2001 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 1992 Housing, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 1988 Housing, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 1987 Housing, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2004 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2003 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table), No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2002 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table), No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table), No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2000 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 1999 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 1998 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 1996 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
historic monuments of ancient naraHistoric Monuments of Ancient Nara japan Japan 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, No
historic monuments of ancient naraHistoric Monuments of Ancient Nara japan Japan 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2004 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2003 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2004 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2003 Avalanche/ landslide, Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2002 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2000 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Accident of a crane which damaged one of the most important monuments at Machu Picchu, the Intihuatana or stone sundial
No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1999 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1998 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1997 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1996 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1994 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for an inventory of the park's natural and cultural resources
No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1993 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for an inventory of the park's natural and cultural resources
No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 1987 Housing, Land conversion, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fires
No
historic town of ouro pretoHistoric Town of Ouro Preto brazil Brazil 2004 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of ouro pretoHistoric Town of Ouro Preto brazil Brazil 2003 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
historic town of ouro pretoHistoric Town of Ouro Preto brazil Brazil 1993 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of ouro pretoHistoric Town of Ouro Preto brazil Brazil 1990 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deteriorated state of some of the monuments
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2003 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2002 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2000 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 1996 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management activities, Relative humidity, Solid waste, No
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2004 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, No
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2003 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, No
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2001 Earthquake, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2004 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2003 Housing, Management activities, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2002 Housing, Management activities, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2001 Housing, Management activities, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 1999 Financial resources, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Critical conditions of particularly two archaeological sites
No
hortobágy national park - the pusztaHortobágy National Park - the Puszta hungary Hungary 2000 Mining, Surface water pollution, No
huanglong scenic and historic interest areaHuanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area china China 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
huascarán national parkHuascarán National Park peru Peru 2000 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Mining, No
huascarán national parkHuascarán National Park peru Peru 1999 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Mining, No
huascarán national parkHuascarán National Park peru Peru 1998 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Mining, No
huascarán national parkHuascarán National Park peru Peru 1996 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
huascarán national parkHuascarán National Park peru Peru 1995 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
huascarán national parkHuascarán National Park peru Peru 1987 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fires
No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2003 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2002 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2001 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2000 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1999 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1998 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1997 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1996 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1990 Financial resources, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1989 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1987 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1986 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1985 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, No
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, Yes
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, Yes
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan, No
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Water infrastructure, No
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 1997 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, No
iguazu national parkiguacu national parkIguazu National Park
Iguaçu National Park
argentina,brazil Argentina
Brazil
1992 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, No
iguazu national parkiguacu national parkIguazu National Park
Iguaçu National Park
argentina,brazil Argentina
Brazil
1991 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, No
iguazu national parkIguazu National Park argentina Argentina 1986 Management systems/ management plan, No
imperial palaces of the ming and qing dynasties in beijing and shenyangImperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang china China 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
imperial palaces of the ming and qing dynasties in beijing and shenyangsummer palace, an imperial garden in beijingtemple of heaven: an imperial sacrificial altar in beijingImperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang
Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing
china China 2003 Commercial development, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major linear utilities, Management activities, No
isimangaliso wetland parkiSimangaliso Wetland Park south africa South Africa 2004 Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
isimangaliso wetland parkiSimangaliso Wetland Park south africa South Africa 2003 Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 2004 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Important historic buildings in a state of serious dilapidation; b) Replica of the Gorée-Almadies Memorial
No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 2003 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 1998 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Dilapidated state of some buildings
No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 1990 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community,
Other Threats: Dilapidated state of some buildings
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 2000 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Storms,
Other Threats: Precarious state of conservation of the stone
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 1999 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Storms,
Other Threats: Precarious state of conservation of the stone
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 1998 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Storms,
Other Threats: Precarious state of conservation of the stone
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 1997 Financial resources, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Storms,
Other Threats: Precarious state of conservation of the stone
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 1995 Financial resources, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Storms,
Other Threats: Precarious state of conservation of the stone
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 1994 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Storms,
Other Threats: Precarious state of conservation of the stone
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 1993 Management systems/ management plan, No
isole eolie (aeolian islands)Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) italy Italy 2004 Quarrying, No
isole eolie (aeolian islands)Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) italy Italy 2003 Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, No
isole eolie (aeolian islands)Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) italy Italy 2002 Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, No
isole eolie (aeolian islands)Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) italy Italy 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
itchan kalahistoric centre of bukharaItchan Kala
Historic Centre of Bukhara
uzbekistan Uzbekistan 1997 Management activities, No
jesuit missions of the chiquitosJesuit Missions of the Chiquitos bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 1993 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, No
jesuit missions of the guaranis: san ignacio mini, santa ana, nuestra senora de loreto and santa maria mayor (argentina), ruins of sao miguel das missoes (brazil)Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) argentina,brazil Argentina
Brazil
2004 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of capacity in Conservation of stone techniques
No
jesuit missions of the guaranis: san ignacio mini, santa ana, nuestra senora de loreto and santa maria mayor (argentina), ruins of sao miguel das missoes (brazil)jesuit missions of la santisima trinidad de paraná and jesus de tavarangueJesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)
Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue
argentina,brazil,paraguay Argentina
Brazil
Paraguay
2003 Financial resources, Human resources, Industrial areas, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
jesuit missions of the guaranis: san ignacio mini, santa ana, nuestra senora de loreto and santa maria mayor (argentina), ruins of sao miguel das missoes (brazil)Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) argentina,brazil Argentina
Brazil
1999 Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Aggressive natural environment
No
jesuit missions of the guaranis: san ignacio mini, santa ana, nuestra senora de loreto and santa maria mayor (argentina), ruins of sao miguel das missoes (brazil)Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) argentina,brazil Argentina
Brazil
1993 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Aggressive natural environment
No
jiuzhaigou valley scenic and historic interest areaJiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area china China 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
joya de ceren archaeological siteJoya de Cerén Archaeological Site el salvador El Salvador 2003 Management systems/ management plan, No
joya de ceren archaeological siteJoya de Cerén Archaeological Site el salvador El Salvador 1998 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
joya de ceren archaeological siteJoya de Cerén Archaeological Site el salvador El Salvador 1997 Management systems/ management plan, No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2003 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Mining, War, Yes
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2002 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Mining, War, Yes
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Mining, War, Yes
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2000 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, War, Yes
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1999 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, War, Yes
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1998 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, War, Yes
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1997 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, War, No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1994 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, War, No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1991 Ground transport infrastructure, No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1990 Ground transport infrastructure, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 2004 Ground water pollution, Mining, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 2003 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 2002 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 2001 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 2000 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 1999 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 1998 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 1997 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 1991 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 1986 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2004 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural erosion, b) Dilapidation, c) Lack of maintenance
No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2003 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2001 Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1996 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1995 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1994 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1993 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
Yes
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2003 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2001 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2000 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1999 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1998 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1997 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1996 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1995 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1994 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1993 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1992 Avalanche/ landslide, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Management activities,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1991 Avalanche/ landslide, Management activities,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1990 Avalanche/ landslide, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 1989
Other Threats: Collapse of the roof of a Temple
No
kaziranga national parkKaziranga National Park india India 2002 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Elephant-human conflicts
No
kaziranga national parkKaziranga National Park india India 2001 Financial resources, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Elephant-human conflicts
No
kaziranga national parkKaziranga National Park india India 1999 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 1994 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Water (extraction) ,
Other Threats: Decline in the population of Siberian cranes
No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 1990 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Water (extraction) ,
Other Threats: Decline in the population of Siberian cranes
No
khajuraho group of monumentsKhajuraho Group of Monuments india India 2000 Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
khami ruins national monumentKhami Ruins National Monument zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1996 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for structural stabilization and repair of collapsed sections of walls
No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2004 Housing, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2003 Housing, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 1998 High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2004 Financial resources, Management activities,
Other Threats: Fragile wooden heritage
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2003 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the structures
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2001
Other Threats: Deterioration of the structures
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 1994 Financial resources, Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of fire /lightning protection; Deformation and deterioration of the structures
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 1993 Financial resources, Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of fire /lightning protection; Deformation and deterioration of the structures
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 1992 Financial resources, Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of fire /lightning protection; Deformation and deterioration of the structures
No
kluane / wrangell-st. elias / glacier bay / tatshenshini-alsekKluane / Wrangell-St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek canada,united states of america Canada
United States of America
1993 Management systems/ management plan, No
komodo national parkKomodo National Park indonesia Indonesia 2002 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
komodo national parkKomodo National Park indonesia Indonesia 2001 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
komodo national parkKomodo National Park indonesia Indonesia 2000 Illegal activities, No
komodo national parkKomodo National Park indonesia Indonesia 1999 Illegal activities, No
komodo national parkKomodo National Park indonesia Indonesia 1995 Management systems/ management plan, No
kremlin and red square, moscowKremlin and Red Square, Moscow russian federation Russian Federation 1994
Other Threats: Erection project of a monument on the Red Square
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2004 Avalanche/ landslide, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: State of abandonment and degradation
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2003 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: Site in a state of quasi-total abandon and greatly degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2002 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: This site has progressively become degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: This site has progressively become degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2000 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: This site has progressively become abandoned and has degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 1992
Other Threats: No threat indicated
No
l'viv – the ensemble of the historic centreL'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre ukraine Ukraine 2004 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Conflict between the construction of new properties and the restoration of existing buildings
No
la fortaleza and san juan national historic site in puerto ricoLa Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico united states of america United States of America 1993
Other Threats: No specific threat identified
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2004 Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: a) Decline of the seal population; b) Forest fires
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2003 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Continuing decline of the Baikal Seal population
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2002 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Continuing decline of the Baikal Seal population
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Continuing decline of the Baikal Seal population
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2000 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Housing, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Surface water pollution, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 1999 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Surface water pollution, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 1998 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Legal framework, Surface water pollution, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 1997 Legal framework, Surface water pollution, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Fire
No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2003 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
levoča, spišský hrad and the associated cultural monumentsLevoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments slovakia Slovakia 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, No
levoča, spišský hrad and the associated cultural monumentsLevoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments slovakia Slovakia 2003 Quarrying, No
levoča, spišský hrad and the associated cultural monumentsLevoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments slovakia Slovakia 2002 Quarrying, No
levoča, spišský hrad and the associated cultural monumentsLevoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments slovakia Slovakia 2001 Quarrying, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2004 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Security limitations on staff and public access to parts of the Park; b) Fire
No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2003 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2002 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2000 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
los glaciares national parkLos Glaciares National Park argentina Argentina 1986 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Water infrastructure, No
los glaciares national parkLos Glaciares National Park argentina Argentina 1985 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2001 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2000 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 1999 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 1998 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan, No
lower valley of the awashLower Valley of the Awash ethiopia Ethiopia 1996 Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
lower valley of the omoLower Valley of the Omo ethiopia Ethiopia 1996 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2004 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2003 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely harsh natural environment; Improve the drainage for the Temple
No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2002 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely harsh natural environment; Improve the drainage for the Temple
No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2001 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely harsh natural environment; Improve the drainage for the Temple
No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2000 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Extremely harsh natural environment
No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 1999 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Extremely harsh natural environment
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2004 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Housing, Legal framework,
Other Threats: Heritage badly maintained
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2001 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community,
Other Threats: Degradation of the overall natural environment
No
madara riderMadara Rider bulgaria Bulgaria 1991 Relative humidity, Temperature, Wind,
Other Threats: Lack of stability of the rock; Lack of convergence of local opinions on the real extent of the problem, the possible solutions
No
mahabodhi temple complex at bodh gayaMahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya india India 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
mahabodhi temple complex at bodh gayaMahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya india India 2003 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
mammoth cave national parkMammoth Cave National Park united states of america United States of America 2002 Air transport infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Industrial areas, No
mana pools national park, sapi and chewore safari areasMana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1989 Illegal activities, Oil and gas, No
mana pools national park, sapi and chewore safari areasMana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1987 Illegal activities, No
mana pools national park, sapi and chewore safari areasMana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1986 Illegal activities, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2004 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Damaged Park infrastructure
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2003 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2002 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2001 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2000 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1999 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1998 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1997 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1996 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1995 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1994 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1993 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures;
Yes
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1992 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1991 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1990 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1989 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 1986 Water infrastructure, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2004 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Illegal activities, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2003 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Subsistence hunting, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2000 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 1999 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 1998 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 1997 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 1993 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 1992 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 1990 Illegal activities, No
manu national parkManú National Park peru Peru 1989 Oil and gas, No
manu national parkManú National Park peru Peru 1988 Oil and gas, No
mausoleum of the first qin emperorMausoleum of the First Qin Emperor china China 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2004 Air transport infrastructure, No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2003 Air transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 1998 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms,
Other Threats: Attention to be paid to the conservation of stone and stuccos
No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 1997 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Attention to be paid to the conservation of stone and stuccos
No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 1993 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Attention to be paid to the conservation of stone and stuccos
No
medieval city of rhodesMedieval City of Rhodes greece Greece 1994 Legal framework,
Other Threats: Need for safeguarding and enhancement measures
No
medina of essaouira (formerly mogador)Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) morocco Morocco 2004 Commercial development, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Input of excess energy, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: The general state of conservation of the property is a cause for concern
No
medina of fezMedina of Fez morocco Morocco 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Solid waste, No
medina of fezMedina of Fez morocco Morocco 2003 Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: partial covering of the Oued Boukhrareb
No
medina of fezMedina of Fez morocco Morocco 1995 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Input of excess energy, Solid waste, No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage,
Other Threats: Instability of structures
No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 1995 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, Storms,
Other Threats: Worrying state of conservation of some temples; Fragility of the structures (cracks, etc.); Partial collapse of a temple
No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 1994 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, Storms,
Other Threats: Worrying state of conservation of some temples; Fragility of the structures (cracks, etc.)
No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 1992 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2004 Commercial development, No
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2003 Commercial development, Management systems/ management plan, No
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2002 Commercial development, Management systems/ management plan, No
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 1995 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1995 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1990 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2004 Civil unrest, Ground transport infrastructure, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for consolidation and restoration of the monument
Yes
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2003 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for consolidation and restoration of the monument
Yes
monastery of the hieronymites and tower of belem in lisbonmonastery of batalhaMonastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon
Monastery of Batalha
portugal Portugal 1990 Earthquake, Management activities, Micro-organisms, Relative humidity, Storms, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Poor quality of the stone and weaknesses in the resistance; Cracks; Consolidation work is not undertaken
No
mont-saint-michel and its bayMont-Saint-Michel and its Bay france France 2003 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, No
mont-saint-michel and its bayMont-Saint-Michel and its Bay france France 1999 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, No
mont-saint-michel and its bayMont-Saint-Michel and its Bay france France 1997 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, No
mont-saint-michel and its bayMont-Saint-Michel and its Bay france France 1990 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, No
morne trois pitons national parkMorne Trois Pitons National Park dominica Dominica 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
morne trois pitons national parkMorne Trois Pitons National Park dominica Dominica 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
2000 Financial resources, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
1999 Financial resources, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
1998 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
1994 Water infrastructure, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
1993 Water infrastructure, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
1992 Water infrastructure, No
mount athosMount Athos greece Greece 2004 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
mount athosMount Athos greece Greece 1992 Fire (widlfires), No
mount emei scenic area, including leshan giant buddha scenic areaMount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area china China 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
mount emei scenic area, including leshan giant buddha scenic areaMount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area china China 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
mount emei scenic area, including leshan giant buddha scenic areaMount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area china China 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, No
mount huangshanMount Huangshan china China 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Pine-wilt disease infesting the legendary Huangshan pines
No
mount huangshanMount Huangshan china China 1996 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Solid waste, No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2004 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2003 Avalanche/ landslide, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Uncontrolled forest land excisions, in the Mount Hombe and Ragat blocks
No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2002 Avalanche/ landslide, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Uncontrolled forest land excisions, in the Mount Hombe and Ragat blocks
No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2001 Avalanche/ landslide, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2000 Avalanche/ landslide, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2004 Civil unrest, Commercial hunting, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Subsistence hunting, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2003 Civil unrest, Commercial hunting, Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Subsistence hunting, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2002 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2001 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2000 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1999 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1998 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1997 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1996 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1995 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1994 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1993 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1992 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1991 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1990 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1989 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1987 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1986 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
1984 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
mount taishanMount Taishan china China 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
mountain resort and its outlying temples, chengdeMountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde china China 1998 Air pollution, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Many buildings in a bad state of conservation
No
mountain resort and its outlying temples, chengdeMountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde china China 1996 Air pollution, Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Many buildings in a bad state of conservation
No
my son sanctuaryMy Son Sanctuary viet nam Viet Nam 2002
Other Threats: Presence of unexploded ordnance (UXO)
No
nahanni national parkNahanni National Park canada Canada 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
nahanni national parkNahanni National Park canada Canada 2003 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
nahanni national parkNahanni National Park canada Canada 2002 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
nahanni national parkNahanni National Park canada Canada 2001 Mining, No
nanda devi and valley of flowers national parksNanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks india India 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Conflicts between the management and local people
No
national history park – citadel, sans souci, ramiersNational History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers haiti Haiti 1993 Financial resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Consolidation of the Sans Souci Palace and rehabilitation of the Royal Gardens required
No
national history park – citadel, sans souci, ramiersNational History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers haiti Haiti 1991 Earthquake, Flooding, Storms, Water (rain/water table), No
natural and cultural heritage of the ohrid regionNatural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region the former yugoslav republic of macedonia the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 1998 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Economic and demographic developments
No
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2004 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2003 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to take appropriate measures for the effective protection of the cultural landscape
Yes
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2002 Earthquake, Yes
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 1995 Earthquake, Yes
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 1979 Earthquake, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: a) Decline in animals population; b) Reduction of control fires
No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2002 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Decline of the fauna populations
No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2001 Crop production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1994 Crop production, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1993 Crop production, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1989 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1988 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1987 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1986 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1985 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1984 Management systems/ management plan, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1983 Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 1993 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 1992 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 1990 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 1989 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 1988 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 1987 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 1986 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, No
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2003 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, War, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2002 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, War, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, War, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2000 Illegal activities, Mining, War, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1999 Illegal activities, Mining, War, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1998 Illegal activities, Mining, War, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1997 Illegal activities, Mining, War, No
old and new towns of edinburghOld and New Towns of Edinburgh united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2004 Housing,
Other Threats: Fire
No
old and new towns of edinburghOld and New Towns of Edinburgh united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2003 Housing,
Other Threats: Fire
No
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1998 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1997 Earthquake, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1996 Earthquake, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1995 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1994 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1993 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1992 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 1991 War, No
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2004 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Temperature change,
Other Threats: a) Lack of maintenance; b) Natural factors
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 1982 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Loss of historical authenticity
No
old city of salamancaOld City of Salamanca spain Spain 2004 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
old city of salamancaOld City of Salamanca spain Spain 2003 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
old city of salamancaOld City of Salamanca spain Spain 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2001 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 1998 Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Increasing number of dilapidated buildings
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 1991 Housing,
Other Threats: Increasing number of dilapidated buildings
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 1990 Housing,
Other Threats: Increasing number of dilapidated buildings
No
old havana and its fortification systemOld Havana and its Fortification System cuba Cuba 1993 Storms, No
old town of ávila with its extra-muros churchesOld Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches spain Spain 2004 Housing, No
old town of ávila with its extra-muros churchesOld Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches spain Spain 2003 Housing, No
old town of ávila with its extra-muros churchesOld Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches spain Spain 1993 Ground transport infrastructure, No
old town of segovia and its aqueductOld Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct spain Spain 1997 Management systems/ management plan, No
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 1998 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
old walled city of shibamOld Walled City of Shibam yemen Yemen 1993 Flooding,
Other Threats: Poor maintenance
No
old walled city of shibamOld Walled City of Shibam yemen Yemen 1991 Flooding,
Other Threats: Poor maintenance
No
olympic national parkOlympic National Park united states of america United States of America 1992 Pollution of marine waters, No
olympic national parkOlympic National Park united states of america United States of America 1991 Pollution of marine waters, No
olympic national parkOlympic National Park united states of america United States of America 1990 Pollution of marine waters, No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2003 Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
palace and park of fontainebleauPalace and Park of Fontainebleau france France 2000 Housing, No
palace and park of versaillesPalace and Park of Versailles france France 1989 Management systems/ management plan, No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 2004 Ground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fire
No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 2003
Other Threats: Fire
No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 2001 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Impact of the Havel waterway improvement project on the cultural landscape
No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 2000 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 1999 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 1998 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 1997 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 1996 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 1995 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, No
paphosPaphos cyprus Cyprus 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
paris, banks of the seineParis, Banks of the Seine france France 1992 Housing, No
peking man site at zhoukoudianPeking Man Site at Zhoukoudian china China 2001 Financial resources, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Quarrying,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance ; Industrial pollution
No
peking man site at zhoukoudianPeking Man Site at Zhoukoudian china China 2000 Financial resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance ; Halt of site excavations
No
peking man site at zhoukoudianPeking Man Site at Zhoukoudian china China 1999 Financial resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance ; Halt of site excavations
No
peking man site at zhoukoudianPeking Man Site at Zhoukoudian china China 1996 Financial resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance ; Halt of site excavations
No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2000 Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 1995 Commercial development, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Conservation of antiquities
No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 1994 Commercial development, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Conservation of antiquities
No
phong nha-ke bang national parkPhong Nha-Ke Bang National Park viet nam Viet Nam 2004 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2004 Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2003 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2000 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 1991 Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 1986 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 1985 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1997 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Yes
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1996 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Neglected Park infrastructure
Yes
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1995 Illegal activities, War, Yes
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1994 Illegal activities, War, Yes
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1993 Illegal activities, War, Yes
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1992 Illegal activities, War, No
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 1991 Illegal activities, War, No
port, fortresses and group of monuments, cartagenaPort, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena colombia Colombia 2004 Management systems/ management plan, No
port, fortresses and group of monuments, cartagenaPort, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena colombia Colombia 2003 Housing, No
port, fortresses and group of monuments, cartagenaPort, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena colombia Colombia 1993 Ground transport infrastructure, No
pre-hispanic city of teotihuacanPre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan mexico Mexico 1997 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, No
pyrenees - mont perduPyrénées - Mont Perdu france,spain France
Spain
2004 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
pythagoreion and heraion of samosPythagoreion and Heraion of Samos greece Greece 1993 Ground transport infrastructure, No
quseir amraQuseir Amra jordan Jordan 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
quseir amraQuseir Amra jordan Jordan 1997 Management systems/ management plan, No
rapa nui national parkRapa Nui National Park chile Chile 1998 High impact research / monitoring activities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
redwood national and state parksRedwood National and State Parks united states of america United States of America 1995 Ground transport infrastructure, No
redwood national and state parksRedwood National and State Parks united states of america United States of America 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, No
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2004 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2003 Avalanche/ landslide, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2002 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2000 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 1999 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
rila monasteryRila Monastery bulgaria Bulgaria 1992 Earthquake,
Other Threats: Structural issues, cracks
No
rio abiseo national parkRío Abiseo National Park peru Peru 1994 Forestry /wood production,
Other Threats: Fire; Lack of regular vigilance and inspection; Deterioration of the archaeological remains
No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2004 Crop production, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of infrastructure and services for small producers and potential tourism initiatives hinder sustainable economic development and are underlying causes for poverty, leading to over-exploitation of natural resources
Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2003 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Storms, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Storms, Water infrastructure, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Storms, Water infrastructure, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1997 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1996 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1995 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1991 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1990 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1989 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 1988 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, No
robben islandRobben Island south africa South Africa 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Natural values and cultural landscape qualities are not yet reflected in the islands management structure and conservation priorities; b) Fire
No
robben islandRobben Island south africa South Africa 2003 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Natural values and cultural landscape qualities are not yet reflected in the islands management structure and conservation priorities
No
rock art of altaRock Art of Alta norway Norway 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
rock carvings in tanumRock Carvings in Tanum sweden Sweden 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, No
rock drawings in valcamonicaRock Drawings in Valcamonica italy Italy 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
rock-hewn churches, lalibelaRock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela ethiopia Ethiopia 1997 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
rock-hewn churches, lalibelaRock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela ethiopia Ethiopia 1996 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
rock-hewn churches, lalibelaRock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela ethiopia Ethiopia 1995
Other Threats: Need for restoration and rehabilitation of the monuments
No
roman monuments, cathedral of st peter and church of our lady in trierRoman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier germany Germany 2001 Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
roman monuments, cathedral of st peter and church of our lady in trierRoman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier germany Germany 2000 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
roman monuments, cathedral of st peter and church of our lady in trierRoman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier germany Germany 1999 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
roman monuments, cathedral of st peter and church of our lady in trierRoman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier germany Germany 1997 Housing, No
roman monuments, cathedral of st peter and church of our lady in trierRoman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier germany Germany 1996 Housing, No
route of santiago de compostelaRoute of Santiago de Compostela spain Spain 2004 Water infrastructure, No
route of santiago de compostelaRoute of Santiago de Compostela spain Spain 2003 Water infrastructure, No
route of santiago de compostelaRoute of Santiago de Compostela spain Spain 2001 Water infrastructure, No
royal hill of ambohimangaRoyal Hill of Ambohimanga madagascar Madagascar 2003 Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2004 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Serious degradation of nearly 2/3 of the mud-brick constructions
Yes
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2003 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 1998 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 1997 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 1995 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 1994 Storms,
Other Threats: Dilapidated state of conservation
Yes
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 1985 Storms, No
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2004 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Financial resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Collapsing monuments due to lack of maintenance
No
ruins of the buddhist vihara at paharpurRuins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur bangladesh Bangladesh 2004 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Absence of photographic information and lack of action taken with regard to the “fragmentary terracotta plaques in the custodian’s house”
No
ruins of the buddhist vihara at paharpurRuins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur bangladesh Bangladesh 2003 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the authentic characteristics of the property
No
ruins of the buddhist vihara at paharpurRuins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur bangladesh Bangladesh 2002 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the authentic characteristics of the property
No
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2004 Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Serious security issues (landmines); b) Fires
Yes
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2003 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsustainable resource use practices
Yes
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2001 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsustainable resource use practices
Yes
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2000 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsustainable resource use practices
Yes
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 1999 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
sacred city of anuradhapuraancient city of polonnaruwaancient city of sigiriyaSacred City of Anuradhapura
Ancient City of Polonnaruwa
Ancient City of Sigiriya
sri lanka Sri Lanka 1998 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
sacred city of kandyold town of galle and its fortificationsgolden temple of dambullaSacred City of Kandy
Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications
Golden Temple of Dambulla
sri lanka Sri Lanka 1997 Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 2004 Air transport infrastructure, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 2003 Air transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Growing energy demands of the tourist industry
No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 1999 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Growing energy demands of the tourist industry
No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 1998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Growing energy demands of the tourist industry
No
saint catherine areaSaint Catherine Area egypt Egypt 2004 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2003 Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2002 Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2000 Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1999 Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
sanctuary of bom jesus do congonhasSanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas brazil Brazil 1993
Other Threats: Architecture of mediocre quality around the property; Conservation issue of woodwork and mural paintings
No
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 2003 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1997 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1996 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1995 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1993 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1992 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, No
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1991 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, No
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 1989 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, No
sangiran early man siteSangiran Early Man Site indonesia Indonesia 2002 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, No
santiago de compostela (old town)Santiago de Compostela (Old Town) spain Spain 1993 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1991 Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Opening of a route to drive cattle
No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1987 Illegal activities, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1986 Illegal activities, No
seokguram grotto and bulguksa templeSeokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple republic of korea Republic of Korea 2003 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
seokguram grotto and bulguksa templeSeokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple republic of korea Republic of Korea 1999 Localised utilities, No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Threats to wildlife migration and populations
No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Threats to wildlife migration and populations
No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 1994 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
serra da capivara national parkSerra da Capivara National Park brazil Brazil 1994 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
shark bay, western australiaShark Bay, Western Australia australia Australia 2000 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, No
shark bay, western australiaShark Bay, Western Australia australia Australia 1999 Mining, Oil and gas, No
shark bay, western australiaShark Bay, Western Australia australia Australia 1998 Mining, Oil and gas, No
sian ka'anSian Ka'an mexico Mexico 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
sian ka'anSian Ka'an mexico Mexico 2003 Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
sian ka'anSian Ka'an mexico Mexico 2002 Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
sian ka'anSian Ka'an mexico Mexico 2001 Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2004 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decreasing population of Walia Ibex and Simien Fox
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2003 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1997 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1996 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1992 Civil unrest, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1991 Civil unrest, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1985 Civil unrest, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 1984 War, No
sinharaja forest reserveSinharaja Forest Reserve sri lanka Sri Lanka 2001 Crop production, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
sinharaja forest reserveSinharaja Forest Reserve sri lanka Sri Lanka 2000 Crop production, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
sinharaja forest reserveSinharaja Forest Reserve sri lanka Sri Lanka 1993 Land conversion,
Other Threats: Need to implement the Management Plan as a priority
No
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
škocjan cavesŠkocjan Caves slovenia Slovenia 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Renewable energy facilities, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
škocjan cavesŠkocjan Caves slovenia Slovenia 1998 Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
škocjan cavesŠkocjan Caves slovenia Slovenia 1996 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
škocjan cavesŠkocjan Caves slovenia Slovenia 1995 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
speyer cathedralSpeyer Cathedral germany Germany 1987 Housing, No
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 2004 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of monitoring system
No
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 2003 Financial resources, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 2002 Financial resources, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 2001 Financial resources, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 2000 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1999 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1998 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1997 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1996 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1995 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1994 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1993 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1992 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
No
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 1991 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
No
st kildaSt Kilda united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2002 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
st kildaSt Kilda united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2001 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
st kildaSt Kilda united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1999 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
st kildaSt Kilda united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1998 Oil and gas, No
state historical and cultural park “ancient merv”State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv” turkmenistan Turkmenistan 2004 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
state historical and cultural park “ancient merv”State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv” turkmenistan Turkmenistan 2003 Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, High impact research / monitoring activities, Management activities, Underground transport infrastructure, No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risks of collapse
No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risks of collapse
No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risks of collapse
No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1992 Management systems/ management plan, No
studenica monasteryStudenica Monastery serbia Serbia 1988 Water infrastructure, No
sun temple, konarakSun Temple, Konârak india India 2002 Housing, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Gradual deterioration and the structural instability
No
sun temple, konarakSun Temple, Konârak india India 2000 Housing, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Gradual deterioration and the structural instability
No
sun temple, konarakSun Temple, Konârak india India 1999 Storms,
Other Threats: Gradual deterioration and the structural instability
No
sun temple, konarakSun Temple, Konârak india India 1997 Storms,
Other Threats: Gradual deterioration and the structural instability
No
sundarbans national parkSundarbans National Park india India 2002 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Management activities,
Other Threats: human-tiger conflicts
No
sundarbans national parkSundarbans National Park india India 2001 Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: System of National Waterways proposed for the Sundarbans Reserve
No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2004 Civil unrest, War, No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2003 Civil unrest, Commercial hunting, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2002 Commercial hunting, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Subsistence hunting, No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 1989 Crop production, Illegal activities, Mining, No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 1988 Crop production, Illegal activities, Mining, No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 1986 Crop production, Illegal activities, Mining, No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 1985 Crop production, Illegal activities, Mining, No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 1984 Crop production, Illegal activities, Mining, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2004 Ground transport infrastructure, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2003 Ground transport infrastructure, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
1997 Management systems/ management plan, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
1993 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
1992 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
1991 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
1990 Management systems/ management plan, No
taos puebloTaos Pueblo united states of america United States of America 1996 Air transport infrastructure, No
taos puebloTaos Pueblo united states of america United States of America 1995 Air transport infrastructure, No
taos puebloTaos Pueblo united states of america United States of America 1994 Air transport infrastructure, No
taos puebloTaos Pueblo united states of america United States of America 1993 Air transport infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 2001 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Water infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1999 Forestry /wood production, Ground water pollution, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1998 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1997 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1995 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1987 Forestry /wood production, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1984 Water infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 1983 Water infrastructure, No
taxilaTaxila pakistan Pakistan 1999 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying,
Other Threats: Lack of vegetation control
No
taxilaTaxila pakistan Pakistan 1995 Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying,
Other Threats: Lack of vegetation control
No
te wahipounamu – south west new zealandTe Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand new zealand New Zealand 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure,
Other Threats: Oil spill in the harbour
No
te wahipounamu – south west new zealandTe Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand new zealand New Zealand 2000 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
te wahipounamu – south west new zealandTe Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand new zealand New Zealand 1999 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
te wahipounamu – south west new zealandTe Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand new zealand New Zealand 1992 Major linear utilities, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
te wahipounamu – south west new zealandTe Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand new zealand New Zealand 1989 Water infrastructure, No
temple and cemetery of confucius and the kong family mansion in qufuTemple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu china China 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
the great wallThe Great Wall china China 1990
Other Threats: Partial collapse of some platforms
No
the sundarbansThe Sundarbans bangladesh Bangladesh 2001 Oil and gas,
Other Threats: High level of salinity
No
three parallel rivers of yunnan protected areasThree Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas china China 2004 Water infrastructure, No
thungyai-huai kha khaeng wildlife sanctuariesThungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries thailand Thailand 2000 Fire (widlfires), Management systems/ management plan, No
thungyai-huai kha khaeng wildlife sanctuariesThungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries thailand Thailand 1999 Fire (widlfires), Management systems/ management plan, No
thungyai-huai kha khaeng wildlife sanctuariesThungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries thailand Thailand 1998 Fire (widlfires), Management systems/ management plan, No
tikal national parkTikal National Park guatemala Guatemala 1998 Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
tikal national parkTikal National Park guatemala Guatemala 1993 Management systems/ management plan, No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2004 Flooding,
Other Threats: Collapse of houses
Yes
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2003 Housing, Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: Lack of capacities in conservation techniques
Yes
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 1997 Desertification, Financial resources, Legal framework, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: Vulnerability of the mosques
Yes
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 1995 Desertification, Financial resources, Legal framework, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: Vulnerability of the mosques
Yes
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 1994 Desertification, Financial resources, Legal framework, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: Vulnerability of the mosques
Yes
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 1990 Desertification, Financial resources, Legal framework, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: Vulnerability of the mosques
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2004 Financial resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: State of conservation of mosaics and other exposed structures
Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2003 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the archaeological vestiges
Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2002 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the archaeological vestiges
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 1992 Earthquake, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 1990 Earthquake, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 1989 Earthquake, No
tiyaTiya ethiopia Ethiopia 1996 Management systems/ management plan, No
tongariro national parkTongariro National Park new zealand New Zealand 2002 Management activities, Society's valuing of heritage, Volcanic eruption, No
tongariro national parkTongariro National Park new zealand New Zealand 2001 Management activities, Society's valuing of heritage, Volcanic eruption, No
tongariro national parkTongariro National Park new zealand New Zealand 1998 Management activities, Society's valuing of heritage, Volcanic eruption, No
tongariro national parkTongariro National Park new zealand New Zealand 1995 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management activities, No
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2004 Housing, No
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2003 Housing, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Input of excess energy, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2003 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management activities,
Other Threats: Concrete reinforcement of the Nam Khan river bank ; Construction of walls along the riverbank of the Mekong;
No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2002 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management activities,
Other Threats: Concrete reinforcement of the Nam Khan river bank ; Construction of walls along the riverbank of the Mekong;
No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 1999 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 1998 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 1997 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 1996 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
trinidad and the valley de los ingeniosTrinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios cuba Cuba 1993 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
tsingy de bemaraha strict nature reserveTsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve madagascar Madagascar 1992 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
tubbataha reefs natural parkTubbataha Reefs Natural Park philippines Philippines 2004 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tubbataha reefs natural parkTubbataha Reefs Natural Park philippines Philippines 2003 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Important conservation problems ; Need to give more importance to the wealth of the archaeological heritage and of the natural coastal landscape
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Important conservation problems
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2001 Marine transport infrastructure, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1999 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1998 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1997 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1995 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1992 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
uluru-kata tjuta national parkUluru-Kata Tjuta National Park australia Australia 1997
Other Threats: No specific threat identified
No
vat phou and associated ancient settlements within the champasak cultural landscapeVat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
vat phou and associated ancient settlements within the champasak cultural landscapeVat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
vatican cityVatican City holy see Holy See 1992 Housing, No
venice and its lagoonVenice and its Lagoon italy Italy 1989 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 1996 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for a comprehensive rehabilitation programme
No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 1995 Financial resources,
Other Threats: Need for a comprehensive rehabilitation programme
No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 1998 Mining, No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 1997 Mining, No
virunga national parkgaramba national parkkahuzi-biega national parksalonga national parkokapi wildlife reserveVirunga National Park
Garamba National Park
Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Salonga National Park
Okapi Wildlife Reserve
democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2004 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2003 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Volcanic eruption, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2002 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Volcanic eruption, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2000 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1999 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1998 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1997 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1996 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1995 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1994 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 1993 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, No
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2004 Commercial hunting, Financial resources, Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Major linear utilities, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2000 Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 1998 Mining, No
w national park of nigerW National Park of Niger niger Niger 2004 Mining, Water infrastructure, No
w national park of nigerW National Park of Niger niger Niger 2003 Mining, Water infrastructure, No
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2003 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Housing, No
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2002 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
wet tropics of queenslandWet Tropics of Queensland australia Australia 2000 Ground transport infrastructure, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts, Water (extraction) , No
wet tropics of queenslandWet Tropics of Queensland australia Australia 1999 Management systems/ management plan, No
wet tropics of queenslandWet Tropics of Queensland australia Australia 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
wet tropics of queenslandWet Tropics of Queensland australia Australia 1992 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
wet tropics of queenslandWet Tropics of Queensland australia Australia 1991 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
whale sanctuary of el vizcainoWhale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino mexico Mexico 2000 Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Decline in sea animals populations
No
whale sanctuary of el vizcainoWhale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino mexico Mexico 1999 Localised utilities, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Decline in sea animals populations
No
whale sanctuary of el vizcainoWhale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino mexico Mexico 1998 Localised utilities, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Decline in sea animals populations
No
whale sanctuary of el vizcainoWhale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino mexico Mexico 1997 Localised utilities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
whale sanctuary of el vizcainoWhale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino mexico Mexico 1996 Localised utilities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
whale sanctuary of el vizcainoWhale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino mexico Mexico 1995 Localised utilities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1998 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual degradation
Yes
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1997 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual degradation
Yes
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1996 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual degradation
Yes
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1995 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual degradation
Yes
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1994 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual degradation
Yes
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1988 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual degradation
No
wieliczka and bochnia royal salt minesWieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines poland Poland 1984 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Gradual deterioration
No
willandra lakes regionWillandra Lakes Region australia Australia 1995 Management systems/ management plan, No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 1992 Forestry /wood production, Localised utilities, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Bison herd infected with either tuberculosis and/or brucellosis
No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 1991 Forestry /wood production, Localised utilities, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Bison herd infected with either tuberculosis and/or brucellosis
No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 1990 Localised utilities, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Bison herd infected with either tuberculosis and/or brucellosis
No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 1989 Localised utilities,
Other Threats: 50% of the bison herd infected with either tuberculosis and/or brucellosis
No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 1985 Water infrastructure, No
wulingyuan scenic and historic interest areaWulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area china China 1998 Flooding, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
xanthos-letoonXanthos-Letoon turkey Turkey 1994 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
xanthos-letoonXanthos-Letoon turkey Turkey 1991 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Mining, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Brucella infection threat to bison population
No
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2003 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Wildlife infection and transmission to domestic stock
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2002 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Wildlife infection and transmission to domestic stock
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2001 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2000 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 1999 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 1998 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 1997 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 1996 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 1995 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
No
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 1989
Other Threats: Fire
No
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 1988
Other Threats: Fire
No
ħal saflieni hypogeumĦal Saflieni Hypogeum malta Malta 1995 Management activities, Micro-organisms, Radiation/light, Relative humidity, Solid waste, Temperature, Water (rain/water table), No
ħal saflieni hypogeumĦal Saflieni Hypogeum malta Malta 1994 Management activities, Micro-organisms, Radiation/light, Relative humidity, Solid waste, Temperature, Water (rain/water table), No
ħal saflieni hypogeumĦal Saflieni Hypogeum malta Malta 1990 Management activities, Micro-organisms, Radiation/light, Relative humidity, Solid waste, Temperature, Water (rain/water table), No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.