State of Conservation
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Bangladesh Belarus Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (418) Illegal activities (167) Ground transport infrastructure (150) Housing (145) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (111) Management activities (104) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (98) Financial resources (88) Mining (75) Legal framework (75) Land conversion (73) Water infrastructure (66) Water (rain/water table) (63) Storms (51) Surface water pollution (43) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (42) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (40) Human resources (39) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (38) Civil unrest (38) Forestry /wood production (35) Relative humidity (29) Solid waste (27) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (26) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (25) War (25) Localised utilities (24) Air pollution (23) Oil and gas (23) Earthquake (23) Commercial development (20) Deliberate destruction of heritage (20) Crop production (19) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (19) Marine transport infrastructure (18) Water (extraction) (18) Major linear utilities (17) Flooding (17) Interpretative and visitation facilities (15) Fire (widlfires) (13) Industrial areas (11) Input of excess energy (10) Wind (10) Subsistence hunting (9) Temperature (8) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (8) Avalanche/ landslide (8) Renewable energy facilities (7) Invasive / alien freshwater species (7) Invasive / alien marine species (7) Quarrying (6) Governance (6) Air transport infrastructure (5) Micro-organisms (5) Society's valuing of heritage (4) Desertification (4) Other climate change impacts (4) Volcanic eruption (4) High impact research / monitoring activities (4) Ground water pollution (3) Pollution of marine waters (3) Commercial hunting (3) Radiation/light (3) Terrorism (3) Pests (2) Underground transport infrastructure (1) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (1) Military training (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).