State of Conservation
States PartiesAlgeria Argentina Australia Bangladesh Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovenia Spain Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (150) Illegal activities (74) Ground transport infrastructure (55) Housing (49) Water infrastructure (44) Financial resources (43) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (42) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (38) Water (rain/water table) (33) Legal framework (32) Management activities (31) Land conversion (27) Mining (27) Human resources (18) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (17) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (16) Civil unrest (16) War (16) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (15) Surface water pollution (15) Storms (14) Crop production (13) Earthquake (13) Water (extraction) (12) Relative humidity (12) Localised utilities (11) Forestry /wood production (11) Air pollution (10) Oil and gas (9) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (8) Commercial development (7) Solid waste (7) Deliberate destruction of heritage (7) Flooding (7) Avalanche/ landslide (7) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (7) Input of excess energy (6) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (6) Industrial areas (5) Major linear utilities (5) Micro-organisms (5) Temperature (5) Wind (5) Governance (5) Air transport infrastructure (4) Subsistence hunting (4) Interpretative and visitation facilities (3) Pollution of marine waters (3) Quarrying (3) Radiation/light (3) Desertification (3) Marine transport infrastructure (2) Terrorism (2) Invasive / alien marine species (2) Renewable energy facilities (1) Pests (1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (1) Fire (widlfires) (1) Invasive / alien freshwater species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).