State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlgeria Argentina Australia Benin Brazil Bulgaria Canada Central African Republic China Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Democratic Republic of the Congo Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Italy Lebanon Libya Madagascar Mali Malta Montenegro Morocco Nepal New Zealand Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Spain Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(66) Illegal activities(46) Water infrastructure(31) Ground transport infrastructure(26) Housing(21) Financial resources(21) Water (rain/water table)(20) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(18) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(17) Mining(15) Civil unrest(9) Earthquake(9) Crop production(8) Land conversion(8) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(8) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(7) Oil and gas(7) Relative humidity(7) Management activities(7) Localised utilities(6) Air pollution(6) Water (extraction) (6) War(6) Legal framework(6) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(5) Surface water pollution(5) Storms(5) Avalanche/ landslide(5) Input of excess energy(4) Subsistence hunting(4) Flooding(4) Pollution of marine waters(3) Forestry /wood production(3) Micro-organisms(3) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(3) Human resources(3) Industrial areas(2) Major linear utilities(2) Solid waste(2) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(2) Temperature(2) Wind(2) Commercial development(1) Air transport infrastructure(1) Radiation/light(1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(1) Deliberate destruction of heritage(1) Desertification(1) Fire (widlfires)(1) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(1) Governance(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).