State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Austria Bulgaria Canada Czech Republic France Georgia Germany Hungary Italy Lithuania Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Spain Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (28) Housing (18) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (9) Legal framework (9) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (8) Management activities (8) Ground transport infrastructure (7) Illegal activities (7) Water infrastructure (4) Mining (4) Oil and gas (4) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (3) Major linear utilities (3) Land conversion (3) Commercial development (2) Localised utilities (2) Non-renewable energy facilities (2) Renewable energy facilities (2) Solid waste (2) Surface water pollution (2) Water (extraction) (2) Fire (widlfires) (2) Human resources (2) Interpretative and visitation facilities (1) Marine transport infrastructure (1) Ground water pollution (1) Input of excess energy (1) Pollution of marine waters (1) Crop production (1) Forestry /wood production (1) Subsistence hunting (1) Micro-organisms (1) Water (rain/water table) (1) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (1) Civil unrest (1) Deliberate destruction of heritage (1) Flooding (1) Storms (1) Avalanche/ landslide (1) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (1) Invasive / alien freshwater species (1) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (1) Financial resources (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).