State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Austria Bangladesh Belarus Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Chile China Colombia Czech Republic Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia France Georgia Germany Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Malaysia Mali Mauritius Mexico Morocco Nepal Netherlands Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (84) Housing (60) Management activities (24) Ground transport infrastructure (16) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (14) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (13) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (13) Legal framework (13) Deliberate destruction of heritage (12) Illegal activities (12) Human resources (12) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (9) Financial resources (9) Interpretative and visitation facilities (8) Water (rain/water table) (8) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (8) Land conversion (7) Marine transport infrastructure (6) Solid waste (5) Earthquake (5) Underground transport infrastructure (4) Commercial development (3) Surface water pollution (3) Mining (3) Relative humidity (3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (3) Society's valuing of heritage (3) Civil unrest (3) Flooding (3) Storms (3) Governance (3) High impact research / monitoring activities (3) Industrial areas (2) Air transport infrastructure (2) Localised utilities (2) Water infrastructure (2) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (2) Oil and gas (2) Wind (2) Renewable energy facilities (1) Input of excess energy (1) Pollution of marine waters (1) Crop production (1) Quarrying (1) Micro-organisms (1) War (1) Changes to oceanic waters (1) Volcanic eruption (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).