State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesArgentina Australia Belize Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia Guinea Honduras India Indonesia Italy Madagascar Malaysia Mexico Nepal Niger Panama Peru Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Solomon Islands Spain Thailand Tunisia United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsIllegal activities (26) Management systems/ management plan (24) Mining (17) Land conversion (14) Water infrastructure (12) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (10) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (10) Civil unrest (10) Housing (9) Ground transport infrastructure (9) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (9) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (9) Financial resources (7) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (6) Surface water pollution (5) Oil and gas (4) War (4) Fire (widlfires) (4) Commercial hunting (3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (3) Water (extraction) (3) Human resources (3) Air pollution (2) Forestry /wood production (2) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (2) Drought (2) Temperature change (2) Invasive / alien marine species (2) Governance (2) Legal framework (2) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (1) Marine transport infrastructure (1) Major linear utilities (1) Renewable energy facilities (1) Ground water pollution (1) Input of excess energy (1) Pollution of marine waters (1) Crop production (1) Quarrying (1) Water (rain/water table) (1) Storms (1) Earthquake (1) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (1) Invasive / alien freshwater species (1) Translocated species (1) High impact research / monitoring activities (1) Management activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).