State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Benin Brazil Cambodia Canada Chile China Colombia Cyprus Dominican Republic Egypt Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Mali Malta Mexico Montenegro Morocco Nepal Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Slovakia South Africa Spain Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(67) Housing(42) Ground transport infrastructure(20) Legal framework(20) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(19) Illegal activities(19) Water (rain/water table)(14) Deliberate destruction of heritage(12) Financial resources(12) Management activities(12) Commercial development(10) Human resources(9) Interpretative and visitation facilities(8) Solid waste(8) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(6) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(5) Marine transport infrastructure(4) Major linear utilities(4) Input of excess energy(4) Land conversion(4) Relative humidity(4) Earthquake(4) High impact research / monitoring activities(4) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(3) Underground transport infrastructure(3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(3) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(3) Society's valuing of heritage(3) Civil unrest(3) Water infrastructure(2) Micro-organisms(2) Wind(2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(2) Flooding(2) Storms(2) Avalanche/ landslide(2) Governance(2) Air transport infrastructure(1) Localised utilities(1) Air pollution(1) Crop production(1) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(1) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(1) Oil and gas(1) Temperature(1) Temperature change(1) Fire (widlfires)(1) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).