State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Chile China Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Italy Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Malaysia Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Nepal New Zealand Niger Oman Pakistan Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Tunisia Turkey United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(54) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(20) Illegal activities(19) Housing(17) Ground transport infrastructure(17) Management activities(13) Mining(10) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(10) Financial resources(10) Land conversion(9) Human resources(6) Legal framework(6) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(5) Commercial development(4) Interpretative and visitation facilities(4) Water infrastructure(4) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(4) Oil and gas(4) Water (rain/water table)(4) Deliberate destruction of heritage(4) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(3) Marine transport infrastructure(3) Major linear utilities(3) Surface water pollution(3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(3) Society's valuing of heritage(3) Civil unrest(3) Fire (widlfires)(3) Industrial areas(2) Air pollution(2) Subsistence hunting(2) Quarrying(2) Water (extraction) (2) Relative humidity(2) War(2) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(2) Volcanic eruption(2) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(2) Air transport infrastructure(1) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(1) Renewable energy facilities(1) Input of excess energy(1) Solid waste(1) Commercial hunting(1) Crop production(1) Forestry /wood production(1) Wind(1) Desertification(1) Flooding(1) Other climate change impacts(1) Storms(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Earthquake(1) Invasive / alien freshwater species(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1) Governance(1) High impact research / monitoring activities(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).