State of Conservation
States PartiesAlbania Andorra Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czechia Denmark Estonia France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (444) Housing (306) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (152) Ground transport infrastructure (141) Legal framework (85) Management activities (84) Illegal activities (76) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (71) Surface water pollution (68) Mining (65) Oil and gas (47) Water infrastructure (45) Interpretative and visitation facilities (44) Major linear utilities (39) Forestry /wood production (39) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (36) Deliberate destruction of heritage (34) Financial resources (30) Renewable energy facilities (29) Marine transport infrastructure (28) Storms (26) Commercial development (25) Solid waste (23) Land conversion (22) Earthquake (21) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (20) Water (extraction) (19) Invasive / alien freshwater species (17) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (17) Underground transport infrastructure (15) Input of excess energy (15) Ground water pollution (14) Crop production (13) Quarrying (13) Water (rain/water table) (12) Fire (widlfires) (12) Localised utilities (11) Pollution of marine waters (11) Civil unrest (11) Human resources (11) Air pollution (9) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (9) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (9) High impact research / monitoring activities (9) Industrial areas (8) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (8) Non-renewable energy facilities (7) Micro-organisms (6) Relative humidity (5) Temperature change (5) Flooding (4) Subsistence hunting (3) Wind (3) Society's valuing of heritage (3) Air transport infrastructure (2) Commercial hunting (2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (2) Other climate change impacts (2) Avalanche/ landslide (2) Governance (2) Temperature (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).